You are on page 1of 11

INDICE

TERCERA UNIDAD
COUNTABLE - UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
AND
COMPOUND SENTENCES

DECIMA SEGUNDA SEMANA


MARCO TEORICO
DEFINICION DE SUSTANTIVOS CONTABLES E INCONTABLES
EJERCICIOS DE ILUSTRACION
USO DE AND - BUT (Y - PERO) EN ORACIONES CON WAS Y WERE
EJERCICIOS

MARCO PRACTICO

EXERCISES : COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE


QUESTIONS : HOW MUCH AND HOW MANY
EXERCISES : COMPOUND SENTENCES : AND , BUT.

DECIMA SEGUNDA SEMANA Marco Terico

Logro : El estudiante identificar los sustantivos


contables e incontables y los aplicar en los
ejercicios, reforzando adems el uso de la estructura
gramatical en pasado WAS y WERE.
Resumen. Los estudiantes obtienen una preparacin
integral
e
individual,
incrementando
su
conocimiento para la estructuracin, escritura y
lectura de textos ms complejos en tiempo de
Pasado Simple utilizando vocabularios y trminos
mdicos.

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS


Countable Nouns.- are things we can count. We can make them plural. Before singular countable nouns
you may use a/an:
You were attended by a cardiologist.
Dr. Vida was looking for an anesthetist.
Remember to use a/an for jobs:
Im a surgeon.
Before plural countable nouns you use some as a general rule:
I was reading some good articles on spleen lately.
Dont use some when you are talking about general things:
Generally speaking, I like radiology books.
You have to use some when you mean some, but not all:
Some doctors carry a stethoscope but most of them dont.
Uncountable Nouns.- are things we cannot count. They have no
plural. You cannot use a/an before an uncountable noun, in this
case you have to use: the, some, any, much, this, his, etc. or
leave alone, without the article. Example:
The chairman gave me an advice. (NOT CORRECT)
The chairman gave me some advice.

Many nouns can be used as countable or uncountable nouns. Usually there is a difference in their
meaning.
-

I had many experiences on my rotation at the childrens hospital. (countable)


I need experience to become a good surgeon. (uncountable)

Some nouns are uncountable in English but often countable in other languages: advice, baggage,
behavior, bread, furniture, information, luggage, news, permission, progress, scenery, traffic,
travel, trouble and weather.
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
Penicillin

COUNTABLE NOUNS
Dose

Calcium

Drug

Sand

Steroid

Weather

Antibiotic

Water

Reaction

Milk

Remedy

Information

Illness

Equipment

Invalid

Diabetes

Treatment

Measles

Therapy

Chickenpox

Headache

Resistance

Cold

AIDS

Placebo

Consumption

Shiver

Syrup

Painkillers

Oxygen

Ointment

Morphine

Needle

Serum

Prescription

Anahestesia

Potion

Blood pressure

Pillbox

Cotton wool

piece

Exercises: Underline the nouns and write in brackets if they are countable or uncountable nouns)
1. She had a severe allergic reaction to the drug.

(________________)

2. The nurse took her blood pressure.

(________________)

3. She had all the normal childhood illnesses.

(________________)

4. Her mother was just recovering from an illness.

(________________)

5. Her husband was diagnosed with a terminal illness.

(________________)

6. He died after a long illness.

(________________)

7. The no-smoking policy was introduced with little resistance from staff. (________________)
8. Vigorous exercise increases oxygen consumption.

(________________)

9. Never exceed the recommended dose of painkillers.

(________________)

10. The properties of these two kinds of serum may now be considered. (________________)
11. She carried hypodermic needles and syringes in her bag.

(________________)

12. Drug users are at risk when they share needles.

(________________)

This activity will allow you to learn some practical vocabulary associated with two of these;
containers and modes of presentation. With the help of your teacher and the visual support
provided in the picture supply the words missing in both diagrams.
Bottle plastic dropper bottle box tablet container jar tube

a) Use the words in the diagram to complete these sentences. Then compare with a partner. You
may use each word more than once.
1. A ____________ of Ibuprofen.
2. A/an ___________ of Nistatine ointment.

3. A ____________ of Merthiolate.
4. A/an ___________ of inhalation powder.
5. A _________ of Amoxicillin.
6. A/an _________ of Vicks Vaporub.
7. A/an _________ of Penicillin.
b) These are all warning statements taken from different medicine labels. Choose the correct
preposition to complete the ideas. Then be ready to discuss your answers in plenary.
1. Do not use __________ (by - for) mouth.
2. Avoid contact _________ (in - with) eyes.
3. It is important not to use this medication __________ (for - during) the last three months of
pregnancy.
4. Take 1 tablet every 4 to 6 hours __________ (while- during) symptoms persist.
5. Apply __________ (with to) minor cuts and scratches 1 to 3 times a day.
6. It may interact _________ (in with) certain prescriptions.
7. Do not use the maximum dosage __________ (for- since) more than 2 weeks.

COMPOUND SENTENCES WITH AND BUT

A compound sentence is made by joining two independent clauses together with a conjunction.
Some examples:

John bought some new shoes, and he wore them to a party.

Lydia liked her new house, but she didn't like the front yard.

We can go see a movie, or we can get something to eat.

Notice that in each example, there is a subject and a verb in each independent clause. These sentences
can be changed by removing the subject:

John bought some new shoes, and wore them to a party.

Lydia liked her new house, but not the front yard.

We can go see a movie, or get something to eat.

These are still good sentences, but by removing the subject from one part of them, they are no longer
compound

sentences.

Compound

sentences

are

often

formed

with

conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, yet, so.


Exercises: Complete with the correct conjunction.
1. She had shivers, ____ the nurse take her temperature.
2. This medicine will be good, ____ your recovering.
3. I wasnt feeling well, _____ had fever too.
4. You must bandage his arm, ____ it could be worst.
5. They werent good friends, _____ they worked together yesterday.
6. He didn't like to get his teeth cleaned, ____ he knew that it was necessary.
7. Her leg was injured, _____ she couldnt walk.

these

coordinating

DCIMA SEGUNDA SEMANA

1. Write c for countable and u for uncountable:


1) time

2) books

3) alcohol

4) water

5) thermometers

6) hair

7) wheelchairs

8) First aid kit

9) blood

10) plaster

11) bandage

12 ) syrup

13) friends

14) fingers

15) flour

16) powder

17) oil

18) probet

19) iodine

20) iron

21) drops

22) rice

23) cotton

24) vitamins

25) needle

26 ) cream

27) gum

28) smoke

29) scar

30) enamel

31 mask

32) gauze

34) plaster

35) bottle

How much
How many

33) medicine
cabinet
36) tablet

We use with uncountable nouns


We use with countable nouns.

Choose How much or How many


a) ____________ students were there in the classroom?
b) ____________ books were there in your bag?
c) ____________ alcohol did Tom need ?
d) ____________ water were there in the bottle?
e) ____________ blood did Linda need?
f) ____________ cotton did we need?
g) ____________ thermometers were there in the box?
h) ____________ rice were there?
i) ____________ wheelchairs were there in the consultory room?
j) ____________ syrup did you take?

Write 'much' or 'many'.


1. How ______ cotton were there in the bag?
2. How _______ gauze did you need?
3. How _______ masks were there in the box?
4. How _______ medicine cabinets were there in the consulting room?
5. How _______ microscopes were there on the laboratorys table?
6. How ________ nurses in the classroom?

7. How ________ plaster did you need?


8. How _______ doctors were there in the conference?
9. How ______ patients were there in emergency room?
10.How ______ blood did Karol need for her operation?

COMPOUND SENTENCES WITH AND - BUT


Conjunctions: AND and BUT
The conjunctions and and but can be used to join two statements.
And: shows addition and is used when the statements are similar.
Example : I called Jan and we talked for an hour.
But: is used to connect statements that express opposite ideas.
Example : I also called Steve, but he wasn't home.

1
. Doctor Kim likes to eat vegetables ______ Bill likes to eat, too.
2. The TV is on, _______ we're not watching it.
3. She bought a new scalpel, _______ he bought a new bandage.
4. They asked for scissors, _________ they didn't get any.
5. I ate chicken for lunch, ________ I had it for dinner,too.
6. It was cloudy and cold, _________ it didn't snow.

7. Lee can speak Spanish _________ her sister can speak French.
8. Dr. Smith got a report from a medical student, _________ It wasnt a good news..
9. Tom likes music, ________ he can't dance.
10. Dan wrote a story, ________ Mary didn't sign it.

Complete each word in the following sentences :


a - bandage
b - crutches
c - ambulance
d - stretcher
e - stethoscope
f - filled
g - rash
h - splitting
i - bruise
j refer
1. You can get this prescription _________at the pharmacy next door.
2. I have a _________ ( = very bad) headache.
3. My __________was purple, but then it became yellowish in color.
4. A flat device used to transport a patient is called a __________.
5. A doctor uses a

____________ to listen to a patient's lungs.

6. I will ___________ ( = send) you to a specialist, who will be able to help you more with your
problem.
7. A red, sometimes itchy area on the skin is called a ___________
8. They called an ___________because their grandfather was feeling very sick.
9. Patients with a broken leg usually need to use ___________ for a couple of months.
10. Make sure you wrap the ______________properly around the wound.