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"PONDING9" --- AISC 9th ED.

PONDING ANALYSIS PROGRAM


Program Description:
"PONDING9" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis for ponding for low slope
or flat roof systems in structural steel per the AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Code, pages 5-83 to 5-84 and 5-175 to 5-179.
Specifically, simplified checks are performed for the steel members as well as the steel deck. A rigorous analysis,
whether actually required or not, is also performed for the steel members.
This program is a workbook consisting of two (2) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Description

Doc
Ponding

This documentation sheet


Ponding analysis per AISC 9th Edition (ASD) Manual

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. This program utilizes the equations in AISC Code Sect. K2 to perform a simplified check on the primary and
secondary members, as well as the steel roof deck.
2. This program also performs a rigorous analysis on the primary and secondary members utilizing the equations
in AISC Code Commentary Sect. C-K2.
3. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

"PONDING9.xls" Program
Version 2.0

PONDING ANALYSIS FOR LOW SLOPE OR FLAT ROOF SYSTEMS


Per AISC 9th Edition (ASD) - Pages 5-83 to 5-84 and 5-175 to 5-179
Job Name:
Job Number:

Yes
No
Checker:
###
###
25*S^4*10^(-6) =

Subject:
Originator:

Input Data:
Primary Member Length, Lp =
Secondary Member Length, Ls =
Secondary Member Spacing, S =
Primary Member Inertia, Ip =
Secondary Member Inertia, Is =
Joists for Secondary Members?
Steel Deck Inertia, Id =
Member Steel Yield Stress, Fy =
Primary Member Stress, fo(p) =
Secondary Member Stress, fo(s) =

36.000
48.000
6.000
1830.0
518.0
No
0.121
36.00
16.20
16.20

ft.
ft.

Cp =

ft.

Lp=
36

in.^4
in.^4

S=6

Cp =
in.^4/ft.
ksi

Ls=48

ksi (neglecting ponding)


ksi (neglecting ponding)

Plan

Cs =
s =
Us =
Cs =

Simplified Analysis of Stability of Roof System Under Ponding Conditions:


1. For Members, Check if: Cp+0.9*Cs <= 0.25 (Eq. K2-1)
Cp = 0.1410 Cp = (32*Ls*Lp^4)/(10^7*Ip)
Cs = 0.1968 Cs = (32*S*Ls^4)/(10^7*Is)
Cp+0.9*Cs = 0.3181 > 0.25
Inadequate!
2. For Roof Deck, Check if: Id >= 25*S^4*10^(-6) (Eq. K2-2)
25*S^4*10^(-6) = 0.0324
<= Id = 0.121

O.K.

Further rigorous analysis is required and performed below!


Rigorous Analysis of Stability of Roof Members Under Ponding Conditions:
Per Commentary Sect. K2 for Primary Members:
w = p*o*(1+/4*s+/4**(1+s))/(1-/4*p*s) (Eq. C-K2-1)
where: p = Cp/(1-Cp) , s = Cs/(1-Cs) , = o/o = Cs/Cp
Stress Index, Up = 0.7778 Up = w/o = (0.80*Fy-fo)/fo (Eq. C-K2-4)
use: Cs = 0.1968 (from simplified analysis above)
s = 0.2450
Solving Eq. C-K2-1: Cp = 0.2762
>
0.1410 O.K.
Per Commentary Sect. K2 for Secondary Members:
w = s*o*(1+^3/32*p+^2/(8*)*(1+p)+0.185*s*p)/(1-/4*p*s) (Eq. C-K2-2)
where: p = Cp/(1-Cp) , s = Cs/(1-Cs) , = o/o = Cs/Cp
Stress Index, Us = 0.7778 Us = w/o = (0.80*Fy-fo)/fo (Eq. C-K2-5)
use: Cp = 0.1410 (from simplified analysis above)
p = 0.1641
Solving Eq. C-K2-2: Cs = 0.2808
>
0.1968 O.K.
Conclusion: Roof Members are O.K.
Roof Deck is O.K.

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06/30/2016 04:10:36