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105

Application of ALiT (Adaptive


Landscape Evaluation Tool) in
Bintan Buyu, Bintan Island,
Indonesia

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Research
Background

Location of
Bintan Buyu,
ALiT was applied to Bintan Island
review the ecological In proximity
condition as well as to Singapore
the feasibility of
Bintan Buyu
Development, Bintan
Island, Indonesia.

The area was originally


designated by Central
Government with
Presidential
Regulation (PP)
number 38, year 2004
as the new District
Centre (named as
Bandar Seri Bintan)
which followed up by
Bintan Government.
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Research
Background (2)

Facing disagreement
from Forestry Ministry
because of
conservation status of
the area, the Local
Government
conducted feasibility
re-evaluation with our
team assistance.

The Designated Protected Forest of Bintan Besar in Bintan


Buyu which must be considered in the planning

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Research
Background (3)

Due to conflict of Bintan


Government and
Forestry Ministry, a
bribery scandal
happened involving a
member of parliament

Mr Al Amin Nasution,
was sentenced for 8
years for accepting
bribery from Mr
Azirwan, Secretary of
Bintan District (Rp
2,250 billion). The
bribe was given for
conversion of forest
area for development
of the Bandar Sri
Bintan.
(Sources: www.kompas.com,
,, vhrmedia) ,,
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Research
Background (4)
Unsuitable
because of
Protected
Although the Forest
development was Status
unclear because of
rejection from the
Unsuitable
Central Government, because of
we are glad to Ecological
participate because our Important
ability to mitigate the Area
&
impacts and to produce Flood
sustainable spatial Prone Area
development scenario.

And we focused our Bandar Seri Bintan Master Plan Prepared in 2005 by
evaluation in Bintan Planning Agency and Consultant
measuring the
conservation value and
residential suitability of
the location which
described accordingly.
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Bintan Case -
,,

Defining the
Purpose, Scope &
Context of the
Evaluation

Purpose of the Evaluation


• To review the suitability of
the Bandar Seri Bintan.
Location of Bintan Buyu, Bintan Island
• To reduce environmental
In proximity to Singapore
impact of the
developments, especially
to some areas with
important ecological
values.
• To evaluate and probably
develop area with less
ecological value to fulfil
the new township
development

The Scope of the Evaluation


is 61 sq km (including 8
sq km of Coral)

The Context of Evaluation is


the limited time (3
months) and limited
budget for research
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Bintan Case –
Criteria Selection
& Secondary Data
Collection

First, a general survey and


interviews for collecting
secondary data was
conducted.

The process involved


Bintan Planning Agency
(BAPPEDA); Statistics
Agency (BPS); Forestry
Agency (Dinas
Kehutanan; Public Works
Agency (Dinas PU); and
Investment Coordination
and Regional Promotion
Board (BKPMD) of
Bintan.

Sources:
Riau Islands Planning Agency (2004), Revision of 2006-2015 General Regional Plan;
Riau Islands Planning Agency and CV Geometric Tehnik (2005), Research and Mapping of
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Water Recharge and Catchments Potentials in Riau Island Regency.
112
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Bintan Case –
Criteria Selection
& Secondary Data
Collection (2)

The most-updated critical


GIS data sets were
collected from the Public
Works Department
(1993).

Other maps were also


collected from
Indonesian National
Geological Research Sources:
Centre and National Riau Islands Planning Agency
(2004), Revision of 2006-2015
Water Resources Centre General Regional Plan;
in Bandung, West Java,
Riau Islands Planning Agency
Indonesia. And this and CV Geometric Tehnik
allowed the application of (2005), Research and Mapping
of Water Recharge and
GIS software (Arc View Catchments Potentials in Riau
GIS 3.1). Island Regency.

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Bintan Case -
GIS Database
Processing

The Secondary data later were


scanned, geo-referenced and
converted to shape-files
(SHP).

Further, the attributes were


entried in the SHP data
manually with trial and error
processes.

We found that this process must


be conducted min the
framework of the evaluation
method and outcome of the
process.

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1993’s Ecology Type of Bintan Buyu ,,
Rapid Survey of
,,
(based on Bintan Planning Agency, 1993)

Critical Areas
(Reconnaissance Survey
especially for Biological
Aspect)

A comprehensive site survey was


conducted with team of four
persons, comprising 1 Urban
Planner, 2 Biologists and 1 Civil
Engineer (Government Officer),
in June 2006. 2005’s Ecology Type of Bintan Buyu
(by Rapid Survey)

In the survey, some points for


biological assessment were
selected representing each
ecotype. Many important
ecotypes had been converted
to agriculture land or human
settlement based on 1993’s
eco-types.

Conversion of
Secondary Forest to
Agriculture Land,
Bare Earth and
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Rapid Survey
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(2)

Primary Forest

Fresh Water
Swamp Forest

Mangrove Secondary Forest Abandoned Plantation

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Rapid Survey
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(3)

Plantation

Marshes

Agriculture Human Settlement Scrub Mining and Bare Earth

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Rapid Survey (4)


Meanwhile, two important species were also found in the area. The Banded Kingfisher (Lacedo
pulchella) and Banded Langur (Presbytis siamensis rhionis) are two examples of the endemic
species. And these are some example of existing species in the area.

Banded Langur Brown-throated Sunbird Draco quinquefasciatus Dragonflies

Copper-cheeked
,, Frog Platyhelminthes Sheath-tailed,, Bat
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Bintan Case -
Expert Consultation
(Semi-Delphi
Consultation)
GIS database analysis was later
conducted focusing only on Ecological
score and Residential Development
Suitability for other natural factor
score.

The analysis was conducted involving


of multidisciplinary team consisting of
Principal Urban Planner and
Researcher, Landscape Ecologist,
Conservationist, Hydrologist cum
Drainage Engineer, and Civil Engineer
cum Geologist. During the analysis
process, we were also assisted by 2
Senior GIS experts for GIS database
processing and analysis from National
University of Singapore.

All data later were collected and


processed following the criteria
priority and significance in the
evaluation process. ,,
,, Illustration only
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Bintan Case -
Stakeholders
Evaluation
(Stakeholders Participation)

Lastly, stakeholders’ evaluation was


conducted in 2006. It involved of
Bintan Planning Agency and private
sector, Banyan Tree Resorts Bintan.

The positive as well as negative Illustration only


response was received. First, the
positive response came from the
private sector and the company
agreed to support the
recommendation.

On the other hand, the Bintan


Government disagreed with our
recommendation and pursued other
development or original alternative.

And currently new master plan has


been prepared but still abandoning
the recommendation of this
research.
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