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S8000 Maintenance

The info below came from Helmsman CD BSS 12.4, which contains NTP 411-9001-048
S8000 Maintenance Manual, as well as many other NTPs.
Anyone responsible for S8000 BTSs needs a copy of Helmsman CD BSS 12.4
Chapter 5 of this NTP, deals with routine Preventative maintenance activities, a few of which
include replacing the Air Filter, battery checks, CMCF checks and Door gasket Checks
(weather seal), etc, etc. Always refer to the NTPs.

General info from NTP 411-9001-048, S8000 Maintenance Manual :

DACS (Cooling Fan Unit)


Equipped with Alarm LEDs, which may be viewed from the top of the DACS through a
window in the lid, are normally illuminated when healthy and extinguish on alarm.
They are red for fan failure, yellow for heater circuit failure and green for clogged filter.
The BTS inner cabinet aims to run at 4C. Once achieved, the air damper opens to admit
external air, and controls the inner cabinet environment by mixing appropriate amounts of outside
and re-circulated air.
Note: It is NOT NECESSARY to turn off the BTS fans to replace the Air Filter.
In case of dust/dirt inside the BTS, a vacuum cleaner should be used.
CMCF pack check:
This test has to be made on the CMCF board which is running for at least 30 minutes. Check the
dc voltage between the pin 3 and the pin 5 of the TEST connector of the CMCF board: plug the
positive terminal of the dc voltmeter to the pin 5 and plug the negative terminal of the dc voltmeter
to the pin 3 (see Figure 526).If the voltage is above 9 V or below 1 V, Replace the CMCF
board according to the replacement procedure (see Paragraph 6.2.2). The CMCF board must
be returned to the warehouse for the oscillator change.
Batteries:
If the three criteria below are met, the batteries are operational (good):
opencircuit voltage V o > 12.5 V, load voltage V L > 11 V, the difference between the two
extreme opencircuit voltages dV o < 0.5 V.
In the case of a replacement, the whole set must be changed. The four batteries in a
same set must be identical (brand, datecode, reference numberNMC).
In case of a loss of Commercial AC power, when the battery output voltage reaches the
first Load1 threshold, the PCU cuts off power supply to the boards in the cabinet which are
connected to outputs 1 and 3. An alarm signal is generated on the Load1 threshold output.
If the battery output voltage continues to decrease and reaches the second Load2

Threshold, the PCU cuts off power supply to the boards in the cabinet which are connected to
outputs 2 and 4.
The Load2 threshold is the minimum permissible voltage at battery output:
Typical value of Load1 threshold: 45 V (2%), typical value of Load2 threshold: 42 V (2%)
Configuration
Internal Battery Capacity
O1
2h
S111
1h
S222
30 min
S233
20 min
Locks:
Outdoor Cabinets should have the locks lubricated with WD-40 (or similar) oil yearly.
Door Gaskets: (Very important on Outdoor Sites to keep the Water out)
1 Open the doors.
2 Perform the first visual test
Check the condition of the gaskets all along their length: pinch each gasket along
its length to check its adherence to the metal frame (which is facing the doors of the BTS).
If the gasket is well stuck, go to step 3.
If there is less than 20 cm of the gasket that does not adhere to the metal frame,
go to step 5.
If there is more than 20 cm of the gasket that does not adhere to the metal frame,
go to step 7.
3 Perform the second visual test
Check the condition of the gasket corners.
If the gasket corners are correct, go to step 4.
If a hole is visible through one gasket corner (because of a lack of silicone, or because the
gaskets are not aligned or not properly cut, which prevents a contact between the two gaskets),
go to step 6.
If a hole appears when the operator lightly presses his finger on each side of the precut gasket,
go to step 6.
4 Close the doors
a. Close the doors.
b. Go to step 8.
5 Repair the gasket length
a. Repair the gasket according to the repair procedure (see Paragraph 6.2.33.1).
b. Go to step 3.
6 Repair the gasket corner
Repair the gasket according to the repair procedure (see Paragraph 6.2.33.1).
7 Replace the gasket
Replace the gasket according to the replacement procedure (see Paragraph 6.2.33.2).
8 The procedure is complete.

Use the correct Torque Wrenches to verify all RF connections.


SMA = 0.81.2 Nm (7.0810.6 inch/lbs) RF cables from DRX to PA, Splitters & LNA.
N = 2.7 3 Nm (23.9-26.5 inch/lbs) RF cable from PA to Combiner
DIN = 23.5-26.5 Nm (208-234.5 inch/lbs) RF cable from Combiner/Bulkhead & waveguide
jumpers.

Use the Til_Coam (NTP 411-9001-051) software on a Laptop to check BTS equipment
Status & alarms, etc.

Use a Wattmeter to verify TX power levels, using Til_coam to control the test. Refer to TX
test, Section 7.4 in NTP 411-9001-048.

Using a Mobile to measure RF power level at a cellsite is misleading, because the signal
observed depends on a number of factors (the mobile unit, the Base station TX power
datafill, the Coupling system used (DP or H2D), the waveguide losses, the Antenna Gain,
& where the mobile is positioned in relation to the Antenna TX beam, etc).

Antenna sweeps should be an integral part of preventive maintenance (PM)


procedures for any operator. Typically the number of sweeps required
depends on the environment. In the Caribbean, based on windy environment,
as well as the salt, sand in the air, and storms, antenna sweeps should be
performed quarterly.
(This recommendation is from Jay Guerrero (Nortel RF engineer)).

In terms of sweep procedures, antenna sweeps pass/fail should be based on antenna


and coax manufacturer's specifications. A good rule of thumb is as follows:
RL (Pass) > 2 X (coax insertion loss) + antenna RL manufacturer specification.
This typically correlates to 14 dB (TDMA 800), 15 dB (GSM900), 16 dB
(GSM1800/1900). It should be noted that anything between 15 and 17 should be
considered marginal and is most likely as a result of loose connectors, etc.

PCM Lightning Protectors:


The PCM lightning protectors are located in the plinth in the PRIPRO cross-connect box.
This box is where the DS1s (ABIS) come into the site from the BSC. There are 2 pairs of
wires/DS1 & they are connected. These PRIPRO modules need to be tested on a routine basis,
and during troubleshooting of PCM Link problems.
Using a Multimeter, measure the resistance between each terminal & the Ground bar
(which all the Lightning Protectors are connected to). A low resistance indicates a defective
protector & a high resistance or infinity, indicates the protector is good.