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New Arctic
Research Vessel

B y M. J. Dunbar

(7’Thoto: J I . J . I)?r?ihrrr/
. . .

Calanus, FisheriesResearchBoard of Canadaocean-

ographicvesselusedin theEasternArctic. This view
shows the vessel on trials at MahoneBay, N.S., before
booms were mounted.

The Fisheries Research Board of Can- engine is a 77 hp. heavy duty caterpillar
ada began marine investigations in Un- diesel, with 2-1 reduction, and
gava Bay .in 1947, at the request of the auxiliary is a3-kilowatt Lister diesel.
Department of Mines and Resources, in Allcompartmentsare lit electrically,
order, first, to discover anymarine and heated by hot-water radiators. Her
resourcesintheEastern Arcticwhich total sail-area is 668 square feet. Cruising
could serve to raise the standard of liv- speed under power alone is 7 knots. Her
ing of the natives, and second, to make gross tonnage is about 30; displacement
field researches of a fundamental nature 43 tons.
to fill a long-standing gap in our know- The vesselis equipped with an echo-
ledge of the Canadian north. The recon- sounder (with 75- and 300-fathom scales)
naissance of 1947 showed that a research and a radiophone transmitter. The labo-
boat was needed, of considerably more ratory is belowdeck,withboth sea-
robust design than wasavailable in the water and fresh-water inlets, and all the
region, andequippedwith theproper equipment necessary for chemical titra-
tools for the job. tions, preservationandmeasurement of
Between January and August 1948, the material, and so on. There is a t w o - d m
new ship was designed, drawn and built. trawl-winch on deck,driven by roller
The designwas worked out between chain fromthepower take-off on the
the naval architects who did the drawing main engine. Each drum carries 275
(German and Milne, of Montreal), fathoms of 5/16” wire, leading through
CaptainElmerRigby of theAtlantic a systemof fairleads tothe gallows-
Biological Station at St. Andrews, N.B., frames. The Culunus atthe moment
and the present writer; and the ship was
built bythe Industrial Shipping Com- carries two otter-trawls for shrimp and
pany, Mahone Bay, N.S. She is consider- two for flounders and other ground-fish,
ably broader and heavier than the ships all of themwitha 40-foot head-rope,
normally built in Nova Scotia. and two 18-foot beam-trawls to be used
The Culanus is a ketch, 49.5 feet long, for exploring the sea-bottom. Two small
15 feet beam, and with a draught of 6.5 dredges will be added to her equipment
feet. Her ribs are of white oak, 3 x 3 inthe 1949season. Afullrange of
inches a t the deck and 3 x 6 a t the keel- plankton nets and young fish trawls are
son, and 12 inches apart between centres. standard equipment, which are used on
Planking is 2” yellowbirchbelow the thetrawl-winch or the hydrographic
water line, andoakabove;decks are winchesaccording to size. Onehydro-
white pine; combings, gunwale and graphic winch is driven by a small $ hp.
wheelhouse are oak. Ice sheathing at electricmotor, and carries upto 500
present isof oak, probably to be re- metres of A‘’ wire; the other is a special
placed laterbygreenheart. The main winchmade at St. Andrews,which is
bolted to the deck forward of the main narrower than planned.
trawlwinch,andwhich is driven off T h e Calanus behavedexcellently on
the forward drumhead by a simple cone her maiden voyage to Ungava;it remains
friction clutch. This winch carrieswell to beseen howshewillhandlewhile
over 1000 metres of wire. trawling. She has been designed to with-
The bulkhead arrangement is as shown stand rough treatment, and to be able to
in the accompanying drawings, with the workat sea in all reasonableweather,
exceptionthatduringthebuilding of while still being small enoughtowork
theboat, theafterengine-roombulk- alongskerry coasts andinother places
head was pushed back two feet, so that with little elbow-room. She has sleeping
the galley and toilet
are two feet accommodation for eight.


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