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Bugs tan

• Buddhism links
karma directly to the
motives behind an

• Motivation usually
makes the difference
between "good" and
"bad" actions,
Understanding KARMa

In Buddhism, karma is strictly distinguished from vipaka, (fruit or result).

Karma is categorized within the group of cause in the chain of cause and effect,

where it comprises the elements of "volitional activities" (sankhara) and "action"


Anyy action is understood as creating

g "seeds" in the mind that will sprout
p into the
appropriate result (vipaka) when met with the right conditions.

Most types of karmas, with good or bad results, will keep one within the wheel
of samsara,
samsara while others will liberate one to nirvana.
Karma Is Mind Made

If one speaks or acts with a wicked mind,

pain follows one as the wheel, the hoof of
the draught-ox.”
- Dhammapada Verse 1

The chief cause of Karma is in the mind. All our words and deeds
are coloured by the mind.

When the mind is unguarded, bodily action, speech and thought are
all unguarded. When the mind is guarded, bodily action, speech and
thought are all guarded.
Where does KARMa
come about

Karma literally means action or doing

doing. Any kind of intentional
action (good or bad) whether mental, verbal or physical is
regarded as Karma.

However, involuntary, unintentional or unconscious actions do

not constitute Karma because volition, the most important factor
determining Karma, is absent.

In its ultimate sense Karma means all wholesome (kusala) and

un-wholesome (akusala) volition
Where is karma stored

“Where, Venerable Sir, is Karma stored?

King Milinda questioned the Venerable

“O Maharaja, Karma is not said to be stored

somewhere in this fleeting consciousness or in
anyy other p
part of the body.
y But dependent
p on
mind and matter it rests manifesting itself at the
opportune moment, just as mangoes are not said
to be stored somewhere in the mango tree,
tree but
dependent on the mango tree they lie, springing
up in due season.” replied the Venerable
THE words of Buddha On

• IIn early
l BBuddhist
ddhi t scriptures,
i t Subha,
S bh theth son off an
eminent Brahmin asks the Buddha why some
people are rich while others are poor, why some
are long
lived while some are short
lived and so

The Buddha
Th B ddh responded: d d
Human beings are owners of their actions, heirs
of their actions, they originate from their actions,
are bound
b d tto th
i actions,
ti h
have ththeir
i actions
ti as
their refuge. It is action that distinguishes beings
as inferior and superior.
KARMa in other sayings

What goes around comes around

Do not do onto others what you do

not want others to do onto you

For every action, there is an equal


You reap what you sow

Cause and effect

Many more saying…..

Panca Niyamas
5 Law
L of
f Orders
O d

Five Law of Orders
According to Buddhism, there are five law of orders or processes
y ) which operate
p in the p
y and mental realms.

Utu Niyama Physical inorganic order.

Bija Niyama Physical organic order.

Kamma Niyama Order of act and result.

Dhamma Niyama O d off th

Order the norm.

Citta Niyama Order of mind or psychic

Not everything happened is
due to karma
Buddhism does not assert that everything is due to Karma.

The Law of Karma is only one of the twenty-four casual conditions

(paccaya) described in Buddhist Philosophy.

The Buddha refuted that everything is due to Karma and said:

“So, then, owing to previous action, men will become

murderers, thieves, unchaste, liars, slanderers, babblers,
covetous, malicious, and perverse in view. Thus for those
who fall back on the former deeds as the essential reason,
there is neither the desire to do, nor effort to do, nor
necessity to do this deed or abstain from that deed.”

10 evil deeds

The 10 evil deeds (akusala) we should avoid.

They are :-

1. Killing
2 St
2. Stealing
3. Sexual misconduct
4. Lying
5 Slandering
6. harsh speech
7. Vain talk
8 Covetousness
9 Ill-will
10. False belief
10 meritorious deeds

We should have wholesome thoughts (kusala) all the time. The

Buddha has mention that there are 10 good qualities .. They are:-

1. G it
2. Morality
3. Meditation
4 Reverence
5. Service
6. Transference of merit
7 Rejoicing in others’
7. others merit
8. Hearing the doctrine
9. Expounding the doctrine
g g one’s right
10. Straightening g view
MANAGing karma

We learnt from the past, we

prepare for the future, and we
live life for the present
- Ven Dhammaninda

It is entirely up to us how we want to live

our lives. The Karma will take effect
di l
Sowing good seeds
Good and bad Karma will become active
when the conditions are favourable.

The Karma of a person is like a savings

account where money can be deposited
Good or withdrawn.
The Buddha had given us clear
instructions on how we can reduce our
evil deeds and increase our good deeds.

By doing so, we can build a treasure store which cannot be

destroyed. Unlike a savings account, the benefits of merits
cannot be lost and will follow one from life to life.