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Darrel G.


Ms. Felizardo

IX- Mangga
Bottled Baloons

Explain how the lungs work

Describe how the movement of the diaphragm helps the air in and out of the lungs


1 two-liter empty plastic bottle 3 balloons (1 big, 2 small)

1 sturdy straw
1 pair of scissors
5 rubber bands

1. . Using a pair of scissors, cut the bottom out of the 2-liter plastic bottle.
2. Create two holes that are apart from each other in the cap of the plastic bottle. Make sure
that each hole is just big enough for a straw to fit through.
3. Stick the two straws through the two holes of the bottle cap.
4. Place one balloon on the end of each straw, and secure them with rubber bands, as shown in
the figure below.

5. Stick the balloon ends of the straws through the bottle opening and screw the lid on tightly.
6. tretch out the larger balloon and place it over the open bottom of the bottle. Secure it with
the rubber band as tightly as possible. Refer to the diagram of the finished lung model below.

7. Pull the larger balloon down; that is, away from the bottle, in order to blow up the two small
8. Push the larger balloon towards the bottle in order to let the air out of the two small
9. Write down your observations.
Q4. What does each part of the constructed lung model represent?
Q5. What happens as you pull down the balloon at the bottom of the model?

Q6. What happens as you push up the balloon?

Q7. How does the movement of the diaphragm cause the air to go in and out of the lungs?
Q8. What might happen if you prick the balloon?

Darrel G. Ragot

Ms. Felizardo

IX- Mangga
Just Go With The Flow

Describe blood flow and gas exchange within the heart, circulatory system, and lungs
Explain the mechanism of how the respiratory and circulatory systems work together


Paper strips
Rope or ribbon
Marking pen

1. Perform the activity with your group mates (7-8 persons).
2. Assign and label different areas in the outdoor setting as: lungs, left atrium, left ventricle,
arteries, capillary, veins, right ventricle, and right atrium.
3. Using the marking pen, write down the word oxygen on as many paper strips as you can
and place them in the lung area. The capillary area should have papers with carbon dioxide

written on them.
Use the chalk to mark and define the different areas such as what is given in the diagram

5. Choose two members from the group to take the trip around the different posts. Let the
partners start the tour in the lung area and together pick up a paper labeled as oxygen from
another member standing at his post. They should carry the strip of paper to the heart,
passing through the left atrium, and then to the left ventricle. As the partners go to every
station, they must leave a trail of rope or ribbon held by another member in a designated
area, until the path of the journey is completely traced.
6. Partners must run along the chalk marks representing the arteries into the capillary area.
7. Tell the partners to exchange the strip of paper representing oxygen for a piece of paper
representing carbon dioxide with a member in his designated area.


Make the partners run along the chalk marks representing the veins into the heart area,

first to the right ventricle, then to the right atrium.

9. The partners must then run back into the lung area where the process begins again. When
there are no more strips of paper, the activity is over. The leader may want to keep placing
new papers into designated areas to keep the game going on longer.
10.After the activity, record your observations and answer the guide questions.
Q9. How do the heart and the lungs work together?
Q10. What takes place when you inhale and exhale?
Q11. What does blood deliver to every part of the body?
Q12. Why is oxygen important to your body?
Q13. How will you describe the sequence of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and blood flow in your own

Q4. 2-liter plastic bottle = chest cavity

Two straws = bronchi
Two balloons = lungs
Larger balloon = diaphragm
Q5. The two balloons expand
Detailed Explanation: The air pressure inside the bottle is
lowered by increasing the
space inside the bottle. The outside air then enters through the
tube, which makes the
two balloons inside the bottle 'chest' expand.
Q6.The two balloons loosen up and return to their original size.
Detailed Explanation: The air pressure inside the bottle is
increased by decreasing the space inside the bottle. The inside
air then exits through the tube, which makes the two balloons
inside the bottle return to their original size.
The movement of the diaphragm affects the air pressure inside
the chest cavity by either decreasing or increasing the space,
thus allowing air to go in and out of the lungs.
Q8. If one of the balloons is pricked, it will not inflate anymore
because the air will escape.
Act 3.
Q9. The heart pumps the blood that transports the inhaled
oxygen to every cell of the body. Carbon dioxide is given off in
the process and is carried by the blood to the lungs and is
released through exhalation.

Q10. Gas exchange happens when we inhale and exhale. We

take in the oxygen, and emit carbon dioxide.
Q11. The blood delivers nutrients, oxygen, and other chemicals
that are absorbed by the body
Q12. Oxygen is important to our body because it processes
the nutrients in the cell to make energy.
Q13. Oxygen enters the respiratory system through inhalation
and then it enters the blood stream to be circulated throughout
the body. Carbon dioxide from the tissues enter the blood, then
to the lungs where it is exhaled.
Act 4 .
Q14 The heart propels the blood, which carries all the vital
materials and removes the waste products that we do not
Q15.The heart is a double pump that pumps on every kside,
the left and the right, to circulate the blood

Q20. The answers of the students may vary due to

measurement difference for every person.
Act. 5

Q21. The answers of the students may vary due to

measurement difference for every person.

Q16. The water inside the jar represents the blood that is
pumped by the heart.

Q22. Heart rate after exercise is greater or faster than before


Q17. The heart pump model moves water from the jar through
the straws and into the pan.The heart pumps blood out into the
body through the arteries in a similar way.

Q23. Timing to a full minute gives more accurate reading than

shorter counting intervals in getting the pulse

Q18. The heart is filled with blood which is squeezed out to

circulate through the whole body.

Q24. After exercise, the heart rate increases and eventually

returns to resting pulse. Therefore, shorter interval is needed
to take the heart rate just after the activity before it changes
once again.

Q19.. No. The blood will not be pumped out of the heart into
the body because there is an obstruction. throughout the body.
Act 6

Q25. Answers may vary from person to person.