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# P13.

1 The thin rectangular plate shown in Figure
P13.1/2 is uniformly deformed such that x = 230 , y =
−480 , and xy = –760 rad. Using dimensions of a =
20 mm and b = 25 mm, determine the normal strain in the
plate in the direction defined by
(a) points O and A.
(b) points O and C.
FIGURE P13.1/2

Solution
(a) From the geometry of the plate:
2a 40 mm
tan OA 

 0.5333
3b 75 mm
The given strain values are:
 x  230 με
 y  480 με

OA  28.0725

 xy  760 μrad

Substitute these values into the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. (13.3)] to obtain the strain in
the direction of line OA:
 OA   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos 

 (230 με) cos 2 (28.0725)  ( 480 με)sin 2 (28.0725)
 ( 760 μrad) sin(28.0725) cos(28.0725)
 242.8028 με  243 με
(b) From the geometry of the plate:
a 20
tan OC 

 0.2000
4b 100

Ans.

OC  11.3099

Substitute this angle and the given strains into the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. (13.3)] to
obtain in the direction of line OC:
 OC   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos 

 (230 με) cos 2 ( 11.3099)  ( 480 με)sin 2 ( 11.3099)
 ( 760 μrad) sin( 11.3099) cos(11.3099)
 348.8462 με  349 με

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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P13.2 The thin rectangular plate shown in Figure
P13.1/2 is uniformly deformed such that x = –360 , y
= 770 , and xy = 940 rad. Using dimensions of a =
25 mm and b = 40 mm, determine the normal strain in the
plate in the direction defined by
(a) points O and B.
(b) points O and D.

FIGURE P13.1/2

Solution
(a) From the geometry of the plate:
2a 50 mm
tan OB 

 1.2500
b 40 mm
The given strain values are:
 x  360 με
 y  770 με

OB  51.3402

 xy  940 μrad

Substitute these values into the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. (13.3)] to obtain the strain in
the direction of line OB:
 OB   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos 

 ( 360 με) cos 2 (51.3402)  (770 με)sin 2 (51.3402)
 (940 μrad) sin(51.3402) cos(51.3402)
 787.5610 με  788 με
(b) From the geometry of the plate:
2a 50
tan OD 

 0.6250
2b
80

Ans.

OD  32.0054

Substitute this angle and the given strains into the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. (13.3)] to
obtain in the direction of line OD:
 OD   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos 

 ( 360 με) cos 2 ( 32.0054)  (770 με)sin 2 ( 32.0054)
 (940 μrad) sin( 32.0054) cos( 32.0054)
 465.0562 με  465 με

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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P13.3 The thin rectangular plate shown in Figure P13.3/4 is
uniformly deformed such that x = 120 , y = –860 , and
xy = 1,100 rad. If a = 25 mm, determine
(a) the normal strain n in the plate.
(b) the normal strain t in the plate.
(c) the shear strain nt in the plate.

FIGURE P13.3/4

Solution
(a) From the geometry of the plate, the n axis is oriented at an angle of
a 1
tan  

  18.4349
3a 3
The given strain values are:
 x  120 με
 y  860 με
 xy  1,100 μrad
Substitute these values into the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. (13.3)] to obtain the strain in
the n direction:
 n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos 

 (120 με) cos 2 (18.4349)  ( 860 με)sin 2 (18.4349)
 (1,100 μrad) sin(18.4349) cos(18.4349)
 352.0000 με  352 με

Ans.

(b) To determine the normal strain in the t direction, use  + 90° in the normal strain transformation
equation [Eq. (13.3)]:
 t  (120 με) cos 2 (18.4349  90)  (860 με)sin 2 (18.4349  90)
 (1,100 μrad)sin(18.4349  90) cos(18.4349  90)
 1, 092.0000 με  1, 092 με

Ans.

(c) The shear strain nt is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq. (13.5)]:
 nt  2( x   y ) sin  cos    xy (cos 2   sin 2  )

 2[(120 με)  ( 860 με)]sin(18.4349) cos(18.4349)
 (1,100 μrad)[ cos 2 (18.4349)  sin 2 (18.4349)]

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
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3)]:  t '  ( 890 με) cos 2 ( 33. (b) To determine the normal strain in the t' direction. use  + 90° in the normal strain transformation equation [Eq.3077 με  112.3/4 is uniformly deformed such that x = –890 .6901  90)  (440 με)sin 2 ( 33.6901)]  1.6901)  ( 310 μrad)[ cos 2 ( 33.6901)  (440 με)sin 2 ( 33.6901  90)  ( 310 μrad)sin( 33.4 The thin rectangular plate shown in Figure P13. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.6901)  sin 2 ( 33. (13. (13.6901) cos(33.6901 3a 3 The given strain values are:  x  890 με  y  440 με  xy  310 μrad Substitute these values into the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. FIGURE P13.6901)  337. (b) the normal strain t' in the plate. and xy = –310 rad.5)]:  n 't '  2[( 890 με)  (440 με)]sin( 33.3/4 Solution (a) From the geometry of the plate. (c) the shear strain n't' in the plate.P13. .347 μrad Ans.6901  90)  112.6901)  ( 310 μrad) sin( 33. the n' axis is oriented at an angle of 2a 2 tan      33.9231 μrad  1. determine (a) the normal strain n' in the plate.6901  90) cos( 33. y = 440 . If a = 50 mm.6923 με  338 με Ans. (c) The shear strain n't' is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.3)] to obtain the strain in the n' direction:  n '   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   ( 890 με) cos 2 ( 33.3 με Ans. (13.346.6901) cos(33.

5)]:  xy  2( n   t )sin  cos    nt (cos 2   sin 2  )  2[(660 με)  (910 με)]sin(45) cos(45)  (830 μrad)[ cos 2 (45)  sin 2 (45)]  250 μrad Ans.5/6 is uniformly deformed such that n = 660 . we can use  = +45° (from the n to the x axis) with the strains associated with the n and t axes to determine the strains in the x and y directions.  x   n cos 2    t sin 2    nt sin  cos   (660 με) cos 2 (45)  (910 με)sin 2 (45)  (830 μrad)sin(45) cos(45)  1. (b) the normal strain y in the plate. therefore. The shear strain nt is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Determine (a) the normal strain x in the plate.5 The thin square plate shown in Figure P13. and nt = 830 rad.5/6 Solution The given strain values are:  n  660 με t  910 με  nt  830 μrad The x axis is rotated 45° counterclockwise from the x axis.P13. (c) the shear strain xy in the plate. The normal strain in the y direction is found by setting  = 45° + 90° = 135° in the normal strain transformation equation:  y  (660 με) cos 2 (135)  (910 με)sin 2 (135)  (830 μrad)sin(135) cos(135)  370 με Ans. 200 με Ans. (13. t = 910 . .  FIGURE P13.

Using a = 650 mm. Substitute this value into the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. FIGURE P13.2388 mm  0.  = –45°.3885 mm  918 mm Ans.5/6 Solution The given strain values are:  x  0 με  y  0 με  xy  1.850 rad.2388 mm  0.2388 mm The deformation of this diagonal is  AC   AC LAC  (925  106 )(919.3)] to obtain the strain in the direction defined by BD:  BD   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   (0 με) cos 2 ( 45)  (0 με)sin 2 ( 45)  ( 1.3)] to obtain the strain in the direction defined by AC:  AC   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   (0 με) cos 2 (45)  (0 με)sin 2 (45)  ( 1.8503 mm Thus.8503 mm  918.850 μrad (a) For diagonal AC. (13. the deformed length of diagonal BD is LBD   919. determine the deformed length of (a) diagonal AC and (b) diagonal BD. and xy = –1.5/6 is uniformly deformed such that x = 0 . Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.2388 mm)  0.0891 mm  920 mm Ans.850 μrad)sin(45) cos( 45)  925 με The deformation of this diagonal is  AC   AC LAC  (925  106 )(919. (b) For diagonal BD. Substitute these values into the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.850 μrad)sin(45) cos(45)  925 με The original length of diagonal AC is LAC  (650 mm)2  (650 mm)2  919. .8503 mm  920. y = 0 .6 The thin square plate shown in Figure P13.  = 45°.P13.8503 mm Thus. the deformed length of diagonal AC is LAC   919. (13.2388 mm)  0.

050 με) cos 2 (36)  (400 με)sin 2 (36)  (1. Use the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. 050 με) cos 2 (126)  (400 με)sin 2 (126)  (1.360 μrad)sin(126) cos(126)  747.7 με Ans.360 rad = 36° FIGURE P13. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.7 or Figure P13. and nt at the point if the n-t axes are rotated with respect to the x-y axes by the amount and in the direction indicated by the angle  shown in either Figure P13. x = –1.360 μrad)sin(36) cos(36)  97. 799.6811 με  97. Determine the strain components n. The normal strain in the t direction is found by setting  = 36° + 90° = +126° in the normal strain transformation equation:  t  ( 1.  = +36°. (13.6811 με  748 με Ans. 799 μrad Ans. .050 y = 400 xy = 1. y. t. (13.7 The strain components x.5)]:  nt  2( x   y )sin  cos    xy (cos 2   sin 2  )  2[( 1. Sketch the deformed shape of the element.7 Solution The n axis is rotated counterclockwise from the x axis. The shear strain nt is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq.3)] to obtain the strain in the n direction:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   ( 1. 050 με)  (400 με)]sin(36) cos(36)  (1.P13.8.360 μrad)[ cos 2 (36)  sin 2 (36)]  1.2951 μrad  1. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. therefore.

Use the normal strain transformation equation [Eq.650 με)]sin( 14)cos( 14)  (720 μrad)[cos 2 ( 14)  sin 2 ( 14)]  303. 701.3)] to obtain the strain in the n direction:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   ( 350 με) cos 2 ( 14)  (1. 702 με Ans. therefore.650 xy = 720 rad = 14° FIGURE P13. x = –350 y = 1. (13. 650 με)sin 2 (76)  (720 μrad)sin(76) cos(76)  1.5)]:  nt  2( x   y )sin  cos    xy (cos 2   sin 2  )  2[( 350 με)  (1.9574 με  402 με Ans.7 or Figure P13. The shear strain nt is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq.8 Solution The n axis is rotated clockwise from the x axis.  = –14°.8. t.9574 με  1. The normal strain in the t direction is found by setting  = –14° + 90° = +76° in the normal strain transformation equation:  t  ( 350 με) cos2 (76)  (1.8 The strain components x. 650 με)sin 2 ( 14)  (720 μrad)sin( 14) cos( 14)  401. y. . (13. Determine the strain components n. Sketch the deformed shape of the element. and nt at the point if the n-t axes are rotated with respect to the x-y axes by the amount and in the direction indicated by the angle  shown in either Figure P13. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.P13. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.2209 μrad  303 μrad Ans.

(13.  = +18°.5)]:  nt  2( x   y )sin  cos    xy (cos 2   sin 2  )  2[(940 με)  (515 με)]sin(18)cos(18)  (185 μrad)[cos 2 (18)  sin 2 (18)]  100.8. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. y.2138 με  501 με Ans.3)] to obtain the strain in the n direction:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   (940 με)cos 2 (18)  (515 με)sin 2 (18)  (185 μrad)sin(18)cos(18)  953.7 or Figure P13.1 μrad Ans. and nt at the point if the n-t axes are rotated with respect to the x-y axes by the amount and in the direction indicated by the angle  shown in either Figure P13. The normal strain in the t direction is found by setting  = 18° + 90° = +108° in the normal strain transformation equation:  t  (940 με)cos 2 (108)  (515 με)sin 2 (108)  (182 μrad)sin(108)cos(108)  501.P13. Use the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. The shear strain nt is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq.7862 με  954 με Ans.9 The strain components x. . Sketch the deformed shape of the element. Determine the strain components n. (13.1406 μrad  100. t. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. therefore. x = 940 y = 515 xy = 185 rad = 18° FIGURE P13. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.7 Solution The n axis is rotated counterclockwise from the x axis.

8 Solution The n axis is rotated clockwise from the x axis.8. therefore.080 με)]sin( 28)cos( 28)  (325 μrad)[cos 2 ( 28)  sin 2 ( 28)]  1.180 y = 1.  = –28°. (13.180 με)  (1.8375 με  1.457. t. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.7 or Figure P13.080 με)sin 2 ( 28)  (325 μrad)sin( 28)cos( 28)  1. x = 2. The normal strain in the t direction is found by setting  = –28° + 90° = +62° in the normal strain transformation equation:  t  (2. y. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.P13.6790 μrad  1. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. .1625 με  1.080 με)sin 2 (62)  (325 μrad)sin(62)cos(62)  1.802.803 με Ans.093. and nt at the point if the n-t axes are rotated with respect to the x-y axes by the amount and in the direction indicated by the angle  shown in either Figure P13.080 xy = 325 rad = 28° FIGURE P13. Use the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. Sketch the deformed shape of the element.094 μrad Ans. (13.180 με)cos 2 (62)  (1.180 με)cos 2 ( 28)  (1.3)] to obtain the strain in the n direction:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   (2.10 The strain components x.5)]:  nt  2( x   y )sin  cos    xy (cos 2   sin 2  )  2[(2.457 με Ans. The shear strain nt is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq. Determine the strain components n.

.242.11 The strain components x.5)]:  nt  2( x   y )sin  cos    xy (cos 2   sin 2  )  2[( 1.3557 με  1. Sketch the deformed shape of the element.375 y = –1. (13. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.7 Solution The n axis is rotated counterclockwise from the x axis. y.957. Use the normal strain transformation equation [Eq. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.  = +15°. therefore.3)] to obtain the strain in the n direction:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   ( 1.375 με)  ( 1.825 με)sin 2 (105)  (650 μrad)sin(105)cos(105)  1. (13. x = –1.825 xy = 650 rad = 15° FIGURE P13.375 με)cos 2 (15)  ( 1.825 με)]sin(15)cos(15)  (650 μrad)[cos 2 (15)  sin 2 (15)]  337.8. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. The normal strain in the t direction is found by setting  = 15° + 90° = +105° in the normal strain transformation equation:  t  ( 1.825 με)sin 2 (15)  (650 μrad)sin(15)cos(15)  1.243 με Ans.9165 μrad  338 μrad Ans. t.6443 με  1. The shear strain nt is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq.957 με Ans.P13.7 or Figure P13.375 με)cos 2 (105)  ( 1. and nt at the point if the n-t axes are rotated with respect to the x-y axes by the amount and in the direction indicated by the angle  shown in either Figure P13. Determine the strain components n.

 = –23°. The shear strain nt is found from the shear strain transformation equation [Eq.P13.185 μrad)[cos 2 ( 23)  sin 2 ( 23)]  802.3)] to obtain the strain in the n direction:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   (590 με)cos 2 ( 23)  ( 1.5378 μrad  803 μrad Ans.670 με)]sin( 23)cos( 23)  ( 1.12 The strain components x. (13. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.8. t.670 με)sin 2 ( 23)  ( 1. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.185 μrad)sin( 23)cos( 23)  671.670 με)sin 2 (67)  ( 1.1728 με  671 με Ans.751 με Ans. and nt at the point if the n-t axes are rotated with respect to the x-y axes by the amount and in the direction indicated by the angle  shown in either Figure P13. Use the normal strain transformation equation [Eq.751. .185 rad = 23° FIGURE P13.8 Solution The n axis is rotated clockwise from the x axis. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. The normal strain in the t direction is found by setting  = –23° + 90° = +67° in the normal strain transformation equation:  t  (590 με)cos 2 (67)  ( 1. x = 590 y = –1.5)]:  nt  2( x   y )sin  cos    xy (cos 2   sin 2  )  2[(590 με)  ( 1.185 μrad)sin(67)cos(67)  1.7 or Figure P13. Determine the strain components n. y.670 xy = –1.1728 με  1. (13. Sketch the deformed shape of the element. therefore.

For plane strain. y. the principal strain deformations. z = p3 = 0. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Determine the principal strains. .10):  p1.13 The strain components x. Show the angle p.  max  977 μrad Ans.1 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans.3198 μ  p1  70. the maximum in-plane shear strain. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. x = –550 y = −285 xy = 940 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch.5 μ  488. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 550 μ)  ( 285 μ)  ( 550 μ)  ( 285 μ)   940 μ          2 2 2  2 2  417. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.P13.8198 μ  (905.54717 ( x   y ) [( 550 μ)  ( 285 μ)]  p  37.8 με and  p 2  906 με Ans.  abs max   p1   p 2  70. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.8198 μ)  977 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 940 μ   3. (13.

061 με and  p 2  481 με Ans. the maximum in-plane shear strain. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. .542 μrad Ans. (13. For plane strain. x = 940 y = –360 xy = 830 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.1842 μ  p1  1. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch.  abs max   p1   p 2  1. z = p3 = 0.P13.10):  p1. Show the angle p. Determine the principal strains. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (940 μ)  ( 360 μ)  (940 μ)  ( 360 μ)   830 μ          2 2 2  2 2  290 μ  771. y.1842 μ  (481.1842 μ)  1.061. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 830 μ   0.63846 ( x   y ) [(940 μ)  ( 360 μ)]  p  16. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.542 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.28 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans.  max  1. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.14 The strain components x. the principal strain deformations. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.

7841 μ  p1  815 με and  p 2  575 με Ans. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.390 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.150 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 270 μ)  (510 μ)  ( 270 μ)  (510 μ)   1. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.  abs max   p1   p 2  814. the principal strain deformations. For plane strain. the maximum in-plane shear strain. Determine the principal strains.P13.10):  p1. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1. Show the angle p. (13.390 μrad Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.9 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans. y. x = −270 y = 510 xy = 1. .150 μ   1.7841 μ  (574. z = p3 = 0.47436 ( x   y ) [( 270 μ)  (510 μ)]  p  27.15 The strain components x.7841 μ)  1.  max  1.150 μ          2 2 2  2 2  120 μ  694.

. x = 1.8858 μ  0  2.530 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.950 μ)   1.150 μ)  (1. the principal strain deformations. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.970 μrad Ans.  abs max   p1   p 3  2. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1.150 μ)  (1. Determine the principal strains.16 The strain components x.10):  p1.  max  1. For plane strain.950 μ)]  p  33.534.800 μ          2 2 2 2 2  1.150 μ)  (1. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (1. the maximum in-plane shear strain.950 xy = –1.800 μ   2. the absolute maximum shear strain is: Ans. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.2500 ( x   y ) [(1. (13. y.8858 μ  p1  2. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.950 μ)  (1.530 με and  p 2  565 με Ans.800 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.P13. Show the angle p. Since p1 and p2 are both positive. z = p3 = 0.0 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans.550 μ  984.150 y = 1.

tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 890 μ   0.79821 ( x   y ) [( 215 μ)  ( 1.10):  p1.427 μrad Ans.330 xy = 890 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. (13. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 215 μ)  ( 1.17 The strain components x.330 μ)   890 μ          2 2 2  2 2  772.485.8241 μ)  1.486 με Ans. For plane strain. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. Determine the principal strains. the absolute maximum shear strain is: Ans.3241 μ  p1  59. y.2 με and  p 2  1. the maximum in-plane shear strain.486 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.5 μ  713. the principal strain deformations. x = −215 y = −1.P13.30 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans.330 μ)  ( 215 μ)  ( 1. z = p3 = 0. Show the angle p.330 μ)]  p  19.  max  1. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.  abs max   p3   p 2  0  (1. Since p1 and p2 are both negative. . Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

9871 μ)  1.242 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.  max  1. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch.  abs max   p1   p 2  815. z = p3 = 0. the principal strain deformations. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. For plane strain.P13. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. Show the angle p.84211 ( x   y ) [(670 μ)  ( 280 μ)]  p  20. the maximum in-plane shear strain.10):  p1. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 800 μ   0. (13.1 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans.242 μrad Ans. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. y.9871 μ  p1  816 με and  p 2  426 με Ans. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (670 μ)  ( 280 μ)  (670 μ)  ( 280 μ)   800 μ          2 2 2  2 2  195 μ  620.9871 μ  (425.18 The strain components x. x = 670 y = –280 xy = −800 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. Determine the principal strains. . and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.

For plane strain. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.5 μ  462. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.  max  926 μrad Ans. the principal strain deformations.3782 μ  (260. the maximum in-plane shear strain.49 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans. .10):  p1. Show the angle p. z = p3 = 0. Determine the principal strains. y.  abs max   p1   p 2  665. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.19 The strain components x.50909 ( x   y ) [( 210 μ)  (615 μ)]  p  13.3782 μ)  926 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 210 μ)  (615 μ)  ( 210 μ)  (615 μ)   420 μ          2 2 2  2 2  202. x = −210 y = 615 xy = –420 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.8782 μ  p1  665 με and  p 2  260 με Ans. (13. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 420 μ   0.P13.

039 με and  p 2  571 με Ans.12903 ( x   y ) [(960 μ)  (650 μ)]  p  24.20 The strain components x. Show the angle p. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (960 μ)  (650 μ)  (960 μ)  (650 μ)   350 μ          2 2 2  2 2  805 μ  233. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (13.  max  468 μrad Ans. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. .10):  p1. For plane strain.  abs max   p1   p 3  1. the principal strain deformations. Determine the principal strains. Since p1 and p2 are both positive.038.7734 μ  p1  1. x = 960 y = 650 xy = 350 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. y. the maximum in-plane shear strain. z = p3 = 0. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 350 μ   1. the absolute maximum shear strain is: Ans.7734 μ  0  1.039 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch.2 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.P13.

21 The strain components x. For plane strain.728 μrad Ans.3 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans. x = 560 y = −340 xy = −1. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1.  abs max   p1   p 2  665. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.3782 μ  (260. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (560 μ)  ( 340 μ)  (560 μ)  ( 340 μ)   1. Determine the principal strains. .63889 ( x   y ) [(560 μ)  ( 340 μ)]  p  29.  max  1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. Show the angle p. z = p3 = 0. the maximum in-plane shear strain.P13. 475 μ          2 2 2 2 2  110 μ  863.9481 μ  p1  974 με and  p 2  754 με Ans. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.3782 μ)  926 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. y. (13.475 μ   1. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch.10):  p1.475 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. the principal strain deformations.

Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.72093 ( x   y ) [(1. (Assume x > y) (b) determine the maximum in-plane shear strain and the absolute maximum shear strain.120 μrad Ans.340 y = –380 xy = 1.P13. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1.340 μ)  ( 380 μ)]  p  17.540.22 The strain components x. . For plane strain.240 rad Solution The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.89 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans.  max  2. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.540 με and  p 2  580 με Ans. the maximum in-plane shear strain.23 p1 = 1.060. (c) draw a sketch showing the angle p. the principal strain deformations. P13.240 μ   0.1887 μ  p1  1. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion on a sketch. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (1.340 μ)  ( 380 μ)   1.1887 μ)  2. y. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.1887 μ  (580. z = p3 = 0. Construct Mohr’s circle and use it to (a) determine the strains x.590  p2 = −540  p = −23. (13.55° Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Show the angle p.  abs max   p1   p 2  1. y. Determine the principal strains. 240 μ          2 2 2  2 2  480 μ  1.120 μrad The principal strains are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.10):  p1. x = 1. the principal strain deformations. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.340 μ)  ( 380 μ)  (1. and xy.

55°) = 47. (a) The normal strain in the x direction is computed as:  x  C  R cos 2 p  525 μ  (1. to locate point x on Mohr’s circle.130 μrad Ans. The Mohr’s circle is shown.10)  780. and the shear strain xy is computed from:  xy 2  R sin 2 p  (1. and we are told to assume that x > y.1582 μrad   xy  1.065 μ 2 2 The angle p is given as −23.065 μ)sin(47. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.Solution The center of Mohr’s circle is at  p1   p 2 (1. From this information.065 μ)cos(47. begin at p1 and rotate 2(23.590 με)  ( 540 με) C   525 με 2 2 and the radius of Mohr’s circle is equal to  p1   p 2 (1.590 με)  ( 540 με) R   1.250.55°.065 μ)  2.55° in a clockwise direction from the x face. The normal strain in the y direction is computed from:  y  C  R cos 2 p  525 μ  (1. 250 με Ans. Thus.560. Ans.10)  1.0000 με  1. .3164 μrad  1.10)  199. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.10° in a counterclockwise direction. we know that the p1 principal plane is rotated 23.065 μ)cos(47.560 μrad (negative since point x plots above the  axis) Ans.9677 με  200 με (b) The maximum shear strain is simply two times the radius of Mohr’s circle:  max  2R  2(1.

130 μrad (c) A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.Since p1 and p2 are of different signs. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.  abs max   max  2. the absolute maximum shear strain is equal to the maximum inplane shear strain: Ans. .

005 μrad (positive since point x plots below the  axis) Ans.100 μrad Ans.29° in a counterclockwise direction from the x face. From this information. and we are told to assume that x > y.050 μ)cos(28. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions.58° in a clockwise direction.570  p = 14.570 με) R   1.050 μ)cos(28. Since p1 and p2 are of different signs.0575 με  402 με Ans. Ans. (a) The normal strain in the x direction is computed as:  x  C  R cos 2 p  520 μ  (1.6092 μrad  1.29°. The Mohr’s circle is shown. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.29°) = 28. the absolute maximum shear strain is equal to the maximum inplane shear strain:  abs max   max  2. and xy. Thus.050 μ 2 2 The angle p is given as +14. to locate point x on Mohr’s circle.58)  1.050 μ)  2.100 μrad Ans.004.29° Solution The center of Mohr’s circle is at  p1   p 2 (530 με)  ( 1. P13.3046 μrad   xy  1. Construct Mohr’s circle and use it to (a) determine the strains x.442 με (b) The maximum shear strain is simply two times the radius of Mohr’s circle:  max  2R  2(1. The normal strain in the y direction is computed from:  y  C  R cos 2 p  520 μ  (1.58)  502. y.442.570 με) C   520 με 2 2 and the radius of Mohr’s circle is equal to  p1   p 2 (530 με)  ( 1. we know that the p1 principal plane is rotated 14.The principal strains are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. and the shear strain xy is computed from:  xy 2  R sin 2 p  (1.050 μ)sin(28.58)  402.0575 με  1. (c) draw a sketch showing the angle p. begin at p1 and rotate 2(14.24 p1 = 530  p2 = −1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. the principal strain deformations. . (Assume x > y) (b) determine the maximum in-plane shear strain and the absolute maximum shear strain.

Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.(c) A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. .

The principal strains are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. Construct Mohr’s circle
and use it to
(a) determine the strains x, y, and xy. (Assume x > y)
(b) determine the maximum in-plane shear strain and the absolute maximum shear strain.
(c) draw a sketch showing the angle p, the principal strain deformations, and the maximum in-plane
shear strain distortions.
P13.25
p1 = 780 
p2 = 590 
p = 35.66°

Solution
The center of Mohr’s circle is at
 p1   p 2 (780 με)  (590 με)
C

 685 με
2
2
and the radius of Mohr’s circle is equal to
 p1   p 2 (780 με)  (590 με)
R

 95.0 μ
2
2
The angle p is given as 35.66°, and we are told to assume
that x > y. From this information, we know that the p1
principal plane is rotated 35.66° in a counterclockwise
direction from the x face. Thus, to locate point x on Mohr’s
circle, begin at p1 and rotate 2(35.66°) = 71.32° in a
clockwise direction. The Mohr’s circle is shown.
(a) The normal strain in the x direction is computed as:
 x  C  R cos 2 p

 685 μ  (95 μ)cos(71.32)
 715.4268 με  715 με

Ans.

and the shear strain xy is computed from:

 xy
2

 R sin 2 p
 (95 μ)sin(71.32)
  xy  179.9912 μrad  180.0 μrad

(positive since point x plots below the  axis)

Ans.

The normal strain in the y direction is computed from:
 y  C  R cos 2 p

 685 μ  (95 μ)cos(71.32)
 654.5732 με  655 με

Ans.

(b) The maximum shear strain is simply two times the radius of Mohr’s circle:
 max  2R  2(95 μ)  190.0 μrad

Ans.

Since p1 and p2 are both positive, the absolute maximum shear strain is numerically equal to p1:
 abs max  780 μrad

Ans.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

(c) A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is
shown below.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

The principal strains are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. Construct Mohr’s circle
and use it to
(a) determine the strains x, y, and xy. (Assume x > y)
(b) determine the maximum in-plane shear strain and the absolute maximum shear strain.
(c) draw a sketch showing the angle p, the principal strain deformations, and the maximum in-plane
shear strain distortions.
P13.26
p1 = −350 
p2 = −890 
p = −19.50°

Solution
The center of Mohr’s circle is at
 p1   p 2 ( 350 με)  (890 με)
C

 620 με
2
2
and the radius of Mohr’s circle is equal to
 p1   p 2 ( 350 με)  (890 με)
R

 270 μ
2
2
The angle p is given as −19.50°, and we are told to
assume that x > y. From this information, we know that
the p1 principal plane is rotated 19.50° in a clockwise
direction from the x face. Thus, to locate point x on
Mohr’s circle, begin at p1 and rotate 2(19.50°) = 39° in a
counterclockwise direction. The Mohr’s circle is shown.
(a) The normal strain in the x direction is computed as:
 x  C  R cos 2 p

 620 μ  (270 μ)cos(39)
 410.1706 με  410 με

Ans.

and the shear strain xy is computed from:

 xy
2

 R sin 2 p
 (270 μ)sin(39)
  xy  339.8330 μrad  340 μrad

(negative since point x plots above the  axis) Ans.

The normal strain in the y direction is computed from:
 y  C  R cos 2 p

 620 μ  (270 μ)cos(39)
 829.8294 με  830 με
(b) The maximum shear strain is simply two times the radius of Mohr’s circle:
 max  2R  2(270 μ)  540 μrad

Ans.
Ans.

Since p1 and p2 are both negative, the absolute maximum shear strain is numerically equal to the
absolute value of p2:
 abs max  890 μrad
Ans.
Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only
to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.(c) A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. . Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.7740 με  724 με  p 2  C  R  235 με  488. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch. the principal plane associated with p2) is found from: 500 μ 500 μ tan 2 p    0. determine the principal strains. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. the maximum in-plane shear strain. Using Mohr’s circle. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise.  p  15.38 By inspection.The strain components x. Show the angle p.7740 με  254 με  max  2 R  978 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 2 (i.59524  2 p  30. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.  abs max   max  978 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. y. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. P13.7627 ( 185 μ)  (655 μ) 840 μ thus.7740 με  p1  C  R  235 με  488. the principal strain deformations.27 x = −185  y = 655  xy = −500 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown. ( 185 μ)  (655 μ) C  235 με 2 R  ( 420 μ) 2  (250 μ) 2  488.e..

890 μ) 950 μ  2 p  64. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.107.e. 415 με 2 R  (475 μ) 2  (1.10526 ( 940 μ)  ( 1. the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise.000 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown. ( 940 μ)  ( 1.000 μ) 2  1.107.5923 thus. 415 με  1.The strain components x.520 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. the absolute maximum shear strain is greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.0795 με  308 με  p 2  C  R  1.890 μ) C  1.520 με  max  2 R  2.0795 με  2. y.  p  32.107. 415 με  1. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.3 By inspection. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. 210 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 1 (i. the principal strain deformations.522. the principal plane associated with p1) is found from: 2.0795 μ)  2. .000 μ 2. Since both p1 and p2 are negative.000 μ tan 2 p    2. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. P13. Show the angle p.  abs max   p3   p 2  0 μ  (2. the maximum in-plane shear strain. Using Mohr’s circle..0795 με  p1  C  R  1.28 x = −940  y = −1.890  xy = 2. determine the principal strains.

y.  p  40.2095 ( 140 μ)  (160 μ) 300 μ thus. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.963 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 2 (i.940 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. the principal plane associated with p2) is found from: 1. P13.6 By inspection. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. Show the angle p. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. Using Mohr’s circle. ( 140 μ)  (160 μ) C  10 με 2 R  ( 150 μ) 2  (970 μ) 2  981. determine the principal strains. the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise.The strain components x.5294 μ  (971. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.  abs max   p1   p 2  991. the principal strain deformations. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. the maximum in-plane shear strain.e.29 x = −140  y = 160  xy = 1.963 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below.5294 με  p1  C  R  10 με  981..5294 με  992 με  p 2  C  R  10 με  981. .5294 με  972 με  max  2 R  1.46667  2 p  81.5294 μ)  1.940 μ 530 μ tan 2 p    6. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch.

56522 (380 μ)  ( 770 μ) 1. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. determine the principal strains.74 By inspection. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.321 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 1 (i. the principal strain deformations.30 x = 380  y = −770  xy = −650 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown.150 μ  2 p  29.e. y..  abs max   max  1. the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.4759 thus.4922 με  p1  C  R  195 με  660. P13.4922 με  855 με  max  2 R  1. Using Mohr’s circle. Show the angle p.321 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. the maximum in-plane shear strain. (380 μ)  ( 770 μ) C  195 με 2 R  (575 μ) 2  (325 μ) 2  660. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.The strain components x.4922 με  465 με  p 2  C  R  195 με  660. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch. the principal plane associated with p1) is found from: tan 2 p  650 μ 650 μ   0.  p  14. .

Show the angle p. the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise. Since both p1 and p2 are positive. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.e. .0603 μ  (0 μ)  874 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.0603 με  874 με  p 2  C  R  675 με  199.7223 thus. the maximum in-plane shear strain.0603 με  476 με  max  2 R  398 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 1 (i. y. P13.  p  32.The strain components x.. the principal strain deformations. (760 μ)  (590 μ) C  675 με 2 R  (85 μ) 2  ( 180 μ) 2  199. the principal plane associated with p1) is found from: 360 μ 360 μ tan 2 p    2.31 x = 760  y = 590  xy = −360 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Using Mohr’s circle.0603 με  p1  C  R  675 με  199. the absolute maximum shear strain is greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.4 (760 μ)  (590 μ) 170 μ By inspection.11765  2 p  64. determine the principal strains.  abs max   p1   p3  874. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.

32  x = −1. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain..e. the maximum in-plane shear strain.  abs max   p3   p 2  0 μ  (1.8056 ( 1.9737 με  p1  C  R  1. the absolute maximum shear strain is greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.742 με  max  2 R  1. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch. the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. ( 1. the principal plane associated with p2) is found from: 950 μ 950 μ tan 2 p    0.000 με  741.570  y = −430  xy = −950 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown.9737 με  1.83333 2 p  39.741. y. Since both p1 and p2 are negative.140 μ thus. Show the angle p. Using Mohr’s circle.570 μ)  ( 430 μ) 1.90 By inspection.570 μ)  ( 430 μ) C  1.9737 μ)  1. 484 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 2 (i.000 με 2 R  ( 570 μ) 2  (475 μ) 2  741.  p  19.The strain components x. P13.000 με  741. . determine the principal strains. the principal strain deformations. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.9737 με  258 με  p 2  C  R  1.742 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below.

the principal plane associated with p2) is found from: 550 μ 550 μ tan 2 p    2.  p  34.022. P13. the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise.022.316 με  p 2  C  R  1.125  xy = 550 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown. the maximum in-plane shear strain.5 με  293.e.The strain components x. the absolute maximum shear strain is greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.316 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below.5 με 2 R  ( 102.5582 (920 μ)  (1.315.. Using Mohr’s circle. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.33 x = 920  y = 1.125 μ) C  1.022.  abs max   p1   p3  (1.125 μ) 205 μ thus. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch.9813 μ)  0 μ  1. Show the angle p. Since both p1 and p2 are positive.5 μ) 2  (275 μ) 2  293. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.4813 με  729 με  max  2 R  587 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 2 (i.4813 με  p1  C  R  1. . the principal strain deformations. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (920 μ)  (1. y.68293  2 p  69.4813 με  1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.8 By inspection.5 με  293. determine the principal strains.

The strain components x.  abs max   max  1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.32051  2 p  52.030 μ   1. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. y. Using Mohr’s circle. .. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch.0070 με  771 με  p 2  C  R  125 με  646.8640 thus. P13.34 x = 515  y = −265  xy = −1.030 μ 1. the principal strain deformations. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.0070 με  521 με  max  2 R  1.0070 με  p1  C  R  125 με  646.292 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below.030 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown. Show the angle p.4 (515 μ)  ( 265 μ) 780 μ By inspection.  p  26. the principal plane associated with p1) is found from: tan 2 p  1. (515 μ)  ( 265 μ) C  125 με 2 R  (390 μ) 2  (515 μ) 2  646. the maximum in-plane shear strain.e. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain. the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise. determine the principal strains. 292 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 1 (i. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.

5377 (475 μ)  (685 μ) 210 μ thus.  abs max   p1   p3  709. .0349 με  451 με  max  2 R  709 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 2 (i. the absolute maximum shear strain is greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.71429  2 p  35. the maximum in-plane shear strain. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. determine the principal strains. (475 μ)  (685 μ) C  580 με 2 R  ( 105 μ) 2  (75 μ) 2  129. Since both p1 and p2 are positive.e. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.The strain components x.77 By inspection. P13.35 x = 475  y = 685  xy = −150 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown. the principal plane associated with p2) is found from: 150 μ 150 μ tan 2 p    0.. Using Mohr’s circle. y. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch. the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned counterclockwise.0349 με  p1  C  R  580 με  129.0349 με  709 με  p 2  C  R  580 με  129.  p  17. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Show the angle p.0349 μ  (0 μ)  709 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. the principal strain deformations. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.

5 με 2 R  (107.18605  2 p  76. determine the principal strains.36 x = 670  y = 455  xy = −900 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown.6621 με  1.025 με  p 2  C  R  562. . and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.5 με  462. Since both p1 and p2 are positive. y. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch..  p  38.6621 με  p1  C  R  562. the principal strain deformations. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.5645 thus. the maximum in-plane shear strain. (670 μ)  (455 μ) C  562. P13.5 με  462.1621 μ  (0 μ)  1.3 (670 μ)  (455 μ) 215 μ By inspection. Show the angle p. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.e.025.  abs max   p1   p3  1.8 με  max  2 R  925 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 1 (i.025 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. the principal plane associated with p1) is found from: 900 μ 900 μ tan 2 p    4.6621 με  99.The strain components x.5 μ) 2  (450 μ) 2  462. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. the absolute maximum shear strain is greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned clockwise. Using Mohr’s circle.

(0 μ)  (320 μ) C  160 με 2 R  ( 160 μ) 2  (130 μ) 2  206. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.55 By inspection.. . and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point. y. Using Mohr’s circle.  abs max   max  412 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch. the principal plane associated with p2) is found from: tan 2 p  260 μ 260 μ   0. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. P13.  p  19. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.The strain components x. Show the angle p. determine the principal strains.1553 με  366 με  p 2  C  R  160 με  206.1553 με  p1  C  R  160 με  206.37 x = 0  y = 320  xy = 260 rad Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.2 με  max  2 R  412 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 2 (i. the angle p from point x to point 2 is turned clockwise. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.81250 (0 μ)  ( 320 μ) 320 μ  2 p  39. the maximum in-plane shear strain. the principal strain deformations.0939 thus.1553 με  46.e.

480  xy = 425 rad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. the maximum in-plane shear strain. Show the angle p. .The strain components x. y. determine the principal strains. the principal strain deformations. Using Mohr’s circle. and xy are given for a point in a body subjected to plane strain.38 x = −180  y = −1. P13. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortion in a sketch. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. and the absolute maximum shear strain at the point.

1 με  p 2  C  R  830 με  683.  p  9.05 By inspection. the angle p from point x to point 1 is turned counterclockwise. b = −540 .513.  abs max   p3   p 2  0 μ  (1. . and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions. (a) Determine the strain components x.30 FIGURE P13.514 με  max  2 R  1.8540 με  p1  C  R  830 με  683.480 μ) 1300 μ thus.8540 με  146.39 Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p. the principal plane associated with p1) is found from: 425 μ 425 μ tan 2 p    0.8540 με  1. the principal strain deformations. P13. 480 μ) C  830 με 2 R  (630 μ) 2  (212. the absolute maximum shear strain is greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point.5 μ) 2  683. and xy at the point.e. ( 180 μ)  ( 1.514 μrad A sketch of the principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions is shown below.368 μrad The magnitude of the angle 2p between point x and point 1 (i.  = 0.1038 ( 180 μ)  ( 1. c = −330 .39 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part.32692 2 p  18.Solution The basic Mohr’s circle is shown.8540 μ)  1. y.. Since both p1 and p2 are negative. a = 410 .

solve Eq. In each equation. (c):  y  330 με Ans. Using these two results. (13.Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. (a) 410 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) 540 με   x cos2 (45)   y sin 2 (45)   xy sin(45)cos(45) (b) 330 με   x cos2 (90)   y sin 2 (90)   xy sin(90)cos(90) From Eq.160 μrad Ans.3)]. (c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below. (13.376 μrad Ans. where n is the measured normal strain.7 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. (a):  x  410 με (c) Ans.160 μ 1. . one for each strain gage.9680 μ  p1  728 με and  p 2  648 με Ans.5676 ( x   y ) [(410 μ)  ( 330 μ)] 740 μ  p  28. (b) Using these results.  max  1. (b) to find xy: 540 με  (410 με)cos 2 (45)  ( 330 με)sin 2 (45)   xy sin(45)cos(45)   xy  1.10):  p1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (410 μ)  ( 330 μ)  (410 μ)  ( 330 μ)   1.160 μ          2 2 2 2 2  40 μ  687. and from Eq. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.160 μ    1. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.

the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero. For plane stress. . Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists.30 z   ( x   y )   [(410 μ)  (330 μ)]  34. The normal strain in the z direction can be computed from Eq.15:  0. From this statement.2857 με 1 1  0.(d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part.  abs max   max  1.30 Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.376 μrad   Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. 13.

(b):  x  710 με Ans. 215 με   x cos2 (270)   y sin 2 (270)   xy sin(270)cos(270) (a) 710 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (b) 760 με   x cos2 (135)   y sin 2 (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135) From Eq.5 μ  690. (13. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. the principal strain deformations. (c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below.3)]. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 710 μ)  (215 μ)  ( 710 μ)  (215 μ)   1. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain.381 μrad Ans. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. b = −710 .  = 0. (b) Using these results.P13. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.025 μ         2 2 2  2  2  247. c = −760 .3351 μ  p1  443 με and  p 2  938 με Ans. and from Eq.025 μ 1.12 FIGURE P13. (13. a = 215 . one for each strain gage.10):  p1.  max  1. In each equation. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions. (a):  y  215 με Ans. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1. and xy at the point.40 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p.025 μ    1. (c) Using these two results.1081 ( x   y ) [( 710 μ)  (215 μ)] 925 μ  p  24. solve Eq. (a) Determine the strain components x. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point.40 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. (c) to find xy: 760 με  ( 710 με)cos 2 (135)  (215 με)sin 2 (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135)   xy  1. y. . the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.0 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans. where n is the measured normal strain.025 μrad Ans.

For plane stress. From this statement. the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0.12 Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero. From Eq.  abs max   max  1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.15.5 με 1 1  0.381 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists.12 z   ( x   y )   [( 710 μ)  (215 μ)]  67. . the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans.(d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part. 13.

33 FIGURE P13. the principal strain deformations. (13. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (525 μ)  (415 μ)  (525 μ)  (415 μ)   80 μ          2 2 2  2 2  470 μ  68. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 80 μ 80 μ    0. (a) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  x  525 με and  xy  80 μrad Ans.41 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part. (b):  y  415 με (c) Ans.10):  p1.  max  136.3)]. a = 510 . (13.41 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. c = 430 . (a) Determine the strain components x. b = 415 . 510 με   x cos2 (45)   y sin 2 (45)   xy sin(45)cos(45) (a) 415 με   x cos2 (90)   y sin 2 (90)   xy sin(90)cos(90) (b) 430 με   x cos (135)   y sin (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135) From Eq.7273 ( x   y ) [(525 μ)  (415 μ)] 110 μ  p  18. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p.0 μrad Ans.01 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans. y. one for each strain gage. 2 2 (b) The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. In each equation. and xy at the point. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Using this result. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain. .  = 0. where n is the measured normal strain. solve Eqs. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions.P13.0074 μ  p1  538 με and  p 2  402 με Ans.

.33 Since both p1 and p2 are positive. For plane stress. From Eq.  abs max   p1   p3  538.(c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below. (d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. From this statement. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero. Since this is a plane stress situation. the absolute maximum shear strain will be greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain.9851 μ)  1. we must remember to take into account the non-zero value of p3: Ans.0074 μ  (462.33 z   ( x   y )   [(525 μ)  (415 μ)]  462.15.9851 με 1 1  0.001 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. 13. we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists. the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0.

9572 μrad  358 μrad Ans. (13. one for each strain gage.8949 ( x   y ) [( 960 μ)  ( 560 μ)] 400 μ  p  20. (b) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  560. In each equation. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point. (a):  x  960 με (c) Ans.42 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 357.3)].10):  p1.33 FIGURE P13. (13. a = −960 . .  max  537 μrad Ans.9572 μ 357. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. y.3903 μ  p1  491 με and  p 2  1. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions. the principal strain deformations. Using this result. b = −815 . solve Eqs. c = −505 .9 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans.  = 0. 960 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (a) 815 με   x cos2 (60)   y sin 2 (60)   xy sin(60)cos(60) (b) 505 με   x cos2 (120)   y sin 2 (120)   xy sin(120)cos(120) From Eq. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain. (b) The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.P13. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p.0000 με  560 με and  xy  357. (c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below.9572 μ    0. and xy at the point.028 με Ans. where n is the measured normal strain. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.42 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part.9572 μ          2 2 2 2 2  760 μ  268. (a) Determine the strain components x. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 960 μ)  ( 560 μ)  ( 960 μ)  ( 560 μ)   357.

we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero.6567 με 1 1  0. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. For plane stress. Since this is a plane stress situation.777 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. From this statement. . the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0.6567 μ  (1.3903 μ)  1. 13.  abs max   p3   p 2  748. From Eq. we must remember to take into account the non-zero value of p3: Ans.(d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part.33 Since both p1 and p2 are negative. the absolute maximum shear strain will be greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain.15.33 z   ( x   y )   [(960 μ)  (560 μ)]  748.028.

b = −230 . the principal strain deformations.3)].206.P13. where n is the measured normal strain.3870 ( x   y ) [( 360 μ)  (510 μ)] 870 μ  p  27. In each equation. c = 815 . (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p.206. one for each strain gage. Using this result. (a):  x  360 με (c) Ans. (b) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  510 με and  xy  1. y. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.488 μrad Ans. a = −360 . Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain.1 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans.43 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.  max  1.15 FIGURE P13.  = 0.6621 μ    1. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1. (a) Determine the strain components x. 360 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (a) 230 με   x cos2 (120)   y sin 2 (120)   xy sin(120)cos(120) (b) 815 με   x cos (240)   y sin (240)   xy sin(240)cos(240) From Eq.6621 μrad  1.207 μrad Ans. solve Eqs. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.10):  p1. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 360 μ)  (510 μ)  ( 360 μ)  (510 μ)   1. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point. and xy at the point. 206. (13. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions. .6621 μ         2 2 2 2  2  75 μ  743.206. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. (13.6621 μ 1.7966 μ  p1  819 με and  p 2  669 με Ans. 2 2 (b) Using these results.43 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part.

we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists. .15.488 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. From Eq. 13.4706 με 1 1  0.15 Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. From this statement. (d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part.15 z   ( x   y )   [(360 μ)  (510 μ)]  26. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero.  abs max   max  1. For plane stress. the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0.(c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

and xy at the point. the principal strain deformations.8715 μ    0.3)].10):  p1. (a):  x  775 με Ans. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1. (13. 775 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (a) 515 με   x cos2 (120)   y sin 2 (120)   xy sin(120)cos(120) (b) 415 με   x cos2 (60)   y sin 2 (60)   xy sin(60)cos(60) From Eq. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain. Using this result.6352 μ  p1  994 με and  p 2  544 με Ans. FIGURE P13.9762 ( x   y ) [(775 μ)  ( 325 μ)] 1.8715 μrad  1.074 μrad Ans.537 μrad Ans. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p. (c) (b) Using these results.073. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.  = 0.073.2 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.073. y. In each equation.30 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point.44 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part. (a) Determine the strain components x. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions.8715 μ 1.  max  1.P13. b = −515 . where n is the measured normal strain. one for each strain gage. .100 μ  p  22. solve Eqs. c = 415 .44 a = 775 .8715 μ          2 2 2 2 2  225 μ  768. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (775 μ)  ( 325 μ)  (775 μ)  ( 325 μ)   1.073. (13. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. (b) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  325 με and  xy  1.

13.537 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.15. (d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero.30 z   ( x   y )   [(775 μ)  (325 μ)]  192.(c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below. From Eq. . the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.30 Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative. For plane stress. From this statement. we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists.  abs max   max  1.8571 με 1 1  0.

and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions. (13. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain. (13.  = 0.45 a = −830 . solve Eqs. FIGURE P13. y. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. one for each strain gage.127 με Ans.15 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.1 με and  p 2  1.9232 μ  p1  163.10):  p1. (b) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  460 με and  xy  890 μrad Ans.090 . and xy at the point.  max  964 μrad Ans. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 890 μ 890 μ    2. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. (a) Determine the strain components x. (c) (b) The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.090 με   x cos2 (45)   y sin 2 (45)   xy sin(45)cos(45) (b) 200 με   x cos2 (135)   y sin 2 (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135) From Eq. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 830 μ)  ( 460 μ)  ( 830 μ)  ( 460 μ)   890 μ          2 2 2  2 2  645 μ  481.45 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part. 830 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (a) 1. . c = −200 . the principal strain deformations.4054 ( x   y ) [( 830 μ)  ( 460 μ)] 370 μ  p  33. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (a):  x  830 με Ans.7 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans.P13. where n is the measured normal strain.3)]. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p. Using this result. b = −1. In each equation.

15 z   ( x   y )   [(830 μ)  (460 μ)]  227. For plane stress. From this statement.6471 με 1 1  0. 13. the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0.126.9232 μ)  1.(c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below. we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists. the absolute maximum shear strain will be greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero.15. (d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part.6471 μ  (1.15 Since both p1 and p2 are negative. Since this is a plane stress situation.  abs max   p3   p 2  227. . we must remember to take into account the non-zero value of p3: Ans.355 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. From Eq.

28 μ  p1  2. 480 μ)  (1. b = 2. (13.460 .46 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part.863. the principal strain deformations.1720 ( x   y ) [(1. In each equation. (a) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  x  1. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1.3333 μ)  (1.480 μ)] 383.075 με   x cos2 (150)   y sin 2 (150)   xy sin(150)cos(150) From Eq.599 μrad Ans. c = 1.2602 μ 1. where n is the measured normal strain.3333 μ)  (1. and xy at the point.33 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.480 με   x cos2 (270)   y sin 2 (270)   xy sin(270)cos(270) (a) 2. (13.3)].599. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. one for each strain gage.P13. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum inplane shear strain at the point. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.645 μrad Ans.671.  max  1. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (1.10):  p1.3 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans.2602 μ    4. (a):  y  1.480 . (b) The principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. 1. (a) Determine the strain components x. . and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions.490 με and  p 2  849 με Ans. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p.  = 0.480 με (c) Ans.460 με   x cos2 (30)   y sin 2 (30)   xy sin(30)cos(30) (b) 1.075 .599.863.46 a = 1.863 με and  xy  1.2602 μ          2 2 2 2 2  1. y.6667 μ  822.3333 μ  p  38.3333 μ)  (1.599. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain. FIGURE P13. 480 μ)   1. Solve Eqs.863.

Since this is a plane stress situation. 13.(c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below.33 Since both p1 and p2 are positive.480 μ)]  1. From Eq.15.9467 μ  (1.33 z   ( x   y )   [(1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.7164 μ)  4.  abs max   p1   p3  2. the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0. we must remember to take into account the non-zero value of p3: Ans. From this statement. the absolute maximum shear strain will be greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain.863. .7164 με 1 1  0. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero. For plane stress. (d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part.140 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.646.493.3333 μ)  (1.646. we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists.

Using this result. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.1680 μ  p1  1.10):  p1.47 a = 625 . .P13.440 μrad Ans.137 με and  p 2  387 με Ans. c = −345 . 625 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (a) 1. solve Eqs.440 μ 1. (a):  x  625 με Ans. In each equation.440 μ    2.  = 0. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain.  max  1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. (b) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  125.524 μrad Ans. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p. the principal strain deformations. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (625 μ)  (125 μ)  (625 μ)  (125 μ)   1.47 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part. y.8800 ( x   y ) [(625 μ)  (125 μ)] 500 μ  p  35. b = 1. (c) (b) Using these results.12 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. FIGURE P13.0 με and  xy  1. 440 μ          2 2 2 2 2  375 μ  762. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.4 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans. (a) Determine the strain components x.095 . (13. and xy at the point. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions.3)].095 με   x cos2 (135)   y sin 2 (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135) (b) 345 με   x cos2 (225)   y sin 2 (225)   xy sin(225)cos(225) From Eq. where n is the measured normal strain. one for each strain gage. (13. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.

. the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0.(c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below. we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists. the absolute maximum shear strain is the maximum in-plane shear strain: Ans. For plane stress.15. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.2727 με 1 1  0. 13.12 z   ( x   y )   [(625 μ)  (125 μ)]  102. From Eq. From this statement.12 Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.524 μrad Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. (d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero.  abs max   max  1.

(c):  y  363 με Ans. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq. (13.7136 μ 236.0 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans. where n is the measured normal strain.30 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.48 The strain rosette shown in the figure was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine part.  = 0.  max  385 μrad Ans. Solve Eqs.0 με and  xy  237 μrad Ans. (c) (b) Using these results.3333 μ  p  19. (13. (a) Determine the strain components x. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions. .7136 μ    0. (c) Draw a sketch showing the angle p.6667 μ  192.7804 ( x   y ) [( 363. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point.48 a = –185 . the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. In each equation.7136 μ          2 2 2 2 2  211.10):  p1. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.3)].3827 μ  p1  19.3333 μ)  ( 60 μ)   236.P13.3333 μ)  ( 60 μ)] 303. 185 με   x cos2 (30)   y sin 2 (30)   xy sin(30)cos(30) (a) 390 με   x cos2 (150)   y sin 2 (150)   xy sin(150)cos(150) (b) 60 με   x cos2 (90)   y sin 2 (90)   xy sin(90)cos(90) From Eq. FIGURE P13. y.3333 μ)  ( 60 μ)  ( 363. b = −390 . p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 363. the principal strain deformations. and xy at the point. (b) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  x  60. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear strain. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 236. c = –60 .28 με and  p 2  404 με Ans. one for each strain gage.

For plane stress.(c) The principal strain deformations and the maximum in-plane shear strain distortions are shown on the sketch below. we must remember to take into account the non-zero value of p3: Ans. Since this is a plane stress situation. therefore.24  10 6 mm/mm E 83. (b) the change in length of diagonal AC. 13. the normal strain in the z direction can be computed as:  0.49 Solution (a) From the generalized Hooke’s Law equations for plane stress.  abs max   p3   p 2  181.49). Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.30 z   ( x   y )   [(363.4286 με 1 1  0. (d) The problem states that the strain readings were obtained from the free surface of a machine part. FIGURE P13.000 MPa  0.33)(180 MPa)]  67.  = 0.3333 μ)  (60 μ)]  181.21): 1 1  x  ( x   y )  [180 MPa  (0.47  10 6 mm/mm E 83.30 Since both p1 and p2 are negative.49 An 8-mm-thick brass [E =83 GPa.910. the change in length of edge AB can be computed from the product of x and plate dimension b: Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.4286 μ  (404. Determine (a) the change in length of edges AB and AD.000 MPa 1 1  y  ( y   x )  [65 MPa  (0.15.000 MPa Plate edge AB is aligned with the x direction.33)(65 MPa)]  1. The plate dimensions are b = 350 mm and h = 175 mm (see Figure P13. From Eq. (13. the normal strains produced in the plate can be computed from Eqs. From this statement. the absolute maximum shear strain will be greater than the maximum in-plane shear strain. (c) the change in thickness of the plate.10  10 6 mm/mm E 83. the third principal strain z = p3 is not equal to zero.33] plate is subjected to biaxial stress with x = 180 MPa and y = 65 MPa. we can conclude that a state of plane stress exists.33  z   ( x   y )   [180 MPa  65 MPa]  974.0494 μ)  585 μrad P13. .

(c) The change in plate thickness is computed from the product of z and the plate thickness:  thick   z (thickness)  (974.  AC   AC LAC  (1. the elongation of diagonal AC is  AC  391.9153 mm  391.01181 mm)2  391.  Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.541.66858 mm  0.5   26.3)]  n   x cos2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos can be written to determine the normal strain in the direction of diagonal AC. The angle  between edge AB and diagonal AC is: 175 mm tan    0.910.0964  106 mm/mm)(8 mm)  0.66868 mm.69  106 mm/mm)(391. the change in length of edge AD can be computed from the product of y and plate dimension h:  AD   y h  (67. The final length of side AD is 175.47  106 mm/mm)(175 mm)  0.01181 mm. AB   xb  (1. Since there is no shear stress acting on the plate.01181 mm  0. the final length of side AB of the plate is 350. From the Pythagorean theorem. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.603 mm Alternate Method: The change in length of diagonal AC can also be computed using the Pythagorean theorem. we know that xy = 0 (since Hooke’s Law relating shear stress and shear strain is xy = Gxy).312 mm The change in length of diagonal AC is computed from the product of AC and the initial diagonal length: Ans.312 mm)  0.565)  (67.24  106 mm/mm)cos 2 (26. After deformation. therefore. (b) A strain transformation equation [Eq.669 mm Ans.66868 mm)2  (175.603 mm Ans. .01181 mm Ans.6034mm  0.3119 mm  0.24  106 mm/mm)(375 mm)  0.565 350 mm Therefore. (13. Plate edge AD is aligned with the y direction.9153 mm and therefore.910.00779 mm Ans. the deformed length of diagonal AC is: LAC   (350.69  106 mm/mm The initial length of diagonal AC is: LAC  (350 mm)2  (175 mm)2  391.565)  1.6034 mm  0.47  10 6 mm/mm)sin 2 (26.541. the normal strain in the direction of diagonal AC is:  AC  (1.

(b) the change in length of diagonal AC./in. (13.000 psi.  = 0.1570 in.000 psi  0.00 in.690)  2.300 psi. .)(8.3)]  n   x cos2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos can be written to determine the normal strain in the direction of diagonal AC. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.00 in. the normal strains produced in the plate can be computed from Eqs. Since there is no shear stress acting on the plate.000 psi 1 1  y  ( y   x )  [ 8.1422 in. The angle  between edge AB and diagonal AC is: 8.500 psi  ( 8.P13.166. FIGURE P13.37)(2. acting in the directions shown in Figure P13. (13.96  10 6 in.19  106 in.50. tan    0. The dimensions of the casting are b = 12.00 in. therefore.-thick polymer [E = 470./in.50 A 0. therefore. E 470./in.)(12 in.)cos 2 (33. the change in length of edge AB can be computed from the product of x and plate dimension b: Ans.300 psi)]  4. Ans.853./in. and h = 8. E 470.300 psi)]  11.19  106 in. (c) the change in thickness of the plate.627.  AB   xb  (11.627.75-in. Therefore.6667   33.0 in.300 psi  (0.)sin 2 (33.)  0. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.853.)  0.50 Solution (a) From the generalized Hooke’s Law equations for plane stress. E 470.66  106 in.0 in.21): 1 1  x  ( x   y )  [2.19  106 in./in.627. Determine (a) the change in length of edges AB and AD.37  z   ( x   y )   [2. we know that xy = 0 (since Hooke’s Law relating shear stress and shear strain is xy = Gxy)./in. (b) A strain transformation equation [Eq.37)( 8.77  106 in./in.000 psi Plate edge AB is aligned with the x direction. the change in length of edge AD can be computed from the product of y and plate dimension h:  AD   y h  (19. Plate edge AD is aligned with the y direction.853.500 psi  (0. the normal strain in the direction of diagonal AC is:  AC  (11.690)  ( 19./in.690 12.37] casting is subjected to biaxial stresses of x = 2.500 psi)]  19.66  106 in.500 psi and y = 8.66  106 in.565.

From the Pythagorean theorem. .14224 in./in.96  106 in. the final length of side AB of the plate is 12.)2  14. (c) The change in plate thickness is computed from the product of z and the plate thickness:  thick   z (thickness)  (4.  0. Ans.00 in.)  0.166. After deformation. Alternate Method: The change in length of diagonal AC can also be computed using the Pythagorean theorem. The final length of side AD is 7.750 in.14224 in.45497 in.)  0. The change in length of diagonal AC is computed from the product of AC and the initial diagonal length: Ans.84298 in.565.)2  (7.77  106 in. and therefore. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.42221 in.  14.84298 in.)2  14.0328 in.  AC   AC LAC  (2.The initial length of diagonal AC is: LAC  (12. the deformed length of diagonal AC is: LAC   (12.00342 in.42221 in. Ans.)2  (8.45497 in./in.00328 in. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.42221 in.)(14.00 in.)(0. the elongation of diagonal AC is  AC  14.

500  and y = 2. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.12)(2.000 MPa  [(3.500  10 6 mm/mm)  (0.51/52 Solution From Eq.6453 MPa  741 MPa Ans.51/52).500  106 mm/mm)] 1  (0.12] plate is subjected to biaxial stress (Figure P13. The strains measured in the plate are x = 3.850 .850  106 mm/mm)  (0. FIGURE P13. Determine x and y.000 MPa  [(2. .23): E x  ( x   y ) 1  2 190. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.51 A stainless steel [E = 190 GPa.P13. (13.850  10 6 mm/mm)] 2 1  (0.12)(3. and E ( y   x ) 1  2 190.12) 2 y   630.  = 0.3774 MPa  630 MPa Ans.12)  740.

310 Ans.52 A metal plate is subjected to tensile stresses of x = 21 ksi and y = 17 ksi (Figure P13. .P13.  Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. FIGURE P13. The corresponding strains measured in the plate are x = 930  and y = 620 . Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (13./in. E (930  106 in./in.21) as: E x   x  y E y   y  x Substitute the stress and strain values.908 ksi   0./in. Ans.51/52 Solution Rewrite Eqs. taking care to convert the strain values to dimensionless quantities.)  17 ksi   (21 ksi) Rearrange the equations to the form: E (930  106 in.51/52).310345  0.907. Determine Poisson’s ratio  and the elastic modulus E for the material.)   (21 ksi)  17 ksi and solve simultaneously for the unknowns E and : E  16./in.)  21 ksi   (17 ksi) E (620  106 in.)   (17 ksi)  21 ksi E (620  106 in.675 ksi  16.

/in.800 ksi] plate is subjected to biaxial stress (Figure P13. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. The strains measured in the plate are x = 810  and z = 1. (13.350  106 in.)] 1  (0./in.733 ksi  13.350  106 in.73 ksi Ans.)  (0. FIGURE P13./in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.800 ksi) The normal stresses can now be computed from Eq.P13.3158)(810  106 in.84 ksi Ans.)  (0.53/54). .3158)(1. Determine x and z.3158) 2  13.53/54 Solution Derive an expression for  from Eq. (13.837 ksi  17.000 ksi  [(810  106 in.18): E G 2(1   ) E 1   2G E  1 2G Determine Poisson’s ratio from this expression: E 10.23): E x  ( x   z ) 1  2 10. 000 ksi  1   1  0.000 ksi.3158)2 z   17. G = 3.53 A thin aluminum [E = 10. and E ( z   x ) 1  2 10.350 ./in.000 ksi  [(1.3158 2G 2(3.)] 1  (0.

10465) z   226. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. G = 86 GPa] plate is subjected to biaxial stress (Figure P13.150 .150  10 6 mm/mm)  (0. FIGURE P13.23): E x  ( x   z ) 1  2 190.948 MPa  75.000 MPa  [(275  10 6 mm/mm)  (0.10465) 2  75.54 A thin stainless steel plate [E = 190 GPa.10465 2G 2(86 GPa) The normal stresses can now be computed from Eq.10465)(275  10 6 mm/mm)] 2 1  (0. (13.53/54).10465)(1. .P13. The strains measured in the plate are x = 275  and z = 1.000 MPa  [(1.150  10 6 mm/mm)] 1  (0. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. (13.9 MPa Ans. Determine x and z. and E ( z   x ) 1  2 190.53/54 Solution Derive an expression for  from Eq.18): E G 2(1   ) E 1   2G E  1 2G Determine Poisson’s ratio from this expression: E 190 GPa  1   1  0.448 MPa  226 MPa Ans.

(13.700 ksi  349./in.281  106 in. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.  = 0.  872 με Ans. the shear strain xy = 0. y  1 1 ( y   x )  [0 ksi  (0. and xy = 0./in./in.55/56 is subjected to a normal stress of x = 19 ksi.136  106 in./in.307)(0 ksi)] E 16. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. What normal strain reading would be expected from the strain gage at the specified stress? FIGURE P13. The normal strains in the x and y directions can be computed from Eqs.)sin 2 (25)  872.281  106 in.55/56 Solution The stresses in the bar are x = 19 ksi.307] bar shown in Figure P13.137.137.725  106 in. (13.700 ksi  1.307)(19 ksi)] E 16.55 The thin brass [E = 16.3)]  n   x cos2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos the expected normal strain in the direction of strain gage can be calculated:  n  (1.P13.  Since xy = 0.700 ksi.21): 1 1  x  ( x   y )  [19 ksi  (0.725  106 in.)cos2 (25)  (349. Using the strain transformation equation [Eq. y = 0. . A strain gage is mounted on the bar at an orientation of  = 25° as shown in the figure./in.

 = 0. The normal strains in the x and y directions for the bar can be expressed as: 1 1  x  ( x   y )   x E E 1   y  ( y   x )    x E E Since xy = 0. Write a strain transformation equation [Eq. .P13.55/56.03 ksi cos 2 (35)  (0./in.56 A strain gage is mounted on a thin brass [E = 12.000 ksi) x   10. the shear strain xy = 0.3)] for the normal strain in the n direction using these results:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   1   x cos 2 (35)   x sin 2 (35) E E x cos 2 (35)   sin 2 (35)  E Solve this expression for x: (470  106 in. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. If the strain gage records a normal strain of n = 470 .33)sin 2 (35)  Ans. (13. what is the magnitude of the normal stress x? FIGURE P13.55/56 Solution We observe that y = 0 and xy = 0 for this bar. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.)(12.000 ksi.33] bar at an angle of  = 35° as shown in Figure P13.

The normal stress in the y direction is known to be y = 160 MPa.000 MPa 160 MPa   x  920  106  [sin 2 (35)  (0.4 MPa Ans. (13.28205)sin (35)]  100.444 MPa  120.57/58. the shear strain xy must also equal zero.22): 1  xy   xy G Since xy = 0.28205)cos 2 (35)] 2 2  [cos (35)  (0. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.18): E E G   1 2(1  ) 2G Determine Poisson’s ratio from this expression: E 100 GPa  1   1  0. (13. What is the magnitude of x that acts on the plate? FIGURE P13.000 MPa   120.21) for x and y to obtain an expression in terms of x and y: 920  10 6   x cos 2 (35)   y sin 2 (35) 1 1 ( x   y )cos 2 (35)  ( y   x )sin 2 (35) E E 1 1  [ x cos 2 (35)   x sin 2 (35)]  [ y sin 2 (35)   y cos 2 (35)] E E    x [cos 2 (35)   sin 2 (35)]  y [sin 2 (35)   cos 2 (35)] E E Substitute the known value of y = 160 MPa and solve for x: 100. The strain gage measures a normal strain of 920  at an orientation of  = 35° in the indicated direction.28205 2G 2(39 GPa) A strain transformation equation [Eq.P13. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.57 A thin brass [E = 100 GPa. G = 39 GPa] plate is subjected to biaxial stress as shown in Figure P13. .57/58 Solution Derive an expression for  from Eq. (13. (13. and the strain transformation equation reduces to: 920 με  920  106 mm/mm   x cos2 (35)   y sin 2 (35) Substitute Eqs.3)]  n   x cos2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos can be written for the normal strain in the direction of strain gage: 920 με   x cos2 (35)   y sin 2 (35)   xy sin(35)cos(35) Note that the shear strain xy is related to the shear stress xy by Eq.

the shear strain xy must also equal zero.57/58). Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.18): E E G   1 2(1  ) 2G Determine Poisson’s ratio from this expression: E 14.3182)cos 2 (50)  [1  2(0. FIGURE P13. The normal stress in the x direction is known to be twice as large as the normal stress in the y direction.   x cos 2 (50)   y sin 2 (50) Substitute Eqs./in.500 ksi. Ans. (13. (13.7 ksi Ans.3723 ksi  12.500 ksi] plate is subjected to biaxial stress (Figure P13.58 A thin brass [E = 14.3182 2G 2(5.500 ksi) (a) A strain transformation equation [Eq. The strain gage measures a normal strain of 775  at an orientation of  = 50° in the indicated direction. Make this substitution to obtain the following expression: (775  106 ) E  (2 y   y )cos 2 (50)  ( y  2 y )sin 2 (50)   y [(2   )cos 2 (50)  (1  2 )sin 2 (50)]  y  (775  106 ) E (2   )cos 2 (50)  (1  2 )sin 2 (50) Compute y: y  (775  106 )(14. (13.21) for x and y to obtain an expression in terms of x and y: 775  106   x cos 2 (50)   y sin 2 (50)  1 1  ( x   y )cos 2 (50)  ( y   x )sin 2 (50) E E It is known that x = 2y.500 ksi)  12.22): 1  xy   xy G Since xy = 0.P13.3182)]sin 2 (50) and x:  x  2 y  2(12.3723 ksi)  24.500 ksi  1   1  0. G = 5.57/58 Solution Derive an expression for  from Eq. . Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.37 ksi (2  0. (13. Determine the magnitudes of the normal stresses x and y acting on the plate.3)]  n   x cos2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos can be written for the normal strain in the direction of strain gage: 775 με   x cos2 (50)   y sin 2 (50)   xy sin(50)cos(50) Note that the shear strain xy is related to the shear stress xy by Eq. and the strain transformation equation reduces to: 775 με  775  106 in.7446 ksi  24.

Ans. the strain rosette shown in Figure P13. (13.33)  8. In each equation.617 ksi Ans.000 ksi y  ( y   x )  [(760  10 6 in.  = 0. (13.)] 2 2 1 1  (0. one for each strain gage. (a) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  760 με and  xy  430 μrad (b) (c) (a) From Eqs. Determine (a) the normal stress x. compute y: E 10. solve Eqs. (13. (c) the shear stress xy.P13. (b) the normal stress y. compute x: E 10.9866 ksi  8.59 On the free surface of an aluminum [E = 10.)  (0. 000 ksi G   3.759.)  (0.99 ksi (T) Ans.33)(550  10 6 in.6165 ksi  1. ./in. (a) 440 με   x cos2 (315)   y sin 2 (315)   xy sin(315)cos(315) 550 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) 870 με   x cos2 (45)   y sin 2 (45)   xy sin(45)cos(45) From Eq.4 ksi)(430  106 rad)  1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. (b):  x  550 με Using this result.3)]./in. (b) From Eqs. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.5656 ksi  10. 759./in. determine the shear modulus G: E 10. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.59 was used to obtain the following normal strain data: a = 440 b = 550 .59 Solution Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.23).20):  xy  G xy  (3. (13./in. and c = 870 .000 ksi. FIGURE P13. (13.33)  10.000 ksi x  ( x   y )  [(550  106 in.33] component.23).4 ksi 2(1  ) 2(1  0.57 ksi (T) (c) From Eq.33)(760  10 6 in.33) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.18).)] 2 2 1 1  (0. where n is the measured normal strain.

determine the shear modulus G: E 70. (b):  y  735 με Using this result. (a) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  x  171. (13.8272 MPa  6. and c = 410 . (c) the shear stress xy. compute x: E 70.3 MPa Ans. (b) From Eqs.925. (13. (a) 300 με   x cos2 (30)   y sin 2 (30)   xy sin(30)cos(30) 735 με   x cos2 (90)   y sin 2 (90)   xy sin(90)cos(90) (b) 410 με   x cos2 (150)   y sin 2 (150)   xy sin(150) cos(150) From Eq. solve Eqs.667 106 )] 2 2 1  1  (0.926 MPa 2(1   ) 2(1  0. 000 MPa y  ( y  x )  [(735 106 )  (0.000 MPa G   25.35] component.18). (b) the normal stress y.926 MPa)(819. In each equation.8395 MPa  53.  Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. compute y: E 70.23).667 με and  xy  819.8374 106 rad)  21.837 μrad (c) (a) From Eqs. (13. .35)  53.925.83 MPa (T) Ans. Determine (a) the normal stress x.60 Solution Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. (13.3)]. (13.8 MPa (T) (c) From Eq.35) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.35)(735 106 )] 2 2 1  1  (0.35)  6. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.667 106 )  (0.P13. 000 MPa x  ( x  y )  [(171. where n is the measured normal strain.60 On the free surface of an aluminum [E = 70 GPa.35)(171. Ans.2550 MPa  21. one for each strain gage. FIGURE P13. the strain rosette shown in Figure P13.23).20):  xy  G xy  (25.  = 0.60 was used to obtain the following normal strain data: a = –300 b = 735 . the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.

the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.117 MPa Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. determine the shear modulus G: E 207. determine the stresses n.333 με and  xy  262.29)  63.333  10 6 )  (0. (a) 133 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) 92 με   x cos2 (120)   y sin 2 (120)   xy sin(120)cos(120) 319 με   x cos (60)   y sin (60)   xy sin(60)cos(60) From Eq.  xy  262.117  106 rad)  21.61 was used to obtain the following normal strain data: a = 133 b = –92 .23).29)(133  10 6 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.29)  9. and nt that act at point A. using the measured normal strain.18). (13.000 MPa G   80.3)]. (a):  x  133 με Using this result. one for each strain gage.29] component.558 MPa)(-262.  y  63.558 MPa 2(1   ) 2(1  0.  = 0.030 MPa  To summarize.195 MPa and y: E 207. (13.232.232. .20):  xy  G xy  (80.000 MPa y  ( y   x )  [( 318. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. normal and shear stresses in the x-y plane are:  x  9. compute x: E 207.29) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq. solve Eqs. (b) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  318.195 MPa.61 On the free surface of a steel [E = 207 GPa.229 MPa From Eq. In each equation.000 MPa x  ( x   y )  [(133  106 )  (0. (13. FIGURE P13. t. and c = –319 .P13.229 MPa. If  = 50°. a strain rosette located at point A in Figure P13.333  10 6 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.117 μrad 2 2 (b) (c) From Eqs. (13.61 Solution Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.29)( 318.

use  = 140°:  t   x cos 2    y sin 2   2 xy sin  cos   (9.0 MPa Ans.195 MPa)cos 2 (140)  ( 63.A normal stress transformation equation [Eq.229 MPa)sin 2 (50)  2( 21.229 MPa)]sin(50)cos(50)  2( 21. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.01800 MPa  0.030 MPa)sin(50)cos(50)  54. A shear stress transformation equation [Eq.030 MPa)[cos 2 (50)  sin 2 (50)]  32. For t. .229 MPa)sin 2 (140)  2( 21.010 MPa  32. (12-3)] can now be written to determine the normal stress at an orientation of  = 50°:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2   2 xy sin  cos   (9.030 MPa)sin(140)cos(140)  0.016 MPa  54.195 MPa)cos 2 (50)  ( 63.0 MPa (C) Ans. (12-4)] can now be written to determine the shear stress at an orientation of  = 50°:  nt  ( x   y )sin  cos   2 xy (cos 2   sin 2  )  [(9.195 MPa)  ( 63. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.01800 MPa (C) Ans.

500. . and y: y  E 28. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Determine the stresses x.114 ksi  9. (13.25 ksi Ans. determine the shear modulus G: E 28. y. and xy are given for a point on the free surface of a machine component.12)(90  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.11 ksi (T) Ans.The strain components x.12 P13.000 ksi G   12.500.0 ksi 2(1   ) 2(1  0. Problem E x y xy  310  90  420 rad 28.000 ksi 0. (13.62 Solution From Eqs.12)2  9.23).000 ksi ( y   x )  [(90  106 )  (0.12) 2  3.20):  xy  G xy  (12.000 ksi x  ( x   y )  [(310  106 )  (0.61 ksi (T) From Eq. and xy at the point.614 ksi  3.0 ksi)(420  106 rad)  5. Ans. y. compute x: E 28. (13.12)(310  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.12) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.18).

The strain components x.715 MPa  56. (13. (13.9 MPa 2(1   ) 2(1  0.63 Solution From Eqs. and xy at the point.30) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.000 MPa ( y   x )  [(510  106 )  (0. Ans. compute x: E 73. Determine the stresses x.39 MPa Ans.076.20):  xy  G xy  (28.2 MPa (T) From Eq. y. y.30 P13. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.076.30)(860  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. Problem E x y xy  –860  510  370 rad 73 GPa 0.18).000 MPa G   28.388 MPa  10. .30) 2  56.30) 2  20.7 MPa (C) Ans. and xy are given for a point on the free surface of a machine component. (13.9 MPa)(370  106 rad)  10.30)(510  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. determine the shear modulus G: E 73.000 MPa x  ( x   y )  [( 860  106 )  (0. and y: y  E 73.23).215 MPa  20.

32) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.23).303. Ans.The strain components x.32) 2  1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.32 P13.32) 2  11.135 ksi (C) Ans.423 ksi  11.000 ksi 0. (13.856 ksi  1. Problem E x y xy  180  –790  350 rad 14.000 ksi x  ( x   y )  [(180  106 )  (0.135 ksi  1.0 ksi 2(1   ) 2(1  0.32)(180  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.000 ksi ( y   x )  [( 790  106 )  (0. (13. compute x: E 14. determine the shear modulus G: E 14.303.0 ksi)(350  106 rad)  1.64 Solution From Eqs.32)( 790  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.000 ksi G   5.20):  xy  G xy  (5. y. .42 ksi (C) From Eq. Determine the stresses x. and y: y  E 14. (13. y. and xy are given for a point on the free surface of a machine component. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. and xy at the point.18).856 ksi Ans.

y.6 MPa 2(1   ) 2(1  0.000 MPa x  ( x   y )  [( 470  106 )  (0.000 MPa ( y   x )  [( 1.6 MPa)(  880  106 rad)  76. (13.150  –880 rad 190 GPa 0. compute x: E 190. y.000 MPa G   86.150  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. determine the shear modulus G: E 190.23).727 MPa  230 MPa (C) From Eq.373.273 MPa  112.10)2  112. .3 MPa (C) Ans.000 MPa  76.65 Solution From Eqs.0 MPa Ans. and y: y  E 190. and xy at the point. (13.150  106 )  (0. and xy are given for a point on the free surface of a machine component. Determine the stresses x. (13.373. Problem E x y xy  –470  –1.The strain components x.18).10)( 470  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.20):  xy  G xy  (86.10)( 1.10) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.10 P13. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.10)2  229. Ans.

0 MPa)( 560  106 rad)  22.045. determine the shear modulus G: E 100. (13. y. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Problem E x y xy  1.11)(1.20):  xy  G xy  (45.The strain components x.330  240  –560 rad 100 GPa 0.0 MPa 2(1   ) 2(1  0. (13.225 MPa  22. (13.000 MPa x  ( x   y )  [(1.000 MPa ( y   x )  [(240  106 )  (0.18).11 P13.11)2  137. Determine the stresses x.103 MPa  39.045.11) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.330  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. and xy at the point.301 MPa  137.330  106 )  (0.3 MPa (T) Ans.2 MPa Ans. compute x: E 100. y. and xy are given for a point on the free surface of a machine component. .11) 2  39.11)(240  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.1 MPa (T) From Eq. Ans.000 MPa G   45. and y: y  E 100.66 Solution From Eqs.23).

7209 ksi  0.984. From Eqs. y.670 ksi (C) From Eq.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13. where n is the measured normal strain. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (b):  y  180 με Solve Eq. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.33)2  0. .721 ksi (T) Ans.67  0.600 ksi ( y   x )  [( 180  106 )  (0. In each equation.67–P13. show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress. (13.72 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component.18). and xy at the point.3)]. compute x: E 10. (a) 165 με   x cos2 (45)   y sin 2 (45)   xy sin(45)cos(45) 180 με   x cos2 (90)   y sin 2 (90)   xy sin(90)cos(90) (b) 105 με   x cos (135)   y sin (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135) (c) 2 2 From Eq.23). (13. Ans. (c) the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.33) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq. (a) and Eq. Determine: (a) the stress components x.0759 ksi  1.20):  xy  G xy  (3.33)2  1.984.33 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.600 ksi x  ( x   y )  [(120  106 )  (0. (c) simultaneously to determine:  x  120 με and  xy  270 μrad. 600 ksi G   3.96 ksi)(  270  106 rad)  1. one for each strain gage. and y: y  E 10.33)( 180  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. determine the shear modulus G: E 10.6701 ksi  1. (13. Problem P13. (b) the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress at the point.076 ksi Ans.96 ksi 2(1  ) 2(1  0.600 ksi FIGURE P13.67 a –165  b –180  c 105  E 10. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.33)(120  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. (13.

6084 ksi  p1  1. (12-12):  p1. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.6701)] / 2 1.  xy 1. (maximum in-plane shear stress)  avg  0.0759)  2 2 2   0.1955  p  20.9000 ( x   y ) / 2 [(0.(b) The principal stress magnitudes can be computed from Eq.  abs max   max  1. Ans. z = p3 = 0.6701)  (0.608 ksi Ans.7209)  ( 1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.  max  1.0759 1. p 2  x  y 2 x y      xy2   2  2 (0.0759    0.6701)  2     ( 1.08 ksi Ans.7209)  ( 1.99 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) (c) For plane stress.4746 ksi  1.7209)  ( 1. .475 ksi (C) tan 2 p  (normal stress on planes of maximum in-plane shear stress) Ans.608 ksi Ans.134 ksi and  p 2  2.

 Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.062.67–P13. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.000 MPa x  ( x   y )  [(220  106 )  (0. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (a) and (b):  x  220 με and  y  340 με Solve Eq.28)(220  106 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.000 MPa G   39.72 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component. determine the shear modulus G: E 100.23).02 MPa Ans. show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13. Ans.54 MPa (T) Ans.5 MPa)(410  106 rad)  16. compute x: E 100.68 a 220  b –340  c 145  E 100 GPa FIGURE P13. (c) to find:  xy  410 μrad From Eqs. (b) the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress at the point.28 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.5 MPa 2(1   ) 2(1  0. and y: y  E 100. Problem P13.5417 MPa  13.2 MPa (C) From Eq. and xy at the point. one for each strain gage. (13. (c) the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point. y. (13. In each equation.28)  30.0156 MPa  16.28)  13.28)( 340  106 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.2083 MPa  30.000 MPa ( y   x )  [( 340  106 )  (0.28) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.3)]. Determine: (a) the stress components x.68  0.20):  xy  G xy  (39. . (13. (a) 220 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) 340 με   x cos2 (90)   y sin 2 (90)   xy sin(90)cos(90) (b) 145 με   x cos2 (225)   y sin 2 (225)   xy sin(225)cos(225) (c) From Eqs. (13.18).062. where n is the measured normal strain.

78 MPa and  p 2  35.(b) The principal stress magnitudes can be computed from Eq.4 MPa Ans.3333 MPa  27. z = p3 = 0.5417)  (30. Ans. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.8750  p  18.1 MPa Ans.10 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) (c) For plane stress.  max  27.1112 MPa  p1  18.5417)  ( 30.  xy 16.5417)  ( 30.7321 ( x   y ) / 2 [(13. p 2  x  y 2 x y      xy2  2   2 (13.2083)  2     (16. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.0156 16. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (maximum in-plane shear stress)  avg  8.2083)] / 2 27.1 MPa Ans.  abs max   max  27. (12-12):  p1.0156    0.2083)  (13.0156)  2 2 2   8. .33 MPa (C) tan 2 p  (normal stress on planes of maximum in-plane shear stress) Ans.

000 ksi ( y   x )  [(710  106 )  (0.12) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq. Ans.18).005 με   x cos2 (45)   y sin 2 (45)   xy sin(45)cos(45) (b) 75 με   x cos2 (135)   y sin 2 (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135) (c) From Eq.4318 ksi  21.000 ksi G   12. (a) 710 με   x cos2 (270)   y sin 2 (270)   xy sin(270)cos(270) 1.12)2  12.12 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. Problem P13. determine the shear modulus G: E 28. In each equation. where n is the measured normal strain. (a) and (c) to find:  x  370 με and  xy  930 μrad From Eqs. Determine: (a) the stress components x.23). (13. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.20):  xy  G xy  (12.93 ksi (T) Ans. (13.000 ksi x  ( x   y )  [(370  106 )  (0. (a):  y  710 με Solve Eqs.69 a 710  b 1. show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress.500 ksi)(930  106 rad)  11.12)(710  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.3)].67–P13. .12)(370  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. (b) the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress at the point. one for each strain gage.4 ksi (T) From Eq. and y: y  E 28. (13.72 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component.005  c E 75  28.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13.500 ksi 2(1   ) 2(1  0.63 ksi Ans.9318 ksi  12. and xy at the point. y.12) 2  21. (13.000 ksi FIGURE P13.6250 ksi  11. compute x: E 28. (c) the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.69  0.

(maximum in-plane shear stress)  avg  17.78 ksi 2 2 Ans.  xy 11.18 ksi (T) tan 2 p  (normal stress on planes of maximum in-plane shear stress) Ans.80 ksi Ans.9318)  (21.9318)  (21.4318)  2     (11. Ans.4318)] / 2 4. Since p1 and p2 are both positive.6250    2. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.2500  p  34. .6250)  2 2 2   17.  max  12. z = p3 = 0. (12-12):  p1.5593 ksi  abs max  p1   14.38 ksi Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.1818 ksi  12.4318)  (12.6250 11.6 ksi and  p 2  4.7353 ( x   y ) / 2 [(12.9318)  (21.96 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) (c) For plane stress.  29.(b) The principal stress magnitudes can be computed from Eq.3775 ksi  p1  29. p 2  x  y 2 x y      xy2   2  2 (12.

23). (b) and (c) simultaneously to find:  y  528.72 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component. (13.000 MPa x  ( x   y )  [( 115  106 )  (0.5 MPa (T) From Eq. y. (c) the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.000 MPa G   80. Determine: (a) the stress components x.31) 2  11. (a) 115 με   x cos2 (180)   y sin 2 (180)   xy sin(180)cos(180) 750 με   x cos2 (300)   y sin 2 (300)   xy sin(300)cos(300) (b) 15 με   x cos2 (60)   y sin 2 (60)   xy sin(60)cos(60) (c) From Eq.31)  114. (b) the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress at the point.3459  106 rad)  70.7 MPa 2(1   ) 2(1  0. Ans. (a):  x  115 με Solve Eqs. determine the shear modulus G: E 210.152.3459 μrad From Eqs.000 MPa ( y   x )  [(528.31)( 115  10 6 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.20):  xy  G xy  (80.18). where n is the measured normal strain. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.3337 MPa  11. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.33 MPa (T) Ans.152.31)(528. show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress.31) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq. .3333  10 6 )] 2 1 1  (0.70 –115  b 750  c E –15  210 GPa FIGURE P13.70  0.8025 MPa  70.7 MPa)(-883. (13. Problem a P13. (13.8 MPa Ans. one for each strain gage.4634 MPa  114.31 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.3333  10 6 )  (0.3333 με and  xy  883. and y: y  E 210. In each equation. (13.3)].67–P13. compute x: E 210.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13. and xy at the point.

4634)] / 2 51.97 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) (c) For plane stress.7 MPa Ans.3337)  (114.8025    1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.  abs max   max  87.4634)  (11.8025)  2 2 2   62. Ans.8986 MPa  87.5649  p  26. p 2  x  y 2 x y      xy2   2  2 (11. (maximum in-plane shear stress)  avg  62. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.8025 70.  xy 70. (12-12):  p1.4634)  2     ( 70.5896 MPa  p1  150.(b) The principal stress magnitudes can be computed from Eq. z = p3 = 0. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.6 MPa Ans. .3337)  (114.3337)  (114.9 MPa (T) tan 2 p  (normal stress on planes of maximum in-plane shear stress) Ans.5 MPa and  p 2  24.3731 ( x   y ) / 2 [(11.  max  87.6 MPa Ans.

15) 2  3. show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress.71  0. (a) and (c):  x  220 με and  y  280 με Solve Eq.15) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.72 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component.000 ksi G   6. y.521.5652 ksi  1. (13.79 ksi (C) From Eq.565 ksi Ans.15 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. Determine: (a) the stress components x.521. (13. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. (13. determine the shear modulus G: E 15.000 ksi x  ( x   y )  [(220  106 )  (0. (13.23).15)( 280  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13.15) 2  2.7315 ksi  2. (b) the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress at the point. In each equation. compute x: E 15. (a) 220 με   x cos2 (180)   y sin 2 (180)   xy sin(180)cos(180) 150 με   x cos2 (135)   y sin 2 (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135) (b) 280 με   x cos2 (90)   y sin 2 (90)   xy sin(90)cos(90) (c) From Eqs.7 ksi 2(1   ) 2(1  0. and y: y  E 15. one for each strain gage. where n is the measured normal strain. and xy at the point.7903 ksi  3.7 ksi)(240  106 rad)  1.18). Problem P13.20):  xy  G xy  (6. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.15)(220  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.67–P13. (c) the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point. .73 ksi (T) Ans. (b) to find:  xy  240 μrad From Eqs.000 ksi FIGURE P13.000 ksi ( y   x )  [( 280  106 )  (0.3)]. Ans.71 a 220  b –150  c E –280  15.

09 ksi and  p 2  4.7903)  2     (1. z = p3 = 0. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.5294 ksi  3.15 ksi Ans.529 ksi (C) tan 2 p  (normal stress on planes of maximum in-plane shear stress) Ans.4800 ( x   y ) / 2 [(2.82 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) (c) For plane stress.5652    0. (12-12):  p1.7903)] / 2 3.6171 ksi  p1  3.2609  p  12.  xy 1.5652 1.5652)  2 2 2   0.7903)  (2. Ans. (maximum in-plane shear stress)  avg  0.62 ksi Ans. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.62 ksi Ans. .7315)  ( 3. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.  abs max   max  3.(b) The principal stress magnitudes can be computed from Eq. p 2  x  y 2 x y      xy2  2   2 (2.7315)  ( 3.7315)  ( 3.  max  3.

compute x: E 96.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13.23).2221 μrad From Eqs.2 MPa)(-300. (13.77 MPa (T) From Eq. Determine: (a) the stress components x.33)(80  106 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.000 MPa G   36. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.000 MPa ( y   x )  [(80  106 )  (0. .090.33)  5.72 a –80  b 170  c –90  E 96 GPa FIGURE P13.090. determine the shear modulus G: E 96.72  0. where n is the measured normal strain. (13. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.33 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. Ans. (c) the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.18).67–P13. and xy at the point.2221  106 rad)  10.2 MPa 2(1   ) 2(1  0. (13. In each equation.3)]. y.33)  5. Problem P13. (a) 80 με   x cos2 (180)   y sin 2 (180)   xy sin(180)cos(180) 170 με   x cos2 (120)   y sin 2 (120)   xy sin(120)cos(120) (b) 90 με   x cos2 (60)   y sin 2 (60)   xy sin(60)cos(60) (c) From Eq.33) and compute the shear stress xy from Eq.7744 MPa  5. (13. show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum inplane shear stress.72 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component. and y: y  E 96. (a):  x  80 με Solve Eqs.7744 MPa  5. (b) and (c) simultaneously to find:  y  80 με and  xy  300. (b) the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress at the point.20):  xy  G xy  (36.8351 MPa  10.33)( 80  106 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.000 MPa x  ( x   y )  [( 80  106 )  (0. one for each strain gage.77 MPa (C) Ans. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.84 MPa Ans.

p 2  x  y 2 x y      xy2  2   2 ( 5.28 MPa and  p 2  12. Ans. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.7744)  (5.8351 10.8351)  2 2 2   0 MPa  12.7744)  (5. .(b) The principal stress magnitudes can be computed from Eq.7744  p  30. Since p1 is positive and p2 is negative.97 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) (c) For plane stress.  avg  0 MPa tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear stress) (normal stress on planes of maximum in-plane shear stress) Ans.8351    1. (12-12):  p1.7744)  2     ( 10.28 MPa Ans.28 MPa Ans. z = p3 = 0.8764 ( x   y ) / 2 [( 5.7744)] / 2 5.28 MPa Ans.  max  12.2778 MPa  p1  12.  abs max   max  12.  xy 10.7744)  (5.7744)  ( 5. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.

and xy at the point. determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress. Problem P13.000 ksi FIGURE P13. In each equation. .10):  p1. Using these values. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress. (a) and (b):  x  140 με and  y  590 με Ans. solve Eq. y. (c) Using the results from part (b).73  0. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13.3460 με  690 με and  p 2  39.24 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 470 μ 470 μ    1. 2 2 (c) (b) Using these results.6919 μrad  651 μrad Ans. (a) Determine the strain components x.3)].12 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (140 μ)  (590 μ)  (140 μ)  (590 μ)   470 μ          2 2 2  2 2  365 μ  325.  max  650. (13. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.76 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component.6540 με  39. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point. one for each strain gage.7 με Ans.0444 ( x   y ) [(140 μ)  (590 μ)] 450 μ  p  23. (13. where n is the measured normal strain.73–P13. (c) to obtain:  xy  470 μrad Ans.73 a 590  b c 140  130  E 9. (a) 590 με   x cos2 (270)   y sin 2 (270)   xy sin(270)cos(270) 140 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (b) 130 με   x cos (135)   y sin (135)   xy sin(135)cos(135) From Eqs.3460 μ  p1  690.

(c) Use p1 and p2 in Eqs.000 ksi  p1  ( p1   p 2 )  [(690.3460  106 )] 2 1 1  (0. z = p3 = 0.34 ksi 2 Ans.6838 ksi)  (1. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Ans. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.24)(690.000 ksi ( p 2   p1 )  [(39. Since p1 and p2 are both positive.  abs max   p1 2  6.3460  10 6 )  (0. (13. and p2:  p2  E 9.9610 ksi)  avg  p1   4.24)(39. . Ans.6540  10 6 )] 2 1 1  (0.9610 ksi  1.6838 ksi  6.3614 ksi  2.6540  106 )  (0.68 ksi (T) Ans.961 ksi (T) The maximum in-plane shear stress can be computed from the two principal stresses:  p1   p 2 (6.24) 2  6.32 ksi (T) 2 2 Ans.6838 ksi  3.9610 ksi)  max    2.3224 ksi  4.36 ksi 2 2 and the normal stress on the plane of maximum shear stress is    p 2 (6. (d) For plane stress.6838 ksi)  (1.24) 2  1.23) to compute p1: E 9.

(b):  y  90 με (c) Ans. Using this result.6 με Ans.74 a 295  b –90  E c 680  103 GPa FIGURE P13. and xy at the point.5597 μ          2 2 2 2 2  295 μ  444. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point. (c) Use p1 and p2 in Eqs.5597 μrad  445 μrad Ans.10):  p1. (13.76 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component. determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress. (b) Using these results.3)]. where n is the measured normal strain.74  0.5597 μ  p1  739.5597 μ    0. Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (680 μ)  ( 90 μ)  (680 μ)  ( 90 μ)   444. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 444.  max  889.28 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.5597 με  740 με and  p 2  149. solve Eqs. (13. .5774 ( x   y ) [(680 μ)  ( 90 μ)] 770 μ  p  15. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point. (c) Using the results from part (b). Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. y. one for each strain gage. (a) 295 με   x cos2 (30)   y sin 2 (30)   xy sin(30)cos(30) 90 με   x cos2 (90)   y sin 2 (90)   xy sin(90)cos(90) (b) 680 με   x cos2 (150)   y sin 2 (150)   xy sin(150)cos(150) From Eq.00 (clockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans. In each equation. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.73–P13. (13.5597 με  149. Problem P13. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13. (a) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  x  680 με  680 με and  xy  444.5597 μ 444.23) to compute p1: Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.1194 μrad  889 μrad Ans. (a) Determine the strain components x.

9746 MPa  39. . z = p3 = 0.4282 MPa)  max    35.5597  10 6 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.9746 MPa)  (6.5597  10 6 )  (0.5597  10 6 )  (0. p1  E 103. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.28)  6.4282 MPa  6.0 MPa (T) Ans. and p2:  p2  E 103.9746 MPa  78. Ans.000 MPa ( p 2   p1 )  [( 149.43 MPa (T) The maximum in-plane shear stress can be computed from the two principal stresses:  p1   p 2 (77. Ans. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. (d) For plane stress.9746 MPa)  (6.28)  77.28)(739. Since p1 and p2 are both positive.000 MPa ( p1   p 2 )  [(739.2 MPa (T) 2 2  Ans.4282 MPa)  avg  p1   42.7732 MPa  35.2014 MPa  42.0 MPa 2 Ans.28)( 149.5597  10 6 )] 2 2 1 1  (0.  abs max   p1 2  77.8 MPa 2 2 and the normal stress on the plane of maximum shear stress is    p 2 (77.

the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 (220 μ)  ( 580 μ)  (220 μ)  ( 580 μ)   692. (13.000 ksi FIGURE P13.75  0.10):  p1. (a) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  580 με and  xy  692.1503 μ  p1  349. (c) Using the results from part (b).1503 με  709 με Ans.  max  1.76 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component. one for each strain gage. (b) Using these results.8203 μ    0. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point. . y.8203 μ          2 2 2 2 2  180 μ  529. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.3005 μrad  1.058.45 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p1 ) Ans.3)].75 a –680  b 220  c E –80  17.1503 με  349 με and  p 2  709. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.058 μrad Ans. where n is the measured normal strain. Problem P13. (a) Determine the strain components x. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.8203 μ 692. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 692. and xy at the point. In each equation.8660 ( x   y ) [(220 μ)  ( 580 μ)] 800 μ  p  20. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point.73–P13. (13. Solve Eqs. (a) 680 με   x cos2 (300)   y sin 2 (300)   xy sin(300)cos(300) 220 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (b) 80 με   x cos2 (60)   y sin 2 (60)   xy sin(60)cos(60) From Eq.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13. (b):  x  220 με (c) Ans.18 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq. Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress.8203 μrad  693 μrad Ans. determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress.

3551 ksi  11.89 ksi (T) Ans. and p2:  p2  E 17.000 ksi  p1  ( p1   p 2 )  [(349.62 ksi 2 2 and the normal stress on the plane of maximum shear stress is    p 2 (3. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.1503  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.3551 ksi)  max    7. z = p3 = 0. Ans. Ans.3551 ksi)  avg  p1   3.000 ksi ( p 2   p1 )  [( 709.36 ksi (C) The maximum in-plane shear stress can be computed from the two principal stresses:  p1   p 2 (3.8916 ksi)  ( 11.18)( 709.8916 ksi)  ( 11.1503  10 6 )  (0.  abs max   max  7.(c) Use p1 and p2 in Eqs.8916 ksi  3.73 ksi (C) 2 2 (d) For plane stress. (13. Ans.1503  106 )] 2 1 1  (0.1503  10 6 )  (0. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. Since p1 and p2 are of opposite signs.7317 ksi  3.18) 2  11. .6234 ksi  7.62 ksi Ans.18)(349.18) 2  3.23) to compute p1: E 17.

.23) to compute p1: Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.2 με and  p 2  118.3750 ( x   y ) [( 110 μ)  (130 μ)] 240 μ  p  10. (c) Using the results from part (b).2 με Ans. the principal strain magnitudes can be computed from Eq.3)]. tan 2 p  (maximum in-plane shear strain)  xy 90 μ 90 μ    0. (b) Determine the principal strains and the maximum in-plane shear strain at the point. In each equation. where n is the measured normal strain.30 Solution (a) Write three normal strain transformation equations [Eq.1601 με  118. determine the principal stresses and the maximum in-plane shear stress.76  0. the angle  associated with each strain gage will be referenced from the positive x axis.  max  256. (13. (13.10):  p1. (13. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.The strain rosette shown in the Figures P13.73–P13. solve Eqs. Problem P13. and xy at the point. p 2  x   y 2   x   y    xy      2   2  2 2 ( 110 μ)  (130 μ)  ( 110 μ)  (130 μ)   90 μ          2 2 2  2 2  10 μ  128.1601 μ  p1  138. (a) Determine the strain components x. Show these stresses on an appropriate sketch that indicates the orientation of the principal planes and the planes of maximum in-plane shear stress.28 (counterclockwise from the x axis to the direction of  p 2 ) Ans.1601 με  138.76 a 55  b –110  E c –35  212 GPa FIGURE P13. one for each strain gage. (c) Use p1 and p2 in Eqs.3201 μrad  256 μrad Ans. (a) 55 με   x cos2 (315)   y sin 2 (315)   xy sin(315)cos(315) 110 με   x cos2 (0)   y sin 2 (0)   xy sin(0)cos(0) (b) 35 με   x cos2 (45)   y sin 2 (45)   xy sin(45)cos(45) From Eq. (d) Determine the magnitude of the absolute maximum shear stress at the point.76 was used to obtain normal strain data at a point on the free surface of a machine component. (b):  x  110 με (c) Using this result. y. (a) and (c) simultaneously to obtain:  y  130 με and  xy  90 μrad (b) Using these results.

 p1 

E
212,000 MPa
( p1   p 2 ) 
[(138.1601  10 6 )  (0.3)( 118.1601  10 6 )]
2
2
1
1  (0.3)

 23.9285 MPa  23.9 MPa (T)

Ans.

and p2:

 p2 

E
212,000 MPa
( p 2   p1 ) 
[( 118.1601  10 6 )  (0.3)(138.1601  10 6 )]
2
2
1
1  (0.3)

 17.8714 MPa  17.87 MPa (C)
The maximum in-plane shear stress can be computed from the two principal stresses:
 p1   p 2
(23.9285 MPa)  ( 17.8714 MPa)
 max 

 20.8999 MPa  20.9 MPa
2
2
and the normal stress on the plane of maximum shear stress is
   p 2 (23.9285 MPa)  ( 17.8714 MPa)
 avg  p1

 3.0286 MPa  3.03 MPa (T)
2
2

(d) For plane stress, z = p3 = 0. Since p1 and p2 are of opposite signs,
 abs max   max  20.9 MPa

Ans.

Ans.

Ans.

Ans.

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P13.77 A solid 18-mm-diameter shaft is subjected to
an axial load P. The shaft is made of aluminum [E =
70 GPa;  = 0.33]. A strain gage is mounted on the
shaft at the orientation shown in Figure P13.77.
(a) If P = 14.7 kN, determine the strain reading that
would be expected from the gage.
(b) If the gage indicates a strain value of  = 810 ,
determine the axial force P applied to the shaft.
FIGURE P13.77

Solution
(a) From the given diameter, the cross-sectional area of the shaft is

A  (18 mm)2  254.46900 mm2
4
and thus, the normal stress in the shaft is
P (14.7 kN)(1,000 N/kN)
x  
 57.767 MPa
A
254.46900 mm2
At the location of the strain gage, the stresses in the shaft can be summarized as
 x  57.767 MPa,
 y  0 MPa,
 xy  0 MPa

From Eqs. (13.21), the normal strains in the x and y directions are
1
1
 x  ( x   y ) 
[57.767 MPa  (0.33)(0 MPa)]  825.248  10 6 mm/mm
E
70,000 MPa
1
1
( y   x ) 
[0 MPa  (0.33)(57.767 MPa)]  272.332  10 6 mm/mm
E
70,000 MPa
and since the shear stress is zero, the shear strain is also zero: xy = 0.

y 

Write a normal strain transformation equation for the gage oriented at  = 145°:
 n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos 

 (825.248 με)cos 2 (145)  ( 272.332 με)sin 2 (145)  (0 μrad)sin(145)cos(145)
 464.155 με
Therefore, the strain gage should be expected to read a normal strain of
 n  464 με

Ans.

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to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that
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(b) A normal strain transformation equation can be written for the gage:
 n   x cos2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos
 810 με   x cos 2 (145)   y sin 2 (145)

Recognize that there is no shear stress xy = 0, and hence, xy = 0.
From Eqs. (13.21), substitute for x and y:
1
1
810 με  ( x   y )cos2 (145)  ( y   x )sin 2 (145) 
E
E
and eliminate terms of y since y = 0 for the shaft:


810 με  x cos 2 (145)  x sin 2 (145)
E
E
Solve for x:
(810 με)E
x 
2
[cos (145)   sin 2 (145)]
(810  106 )(70,000 MPa)
[cos 2 (145)  (0.33)sin 2 (145)]
 100.810 MPa

The axial load P that causes this normal stress is
P   x A  (100.810 N/mm2 )(254.46900 mm2 )  25,653.06 N  25.7 kN

Ans.

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749. (13. A strain gage is mounted on the shaft at the orientation shown in Figure P13..271. determine the shear modulus G: E 70. determine the strain reading that would be expected from the gage.058  106 rad G 26.315. 000 MPa G   26.22):  46.  y  0 MPa.33].78. . the shear stress on the outer surface) is found from the elastic torsion formula: Tc (900 N-m)(57 mm / 2)(1.788 με Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.18).  xy  46.413 mm4 The normal stresses in the x and y directions are zero. FIGURE P13.000 mm/m)  max    46.  = 0.315.814 mm2 4 4 and the polar moment of inertia for the shaft is    D4  d 4   (57 mm)4  (47 mm)4   557.e. (a) If T = 900 N-m.028 MPa Note: The negative sign on xy is determined by inspection. The stress element at the location of the strain gage looks like this:  From Eq.78 A hollow shaft with an outside diameter of 57 mm and an inside diameter of 47 mm is subjected to torque T.028 MPa J 557.33) and compute the shear strain xy from Eq.058 μrad)sin(55)cos(55)  821.P13.271.028 MPa  xy  xy   1. The shaft is made of aluminum [E = 70 GPa.413 mm4 J 32 32  The maximum shear stress in the hollow aluminum shaft (i. therefore.749. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. determine the torque T applied to the shaft.78 Solution (a) The cross-sectional area of the hollow shaft is   A  ( D 2  d 2 )  [(57 mm)2  (47 mm)2 ]  816.8 MPa 2(1  ) 2(1  0. (b) If the gage indicates a strain value of  = −1. (13.8 MPa Write a normal strain transformation equation for the gage oriented at  = 55°:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos   (0 με)cos 2 (55)  (0 με)sin 2 (55)  ( 1. the stresses in the shaft at the location of the strain gage can be summarized as  x  0 MPa.400 .

.400  106 rad)(26.8 MPa)  xy   78.Therefore. the strain gage should be expected to read a normal strain of  n  822 με Ans. (13.241 N-mm  1.  (b) A normal strain transformation equation can be written for the gage:  n   x cos 2    y sin 2    xy sin  cos  1.22). Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.400 με  sin(55)cos(55)  G Solve for xy: ( 1.400 με   xy sin(55)cos(55) recognizing that the normal stresses in the x and y directions are zero.271.533. substitute for xy:  xy 1. From Eq.533 kN-m c (57 mm / 2) Ans. Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.413 MPa sin(55)cos(55) The torque T that causes this shear stress is  xy J (78.413 mm 4 ) T   1.315.413 N/mm2 )(557.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful. .