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JANUARY 2015

CARIBBEAN

EXAMINATIONS

COUNCIL

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE~


EXAMINATION
SOCIAL STUDIES
Paper 02 - General Proficiency
2 /tours 40 minutes
READ THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.
T his paper has THREE sectio ns, as fo llows:
-

Individua l, Fam ily and Soc iety

SECTION A

Questions I , 2 and 3

SECTION B

Part I Questions 4 and 5 Part II Questions 6 and 7 -

S ustainable Development and Use o f Resources


Regiona l Integration

Question 8
Question 9
Question I 0

Communication
Consumer Affairs
Tourism

SECTION C

I.

You MUST answer a total of FIV E quest ions - TWO from SECTION A, T WO
from SECTION B (choose ON E from Part I and ONE from Part II) and ONE fro m
SECTION C.

2.

Where questions require an explanation, suggestio n o r p ro posal, you should develop


your respo nses fully.

3.

Write your answers in the spaces prov ided in this booklet.

4.

Do NOT write in the margins.

5.

You are advised to take some time to read throug h the paper, select the questions that
yo u will answer and plan your answers.

6.

If you need to rewrite an answer and there is not eno ugh space to do so on the orig inal
page, you must use the extra lined page(s) provided at the back ofthi s booklet. Remember
to draw a line through your original answer and correctly number your new answer
in the box provided.

1.

If you use the extra pages you MUST write the question number clearly in the box
provided at the top of the extra page(s) and, where relevant, include the question
part beside the answer.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO.

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Copyright C> 2013 Caribbean Examinations Council
All

-2 SECTION A
INDIVIDUAL, FAMILY AND SOCIETY
Answer TWO questions from this section.
ALL answers MUST be given in complete sentences.
Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should develop your
responses fully.

1.

(a)

(i)

Define the term ' incest' and give ON E example.

(2 marks)

(ii)

State TWO effects that incest may have on a family .

. ... .. .. .. .. ... .0...... 00.... 00... 0.. 0. 0....................... 0.... 0................... . ". .......... .......................... .
~

.............. ............ ... .. .. ... .. ..... ..

~.. ....

........ .......................... .. ............ .. . ............................... ................. .

(2 marks)

(b)

Explain TWO ways in which a family socializes its members.

Way 1: .......................................................... ........................................ ................................. ..... . ....... .


~

................................................ .... . .................................................... ........ .............. . ................... .


~

........... ................................................................................. ........... .........................................


~

Way2: . .............................................................................................................................................. .
~

................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................
(4 marks)

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- 3(c)

(i)

Parenting can be challenging.


Suggest, giving full details, THREE strategies that parents may use to improve
their parenting skills.
Strategy I : ....................................................................... ... ..

Strategy 2: .............................................................................................................. .

....................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................
Strategy 3: .............................................................................................................

(6 marks)

(ii)

Explain fully why EACH of the strategies you suggeste'd in (c) (i) above is likely
to be successful.
Strategy I : .............................................................................................................. .

Strategy 2: ............................................... .

Strategy 3: ..................... ......................................................................................... .

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(6 marks)
Total 20 marks

r
l.

-4.

A group s success depends on the loyalty and cooperatiOn OJ


(a)

(i)

its members.

Define the term ' forma l g roup '.

.......................................

(;; ~~;~)
(ii)

State TWO factors that may influence members to remain in a group.


Factor I : ................................................................................................................. .
..........................................

Factor 2: ................................................................................................................. .

(2 ma rks)

(b)

Yo u are a member of Red Ho use at your school. Outline TWO ways in w hich you can
show loya lty to your house.

(4 marks)

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-5(c)

(i)

Suggest. g iving full details. fllREI:. ways in which community groups and the
work together to reduce crime in the society.

poli~c rna)'

Wa) I :.................................................................................................................... ..

.................................................................................................................................
Way 2: .................................................................................................................... .

Wa)' 3: .................................................................................................................... .

(6 marks)
(ii)

Explain full} why EACH of the ways you suggested in (c) (i) above is likely to
be successful.
Way I: ..................................................................................................................... .

Way 2: .................................................................................................................... .

Way 3: .................................................................................................................... .

(6 marks)

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Total20 marks

-6-

Mony Coribbeon countrie.t are comtitutional monarchies.


(a)

(i)

. n the Caribbean.
State ONE other system of government that ex1sts 1

................................................................... ........ ......


(ii)

......................
(1 mark )

State TWO features of a constitutiona l monarchy.

.................................................................................................. ....
(2 marks)

tions from t 992 to 20 I 0 for


The graph below shows voter turnout at genera ..I ~ 1ec
Country X. Use it to answer Parts (i), (i i) and (111).

(b)

Voter turnout in Country X

80
70
~ 60

.:::0

...

50

"' 40
g

"'...
8. 30
'0

'0;;.!!.

20
10
0

1992

1997

2002

2007

2012

Year

(i)

State the percentage of voters who turned out in the 2002 election .

..................................................................................................................................
( 1 mark)

(ii)

State ONE interpretation that can be made fro m the data g iven in the graph.

(2 marks)
(iii)

Give ONE possible reason for the pattern indicated by the data.
Reason: ..................................................................................... .. ............................. .

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(2 marks)

-7(c)

(i)

Suggest. giving full details, THREE actions the opposition may take in parliament
to ensure good governance in a country.
Action I:........................ ..........................................................................................

Action 2: ................................................................................................................. .

Action 3: .................................................................................................................

(6 marks)

(ii)

Explain why EACH ofthe actions suggested in (c) (i) above is likely to be successful.
Action I: ..................................................................................................................

Action 2 :................................................................................................................. .

Action 3: ............................... .............. .................................................................. ..

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(6 marks)
Total 20 marks

-8SECTION B
PART I
DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RESOURCES
Answer EITHER Question 4 OR Question 5.
All answers MUST be given in complete sentences.

Where ques taons requare

an explanation,
suggestaon,
proposa 1 or reason, you should develop your

responses fully.

4.

(a)

(i)

Define the term ' birth rate'.

(2 marks)

(ii)

In a country, the number of live births was 3000 and the number o f deaths was
150. Calculate the natural increase of the country's population for that year.

(2 marks)

(b)

(i)

State TWO factors that can influence the natural increase of a population.
Factor I: .......... .................................................................................. ................ ...... .

Factor 2: ...................................................................................................... .......... .

(2 marks)
(ii)

Give ONE reason why the government may decide to devel th h


of a country.
op e uman resource

(2 marks)

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-9-

fc)

(i)

Suggest. giving full details, THREE strategies a government may use to increase
access to tertiary education.
Strategy I : ............................................... ............................................................... .

..................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................

Strategy 2: .............................................................................................................. .

Strategy 3: ............................................................................................................ .

(6 marks)
(ii)

Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (c) (i) above is likely to be successful.
Strategy I : ...................................................... .......... ............................................. .

Strategy 2: ................................................................. ............................................. .

.................................................................................................................................

Strategy 3: ............................................................................................................ .

(6 marks)

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Total 20 marks

- 10 (a)

(i)

Define the term 'sustainable development'

(ii)

(2 m a rks)

State ONE benefit of conserving the supply of fresh water.

(i~~-~k)

(b)

Study the table below which shows the reserve and usage of three natural resources. Use
the data to answer Parts (i), (i i) and (iii).
Resources
Bauxite
Petroleum
Forest
(i)

Usage Per Year


30 units

Estimated Reserve
100 units
120 units
200 units

12 units
20 units

Assume that there is no increase in the quantity of the reserve for any of the
resources. State the resource for which there is the greatest need for co nservation
and g ive a reason.
Resource: ............................................................................................................... .

Reason: .................................................................................................... ............... .

(ii)

(2 marks)

Identi fy ONE renewable resource from the table.

( 1 m a rk)

(i ii)

G ive ONE reason a government may wish to reduce a co t d


un ry s epende nce on
petro Ieum.

0. 0

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(2 marks)

- II (C)

(i)

Suggest THREE strategies a government can use to protect forest reserves.


(6 marks)

(ii)

Explain fully why EACH strategy suggested in (i) above is likely to be successful.
(6 marks)

Strategy I : ................ ....................................................... .............. ......................... .

Explanation I : .......................................... .............................................................. .

Strategy 2: .............................................................................................................. .

Explanation 2: ............................................................................ ............................ .

Strategy 3: .............................................................................................................. .

Expla nation 3: ........................................................................................................ .

Total 20 marks

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- 12-

PART II
REGIONAL INTEGRATION
Answer EITHER Question 6 OR Question 7 .

ou should develop your


.
.
oposal or reason, y
.bl
Where questions require an explanation, suggestiOn, pr
nd proposals feasa e.
responses fully. Statements justifying proposals should be relevant a

6.
"CARICOM : Promoting Economic Integration"
nomic integration' in re lation
,
n CARl COM countries.
Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay define the term eco
ne another
to CARl COM. Then state TWO possible factors that promote trade amo g . fi
Next give TWO reasons why CARlCOM countries may benefit from purchasmg rom 0

. w1th
. each other, tha t CARICOM countries hmay
Suggest THREE strategies, apart from tradmg
use to make economic integration more effective. Explain fully why EACH strategy you ave
suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

7.
"Functional Cooperation within CARICOM: Natural Disasters Management"

Write an artic le for your school magazine on the above topic. Begin by stating TWO other areas
of functiona l cooperation within CARICOM apart from disaster management. N ext, identify
TWO types of natural disasters that affect CARICOM countries. Give TWO reasons why a
CARICOM country may experience d ifficulty providing assistance to member countries during
or after a natural disaster.
Suggest giving full details, T~REE actions t~at the Heads of Government Conference may take
to prepare CARl COM countnes for natural d1saster management. Expla in why EACH action you
have suggested is likely to be successful.
Total20 marks

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- 13-

Write your answer to the question you have chosen to answer in Section B - Part II here.
Remember to write the question number in the box provided below.
Question No.

Topic: .........................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................... .....................................

............................................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................................

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- 17-

SECTION C
OPTIONS
Answer only ONE question from this section.
Where questions require an explanation, suggestion, proposal or reason, you should develop your
responses fully. Statements justifying proposals should be relevant and proposals feasible.
8.

COMMUNICATION
" Folk Music Will Survive"
Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay, state TWO objectives that a folk singer tries to
achieve in performing a folk song and TWO factors which may discourage persons from listening
to the song. Explain TWO ways in which copyright protects a folk artiste's work. Suggest, giving
full details, THREE strategies which an association of folk musicians may use to encourage students
to develop an interest in singing folk music. Explain fully why EACH of the strategies you have
suggested is likely to be successful.
Total 20 marks

9.

CONSUMER AFFAIRS

"Consumers! Be Cautious When Using Credit"

Write an essay on the above caption. Begin by stating TWO features of credit and state TWO
types of credit that consumers may use to acquire goods and services. Explain TWO reasons why
consumers may NOT benefit when they use credit. Suggest, giving details, THREE strategies a
government agency may use to protect consumers who wish to obtain credit. Explain fully why
EACH strategy you have suggested is likely to be successful.

Total 20 marks
10.

TOURISM
" Tourism Needs: Knowledgeable Workers and a Healthy Natural Environment".
Write an essay on the above topic. In your essay state TWO factors which encourage secondary
school leavers to seek employment in tourism. Next state TWO factors which influence the sale
of land for tourism develo pment. Explain TWO ways in which a shortage of trained workers
may affect the touri sm industry in the Caribbean. Suggest, giv ing full details, THREE strategies
which a government may use to reduce the negative effects of tourism developme nt on the
natural environment. Explain fully why EAC H of the strategies you have suggested is likely to
be successful.

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Total 20 marks

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