the method to control buck converter

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

93 views

the method to control buck converter

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Amplificador 20W RMS TDA2003 Con Placa PCB
- 01576628
- Genetic Algorithm for Robust h Infinity
- [a]WANG,ModelingAnalysisAndApplicationOfBuckConverters
- BNJ30703_01
- Powers Ys 900
- Abstract
- Dali et al. 2007
- BE_Assignment_1_06022015
- Non-Isolation Soft-Switching Buck Conve r t e r For
- Formula Sheet
- Model lab question EC1.docx
- Sensorless Current Mode Control
- Small Signal Discrete Time Modeling of Digitally Controlled PWM Converters(Cited 111)
- ltc-3588-1
- Batteries
- 1567 Afd 245905 d
- Quanser Lab
- 06_nmiljic
- Choopers

You are on page 1of 36

- The a dva n ced d ig it a l ized c on trol in SMPS…… . .

Mr. PAPANNA DHANANJAY,

Mr. JAY KUMAR,

M.TECH-POWER ELECTRONICS,

SENIOR LECTURER,

2nd SEMESTER, TOCE, EEE Dept,

TOCE, EEE Dept, VTU.

11 VTU

INTRODUCTION:

CONTROL TECHNIQUES with linear switching

surfaces, such as Hysteresis control and Sliding-mode

control , or nonlinear switching surfaces have been proposed

to be alternatives to pulse width-modulated control strategies

in dc/dc switching regulators.

22

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

AIM:

To achieve an ideal switching surface . That leads to

Global and large signal stability.

Good large-signal operation.

Fast Dynamics.

Better steady-state and transient behaviors.

Reduce the hardware & software design complexity.

Immune to Chaos due to Electro magnetic Interference from

outside source

33

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Existing System:

THE BUCK CONVERTER

undary control with Fuzzy logic along w

ding Controller Control PID controller

Hysteresis Controller

ler

44

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

PROBLEM STATEMENT:

problems:

q Deterred steady-state behaviors.

q The Transient Dynamics is not optimized.

q Chattering as a result of imperfect control switchings

q When a converter is operated in the discontinuous

conduction mode, an additional boundary due to the

zero inductor current is created which forms an unstable

combination.

55

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

The Challenge:

the aims and Overcomes the problems specified.

66

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

PROPOSED SOLUTION:

Second- Order Switching Surface to design the

DC/DC controller.

77

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

ELABORATING OF THE TOPIC

making Frequency as constant even under variation in the input

voltage.

q Boundary Control: controlling of on & off state trajectory for

maintaining large-signal stability.

q Buck Converter: It’s a fixed DC to variable DC converter, where

output voltage is always less than or equal to input voltage. The

output voltage can be varied by varying the duty cycle.

i.e., Vo/Vs= D continue……

88

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Continue………

q

Ø It controls the hysteresis band by generating upper and lower

bands together.

Ø It helps in determining the switching times of the main switch S.

Ø It exhibit better steady-state and transient behaviors than the one

with a first-order switching surface.

WORKING OF THE

CONTROLLER:

1010 Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Figure 2: System Implementation

1111

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Figure 3: Small-signal block diagram of the control loop.

1212

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Figure 4: Key time-domain waveforms of the converter.

1313

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

In Mode 1 (t1 ≤ t < t3), S is ON and D is OFF.

1414

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

As the load variation is small, vC is relatively constant

over a switching cycle. Thus

Then, by substituting equation (4.6) into (4.2), the Mode-1 state trajectory

can be shown to be

Where,

1515

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Assume that iC varies linearly in Mode 2. By

substituting (4.5) into (4.3)

Thus, by substituting (4.8) into (4.4), the Mode-2 state trajectory can be

shown to be

Where,

1616

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

CRITERIA FOR TURN ON & OFF:

The criteria for switching S ON is based on considering

that

when

and 4.12

The criteria for switching S OFF is based on considering that

and

Thus, by substituting (4.13) and (4.14) into (4.9), S will be switched OFF

when

FIGURE 5: STATE-PLANE TRAJECTORIES (SOLID LINES: MODE-1

TRAJECTORIES, DOTTED LINES: MODE-2 TRAJECTORIES).

1818

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

SWITCHING FREQUENCY AND

OUTPUT VOLTAGE RIPPLE:

By substituting (4.5) into (4.1) and (4.3), it can be

shown that

and

and

Where

1919

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Thus, by substituting (4.18) and (4.19) into (4.16) and

(4.17), the switching frequency fS is equal to

Where and

2020

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

SMALL-SIGNAL MODELING:

Based on (4.20), the small-signal frequency-to-ripple

transfer function GSBC of SBC is

Where ,

Δ = >The steady-state value of the hysteresis band.

KT => The total gain including the gain of the transducers.

FVC is

2121

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Where

Transfer unction of a non inverting EA is

2222

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

SIMPLIFIED DESIGN PROCEDURES:

specifications:

a) Input voltage vi: [Vin,min, Vin,max];

b) Output voltage vo: Vo;

c) Maximum output voltage ripple: ΔVo;

d) Maximum inductor current ripple: ΔIL;

e) Switching frequency: fS.

qThe minimum values of L and C in the power stage are designed by the

formulas of

and

2323

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

qthe values of K1 and K2 are chosen to be

and

Where

The values of RLP, CLP, RC, and CC are chosen so that ωLP = 2 ωC = α

(2πfS), where α << 1.

and

2424

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

TABLE 1: COMPONENT VALUES OF THE PROTOTYPE

FIGURE 2.

2525

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

FIGURE 6.A: CIRCUIT IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SYSTEM SHOWN IN

FIGURE

2626 2.

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

A 140 W buck converter has been designed and

tested and the specifications are given as follows:

a) Input voltage, vi: 20–30 V;

b) Output voltage, vo: 12 V;

c) Maximum output voltage ripple, 2Δ: 160 mV;

d) Maximum inductor current ripple: 7 A;

e) Switching frequency: 25 kHz;

2727

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Sudden change of the output current io

from 11A (132 W) to 2.5A (30 W).

(VO: 1V/div, io: 5A/div, vg: 2V/div)

(Time base: 100μs/div).

Transient response of vf and Δ

when current changed from 11A to

2.5 A and 2.5A (30 W) to 11A

(132 W).

2828

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Sudden change of the input voltage Sudden change of the input voltage

vi from 20Vto 30V. vi from 30V to 20V

Switching frequency and output

voltage ripples without the

proposed control method.

3030

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Switching frequency and output

voltage ripples with the

proposed control method.

3131

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Characteristics of the

control loop shown in

Figure (a) Gain

curve. (b) Phase curve.

3232

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

CONCLUSIO

N:

An improved boundary control technique with

second-order switching surface for buck converters has

been presented which provides-

q By using of SBC the converter can reach the steady state in two

switching actions after large-signal disturbances.

q The switching frequency can be kept at a relatively constant value and

the implementation of the frequency control loop only requires

simple circuitry.

3333

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Finally, I Thank to novel Boundary control method

That as boosted the performance of the control

system in

DC/DC converter system.

3434

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

Q/A

3535

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

THANK YOU

3636

Fixed Frequency Boundary Control

- Amplificador 20W RMS TDA2003 Con Placa PCBUploaded byEnya Andrea Ribba Hernandez
- 01576628Uploaded bymarikkannan
- Genetic Algorithm for Robust h InfinityUploaded byMd Kaleemullah
- [a]WANG,ModelingAnalysisAndApplicationOfBuckConvertersUploaded bydsafh
- BNJ30703_01Uploaded byShahidin Shah
- Powers Ys 900Uploaded bymakroum
- AbstractUploaded bysair_aruna
- Dali et al. 2007Uploaded byFacu Amilcar
- BE_Assignment_1_06022015Uploaded byDeepanshu Sehgal
- Non-Isolation Soft-Switching Buck Conve r t e r ForUploaded byNaresh Chinna
- Formula SheetUploaded byvivakelabu
- Model lab question EC1.docxUploaded byvlsijp
- Sensorless Current Mode ControlUploaded bysumiths32
- Small Signal Discrete Time Modeling of Digitally Controlled PWM Converters(Cited 111)Uploaded bydelianchen
- ltc-3588-1Uploaded bysuda
- BatteriesUploaded byRachit Khanna
- 1567 Afd 245905 dUploaded byBala Murali
- Quanser LabUploaded bySepehr Bagheri
- 06_nmiljicUploaded bySunthron Somchai
- ChoopersUploaded byAbhishekModi
- PowerUploaded byGopal Chandra Mahato
- 4525 Pramujati Lect 5 StabilityUploaded byKaito Kuroba
- IC Mid Sem 2015Uploaded byHarikrishna Shenoy
- 1-s2.0-S0038092X1300193X-mainUploaded bypksahunitrkl
- Cosmos PDFUploaded bykalu chimdi
- hardware design documentUploaded byapi-397128047
- Synchronous-Rectification-for-Forward-Converters-PPT.pdfUploaded bytongai
- Turbine Governor ModelsUploaded byzahid afzal thoker
- 2AUploaded byBharat Bhushan Sharma
- Control System all question papersUploaded byRatish Dhiman

- Spin Torque Transfer RAMUploaded bydhananjay.p
- CMTIUploaded bydhananjay.p
- Active Clamp ProtectionUploaded bydhananjay.p
- Common Mode Noise in Bridge Less PfcUploaded bydhananjay.p
- Fuzzy Pre-compensated PI Controller for PMBLDC Motor DriveUploaded bydhananjay.p
- ucc39002Uploaded bydhananjay.p
- Losses in TransformerUploaded bydhananjay.p

- Rmetrics PresentationUploaded byjwkf
- Checklist and Guidelines for Review of Geotechnical Reports and Preliminary Plans and SpecificationsUploaded byhashemifard
- IJETR021623Uploaded byerpublication
- 02-575-722-075-DNA-A211-I_UserManualUploaded byAditya Guru
- Building Sustainable Organic SectorsUploaded byOlgaBentz
- Folder Pagina Induscon _ São Paulo - Nov 11th to 14th 2018Uploaded byCesar Man
- ASTM A213 T2 ASME SA213 T2 SpecificationUploaded byhamirazi
- Syndicate ContentUploaded byKeerthi Sruthi
- питающее g100rfUploaded byЮрий Огарев
- E8418C0Fd01Uploaded bymike2810
- e3913_P5Q Deluxe (V2)Uploaded byGannon101
- Catálogo Soluções Comunicação VisualUploaded byJoão Brás
- Solar Powered Mobile HomeUploaded byFredPahssen
- NFPA 203 1995 Guide on roof coverings and roof deck constru.pdfUploaded byoonan
- Road Work03.06Uploaded byapi-3823524
- The Valley's Nickel Volume 1 Issue 25Uploaded byThe Valley's Nickel
- A new mandate for human resourcesUploaded bykaushleshkumar
- Catalog WebUploaded byAditya Kurniawan
- RallyUploaded bySandrito Gómez Castro
- Fusion Applications: Co-Existence and SSO - Overview and ImplementationUploaded bynitinjain2020
- August 21, 2015 Strathmore TimesUploaded byStrathmore Times
- Trophy Guide Onechanbara ZII - ChaosUploaded byZexiont Xehanortz
- Chapter 6 Review AnswersUploaded byNgoc Nguyen
- Residential ConstructionUploaded byJoan Pajaganas
- Dynamic Spring TutorialUploaded byAvk Sanjeevan
- How We Think - Hayles KatherineUploaded byMatías Barreto
- Jungle FlasherUploaded byAndy Richardson
- Jatyadi TailUploaded bydeepti_ohri
- IAM_V11.6Uploaded byMochammad Zendra Wardhaniawan
- CyanobacteriaUploaded byzgerdtze