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PREPARED BY:

AZILAH M. AIRUL (SK. SAHABAT 16)


CREDIT TO:
CYNTHIA C. JAMES (SK.KUNAK 2)

STUDENTS NAME :
CLASS
:

UPSR WRITING TIPS AND MODEL ANSWERS


UPSR FORMAT FOR PAPER 2
NO.
1.
2.

SUBJECT
Type of instrument
Type of items

PAPER 2
Subjective type
Section A:
Sentence Construction (Based on
the given words and graphics)
Section B:
Information Transfer

3.

Section C:
Note Expansion
Question 1: Section A
Write complete sentences based
on a picture with the words given.

Number of questions

Question 2: Section B
a) Information transfer
b) Choose one item and give
reasons for the choice
Question 3: Section C
Write sentences in paragraphs
based on a series of visual stimuli.

4.

Total: 3 questions
Answer all questions
Section A: 10 marks
Section B: 15 marks
Section C: 15 marks

Marks

Total: 40 marks

QUESTION 1
(SECTION A)
SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

QUESTION 1: SECTION A
SAMPLE SENTENCES AND MODEL ANSWERS
PLACE / EVENTS
This is a canteen.
This is a classroom.
This is a hospital.
This is an accident.
This is a football match.
NOUNS (people, things, animals)
There is a boy in the picture.
There are many boys in the picture.
There is a cat under the tree.
There are many pupils in the canteen.
There is some food on the table.
VERBS (activities)
The boy is reading.
The girl is listening to the radio.
The men are talking.
The women are shopping.
Mother is cooking in the kitchen.
Brother is playing computer games.
ADJECTIVES (looks, feelings)
The classroom is clean.
The food is delicious.
The clothes are beautiful.
The children are happy.
The family is busy.

MODEL QUESTION AND ANSWER


Model 1

Sample sentences:
1. This is a beach.
2. There are many people at the beach.
3. There is a tree in the picture.
4. There is a bag under the tree.
5. The mother is feeding the little boy.
6. The girl is building a sandcastle.
7. The father is eating a sandwich.
8. The boys are swimming.
9. The beach is beautiful.
10. The people look happy.

Score more marks by following these tips:


Tip number 1: Use adjectives
This is a beautiful beach.
This is a crowded beach.
Tip number 2: Use adverbs
The boys are swimming happily.
The girl is building a sandcastle diligently.
The mother is feeding the little boy lovingly.
Tip number 3: Combine two or three simple sentences to form a compound
sentence.
This is a beautiful but crowded beach.
There is a tree and a bag in the picture.
The girl is building a sandcastle and the family is enjoying their meal.
The mother is feeding the little boy while the father is eating a sandwich.
The people are swimming, playing volleyball, building sandcastles and having a
picnic under the tree.
Finally, choose the best 5 sentences as your final answer.
Your final answer may look something like this:
1. This is a beautiful but crowded beach.
2. There are many people at the beach.
3. The people are swimming, playing volleyball, building sandcastles and
having a picnic at the beach.
4. The girl is building a sandcastle diligently while the family is having a
picnic under the tree.
5. The mother is feeding the little boy while the father is eating a sandwich.

Excellent 10!

Model 2

Sample sentences:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

This is a classroom.
There is a teacher in the classroom.
There are many pupils in the classroom.
The teacher is writing on the blackboard.
The pupils are reading book.
The boy is sleeping.
The classroom is big.
The pupils are busy.

Try to follow the tips to score more marks:


Tip number 1: Use adjectives
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
Tip number 2: Use adverbs
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
Tip number 3: Form compound sentences
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

Final Answer (Choose the BEST sentences!):


1. ______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

TRY MORE EXERCISES!


EXERCISE 1

Hisham

celebrating

Hari Raya

shopping

trying on

shoes

clothes

Baju Melayu

like

wear

First, try to write as many sentences as you can:


_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

Now, reread the sentences. Are there any adjectives or adverbs that you
can add in?
Are there any sentences that you can combine to form a compound
sentence?
Check for any mistakes:
1. Plural nouns (many shoes not many shoe; remember the s!)
2. Punctuation and capitalisation Capital letter at the beginning of
sentences; a full stop at the end.
3. Make sure you use the correct articles check the article a. Do you put
a in the correct places? (e.g.: Writing The woman is a shopping is wrong!
Remember, a and an means ONE).
4. Do you use is and are correctly? (Remember: is singular, are plural).
5. There or They? (Do not confuse these two words!)
5. Make sure every sentence you write is related to the picture. (Do not
write any sentence that is not related to the picture!)
6. Spelling Check and double-check!
Rewrite your improved sentences below:
1. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

EXERCISE 2

dinner

helping

lay

table

serve

roast chicken

happy

wash

dry

dishes

Draft:
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
Final answer:
1. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

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EXERCISE 3
Now, try to apply everything that you have learned. Write your best 5
sentences for the picture below.

busy

market

morning

bargaining

fishmonger

handcart

buying

meat

butcher

vegetables

1. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

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EXERCISE 4

celebrating

twelfth

birthday

holding

party

home

cake

games

photographs

enjoy

1. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

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EXERCISE 5

canteen

recess

pupils

queuing up

shouting

helper

buying

ice-cream

scolding

running

1. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
2. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

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QUESTION 2(B)
MAKING A CHOICE AND GIVING
REASONS
(I WOULD CHOOSE)

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QUESTION 2(B): SECTION B (I would choose)


CHOOSING A PRODUCT
INTRODUCTION
I would choose X because
I would choose X because
I would choose X because
I would choose X because

I think it is the best.


it is the most suitable.
I like it very much.
my mother likes it very much.

PRICE
It is cheap.
It is reasonable.
It is not very expensive.
I can afford it.
It is expensive, but worth it.
COLOUR
The colours are my favourite.
The colours are my fathers favourite.
The colours are nice.
It is attractive.
I like the colours.
MATERIALS
The quality is good.
It is long-lasting.
It is beautiful.
I like the materials.
FREE GIFT / OFFERS
It is useful.
I can use the free gift.
My brother can use the free gift.
It is interesting.
I like the free gift.

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MODEL QUESTION AND ANSWER


Model 1

You would like to buy a handbag for your mother. Which handbag would you
choose? Give reasons for your choice.
Model answer:
I would choose Coco Leather Handbag because I think it is the most
suitable. Firstly, the price is RM105.00. It is expensive, but worth it.
Secondly, the material is soft leather. The quality is good. Thirdly, the
colours are black, brown and red. The colours are my mothers favourite.

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Finally, the free gift is a lipstick case. My mother can use the free gift. I
hope my mother will be happy with my choice.
Try to answer this question again. Choose another handbag. Use the sample
sentences and model answer to guide you.
I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

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CHOOSING AN ACTIVITY
TYPE OF ACTIVITY
Outdoor:
I am an active person, so I prefer outdoor activities.
My friend is an active person, so I recommend outdoor activities.
Indoor:
I am usually quiet and inactive, so I prefer indoor activities.
My friend is a quiet person, so I recommend indoor activities.
THINGS NEEDED
I already have the things needed.
My friend already has the things needed.
The things needed are not difficult to find.
I can get all the things needed easily.
My friend can get all the things needed easily.
BENEFITS / ADVANTAGES
I like the benefits.
My friend will like the benefits.
I like to learn new things.
My friend likes to learn new things.
I can improve myself.
My friend always wants to improve himself.
OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
It is a very interesting activity.
It is a challenging activity.
It is good for health.
It is good for mental health.
It is a good way to spend leisure time.
It is a good hobby.

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Model 2

You want to introduce your friend to an activity. Based on the information


given, which activity would you choose? Give reasons for your choice.
I would choose football because it is the most suitable for my friend.
Firstly, the type of activity is outdoor activity. My friend is an active
person, so I recommend outdoor activity. Secondly, the things needed are a
ball and football boots. My friend can get the things needed easily. Thirdly,
the benefit is it is a good form of exercise. My friend will like the benefit.

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Finally, the advantage is my friend can learn football skills. My friend likes
to learn new things. This is the best choice for my friend.

Try to answer this question again. Choose another activitiy. Use the sample
sentences and model answer to guide you.
I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

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CHOOSING A PERSON
AGE
We have the same age, so we will have many things in common.
I want to make friends with someone younger.
I want to make friends with someone older.
COUNTRY / NATIONALITY
I want to learn more about Britain.
Japan is an interesting country.
I hope to visit Australia one day.
HOBBIES / INTEREST
We have the same hobbies.
We can discuss our hobbies.
The hobbies are interesting.
AMBITION
I also want to be a pilot.
We can talk about our ambitions.
I want to know more about his ambition.
OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
I hope we can become good friends.
We can exchange ideas.
I can tell him about our country.

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Model 3

Which pen pal would you choose to write to? Give reasons for your choice.
I would write to Sam Richards because I like him. Firstly, he is 12 years old.
We have the same age, so we will have many things in common. Secondly, he
is from Britain. I want to learn more about Britain. Thirdly, he likes to read
and collect stamps. The hobbies are interesting. Finally, he wants to be a
pilot. I also want to be a pilot. I hope we can become good friends.

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Try to answer this question again. Choose another person. Use the sample
sentences and model answer to guide you.
I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

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CHOOSING A FOOD PRODUCT


PRODUCT OF / COUNTRY / MADE IN
I want to try products from Australia.
I prefer Malaysia product.
My sister likes product from England.
TASTE
The taste is nice.
I like the taste.
It is my favourite.
It is my sisters favourite.
It is delicious.
NUTRIENTS
The nutrients are good for health.
It is nutritious.
My body needs the nutrients.
It is a healthy product.
I like to take care of my health.
OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
I prefer this product.
This product is better.
I like this product.
It is a high-quality product.
I will enjoy eating the biscuits with my family.

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Model 4

You want to buy some biscuits. Based on the information given, which packet
of biscuits would you prefer? Give reasons for your choice.
I would choose Milk Cookies because I think it is the best. Firstly, the price
is RM4. It is not very expensive. Secondly, it is imported from Australia. I
want to try products from Australia. Thirdly, the taste is milky and it melts
in the mouth. I like the taste. Finally, it is high in calcium. My body needs the
nutrients. I will enjoy eating the biscuits with my family.

26

Try to answer this question again. Choose another food product. Use the
sample sentences and model answer to guide you.
I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

27

CHOOSING A HOUSE FOR RENT


TYPE OF HOUSE
I prefer to stay in a bungalow.
I like wooden house better.
An apartment is more suitable for my family.
DESCRIPTION OF THE HOUSE
It has enough bedrooms for all the members in our family.
It has enough bathrooms for our family.
My family likes a large porch.
My family likes the balcony.
LOCATION
The location is very nice.
The location is beautiful.
I like the location.
My family likes the location.
ADVANTAGES
It is convenient for my family.
It can make our life easier.
It can make our life more comfortable.
RENT
It is not very expensive.
It is reasonable.
My family can afford it.
It is expensive, but worth it.
OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
My family will like the house.
We will enjoy staying in the house.
It is a beautiful house.

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It is a comfortable house.

Model 5

You are helping your father to choose a house to rent. Based on the
information given, which house would you choose? Give reasons for your
choice.
I would choose House A because it is the most suitable for my family.
Firstly, the type of house is a bungalow. I prefer to stay in a bungalow.
Secondly, it has 4 bedrooms. It has enough bedrooms for all the members in
our family. Thirdly, it is located close to the beach. The location is beautiful.

29

Fourthly, it is near to a school and town. It is convenient for my family.


Finally, the rent is RM500 per month. My family can afford it. We will enjoy
staying in the house.
Try to answer this question again. Choose another house for rent. Use the
sample sentences and model answer to guide you.
I would choose ___________________________ because ____________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

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CHOOSING A PET
PHYSICAL FEATURE
I like the physical feature.
It is cute and nice.
It is beautiful.
I like it.
PLACE TO STAY
It is easy to accommodate.
It is easy to look after.
It is convenient.
FOOD
It is easy to feed.
The food is easy to find.
It does not cost much.
CARE
It is not difficult to take care of.
I can take care of it well.
I can look after it easily.
OTHER SENTENCES THAT CAN BE USED
I always love rabbit.
I prefer goldfish.
I can play with my pet.
My pet will make me happy.

31

Model 6

Try to answer this question using the sample sentences as your guide:
I would choose __________________________________ because
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

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_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
PRACTISE MAKES PERFECT! HERE ARE MORE EXERCISES FOR YOU
TO DO:
EXERCISE 1

Tales from India

Tales from China

Tales from Africa

Price: RM16.00

Price: RM10.00

Price: RM12.00

Publisher: Andra Publishing


Malaysia

Publisher: Tai Publishing


Republic of China(R.O.C)

Publisher: Kang Publishing


Singapore

Available at: AWK Bookshop

Available at: A & S Bookshop

Available at: RBK Bookshop

Free gift: Colourful Bookmark

Free gift: Colouring book

Discount: 30% given

Discount: 40% given

Free gift: Colourful pocket


file
Discount: 20% given

(A) Complete the table base on the advertisement given.


Title

Tales from China

_______________

Tales from Africa

Price

__________________

________________

RM12.00

Publisher

Andra Publishing

Tai Publishing

___________________

Available at

__________________

A & S Bookshop

RBK Bookshop

Free gift

Colourful bookmark

________________

_________________

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Discount

30%

____________

20%

Country

______________________

Republic of China
(R.O.C.)

____________________

(B) If you want to buy a birthday present for your younger sister, which book would you
like to buy? Give reasons based on your choice.
I would like to buy the _________________________________________because

___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

34

EXERCISE 2

Island Surprise

Hawaiian Chicken

Beef Barbecue

RM35.90

RM39.50

RM40.00

Size: Medium
Toppings: Shrimp,
tuna and Thousand
island dressing
Drinks: 2 orange
juice

Size: Medium
Toppings:
Chicken,
pineapple and
bell peppers
Drinks: 2 icedlemon tea

Size: Large
Toppings: Beef
sausages,
mushrooms and
barbecue sauce
Drinks: 2 soft
drinks

(A) Complete the table based on the menus given.

Menus
Price
Toppings

Drinks

_______________

Hawaiian Chicken

Beef Barbecue

RM35.90

_____________

_____________

1. Shrimp
2. _________
3. _________
orange juice

1. ___________
2. Pineapple
3. Bell peppers
_________________

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1. ______________
2. Mushrooms
3. ______________
__________________

(B) You and your mother want to have pizza for lunch, which set would you choose?
Give reasons based on your choice.
I would choose _________________________________________because
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

36

EXERCISE 3

Mr. Vadetto
Price: RM80
Material:
leather
Made in Italy
Colour: black
and brown
Discount: 20%

Master Johan
Price: RM90
Material: silk
Made in
Indonesia
Colour: red and
blue
Discount: 10%

Anwars Batik
Price: RM100
Material: silk
Made in Malaysia
Colour: yellow
and blue
Discount: 30%

(A) Complete the table based on the information given.


Brand

Price

Material

Product of

Colour

Discount

Mr. Vadetto

____________

__________

Italy

black
and
brown

______

___________

RM90

silk

__________

____________

10%

Anwars
Batik

___________

____________

Malaysia

____________

_______

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(B) You want to give your father a present on his birthday. Which present would you
choose? Give reasons for your choice.
I would choose _________________________________________because
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

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EXERCISE 4

SWIMMING

PLAYING CHESS

Outdoor activity
Swimsuit/swimming
trunks, goggles,
swimming cap
A full-body exercise,
fun
Time management, goal
setting, self confidence

Indoor activity
Chess
Mental exercise,
fun
Strategies, goal
setting,
self confidence

READING
Indoor activity
Books, magazines,
comics
Fun, relaxing
Creativity,
knowledge

(A) Complete the table below based on the advertisements given.


Name of activity

SWIMMING

________________
Outdoor

READING

Type of activity

_________________

Things needed

1. Swimsuit
2. Swimming trunk
3. ______________

1. _____________

1. Books
2. Magazines
3._______________

Benefits

1. _______________

1. _______________.

1. _______________

2._______________

2. Goal setting

2._______________

3. Self confidence

3. Self confidence

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_________________

(B) You want to take part in one activity. Which activity would you choose? Give
reasons based on your choice.

I would choose ____________________________________________ because


________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

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EXERCISE 5

Hi there! My name is Akiko Myama. I am


eleven years old. I live with my parents in
Tokyo, Japan. I enjoy swimming and
writing. I love to play bowling, too. When I
grow up, I want to be a singer like Utada
Hikaru. I wish to have a response from
someone with the same interest.
My email address:
akikomyama@yahoo.com
Hello, I am Anthony McGee. I live in East
London. I am twelve years old. I enjoy
swimming very much. I enjoy football and
badminton, too. I also like to play computer
games. I want to be a doctor. Hope to hear a
good response from you soon.
Email me at: anthonymcgee@aol.com

I am Sarsono Budianto. I am eleven years


old. I live in West Bali, Indonesia. I like to
surf very much. Besides that, I also love to
draw and write. I am a part time dancer in
our culture community. I enjoy it very much.
I wish that I could be an artist someday.
Email me if you are interested to be my
friend: sarsono177@hotmail.com

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(A) Complete the table below based on the information given.

Name

Akiko Myama

______________ ____________

Age

_____________

twelve years old

____________

Hobbies

swimming
writing
_____________

swimming
football
badminton
computer games

surf
draw
write
_____________

Ambition

singer

_____________

____________

Country

______________

England

____________

(B) You want to have a pen friend oversea. Which one will you choose? Give reason
based on your choice.
I would like to be friends with _________________________________ because
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
42

QUESTION 3
SECTION C
NOTE EXPANSION

43

QUESTION 3: NOTE EXPANSION


Model 1

Noni - walking school saw


beggar - tree

beggar shivering hungry took


- lunch box gave - him

ate up food eating smiled


- thanked kindness

STEP 1: What is the story about?

It is about a girl who gave her food to a beggar.

44

STEP 2: Look at the verbs given. Try to identify the correct tense to use.
Find the verbs in the story:
walking
Continuous Tense
saw
Past Tense
shivering
Continuous Tense
took
Past Tense
gave
Past Tense
ate
Past Tense
eating
Continuous Tense
smiled
Past Tense
thanked
Past Tense
What is the Tense to be used?

Simple Past Tense and Past Continuous Tense


STEP 3: Write the story.
Introduction
Noni was a kind and helpful girl. She liked to help other people in trouble.
Picture 1
SUBJECT
Noni
She
The beggar

VERB
was walking
saw
was sitting

ROS
to school
a beggar
under a tree

One day, Noni was walking to school. On


her way, she saw a beggar. The beggar was
sitting under a tree.
Noni - walking school saw
beggar - tree

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Picture 2
SUBJECT
The beggar
He
Noni

VERB
was
shivering
was
took out

She

gave

ROS
hungry
her lunch
box
the food to
him

The beggar was shivering. He was very


hungry. Noni felt sorry for him. She took out
her lunch box from her bag and gave the
food to him.

beggar shivering hungry took


- lunch box gave - him

Picture 3
SUBJECT
The beggar
He
He
He

VERB
ate up
finished
eating
smiled
thanked

ROS
the food

Noni for her


kindness

The beggar ate up all the food. After he


finished eating, he smiled and thanked Noni
for her kindness.

ate up food eating smiled


- thanked kindness
Ending:

Noni felt happy because she had helped the beggar. She continued her
walk to school with a big smile on her face.
STEP 4: Read the story again. Can you make it better?
Try to add some adjectives and adverbs. Change nouns to pronouns wherever
appropriate. Form compound sentences. You may also try to add

similes,

idioms and proverbs* to make your writing more interesting.


*Refer to Appendix 7-8.

46

Model 2

Halim washes hands before


meals

weekend he breakfast
together parents

after breakfast helps mother


clear table
Identify the Tense: ___________________________
Introduction:
Halim is a _______________________________ boy. He likes to
__________________________________. He also likes to
____________________________________________________.

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Picture 1:
SUBJECT
Halim

VERB
washes

ROS
his hands
before
meals

____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
Halim washes hands before
meals

Picture 2: Try to answer these questions:


_
SUBJECT
He

weekend he breakfast
together parents

VERB
eats

ROS
breakfast
together
with his
parents

____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________

48

Picture 3: Try to answer these questions:


SUBJECT
Halim
He

after breakfast helps mother


clear table

VERB
helps
clears

ROS
his mother
the table

____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________

Ending:
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

49

MORE EXERCISES!
EXERCISE 1

- Aswad Sports Day parents came support -

- took part high jump - 200


metres race first both - events

-received trophies headmaster parents - proud Aswad tired happy-

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
50

EXERCISE 2

holidays theme park morning restaurant

father entrance excited - rides

ride spaceship stars got off

train ride driver places - lunch

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

51

EXERCISE 3

Kinabalu Park rafflesia biggest Mount


Kinabalu highest South East Asia - photographs

week took bus airport flew Kota


Kinabalu

Manukan Island boat seawater beautiful


snorkeling marine life corals - enjoyed

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

52

EXERCISE 4

Lotter - friend went bird


watching jungle -

-evening home - lost way tired


frightened - decided spend night

heard - voices woke up happy


parents hugged
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

53

EXERCISE 5

- crow found meat flew - tree


- chicks -

fox saw wanted told sing


sweetly

- proud crow opened mouth


dropped meat fox - ran away

________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

54

APPENDIX 1

ADJECTIVES
FEELINGS
angry
anxious
bored
shy
scared
puzzled
surprised
happy
sad
excited
gloomy
joyful
sleepy
tired
hungry
ill
worried
confident
hungry

PERASAAN

CHARACTER
arrogant
brave
clumsy
courageous
diligent
hardworking
intelligent
clever
smart
funny
strict
selfish
pleasant
rude
polite
talkative
quiet
humble
friendly

SIFAT

CONDITIONS

KEADAAN

FEATURES

CIRI-CIRI

dirty
clean
tidy
neat
cold
hot
crowded
empty
hectic
bad
good
terrible
excellent
new
old
comfortable
enjoyable
dull
hectic

long-lasting
expensive
cheap
high-quality
delicious
modern
old-fashioned
challenging
easy
difficult
interesting
suitable
reasonable
useful
educational
nutritious
heavy
light
affordable

55

LOOKS
attractive
beautiful
big
nice
dark
elegant
fair
gorgeous
handsome
tall
short
small
spacious
neat
large
tiny
good-looking
ugly
hideous

RUPA

APPENDIX 2

ADVERBS
accurately
beautifully
carefully
diligently
excellently
faithfully
gracefully
hungrily
loudly
nicely
neatly
obviously
pleasantly
quickly
soundly
tidily
skillfully
slowly
softly
definitely

surely
truly
clearly
lovingly
gently
excitedly
joyfully
cheerfully
sadly
fast
well
badly
terribly
quietly
busily
attentively
accidentally
proudly
comfortably
patiently

56

APPENDIX 3

SC CARDS
SC CARD 1
1.

Place / Location / Event


This is a (name of place / location / event).

2. People / Animals / Things / Plants


There is a (singular noun).
There are (plural noun).
3. Activities
(Singular subject) is (verb + ing).
(Plural subject) are (verb + ing).
4. Adjectives (Feelings / Look)
(Singular subject) is (adjectives).
(Plural subject) are (adjectives).

SC CARD 2
1.

Add adjectives
(beautiful, big, happy, excited, angry, busy,
etc.)

2. Add adverbs
(busily, happily, soundly, gracefully, sweetly,
etc.)
3. Write compound sentences
- Use conjunctions: and, but, while, because, or
4. Write complex sentences (if you can)
The (subject), who/which (is/are)
(verb+ing/adjective), (is/are)
(verb+ing/adjectives).

57

Appendix 4
SUBJECT GROUPS
Group 1

Group 2

He
She
It
Ali (SN)
You
We
They
Ali and Abu
(PN)

Group 3

am
was

do
did

have
had

is
was

does
did

has
had

are
were

do
did

have
had

FORMS OF VERBS
Present Tense
Every day I
(G1 & G3)

Every day he
(G2)

bathe
Beat
Begin
Bend
Bite
Blow
borrow
break
Bring
Brush
Build
Burn
Bury
Buy
Climb
Catch

bathes
beats
begins
bends
bites
blows
borrows
breaks
brings
brushes
builds
burns
buries
buys
climbs
catches

Continuous
Tense
Now I am/he
is/they are
(G1, G2, G3)

Past Tense
Yesterday
I/he/they
(G1, G2, G3)

bathing
beating
beginning
bending
biting
blowing
borrowing
breaking
bringing
brushing
building
burning
burying
buying
climbing
catching

bathed
beat
began
bent
bit
blew
borrowed
broke
brought
brushed
built
burnt/burned
buried
bought
climbed
caught

58

Perfect Tense
Already I
have/he
has/they have
(G1, G2, G3)
bathed
beaten
begun
bent
bitten
blown
borrowed
broken
brought
brushed
built
burnt/burned
buried
bought
climbed
caught

Future
Tense
Tomorrow
I/he/we
will...
(G1, G2, G3)
bathe
beat
begin
bend
bite
blow
borrow
break
bring
brush
build
burn
bury
buy
climb
catch

Notes
Malay

Comb
Come
Cycle
Dig

combs
comes
cycles
digs
Present Tense

Every day I
(G1 & G3)

Every day he
(G2)

Dive
Do
Dance
Draw
Drink
Drive
Eat
Fail
Fall
Fight
Fly
forget
Get
Give
Go
Grow
Hang
Hide
Hold
Keep
Kick
Kneel
Leave
Lie
Make
Pay
Ride
ring
sell
run
say
see
sell
send
sew
shake
shine
shout
shoot

dives
does
dances
draws
drinks
drives
eats
fails
falls
fights
flies
forgets
gets
gives
goes
grows
hangs
hides
holds
keeps
kicks
kneels
leaves
lies
makes
pays
rides
rings
sells
runs
says
sees
sells
sends
sews
shakes
shines
shouts
shoots

combing
coming
cycling
digging
Continuous
Tense
Now I am/he
is/they are
(G1, G2, G3)

combed
came
cycled
dug
Past Tense

combed
come
cycled
dug
Perfect Tense

Yesterday
I/he/they
(G1, G2, G3)

diving
doing
dancing
drawing
drinking
driving
eating
failing
falling
fighting
flying
forgetting
getting
giving
going
growing
hanging
hiding
holding
keeping
kicking
kneeling
leaving
lying
making
paying
riding
ringing
selling
running
saying
seeing
selling
sending
sewing
shaking
shining
shouting
shooting

dived
did
danced
drew
drank
drove
ate
failed
fell
fought
flew
forgot
got
gave
went
grew
hung
hid
held
kept
kicked
knelt
left
lay
made
paid
rode
rang
sold
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
sewed
shook
shone
shouted
shot

Already I
have/he
has/they have
(G1, G2, G3)
dived
done
danced
drawn
drunk
driven
eaten
failed
fallen
fought
flown
forgotten
got
given
gone
grown
hung
hidden
held
kept
kicked
knelt
left
lain
made
paid
ridden
rung
sold
run
said
seen
sold
sent
sewn
shaken
shone
shouted
shot

59

comb
come
cycle
dig
Future
Tense
Tomorrow
I/he/we
will...
(G1, G2, G3)
dive
do
dance
draw
drink
drive
eat
fail
fall
fight
fly
forget
get
give
go
grow
hang
hide
hold
keep
kick
kneel
leave
lie
make
pay
ride
ring
sell
run
say
see
sell
send
sew
shake
shine
shout
shoot

Notes
Malay

show
skip
sing
smile

shows
skips
sings
smiles
Present Tense

Every day I
(G1 & G3)

Every day he
(G2)

sit
sleep
smile
speak
spend
stand
steal
strike
sweep
swim
take
talk
teach
tear
tell
think
throw
try
tie
wear
win
wind
write
add
allow
arrive
breathe
brush
carry
change
close
copy
cook
cry
divide
drop
fit
hand
drop

sits
sleeps
smiles
speaks
spends
stands
steals
strikes
sweeps
swims
takes
talks
teaches
tears
tells
thinks
throws
tries
ties
wears
wins
winds
writes
adds
allows
arrives
breathes
brushes
carries
changes
closes
copies
cooks
cries
divides
drops
fits
hands
drops

showing
skipping
singing
smiling
Continuous
Tense
Now I am/he
is/they are
(G1, G2, G3)

showed
skipped
sang
smiled
Past Tense

shown
skipped
sung
smiled
Perfect Tense

Yesterday
I/he/they
(G1, G2, G3)

sitting
sleeping
smiling
speaking
spending
standing
stealing
striking
sweeping
swimming
taking
talking
teaching
tearing
telling
thinking
throwing
trying
tying
wearing
winning
winding
writing
adding
allowing
arriving
breathing
brushing
carrying
changing
closing
copying
cooking
crying
dividing
dropping
fitting
handing
dropping

sat
slept
smiled
spoke
spent
stood
stole
struck
swept
swam
took
talked
taught
tore
told
thought
threw
tried
tied
wore
won
wound
wrote
added
allowed
arrived
breathed
brushed
carried
changed
closed
copied
cooked
cried
divided
dropped
fitted
handed
dropped

Already I
have/he
has/they have
(G1, G2, G3)
sat
slept
smiled
spoken
spent
stood
stolen
struck
swept
swum
taken
talked
taught
torn
told
thought
thrown
tried
tied
worn
won
wound
written
added
allowed
arrived
breathed
brushed
carried
changed
closed
copied
cooked
cried
divided
dropped
fitted
handed
dropped

60

show
skip
sing
smile
Future
Tense
Tomorrow
I/he/we
will...
(G1, G2, G3)
sit
sleep
smile
speak
spend
stand
steal
strike
sweep
swim
take
talk
teach
tear
tell
think
throw
try
tie
wear
win
wind
write
add
allow
arrive
breathe
brush
carry
change
close
copy
cook
cry
divide
drop
fit
hand
drop

Notes
Malay

fit
hand
hope
hop

fits
hands
hopes
hops
Present Tense

Every day I
(G1 & G3)

Every day he
(G2)

hurry
join
drive
jump
laugh
live
lock
open
read
reply
row
stop
study
type
use
walk
wait
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
push
shut
pull
sink

hurries
joins
drives
jumps
laughs
lives
locks
opens
reads
replies
rows
stops
studies
types
uses
walks
waits
cuts
hits
hurts
lets
puts
pushes
shuts
pulls
sinks

fitting
handing
hoping
hopping
Continuous
Tense
Now I am/he
is/they are
(G1, G2, G3)

fitted
handed
hoped
hopped
Past Tense

fitted
handed
hoped
hopped
Perfect Tense

Yesterday
I/he/they
(G1, G2, G3)

hurrying
joining
driving
jumping
laughing
living
locking
opening
reading
replying
rowing
stopping
studying
typing
using
walking
waiting
cutting
hitting
hurting
letting
putting
pushing
shutting
pulling
sinking

hurried
joined
drove
jumped
laughed
lived
locked
opened
read
replied
rowed
stopped
studied
typed
used
walked
waited
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
pushed
shut
pulled
sank

Already I
have/he
has/they have
(G1, G2, G3)
hurried
joined
driven
jumped
laughed
lived
locked
opened
read
replied
rowed
stopped
studied
typed
used
walked
waited
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
pushed
shut
pulled
sunk

61

fit
hand
hope
hop
Future
Tense
Tomorrow
I/he/we
will...
(G1, G2, G3)
hurry
join
drive
jump
laugh
live
lock
open
read
replied
row
stop
study
type
use
walk
wait
cut
hit
hurt
let
put
push
shut
pull
sink

Notes
Malay

APPENDIX 5

TENSES, SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND


TYPES OF SENTENCES
All English sentences are made up of three basic parts:

Subject

Verb

Ali
The girl

kicks
is

The Rest of the Sentence


the ball.
pretty.

Study the sentences below:

1.
2.
3.
4.

Subject

Verb

Ali
Ali
Ali
Ali

kicks
is kicking
kicked
will kick

The rest of the


sentence
the ball
the ball
the ball
the ball

Time
every day.
now.
yesterday.
tomorrow.

Sentence 1 is in Simple

Present Tense (happens daily or regularly).


Sentence 2 is in Present Continuous Tense (is happening now).
Sentence 3 is in Simple Past Tense (happened in the past).
Sentence 4 is in Future Tense (will happen in the future).
These four tenses are the basic tenses that you may use in writing English
sentences.
Besides the four tenses above, there are another two important tenses that
you should know:

62

Past Continuous Tense


Ali was kicking the ball when I reached the field yesterday (was happening
at some time in the past).

Perfect Tense
Ali has

already kicked the ball (has already happened).

TYPES OF SENTENCES
1. Active and Passive Sentences
Active sentence:
Subject
Ali

Verb
kicks

Object
the ball.

Verb
is kicked

Subject
by Ali.

(Simple Present Tense)

Passive sentence
Object
The ball
More examples:
Active sentences
Ali kicked the ball.
Mother cooks the vegetables.
He drove the car.
Siti tears the book.
The policeman caught the thief.

Passive sentences
The ball was kicked by Ali.
The vegetables are cooked by mother.
The car was driven by him.
The book is torn by Siti.
The thief was caught by the policeman.

63

2. Simple and Compound Sentences


Simple sentence 1: Ali goes to school.
Simple sentence 2: Abu goes to school.
Compound sentence: Ali and Abu go to school.
A compound sentence is formed by joining two or more simple sentences
using conjunctions (and, but, or, because, so, while).
Another example:
Simple sentence 1: Ali is sick.
Simple sentence 2: Ali does not go to school.
Compound sentence: Ali is sick, so he does not go to school.

3. Complex sentence
A complex sentence is formed by adding a clause.
Example:
Sentence 1: The girl is my sister.
Sentence 2. The girl is wearing a blue dress.
Complex sentence: The girl

who is wearing a blue dress is my sister.

clause

64

PRACTISE!

Sentence

Subject

I like to go to school.
One of the girls is missing.
Abu and Ali came here yesterday.
She sells seashells by the
seashore.
The water is clear.
They were walking to the bus
stop.
The children are dancing around
the rose bush.
My Bonnie lies over the ocean.
She has already given the names
to the teacher.
Father cooks breakfast every
Sunday.
Wendy and her brothers played
badminton last week.
My sister and I will visit
grandmother next Tuesday.
I will get 5A in UPSR.
The cat was jumping over the
fence.
The dogs were chasing the cat.

We were happy and excited.

65

Verb

Tense

APPENDIX 6

PRACTISE!
Every day
I come
She buys
We eat
It flies
He gives
You grow
They sing
I hold
The girls go
My father drives
The water flows
The man rests
One of the ladies
shouts
The thief runs
The boat sinks
The flowers bloom
The postman comes
All of them see
Most girls play
The tiger roars
Both boys win
The fan turns
I sing
Many teachers
scold
More people leave
Each one brings
Everyone tells
Nobody pushes
No one keeps
Somebody hits
Several man see
Most of them put
It shines
The baby cries
The plant grows

Now
I am coming
She is buying

Yesterday
I came
She bought

66

Tomorrow
I will come
She will buy

Already
I have come
She has bought

APPENDIX 7
as agile as a monkey
as alike as two peas
as angry as a wasp
as bald as an egg
as bashful as a schoolgirl
as beautiful as a rainbow
as big as an elephant
as black as coal
as blind as a bat
as busy as a bee
as careless as the wind
as clear as crystal
as cold as ice
as cool as a cucumber
as cunning as a fox
as deep as the sea
as easy as ABC
as faithful as a dog
as fast as lightning
as fit as a fiddle
as gentle as a dove
as graceful as a swan
as green as grass
as happy as a lark
as hard as iron
as playful as a kitten
as sweet as honey
as proud as a peacock
as quiet as a mouse
as steady as a rock
as tall as a giant
as tough as a leather
as white as snow
as wide as the ocean
as wise as an owl

67

SIMILES

APPENDIX 8

ENGLISH IDIOMS AND EXPRESSIONS


Bird in the Hand Is worth Two in the Bush: Apa yang sudah pasti lebih baik dari apa yang
belum pasti.
A Blessing In Disguise: Hikmah dalam kesusahan yang berlaku.
A Piece Of Cake: Sesuatu yang sangat mudah.
A Slip Of The Tongue: Tersilap cakap.
A Wolf In Sheep's Clothing: Kejahatan yang menyamar sebagai kebaikan.
Absence Makes The Heart Grow Fonder: Apabila jarang bertemu, semakin sayang.
Actions Speak Louder Than Words: Perbuatan lebih berkesan dari perkataan.
All That Glitters Is Not Gold: Tidak semua yang nampak menarik itu baik.
As Light As A Feather: Sangat ringan, seperti bulu burung.
Beating Around The Bush: Putar-belit.
Better Late Than Never: Lebih baik lambat, dari tidak ada langsung / tidak pernah.
Birds Of A Feather Flock Together: Orang yang mempunyai persamaan akan berkumpul
bersama.
Burning The Midnight Oil: Bekerja hingga lewat malam.
Cross Your Fingers: Mengharapkan yang terbaik.
Cry Over Spilt Milk: Menyesal atas sesuatu yang sudah berlaku.
Curiosity Killed The Cat: Perasaan ingin tahu yang membawa kesusahan.
Don't Count Your Chickens Until They're Hatched: Jangan mengira hasil sebelum berusaha
(angan-angan Mat Jenin).
Don't Put All Your Eggs In One Basket: Jangan letakkan semua harapan pada satu tempat
sahaja.
Every Cloud Has A Silver Lining: Setiap kesusahan yang berlaku ada hikmahnya.
Great Minds Think Alike: Pemikiran yang sama.
Have No Idea: Tidak tahu langsung.
Head Over Heel: Jatuh cinta.
Icing On The Cake: Perkara yang baik / menggembirakan.
It Takes Two To Tango: Setiap pergaduhan melibatkan dua pihak.

68

Lend Me Your Ear: Tolong dengar apa yang saya ingin katakana.
Let Bygones Be Bygones: Yang berlalu biarlah berlalu.
Let The Cat Out Of The Bag: Membocorkan rahsia.
Out Of The Blue: Secara tiba-tiba
Out Of the Frying Pan and into the Fire: Dari satu kesusahan, ke satu kesusahan yang lain.
Practice Makes Perfect: Latihan berterusan akan memahirkan kita.
Pulling Your Leg: Bergurau.
Rome Was Not Built In One Day: Tidak ada jalan pintas ke arah kejayaan.
Second Nature: Kemahiran yang sudah menjadi satu kebiasaan harian.
Start From Scratch: Bermula dari bawah.
The Apple Of Your Eye: Kesayangan.
The Early Bird Catches The Worm: Orang yang awal bangun dan bekerja akan mendapat lebih
hasil.
The Pot Calling The Kettle Black: Orang yang bersalah tetap mempersalahkan orang lain.
The Pros And Cons: Kebaikan dan keburukan.
The Sky Is The Limit: Tidak ada batas.
Turn Over A New Leaf: Berubah / Insaf.
Two Wrongs Don't Make A Right: Jangan membalas kejahatan dengan kejahatan.
Under The Weather: Kurang sihat.
Variety Is The Spice Of Life: Kepelbagaian menjadikan kehidupan lebih menarik.
Without A Doubt: Tanpa sebarang syak-wasangka.
You Can't Judge A Book By Its Cover: Jangan menilai seseorang daripada luarannya sahaja.

69

PROVERBS
Where theres a will theres a way:
When a person really wants to do something, he will find a way of doing it.
First come, first served:
The first in line will be attended to first.
A friend in need is a friend indeed:
A friend who helps when one is in trouble is a real friend.
Discretion is the better part of valor:
If you say discretion is the better part of valor, you mean that avoiding a dangerous or unpleasant situation is
sometimes the most sensible thing to do.

A hungry man is an angry man:


A person who does not get what he wants or needs is a frustrated person and will be easily provoked to
rage.
Empty vessels make the most noise:
Those people who have a little knowledge usually talk the most and make the greatest fuss.
A man is as old as he feels:
A persons age is immaterial it is only when he thinks and feels that he is ageing that he actually becomes
old.
Great talkers are little doers:
Those people who talk a lot and are always teaching others usually do not do much work.
An idle brain is the devils workshop:

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One who has nothing to do will be tempted to do many mischievous acts.

An ounce of discretion is worth a pound of wit:


It is better to be careful and discrete than to be clever.
Faint heart never won fair lady:
To succeed in life one must have the courage to pursue what he wants.
A penny saved is a penny gained:
By being thrifty one will be able to save up.
A rolling stone gathers no moss:
A person who never settles in one place or who often changes his job will not succeed in life ; one who is
always changing his mind will never get anything done.
As you sow, so you shall reap:
One will either enjoy or suffer the consequences of his earlier actions or inactions.
Barking dogs seldom bite:
Those who make loud threats seldom carry them out.
Better late than never:
To do something that is right, profitable, or good a little late is still better than not doing it at all.

A bird in hand is worth two in the bush:


Something that one already has is better than going after something seemingly more worthwhile that one
may not be able to get.

Birds of a feather flock together:


People of the same sort of character or belief always go together.
Call a spade a spade:

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If you say that someone calls a spade a spade, you mean that they speak frankly and directly, often about
embarrassing or unpleasant subjects; an informal expression.

Charity begins at home :


A persons first obligation should be to help the member of his own family before he can begin thinking of
talking about helping others.
A great talker is a great liar:
A smooth and persuasive talker may be a good liar.
Every cloud has a silver lining:
If you say that every cloud has a silver lining, you mean that every sad or unpleasant situation has a positive
side to it. If you talk about silver lining you are talking about something positive
that comes out of a sad or unpleasant situation.

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