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Super Hydrophobic Self Cleaning

Super Hydrophobic Self Cleaning Lotus- Effect UML Continuing Education Conference Glass Surfaces

Lotus-Effect ®

Super Hydrophobic Self Cleaning Lotus- Effect UML Continuing Education Conference Glass Surfaces
UML Continuing Education Conference Glass Surfaces
UML Continuing Education Conference
Glass Surfaces

Biomimetics

Technical usage of biological principles

bur

Velcro fastener Shark skin Honey combs Airbus A320
Velcro fastener
Shark skin
Honey combs
Airbus A320
Lotus leaf Selfcleaning surfaces Toes of treefrog Automotive tires
Lotus leaf
Selfcleaning surfaces
Toes of treefrog
Automotive tires
light weight constructions UML Continuing Education Conference
light weight constructions
UML Continuing Education Conference

Biomimetic surfaces

Biomimetic surfaces From nature ... Lab to ... ... to product.
From nature ...
  • From nature ...

Lab to ... ...
Lab
to
...
...

to product.

Lotus-Effect ® : Principles Lotus-Effekt â : Professor Wilhelm Barthlott www.botanik .uni-bonn.de/biodiv UML Continuing Education Conference
Lotus-Effect ® : Principles
Lotus-Effekt â : Professor Wilhelm Barthlott
www.botanik .uni-bonn.de/biodiv
UML Continuing Education Conference

Lotus-Effect ® : Principles

Lotus - Effect : Principles UML Continuing Education Conference
Lotus - Effect : Principles UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Lotus-Effect ® : Principles

Smooth surface hydrophobic hydrophilic
Smooth surface
hydrophobic
hydrophilic
Micro/Nanostructured surface super hydrophobic hydrophilic
Micro/Nanostructured surface
super hydrophobic
hydrophilic
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Lotus-Effect ® : Principles

Typical Float Glass Surfaceq ~ 30 o

Smooth Silane Treated Glass Surface q

~ 100 o

Super Hydrophobic Structured Glass Surface q

> 160 o

s as s la s ls q (a) (b) UML Continuing Education Conference
s as
s la
s ls
q
(a)
(b)
UML Continuing Education Conference
Lotus-Effect ® : Principles On-rolling Angle a (a) Smooth hydrophobic surface (b) Superhydrophobic -surface
Lotus-Effect ® : Principles
On-rolling Angle
a
(a) Smooth hydrophobic surface
(b) Superhydrophobic -surface
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

How to form a microstructure?

Application methods:

screen printing

roll coating

electrostatic

spraying

Firing of surface

tempering furnace

Structure is formed in self organizing process

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Ferro Lotus Effect Materials

• Easy to use

• Low investment necessary

• Fast

• Large surface areas possible

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Biomimetic surface structure

nature ...in
nature
...in

Nelumbo nucifera

(sacred lotus)

...artificial

Artificial surface on flat glass
Artificial surface on
flat glass
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Creating a Hydrophobic Surface

using fluoroalkyl silanes

R f 3. Forming a 2-dim. layer 2. Binding to surface 1. Hydrolysis Si(OH) 3 Si(OR)
R f
3.
Forming a
2-dim. layer
2.
Binding to
surface
1.
Hydrolysis
Si(OH) 3
Si(OR) 3
Si(OH) 3 + HO
R f
R f
R f
R f
-
(glass
(Silanol)
(D
surface)
H)
+ 3 H 2 O / - 3 ROH
x H 2 O
SiO
SiO
(
n
O
O
catalyst (H + )
)
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference
Properties of Fluoroalkylsilanes l UV-A stability: no deterioration up to 2000h UV-exposure (wavelength 300 - 425
Properties of Fluoroalkylsilanes
l
UV-A stability:
no deterioration up to 2000h UV-exposure
(wavelength 300 - 425 nm)
l
thermal stability:
stable up to 300°C
l
chemical stability:
stable against strong acids and bases up to pH 10
l
optical appearance:
transparent coating with nm-scale thickness
UML Continuing Education Conference

Analytical Methods

 

Mechanical resistance

Abrasion test

Chemical resistance

Resistance against acids, bases, detergents

Thermal stability

Boiling water, water vapor, hot oils

UV-stability and weathering

QUV(B), Kesternich, outdoor weathering

Self Cleaning

Contact Angle, On rolling angle, Transmission

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Creating a Lotus-Effect ® Surface

Application of Lotus-Effect material

screen printing, roll coating, spraying

  • 1. Firing cycle (formation of micro/nano structure)

at approx. 650°C for 3 to 6 minutes

Application of fluoroalkylsilane containing agent

spraying, dipping

  • 2. Firing cycle (formation of fluoroorganic coating)

at approx. 280°C for 5 to 10 minutes

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

QUV Testing of Lotus-Effect ® Surface

160

   

140

140
140
 
140
 
40 60 80 100 120
40
60
80
100
120
40 60 80 100 120 Lotus
 

Lotus

 
Fain

Fain

   

Diamond Seal

 
 
Rain X
 

Rain X

20

 

0

 

500

0

1000

 

1500

 

2000

Time (hour)

Contact Angle q °
Contact Angle q °
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Chemical resistivity

Chemical resistivity After: 2hr in 3 wt% HCl 2hr in 10 wt % citric acid 2hr

After:

2hr in 3 wt% HCl 2hr in 10 wt % citric acid 2hr in 0.1 N H 2 SO 4 2hr in 10 wt % NaOH 2hr in boiling water

the Lotus-Effect ® is stable on glass surfaces

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Accelerated SO 2 - atmosphere weathering

Kesternichtest DIN 51018

0 10 5 clear blue frost white frost On rolling angle° 250 hours 150 200 100
0
10
5
clear
blue frost
white frost
On rolling angle°
250
hours
150
200
100
50
0

1 cycle is 24 h with alternating Tempearture 20°C - 60°C, [H 2 O] and [SO 2 ]

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Outdoor-weathering

- Washington PA south exposure

0° (horizointal), 45°, 90 ° (vertical)

UML Continuing Education Conference After a heavy Ice-Rain Storm, 0° samples: covered with a sheet of
UML Continuing Education Conference
After a heavy Ice-Rain Storm, 0° samples: covered with a sheet of ice

Outdoor-weathering

- Washington PA south exposure

Ice-Rain Storm 45° samples:

Untreated glass surfaces covered with a sheet of ice,

Lotus-Effect ® surfaces have few large scattered frozen dropletts

Outdoor-weathering - Washington PA south exposure Ice-Rain Storm 45 ° samples: Untreated glass surfaces covered with

Suggests undercooled water has higher viscosity and could partially

freeze on Lotus-Effect ® surfaces

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Outdoor-weathering

- Washington PA south exposure

Ice-Rain Storm 90° samples:

Untreated glass surfaces covered with a sheet of ice,

Lotus-Effect ® surfaces completely free from ice.

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Fungus Study

u Top: Erlenmyer Flask Treated with the Lotus Effect u Bottom: Untreated Flask
u Top: Erlenmyer Flask
Treated with the Lotus
Effect
u Bottom: Untreated
Flask
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Lotus-Effect ® : Current Efforts

• Transferring Technology

from Lab to commercial Applications

• Clear, White frost, and Blue Frost

Product Bulletins available

• Samples available soon

• Establish Industrial Partners

customer performance feedback

UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Lotus-Effect ® Surfaces

Lotus - Effect Surfaces UML Continuing Education Conference
Lotus - Effect Surfaces UML Continuing Education Conference
Lotus - Effect Surfaces UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Products: Architectural Flat Glass

Airrail station, Frankfurt Airport Estimated world market volume (2005): Sony-Center, Berlin 2,5 billion m 2 =
Airrail station, Frankfurt Airport
Estimated world market volume (2005):
Sony-Center, Berlin
2,5 billion m 2 =
25 billion sqft
UML Continuing Education Conference
UML Continuing Education Conference

Lotus-Effect ® Potential Applications

Glass/Metal construction Automotive glass Outdoor lighting Solar panels Technical glass UML Continuing Education Conference Optical Sensors/Detectors
Glass/Metal construction
Automotive glass
Outdoor lighting
Solar panels
Technical glass
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Optical Sensors/Detectors
and ........
Indoor applications

The Lotus-Effect ® Team

Dr. Martin Baumann Dr. Lutz Poth

Dagmar Korbelarz

The Lotus - Effect Team Dr. Martin Baumann Dr. Lutz Poth Dagmar Korbelarz Dr. Klaus D.

Dr. Klaus D. Fritsche Dr. Stephan Schreiber Geoff Weinstock Dr. Ron Harris Dr. Andy Axtell

Dr. George Sakoske Gerhard Tuenker UML Continuing Education Conference
Dr. George Sakoske
Gerhard Tuenker
UML Continuing Education Conference