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Larsen & Toubro Limited

MUMBAI INTERNATIONAL
AIRPORT PRIVATE LIMITED
CSIA EXPANSION & RENOVATION PROGRAM

Scheme Design Report Runway 09/27


Upgrade Pavement Structural Design
Rev B

10 June 2009

Prepared by:
Larsen & Toubro Limited, ECC Division
Regional Office
5th Floor, North Block II, Gate No.1,
Saki Vihar Road, Powai
Mumbai 400072

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Document Control
CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program

Project Title:

Project No:

Runway 09/27 Upgrade

N044

Document Title:

Scheme Design Report Runway 09/27 Upgrade Pavement Structural Design

Document Number:

MIAL-LT-O-N044-CV11-SD-001

Revision

Date

Designed by

Checked by

Approved by

Description

13 April 2009

Manoj Tipnis

Paul McCullagh

Larry Mujaj

Issued for MIAL review

10 June 2009

Manoj Tipnis

Paul McCullagh

Larry Mujaj

Issued for MIAL review

Document Change History


Revision

Reason for Change

Date

Preliminary Issue

13 April 2009

Revised as per client recommendations

10 June 2009

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TABLEOFCONTENTS
1.

INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1-2


1.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.2 SCHEME DESIGN REPORT OBJECTIVES ............................................................... 1-2

2.

AIRCRAFT TRAFFIC ANALYSIS ........................................................................................ 2-3

3.

AIRCRAFT OPERATING WEIGHTS ................................................................................... 3-4

4.

NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING........................................................................................... 4-5


4.1 DEFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS................................................................................. 4-5
4.2 PAVEMENT STRUCTURE MODELLING ................................................................... 4-5

5.

GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATIONS.................................................................................. 5-8


5.1 TESTING REGIME ...................................................................................................... 5-8
5.2 SUBGRADE DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................... 5-8
5.3 SUBGRADE STRENGTH............................................................................................ 5-8
5.4 EXISTING PAVEMENT STRUCTURE ........................................................................ 5-9

6.

PAVEMENT THICKNESS DESIGN ................................................................................... 6-10


6.1 FAARFIELD RESULTS ............................................................................................. 6-10
6.1.1

FAARFIELD Design Methodology ............................................................... 6-10

6.1.2

Runway Elements........................................................................................ 6-12

6.1.3

Runway Shoulders ...................................................................................... 6-14

6.2 COMFAA CHECK ..................................................................................................... 6-15


6.3 COMPARISON OF DESIGN RESULTS.................................................................... 6-16
6.4 RUNWAY OVERLAY DESIGN AT TAXIWAY LOCATIONS ..................................... 6-18
6.5 DESIGNED PAVEMENT STRUCTURES ................................................................. 6-19
6.6 RUNWAY STRIP & RESA ......................................................................................... 6-21
6.7 PCN ASSIGNMENT .................................................................................................. 6-22
7.

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS .................................................................... 7-24

8.

LIST OF CODES ................................................................................................................ 8-26

9.

APPENDICES & SKETCHES ............................................................................................ 9-27

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1.

INTRODUCTION

1.1

GENERAL
This report includes the scheme design of pavement structure for Runway 09/27 Upgrade Project
(N044), at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA), Mumbai which mainly comprises
asphalt overlay. The asphalt overlay is essentially required for structural strengthening and runway
profile correction, both longitudinal and transverse. The scheme for the structural design is the
subject of this report.

1.2

SCHEME DESIGN REPORT OBJECTIVES


This Scheme Design Report is intended to establish the design of the structural overlay for the
preparation of detailed design construction drawings.

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2.

AIRCRAFT TRAFFIC ANALYSIS


The aircraft traffic analysis for Runway 09/27 is detailed in the document titled Scheme Design
Report Aircraft Traffic for Airport Pavements, which has already been submitted. The same traffic
is being utilised for the Runway re-strengthening design except for Runway chainage -153m to -30m
(09 Runway).
The aircraft design traffic for Runway 09/27 as extracted from above report is given in Appendix A.
For design of the section from chainage -153m to -30m (09 Runway), 100% Runway 09 departures
and 20% of Runway 27 arrivals are considered. This is because the majority of Runway 27 arrivals
will have exited on the preceding RETs. Runway 27 departures have been ignored since most
departing aircraft would have attained lift off before reaching this section of runway pavement. The
design traffic is presented in Appendix A.
For design of existing inner 7.5m wide shoulder upgrade to runway outer pavement specifications,
the design traffic considered is 1% departures of the total aircraft traffic on Runway 09/27, in
accordance with FAA Advisory Circular 150-5320-6E.
For design of overlay requirement over existing 7.5m wide outer shoulder, design traffic considered
is 10 passes of the critical aircraft, B777-300ER, in accordance with FAA Advisory Circular
150-5320-6E.

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3.

AIRCRAFT OPERATING WEIGHTS


The aircraft traffic analysis details the various aircraft arriving and departing on the runway.
Accordingly we have adopted Maximum Take-off Weight (MTOW) in respect of departing aircraft
traffic and Maximum Landing Weight (MLW) in respect of arriving aircraft traffic for the pavement
thickness design. The MTOW and MLW figures for each aircraft type are listed in Table 3.1 below:
Table 3.1 Aircraft Operating Mass
Code

Aircraft

A320

A321

B737-800

A300

B767-400

MTOM
(Tonnes)

77

89

79

171

204

MLM
(Tonnes)

64.5

75.5

71

140

159

Code

Aircraft

A330

A340-300

A340-600

B747-400

B777-300

B777-300ER

MD-11

MTOM
(Tonnes)

230

275

368

397

300

353

285

MLM
(Tonnes)

185

200

259

274

252

252

200

Code

Aircraft

A380

B747-8

MTOM
(Tonnes)

560

441.4

MLM
(Tonnes)

386

340

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4.
4.1

NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING
DEFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS
Non-destructive testing of the runway pavement using Heavy Falling Weight Deflectometer
(HFWD) was undertaken by MIAL (through Mott Mac Donald Ooms Avenhorn Pvt Ltd- EMS
Unihorn bv infrastructure consultants Pvt Ltd). The deflection data as presented in report titled
CSI Airport Mumbai Runway Pavement Testing Runway 09-27 dated April 2007, was
re-analysed by L&T using PAVERS software with an aim to identify the pavement structure and
layer strength parameters so as to define the existing pavement structure for overlay design.
The HFWD generated deflection data analysis report is attached at Appendix B.

4.2

PAVEMENT STRUCTURE MODELLING


On basis of the recommendations of the deflection data analysis report, the existing runway
pavement structure as modelled for design is given in Table 4.1 below. The various sections pertain
to the different homogeneous runway pavement sections identified, as elaborated in the report. The
layer thicknesses have been adopted from borehole data and the E moduli from the back-calculation
results. The E moduli are within the realistic range of material characterisation for each of the
identified pavement layers. The same back-calculated E moduli are assumed in respect of the
shoulder pavement layers. The existing runway shoulder pavement structure as modelled for design
is given in Table 4.2.
Table 4.1: Runway Pavement Structure Model
Pavementmodel

Section

Layer
Chainagefrom09 PCC
153to78
subgrade
Chainagefrom09 Surface
78to30
PCC/Base

Thickness(mm)

Evalue(MPa)

500

16000

20.68

600

1091

300

350

subbase

800

67

subgrade

20.68

600

1653

300

20000

850

200

20.68

Surface

600

1111

PCC

300

21000

subbase

950

300

subgrade

20.68

Surface

600

859

PCC

300

20000

subbase

1160

223

subgrade

20.68

LeftofCentreLine
Surface
Chainagefrom09
PCC
30to1000
subbase
subgrade
LeftofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
1000to1785

LeftofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
2100to2250

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Section
LeftofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
2250to3222

RightofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
30to1785

RightofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
2100to2250

RightofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
2250to3222

Chainagefrom09
3222to3297

Pavementmodel
Layer

Thickness(mm)

Evalue(MPa)

Surface

600

959

PCC

300

22000

subbase

1400

293

subgrade

20.68

Surface

600

1025

PCC

300

23000

subbase

1000

266

subgrade

20.68

Surface

600

595

PCC

300

20500

subbase

1200

300

subgrade

20.68

Surface

600

1091

PCC

300

20500

subbase

1000

266

subgrade

20.68

PCC

420

16400

Base

450

3200

20.68

subgrade

Table 4.2: Runway Shoulder Pavement Structure Model


Pavementmodel

Section
Layer
Chainagefrom09 Surface
78to30
PCC/base

Evalue(MPa)
1091

150

350

subbase

800

67

subgrade

20.68

300

1111

150

20000

850

200

20.68

Surface

300

859

PCC

150

20000

subbase

1160

223

subgrade

20.68

LeftofCentreLine
Surface
Chainagefrom09
PCC
30to1785
subbase
subgrade
LeftofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
2100to3222

Thickness(mm)
300

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Section
RightofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
30to1785

RightofCentreLine
Chainagefrom09
2100to2250

Layer
Surface

Thickness(mm)
300

Evalue(MPa)
1025

PCC

150

23000

subbase

1000

266

subgrade

20.68

Surface

300

595

PCC

150

20500

subbase

1000

266

subgrade

20.68

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5.

GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATIONS

5.1

TESTING REGIME
Geotechnical investigations comprising of Standard Penetration Tests & laboratory testing have been
undertaken for design purposes. The purpose of the Geotechnical investigation was to log the
pavement profile, collect pavement cores, undertake laboratory testing and conduct SPT tests
through the bore/core holes for identification of the soil type and estimation of field CBR from N
value. The details of Geotechnical investigation were incorporated in Addendum-I to Technical
Report - Soil Investigations and Geotechnical Recommendations for Airside Work at CSIA,
Mumbai.

5.2

SUBGRADE DESCRIPTION
The soil forming the natural subgrade in CSIA, Mumbai predominantly comprises of Black Cotton
soil and on the basis of Particle Size Distribution and Plasticity Index, is classified under the Unified
Soil Classification System (USCS) as high plasticity clay (CH). The adjoining bore logs on 09 side
of the runway intersection indicate the presence of weathered/hard rock at a depth of 1.9m and on the
27 side of the runway intersection indicate the presence of weathered/hard rock at a depth of 2.1m
under the existing runway surface level. The depth to rock increases further away from the runway
intersection, with the maximum recorded depth to rock being 5.35m.

5.3

SUBGRADE STRENGTH
FAA Advisory Circular AC 150/5320-6D - Airport Pavement Design and Evaluation states that the
design CBR value should be conservatively selected, and that common paving engineering practice
is to select a value which is one standard deviation below the mean (85th percentile).
The soil type and E value is correlated from the N values obtained from SPT tests conducted in field.
Subgrade CBR values are further correlated from the E values in accordance with relation given in
Mori Chart,1965, 6th international conference on soil mechanics and foundation engineering Vol. III.
The evaluated subgrade CBR is 2.1% as per SPT values. The soil classification as per USCS derived
from the grain size analysis is CH type (Highly Plastic Clay).
Considering all of the above data, the design subgrade CBR adopted is 2%. However, between
chainage 1785m and chainage 2100m from 09 Runway, presence of weathered/hard rock strata is
reported under the existing pavement structure at a depth of 1.9m to 2.1m. Runway 14/32 also
crosses 09/27 Runway in this area and hence it is assumed that here, pavement strengthening is not
required and that the runway overlay thickness will be determined based on geometric shape
correction of the both runways.

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5.4

EXISTING PAVEMENT STRUCTURE


The existing runway pavement structure was logged during the field investigations on Runway
09/27. The geotechnical sub-surface profile for the pavement structure is attached at Appendix C.
As indicated in the Bore Logs, the runway pavement is essentially a composite construction in which
flexible overlays have been constructed over the original rigid pavement. The present structure
comprises of approximately 600mm of structurally stable Asphalt surface course. The layer under
the surface course is a PCC layer with an approximate thickness of 300 mm. Under the PCC layer is
a subbase course of granular material / WBM with a thickness varying from 800mm to 1400 mm.
From chainage -78m to -30m, the PCC layer was found to be in a disintegrated state. The subgrade
under the subbase course as described in Para 5.3 above, is Black Cotton soil.
The western 75m Runway 27 end and eastern 75m Runway 09 end of the pavement are both rigid
construction. The western 75m pavement comprises of 500mm PCC over 800mm filled up soil. This
pavement has been recently overlaid with approximately 50mm Asphalt Concrete. The eastern
Runway 09 end 75m pavement comprises of 420mm PQC, 450mm DLC / CTB base. A number of
slabs have developed cracks and most of the pavement is old with edge spalls and surface
deterioration. Asphalt Concrete has been used as filling in some slabs after removal of AGL inset
lights.
The section of runway pavement extending approximately 200m ahead of Rapid Exit Taxiway C, is
reported to be under frequent maintenance. This maintainance being undertaken, involves patch
repairs upto a depth of 100mm. The same is attributable to damage of the surface course of the
runway pavement due to shear stresses generated by braking aircraft arriving onto Taxiway C. A
number of slabs on Taxiway C adjoining the runway pavement are also cracked.
There are no bore logs to confirm the existing pavement structure at the runway intersection.
However, the adjoining bore logs on either side of the intersection confirm a composite pavement
structure resting on weathered/hard rock.
As indicated in the Bore Logs, the shoulder pavement structure is also a composite construction in
which flexible overlays have been constructed over the original rigid pavement. The present
structure comprises of approximately 300mm of structurally stable Asphalt surface course. The layer
under the surface course is a PCC layer of approximate thickness of 150 mm. Under the PCC layer is
the subbase course of granular material / WBM of thickness varying from 800mm to 1100 mm. The
subgrade under the subbase course as described in Para 5.3 above, is Black Cotton soil.
The identified approximate structure of the existing pavement has been modelled for structural
analysis on basis of the deflection data as described in Para 4.2 above.
The design of the runway overlay has therefore been progressed based on this pavement model. The
pavement layer moduli, being realistic, are assumed to be representative of the homogeneous
pavement sections identified.

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6.

PAVEMENT THICKNESS DESIGN


The existing pavement structure has been defined on the basis of the Geotechnical investigations and
the analysis of deflection data collected by non-destructive testing. FAARFIELD has been used for
thickness designs of the flexible pavement overlay and PQC over existing base. Design life of
re-strengthened flexible runway pavement is taken as 20 years and for rigid pavement 30 years.
LEDFAA software gives the same results for flexible pavement designs. A gross check of thickness
designs has been performed using COMFAA software. The COMFAA checks are for ascertaining
general correctness of designs.

6.1

FAARFIELD RESULTS

6.1.1

FAARFIELD Design Methodology


The design methodology adopted for the FAARFIELD analysis is as follows:
For Flexible Overlay

Input traffic data, including aircraft type, operating weights and number of annual
movements;

Set design life equal to 20 years;

Define pavement structure (as per Table 4.1 for runway and as per Table 4.2 for runway
shoulder);

Design overlay thickness. For flexible overlay we have adopted P-401 AC Overlay and
P-401 Asphalt stabilised base.

For New Rigid Pavement construction over existing subbase. (Chainage 3222 to 3297m)

Input traffic data, including aircraft type, operating weights and number of annual
movements;

Set design life equal to 30 years;

Define pavement structure.


For Design, we have adopted PCC Surface, Existing cementatious base (CTB/DLC) with
E modulus = 3200 MPa, and K= 34 MN/m2/m on top of existing subbase.

Define existing pavement base layer thickness = 450mm and design PCC surface thickness.

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For New Expedient Pavement (for Existing Runway Shoulder Pavement Upgrade to Outer Runway
Pavement)

Input traffic data, including aircraft type, operating weights and number of annual
movements;

Set design life equal to 20 years;

For Expedient shoulder pavement we have adopted AC Surface, P-306 Econocrete and
Subgrade K=11 MN/m2/m

For Expedient pavements set P401- AC surface thickness to 200mm and design thickness of
Econocrete layer.

FAARFIELD uses properties for pavement materials from FAA construction specifications, detailed
in FAA AC 150/5370-10C Standards For Specifying Construction of Airports (Sept 2007). All
pavement materials used for the construction of aircraft pavements for this project will meet the
minimum strength requirements of the FAA standard materials, however the material specifications
for this project have been written around Indian Standards and local construction methods.

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6.1.2

Runway Elements
A summary of the FAARFIELD generated pavement flexible thicknesses are presented in Tables 6.1
to 6.3 below. The overlay thicknesses are also shown on Sketch P. Prints of the FAARFIELD
software runs are presented in Appendix D, Annexure I to III.
Table 6.1 FAARFIELD Generated Overlay Thicknesses for Existing Runway Pavement
Upgrade
Design Life 20 years
FlexibleOverlay
TotalDesignOverlay
Section
P401ACSurface
P401ACStabilizedBase
Thickness
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)
LEFT&RIGHT:
153to78
LEFT&RIGHT:
78to30

50.8

50

101.6

327.8

430

LEFT:30to1000

86.3

85

LEFT:1000to1785

96.7

100

LEFT:2100to2250

120.8

120

LEFT:2250to3222

50.8

50

RIGHT:30to1785

103.6

100

RIGHT:2100to2250

99.7

100

RIGHT:2250to3222

103.3

100

Table 6.2 FAARFIELD Generated Overlay Thicknesses for Existing Runway Shoulder
Pavement Upgrade to Outer Runway Pavement specifications.
Design Life 20 years, Design Traffic 1% of total departure traffic, in accordance with FAA AC
150-5320-6E
FlexibleOverlay
TotalDesignOverlay
Section
P401ACSurface
P401ACStabilizedBase
Thickness
(mm)
(mm)
(mm)
LEFT&RIGHT:
153to78
LEFT&RIGHT:
78to30

50.8

50

101.6

292.4

395

LEFT:30to1785

101.6

126.5

230

LEFT:2100to3222

146.3

145

RIGHT:30to1785

101.6

53.8

155

RIGHT:2100to3222

101.6

80.4

180

From the FAARFIELD software runs it is observed that B747-400 and A380-800 majorly contribute
to the CDF for the pavement structure. The pavement design thickness would therefore remain
sensitive to the number of passes of these critical design aircraft. Therefore any further increase in
operations of these aircraft will have a corresponding impact on pavement life.

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Table 6.3 FAARFIELD Generated New Expedient Pavement Thickness for Existing Runway
Shoulder Pavement Upgrade to Outer Runway Pavement specifications.
Design Life 20 years
RequiredDesign
AdoptedDesign
PavementLayer
Thickness
Thickness
(mm)
(mm)
P401ACSurface
Econocrete
Subgrade(CBR=2%)

200

200

604.6

600

For upgradation of the existing shoulder to outer runway specifications of FAA AC 150-5320-6E
ie. 1% of total departure traffic, the adequacy of overlay provided consequent to adopting 1.25%
cross slope for the runway vertical profile was checked. The computed pavement life for these
existing shoulder sections after providing the shape correction overlay (not full structural overlay) is
given in Sketch Q. For this purpose the overlay thickness considered was Average 1 SD (ie. the
85th percentile) over the given chainages. The computed results indicate that the overlay thickness is
inadequate over majority of the existing shoulder sections ie. between chinages 30 to 1785 and
between 2100 to 3222.
Therefore for upgradation of the existing shoulder to outer runway specifications, the existing
runway shoulder will be divided in sections capable of receiving full structural overlay and those
which cannot accommodate the overlay thickness, on the basis of vertical geometric design /
grading. The sections which can accomodate the respective design overlay as per Table 6.2 will be
provided with the same. Sections where the depth between designed and existing levels is not
sufficient to accommodate the respective designed overlay, will be reconstructed as per new
expedient pavement design given in Table 6.3. Alternatively MIAL may seek dispensation from
DGCA to adopt a reduced thickness and accordingly a reduced life in terms of aircraft passes.
A summary of the FAARFIELD generated rigid pavement thickness is presented in Table 6.4 below.
Print of the FAARFIELD software run is presented in Appendix D, Annexure IV.
Table 6.4 FAARFIELD Generated Rigid Pavement Thickness over Existing Base (chainage
3222m to 3297m)
Design Life 30 years
Required Design
Adopted Design
Pavement Layer
Thickness (mm)
Thickness (mm)
471.6
475
PQC
Existing Base
Existing Subbase (K=34MN/m3)

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6.1.3

Runway Shoulders
Shoulders to runways are required by ICAO Annex 14 to be structurally capable of accommodating
an occasional pass of an aircraft and to be structurally capable of supporting maintenance vehicles
and emergency vehicles. The shoulders are designed for 10 passes of the critical aircraft
B777-300ER, over a life of 20 years.
The FAARFIELD generated pavement overlay thicknesses are 0mm over the entire stretch of the
runway shoulder, except for chainage -78m to -30m where an overlay of 155mm is required. For this
project the existing outer shoulders will be provided with a minimum functional overlay of 50mm
Asphalt Concrete after requisite milling for shape correction.
It should be noted that this thickness is often exceeded due to the need to correct transverse slopes to
meet ICAO grading requirements.
Prints of the FAARFIELD software runs are presented in Appendix D, Annexure V.

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6.2

COMFAA CHECK
A check of the derived pavement thicknesses has been conducted using COMFAA. The procedure
for calculating pavement thicknesses using COMFAA is as follows:

Annotate with the number of departures of each aircraft;

Determine the critical design aircraft.

Considering the gear factors and weight factors, convert all traffic of various aircraft in the
design fleet mix to equivalent departures of the design aircraft, individually.

Determine the Pass to Coverage Ratio (PCR) for each aircraft;

Calculate the number of coverages for each aircraft (Coverages = Departures / PCR) in
terms of equivalent coverages of the critical design aircraft;

Sum the total number of equivalent coverages of the critical aircraft;

Determine the S77-1 pavement thickness required for the total number of equivalent
coverages of the critical aircraft. Alpha factors as per 2006 revision are incorporated in the
pavement thickness design in order to account for the coverages of various multiple wheel
gear assemblies.

Using published material equivalency factors, convert the existing structure with
FAARFIELD generated overlays into S77-1 pavement thickness.

Compare the COMFAA and FAARFIELD S77-1 derived pavement thicknesses.

The determination of the pavement structure equivalent to the standard S77-1 pavement structure
relies on the use of published material equivalency factors, which are typically expressed within a
range. We have calculated the equivalent pavement thicknesses using appropriate / average values
within the range for comparison with the FAARFIELD derived pavement thicknesses. The detailed
calculations for COMFAA check are included in Appendix E.
As per the COMFAA procedure the critical design aircraft is to be slected based on maximum
pavement thickness requirement for the given aircraft traffic. Therefore, for the flexible overlay
design, the B777-300ER at 353 Tonnes (MTOW) has been selected as the critical aircraft. However,
FAARFIELD assigns a greater damage factor(CDF) to B747-400 and A380-800, but due to lesser
pavement thickness requirement, they do not qualify to be the critical aircraft as per the COMFAA
design procedure. The following is a summary of the COMFAA results presented in Appendix E.
For chainage -153m to -30m, The total number of coverages of the total aircraft fleet mix is
equivalent to 41647 coverages of the B777-300ER at 353 Tonne. The S77-1 pavement thickness
required is 2547mm and for chainage -30m to 3222m, The total number of coverages of the aircraft
fleet mix is equivalent to 380964 coverages of the B777-300ER at 353 Tonne. The S77-1 pavement
thickness required is 2663.9mm.
For rigid pavement over existing subbase (chainage 3222m to 3297m), the modulus of subgrade
reaction (k) of the subgrade underneath rigid pavement section is 11 MN/m2/m, over which a
900mm of existing subbase is available which gives an effecive k = 34 MN/m2/m on top of the
existing subbase. Over that, 450mm of existing cementatious base (CTB / DLC) is available. From
ICAO Aerodrome Design Manual Part 3, Figure 4-55 and FAA AC 150/5320-6D, Figure 3-16, an
effective k value on top of the base course layer is derived as 109 MN/m2/m by extrapolation of the
chart.

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6.3

COMPARISON OF DESIGN RESULTS


The next step in the design check is the comparison of the equivalent flexible pavement thicknesses
computed using FAARFIELD and COMFAA. To do this, the pavement thickness derived from
FAARFIELD is converted to an equivalent S77-1 structure. Here a constant Asphalt Concrete and
WMM layer thickness is assumed and GSB layer thickness is calculated based on layer equivalency
factors. Table 6.5 below details the results for comparison:
Table 6.5 Comparison of FAARFIELD and COMFAA computed Flexible Pavement
Thicknesses
COMFAA
FAARFIELD computed Structure
computed
(Converted to Equivalent S77-1 Structure)
Structure
Chainage
from 09
(m)

-78
to
-30

L: -30
to
1000

L: 1000
to
1785

L:2100
to
2250

L: 2250
to
3222

R: -30
to
1785

R: 2100
to
2250

R: 2250
to
3222

-78
to
-30

-30
to
3222

AC (mm)

75

75

75

75

75

75

75

75

75

75

WMM
(mm)

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

150

GSB
(mm)

2487

2469

2595

2832

2880

2640

2820

2640

2322

2469

Subgrade
(CBR 2%)

Total
(mm)

2712

2694

2820

3057

3105

2865

3045

2865

2547

2664

As can be seen from Table 6.5 above, the COMFAA derived pavement thicknesses for flexible
pavements are comparable with the FAARFIELD generated pavement thickness. Accordingly, the
FAARFIELD design results are considered to be accurate, and the adopted pavement structures
detailed in Table 6.1 are adequate for construction.
For existing rigid pavements on the western end of the runway, the comparison of FAARFIELD and
COMFAA computed thicknesses is given in Table 6.6 below.
Table 6.6 Comparison of FAARFIELD and COMFAA computed Rigid
Thicknesses over existing subbase (Chainage 3222 to 3297m)
Design Life- 30years

PQC (mm)

FAARFIELD

COMFAA

475

501

Pavement

From above results for Rigid pavements, it is observed that the FAARFIELD design thicknesses are
not adequate in comparison with the COMFAA design requirement.
The western end existing rigid pavement (chainage 3222 to 3297) , has a remaining life of 15 years
as computed with FAARFIELD, which would be in respect of intact slabs in the pavement extent.
As reported in the geotechnical investigations, a number of slabs have developed cracks and most of
the pavement is old with edge spalls and surface deterioration. Based on visual inspection, it is
considered that the existing pavement would probably have a life of at least 5 years subject to urgent
maintenance being undertaken. It is noted from the geometric design that this section is required to
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be regraded. Hence in consideration of the regrading pavement and the poor surface condition and
opportunity for renewal, it is recommended that the existing PQC pavement be reconstructed over
the existing subbase. As per FAARFIELD design given in Table 6.4 the required PQC thickness is
475mm as against the COMFAA design requirement of 500mm as in Table 6.6. The design as per
FAARFIELD of 475mm PQC is being adopted for construction over the existing subbase .
For the eastern rigid end of the runway (chainage -153m to -78m), the vertical geometry design
indicates that the pavement surface will have to be raised by a minimum of 600mm (already
provided with 50mm overlay). Therefore the geometric overlay will satisfy the structural needs of
the pavement. Thus only the Asphalt overlay alternative was evalauated for this runway end. In
consideration of the same and equivalent S77-1 thicknesses were computed for the existing structure
with overlay. The adopted design section is given below in Table 6.7.
Table 6.7 Adopted Structure for eastern Rigid end (-153m to -78m)
Layer
Thickness(mm)
Overlay

Existing structure

AC

200

CTB

400 (min)

PCC

500

Subgrade (CBR 2%)

The adequacy of the adopted section was checked with COMFAA. The details are given below in
Table 6.8.
Table 6.8 Comparison of Adopted Structure and COMFAA computed Thicknesses for
Pavement (Chainage -153m to -78m)
Overlay based on
Geometric Requirement
COMFAA computed
(Converted to Equivalent
Structure
S77-1 Structure)
AC (mm)

75

75

WMM (mm)

150

150

GSB (mm)

2410

2322

Subgrade (CBR 2%)

Total (mm)

2635

2547

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6.4

RUNWAY OVERLAY DESIGN AT TAXIWAY LOCATIONS


The design runway pavement sections based on estimated runway aircraft traffic as detailed in
preceding paragraphs also need to be checked for structural adequacy at the connecting
taxiway/ runway locations. The runway overlay design in these locations is then based on estimated
aircraft traffic on each of the exit taxiways. The higher of the two overlay designs viz; overlay
thickness based on runway traffic and overlay based on connecting taxiway traffic, then becomes the
ruling overlay requirement for the particular location on the runway. For the present case, the
structural overlay required for runway traffic is analysed as the ruling overlay for the central 20m
full strength width of the runway. Beyond the middle third runway width, a reduced strength keel
section (as per ICAO Aerodrome Design Manual Part 3 Clause 4.4.14 and FAA AC 150/5320-6E
clause 305) is to be provided. The structural thickness is designed for 1% of the total runway
departure traffic, for the outer section of the runway for upgradation of existing shoulders. However,
the reduced thickness over the outer section will not be provided at Taxiway connections. Instead,
full strength taxiway pavement sections will be provided here.
Further, the runway design thickness is checked for adequacy at taxiway connection locations. The
structural adequacy is checked by comparing the computed structural runway overlay with that
required for connecting taxiway traffic. In case the CDF is lesser than 1, the designed structural
section is adequate for Life of minimum 20 years. At sections where the existing structure is
computed as adequate, a minimum 50mm functional overlay will still be provided, incorporating a
minimum 15mm milling of the existing runway surface.
A summary of the FAARFIELD generated runway pavement overlay thicknesses for 20 year design
life at connecting taxiway locations are presented in Table 6.9. It can be seen that no overlay is
required on the runway when considering the connecting taxiway traffic, except for connection to
Taxiway N where a minimum 50mm overlay is required, where a 600mm (minimum) overlay is
being provided due to grading requirements. Prints of the FAARFIELD software runs are presented
in Appendix D, Annexure VI.
Table 6.9 FAARFIELD Generated Overlay Thicknesses at Taxiway Connection Locations
FlexibleOverlay
Taxiway
Chainage
P401ACSurface P401ACStabilized TotalOverlayThickness
Connection
from09
(mm)
Base(mm)
(mm)
TWYN
TWYW1
RETN5
TWYN4
TWYN3
TWYN1
TWYS
RETS8
RETS7
TWYW1
TWYS4
TWYS3

L:92
L:1676
L:2133
L:2649
L:3023
L:3243
R:0
R:609
R:1112
R:1676
R:2649
R:3023

50.8
0
0
0
0
NotApplicable*
0
0
0
0
0
0

50
0
0
0
0
NotApplicable*
0
0
0
0
0
0

*NOTE: Taxiway N1 (A4) is an existing rigid pavement and the runway connection is also rigid, so
no overlay is required. The recommended structure of 475mm PQC on existing subbase is adequate
for the taxiway N1 traffic.
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6.5

DESIGNED PAVEMENT STRUCTURES


A summary of the thicknesses adopted for flexible overlay, New Expedient pavement and Rigid
Pavement over existing subbase are presented in Tables 6.10 to 6.13.
Table 6.10 Designed Flexible Overlay Thicknesses for Existing Runway Pavement Upgrade
Design Life 20years
DesignedStructural
Section(m)
OverlayThickness
(mm)
LEFT&RIGHT:153to78

200Asphalt+400CTB

LEFT&RIGHT:78to30

430Asphalt

LEFT:30to1000

85Asphalt

LEFT:1000to1785

100Asphalt

LEFT:2100to2250

120Asphalt

LEFT:2250to3222

50Asphalt

RIGHT:30to1785

100Asphalt

RIGHT:2100to2250

100Asphalt

RIGHT:2250to3222

100Asphalt

Table 6.11 Designed Flexible Overlay Thicknesses for Existing Runway Shoulder Pavement
Upgrade to Outer Runway Pavement specifications.
Design Life 20years
DesignedStructural
Section(m)
OverlayThickness
(mm)
200Asphalt+120CTB
LEFT&RIGHT:153to78
LEFT&RIGHT:78to30

395Asphalt

LEFT:30to1785

230Asphalt

LEFT:2100to3222

145Asphalt

RIGHT:30to1785

155Asphalt

RIGHT:2100to3222

180Asphalt

Table 6.12 Designed Structure of New Expedient Pavement Thickness for Outer Runway
Pavement specifications.
Design Life 20years
DesignedThickness
PavementLayer
(mm)
P401ACSurface

200

Econocrete

600

Subgrade(CBR=2%)

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Table 6.13 Designed Rigid Pavement Thickness over Existing Base (chainage 3222 to 3297m)
Design Life 30years
Pavement Layer

Designed
Thickness (mm)

PQC

475

Existing Base

450

Existing Subbase (K=34MN/m2/m)

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6.6

RUNWAY STRIP & RESA


Clause 3.4.16 of the DGCA CARS states that:
The portion of a strip of an instrument runway within a distance of at least:

75 m where the code number is 3 or 4; and

40 m where the code number is 1 or 2;

From the centre line of the runway and its extended centre line shall be so prepared or constructed
as to minimize hazards arising from differences in load bearing capacity to aeroplanes which the
runway is intended to serve in the event of an aeroplane running off the runway.
Clause 3.5.11 of the DGCA CARs states that:
A runway end safety area shall be so prepared or constructed as to reduce the risk of damage to an
aeroplane undershooting or overrunning the runway, enhance aeroplane deceleration and facilitate
the movement of rescue and fire fighting vehicles.
In order to comply with the above clause, the bearing capacity of Runway strip area and RESA will
be improved if required in specific areas as identified by MIAL.

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6.7

PCN ASSIGNMENT
The ICAO ACN/PCN system is used by airport operators as a pavement management tool, whereby
aircraft that operate at Aircraft Classification Numbers (ACN) less than the Pavement Classification
Number (PCN) for a particular pavement can do so without weight restriction without undue damage
occurring to the pavement. Aircraft that wish to operate with an ACN greater than the published
PCN must apply to the airport operator for a Pavement Concession.
FAA Advisory Circular AC 150/5335-5A, Standardized Method of Reporting Airport Pavement
Strength PCN, Paragraph 6 states The ACN-PCN system is only intended as a method of
reporting relative pavement strength so airport operators can evaluate acceptable operations of
airplanes. It is not intended as a pavement design or pavement evaluation procedure, nor does it
restrict the methodology used to design or evaluate a pavement structure. A similar philosophy is
also expressed in ICAO Aerodrome Design Manual Part 3, Clause 1.1.2.1.
The airport operator is free to select any value of PCN, and the decision as to which value to select is
often a balance between commercial considerations and the actual strength of the pavement. An
airport operator may choose to increase the PCN without strengthening a pavement, in order to
attract larger aircraft and thereby gaining increased revenue. The airport operator would make this
decision consciously knowing that the overloaded operations of the larger aircraft would reduce the
life of the pavement, and would result in the need for early maintenance of the pavement.
The aircraft pavements for this project have been designed based on a rigorous analysis of the actual
number of aircraft that are likely to utilise the runway pavement within the design period. The PCN
analysis is attached at Appendix F.
Since the basis of design for the aircraft pavements are published in this report, it is anticipated that
the airport operator will track usage of the airport pavements throughout the design period, and will
use the aircraft traffic included in Appendix A (analysis submitted separately as SDR-Aircraft
Traffic for Aircraft Pavements), as a baseline in which to manage aircraft operations at the airport.
L&T therefore recommend that highest ACN value of all aircraft in the fleet mix be adopted as the
PCN for the airport. ACNs for various aircraft in the fleet mix, based on a flexible pavement and
subgrade category C, are summarised in Table 6.14.
From Table 6.14, the highest ACN is 89, corresponding to B777-300ER operating at a MTOW of
353 Tonne.
The minimum ACN computed for various design sections, corresponding to B777-300ER operating
weight of 359 T is 92.
The recommended PCN assignment of the Runway 09/27 for publication is 89/F/C/W/T.

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Table 6.14 Aircraft Classification Number for Various Aircraft


(Using 2006 Alpha factors)
Code

Aircraft

A320

A321

B737-800

A300

B767-400

MTOM
(Tonnes)

77

89

79

171

204

ACN

46.8

57.3

50.1

65.6

78.3

Code

Aircraft

A330

A340-300

A340-600

B747-400

B777-300

B777-300ER

MD-11

MTOM
(Tonnes)

230

275

368

397

300

353

285

ACN

71.2

71.5

83.2

72.4

72.4

89

80.5

Code

Aircraft

A380

B747-8

MTOM
(Tonnes)

560

441.4

ACN

75

85.8

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7.

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS


Runway 09/27 is required to be strengthened in order to cater for the projected aircraft traffic. For
the purpose of design of the structural overlay, the existing runway pavement structure was analysed
based on geotechnical investigations and non-destructive testing.
The major length of the runway comprises of an intact asphalt thickness of 600mm, over a PCC
layer of 300mm thickness. Under the PCC layer exists a granular subbase layer of average thickness
800mm.
The flexible overlay design has been carried out with software FAARFIELD, which provides for
identical design thicknesses as LEDFAA. A gross check has been carried out with COMFAA.
Overlay design solutions have been provided for a design life of 20 years.
For the overlay design, the runway has been divided in ten sections based on the deflection
profiles obtained by non-destructive testing with HFWD. The E moduli of the existing pavement
layers have been back-calculated from the deflection data. The values have been found to be within a
realistic range and hence adopted for the overlay design. The asphalt structural overlay design
thickness varies from 50mm to 120mm, for a design life of 20 years. However, the overlay thickness
will be increased over respective sections in keeping with the designed vertical geometry of the
runway. In case, the vertical geometry design dictates adoption of a lesser overlay thickness over a
particular section, the pavement over this runway section will require regular / periodic maintenance.
Between chainage -78m and -30m Asphalt overlay requirement of 430mm is computed. Providing
for 200mm Asphalt overlay the CTB requirement is computed as 220mm totalling to 420mm
overlay. As the geometric profiling of the runway to meet the ICAO requirement already results in a
thickness of 430mm, no additional strengthening is required. Similarly, over the existing rigid
pavement between chainage -153m to -78m overlay of 200mm Asphalt and minimum 400mm CTB
is being provided in consideration of the vertical profiling of the runway at that location against
minimum overlay requirement of 50mm.
The overlay adequacy has also been confirmed for taxiway traffic at locations where the runway
connects to taxiways. The geo-technical data as interpreted for the cross runway design assumes that
the runway intersection from chainage 1785m to 2100m has weathered/hard rock strata under the
pavement structure. Based on the same, only a minimum functional overlay of 50mm is necessary
for this section from chainage 1785m to 2100m. Thicker layers however result from the need to meet
the ICAO geometric requirements.
The existing flexible pavement between chainage 537m and 1017m is reported to be requiring
frequent patch repairs. The same is attributed to accentuated braking of the arriving aircraft at this
location. At this location it is recommended to provide a deep lift patch extending 150mm deep into
the existing pavement so as to provide for an average 350mm of new pavement (considering also,
the vertical profile design). Also, existing cracked slabs on Rapid Exit Taxiway C adjoining the
runway are recommended to be replaced.
The existing rigid pavement between chainage 3222m and 3297m has a low design life and also
since regrading is required in this area, it is recommended to reconstruct the PQC pavement to a
thickness of 475mm on top of the existing base course.
The inner existing runway shoulder of 7.5m width is being upgraded to outer runway specifications.
The shoulder upgradation will be achieved by overlaying existing asphalt shoulder surface, where
possible in consideration of the runway cross profile, or else, will be reconstructed with expedient
paving. The design overlay and new expedient pavement are computed to satisfy strength
requirements of outer runway as per FAA AC 150-5320-6E.

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The outer existing shoulder satisfies the structural requirement of runway shoulder specified in the
same advisory circular. The existing outer shoulder will hence be provided with only 50mm of
Functional overlay.
The existing shoulder pavements will be reconstructed with taxiway design pavement sections at all
new taxiway connections.
As reported by MIAL a subsurface drainage system had been incorporated in the existing runway
pavement structure. The longitudinal drains along both sides of the runway pavement are considered
integral to the subsurface drainage system and are therefore recommended to be retained.
The PCN assignment of the Runway 09-27 after overlay is recommended as 89/F/C/W/T,
corresponding to the highest ACN of aircraft included in the projected traffic levels (B777-300ER).
The design also indicates that B747-400 and A380-800 aircraft contribute significantly to pavement
damage. It is therefore recommended that operations of these three aircraft be restricted to within the
projected traffic level as considered for design.

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8.

LIST OF CODES
1.

ICAO, Doc 9157-AN/901, Aerodrome Design Manual Part 3, Second Edition, 1983.

2.

ICAO Annex 14 Aerodromes , Vol. 1, Aerodrome Design and Operations, Fouth Edition,
2004.

3.

FAA Advisory Circular AC 150/5335-5A Standardized Method of Reporting Airport


Pavement Strength PCN

4.

FAA Advisory Circular AC 150/5320-6D Airport Pavement Design and Evaluation.

5.

FAA Advisory Circular AC 150/5320-6E Airport Pavement Design and Evaluation.

6.

FAA Advisory Circular AC 150/5370-10B Standards For Specifying Construction of Airports


(April 2005).

7.

DGCA Civil Aviation Regulations

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9.

APPENDICES & SKETCHES


APPENDICES
A.

Runway 09/27 Design Aircraft Traffic

B.

Report - Analysis of HFWD Deflection Data

C.

Geotechnical subsurface profile

D.

FAARFIELD Software Runs

E.

COMFAA Results

F.

PCN Analysis

SKECTHES
P.

09/27 Runway Structural Overlay Thicknesses

Q.

Runway 09/27 Life calculation for outer Runway with overlay provided by adopting
cross slope of 1. 25%

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Appendix A
RUNWAY 09/27 DESIGN AIRCRAFT TRAFFIC

APPENDIXA

09/27RUNWAYDESIGNAIRCRAFTTRAFFIC

Aircraft
A320
A321
A300
A330
A340-300
A340-600
A380
B737-800
B767-400
B747-400
B747-8
B777-300
B777-300ER
MD11

Chainage:153mTO30m
Annual
Annual
Arrivals
Departures
4803
3431
613
475
1840
1314
1840
1314
715
511
715
511
51
37
7256
5293
1022
694
971
730
51
37
1446
1007
598
416
358
219

Chainage:30mTO3297m
Annual
Annual
Arrivals
Departures
27448
34310
3504
4745
10512
13140
10512
13140
4088
5110
4088
5110
292
365
41464
52925
5840
6935
5548
7300
292
365
8264
10074
3416
4161
2044
2190

09/27RUNWAYOUTERPAVEMENTDESIGNAIRCRAFTTRAFFIC

Aircraft
A320
A321
A300
A330
A340-300
A340-600
A380
B737-800
B767-400
B747-400
B747-8
B777-300
B777-300ER
MD11

Chainage:153mTO30m
Annual
Annual
Arrivals
Departures
4803
34
613
5
1840
13
1840
13
715
5
715
5
51
1
7256
53
1022
7
971
7.3
51
1
1446
10
598
4
358
2

Chainage:30mTO3297m
Annual
Annual
Arrivals
Departures
27448
343
3504
47
10512
131
10512
131
4088
51
4088
51
292
4
41464
529
5840
69
5548
73
292
4
8264
101
3416
42
2044
22

Appendix B
ANNEXURE I: ANALYSIS OF HFWD DEFLECTION
DATA

Larsen & Toubro Limited

APPENDIX B
ANNEXURE I

Analysis of FWD Deflection


Data for Runway 09-27

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Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.

INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................. 1-1


1.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 DEFLECTION DATA RECORDING ............................................................................ 1-1

2.

DEFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS......................................................................................... 2-2

3.

FLEXIBLE AIRFIELD PAVEMENT ANALYSIS ................................................................... 3-3


3.1 GENERAL ................................................................................................................... 3-3
3.2 EXISTING PAVEMENT STRUCTURE ........................................................................ 3-4
3.2.1

Reported Structure ........................................................................................ 3-4

3.2.2

Identified Structure ........................................................................................ 3-4

3.3 PAVEMENT STRUCTURE MODELLING ................................................................... 3-5


4.

RIGID AIRFIELD PAVEMENT ANALYSIS .......................................................................... 4-6

5.

RESULTS ............................................................................................................................. 5-7


5.1 SECTION: -153 TO -78 ............................................................................................... 5-7
5.2 SECTION: -78 TO -30 ................................................................................................. 5-8
5.3 SECTION: LEFT (-30 TO 1000) ................................................................................ 5-10
5.4 SECTION: LEFT (1000 TO 1785) ............................................................................. 5-11
5.5 SECTION: LEFT (2100 TO 2250) ............................................................................. 5-12
5.6 SECTION: LEFT (2250 TO 3222) ............................................................................. 5-13
5.7 SECTION: RIGHT (-30 TO 1785) .............................................................................. 5-14
5.8 SECTION: RIGHT (2100 TO 2250) ........................................................................... 5-15
5.9 SECTION: RIGHT (2250 TO 3222) ........................................................................... 5-16
5.10 SECTION: 3222 TO 3297 ......................................................................................... 5-17

6.

RECOMMENDATIONS ...................................................................................................... 6-18

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Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

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1.

INTRODUCTION

1.1

GENERAL
For determination of PCN values of existing runways at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport,
Mumbai Mott MacDonald had carried out non-destructive testing through Ooms Avenhorn
Holding India Private Limited. A Heavy Falling Weight Deflectometer (HFWD) was used by
Ooms Avenhorn for collection of deflection data from 09-27 Runway of CSI Airport, Mumbai. The
data had been analysed by Ooms using PAVERS software for reporting the PCN value.
Accordingly the pavement structure had been modeled as suitable for PCN evaluation. However,
the report did not explain the basis for adopting the specific structural model and E values as
reported could not be correlated with the pavement layer materials. Therefore it is not practical to
assess the overlay design section on basis of the reported analysis. The deflection data collected by
Ooms has hence been re-analyzed by L&T using PAVERS software for arriving at realistic
modeling of the existing pavement to be utilised for overlay design by FAARFIELD software.

1.2

DEFLECTION DATA RECORDING


The HFWD generated deflection measurements were recorded in period 24 to 26 Nov 2006. The
load level was kept at approximately 200KN for recording the pavement deflections using 06
geophones at varied distances from the load centre. The deflection data has been recorded along 5
longitudinal lines along either side of the runway centreline at lateral spacing of 3m, 4m, 6m, 7m
and 8m from centreline and longitudinal spacing of 100m along each run (staggered by 25m
between the runs). The deflections have been recorded at average pavement surface temperature of
37C. The deflections have been recorded for 2000m from Runway 09 end and for 1200m from
Runway 27 end. Approximately 300 m of runway intersection section has not been in recorded,
possibly due to operational constraints.

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2.

DEFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS


The deflection data recorded at varying loads in range of 154 KN to 234 KN was normalized to
uniform load of 272 KN, simulating dynamic A330 aircraft wheel loading. The normalized
deflection data was then utilized for identification of pavement sections with similar deflection
profiles, termed as homogeneous sections for analysis. Since deflection data had been collected for
longitudinal pavement sections left and right of runway centreline separately, the pavement
behaviour patterns based on the deflection profiles could also be established separately for
longitudinal runway sections on left and right of runway centreline. Accordingly the sections with
similar deflection pattern were identified on either side of runway centreline. Once the pavement
sections were identified the deflection bowl representing the homogeneous sections were selected
on basis of rigorous statistical analysis for further analysis of the pavement structural parameters by
PAVERS software. The bowl nearest to 85th percentile of individual deflections was selected as
representative for each pavement section for further analysis. The sections identified based on the
deflection profiles are tabulated below.
Table 1: Pavement Sections (East to West 09-27)

SECTION
1
2
3
4

Chainage
LEFT of Centre Line
-153 to -78
-78 to -30
-30 to 1000
1000 to 1785

5
6
7

2100 to 2250
2250 to 3222
3222 to 3297

1
2
3
4

RIGHT of Centre Line


-153 to -78
-78 to -30
-30 to 1785
2100 to 2250

5
6

2250 to 3222
3222 to 3297

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

2-2

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

3.

FLEXIBLE AIRFIELD PAVEMENT ANALYSIS

3.1

GENERAL
The deflection data along with pavement cross-sectional details were utilized as input for the
PAVERS analysis. The pavement is modelled as linear elastic multilayered structure with the
assumptions that the layers are infinitely long in horizontal direction, layers are of uniform
thickness and that the layer materials are homogeneous, isotropic and linear elastic in nature. These
assumptions are made in all softwares using layered elastic theory. For back-calculation of material
properties of pavement layers, following input parameters were required by the program for
analysis:(i)

Range of Elastic Moduli Values for each pavement layer Realistic range of Elastic
Moduli comparable with characteristic values was adopted.

(ii)

Poissons ratio values for each pavement layer - Characteristic value of 0.35 adopted
for the asphalt layer, the granular base/subbase course and the subgrade.

(iii)

Pavement Layer thickness Layer thickness were adopted as per pavement


structural models explained subsequently.

(iv)

Friction between the layers Full friction mobilization between pavement layers
was adopted.

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

3-3

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

3.2

EXISTING PAVEMENT STRUCTURE

3.2.1

Reported Structure

The existing pavement structure reported in PCN evaluation report by Ooms is as under:50mm DAC
75mm SDAC
50mm DAC
50mm SDAC
40mm DAC
50mm SDAC
60mm Crack Relief Layer
50mm DAC
50mm SDAC
100mm AC
200mm Murrum
230mm Murrum
300mm Lime Stabilized soil

3.2.2

Identified Structure
The existing structure indentified as per geotechnical investigations conducted by L&T is as under:

Chainage -153 to -78m from 09:

500mm PCC
800mm WBM

Chainage -78 to -30m from 09:

600mm AC+DBM/BM
300mm Disintegrated PCC
800mm WBM/GSB Fill

Chainage -30 to 3222m from 09:

600mm AC+DBM/BM
300mm PCC
850-1400mm WBM/GSB Fill

Chainage 3222 to 3297m from 09:

420mm PCC
150mm CTB
300mm PCC
930mm WBM

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

3-4

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

3.3

PAVEMENT STRUCTURE MODELLING


For analysis purpose the pavement modelling was based on the actual pavement structure
identified through geotechnical investigations.
Accordingly the flexible pavement sections are modelled as under:-

Pavement
Section (m)

Asphalt Layer

PCC Layer

Subbase Layer

Subgrade

-78 to -30

600 mm
(All top 600mm
Asphalt layers)

300mm
(Disintegrated
Existing PCC)

800mm (Existing
WBM/GSB Fill)

As existing

Left :
-30 to 1000

600 mm
(All top 600mm
Asphalt layers)

300mm
(Existing PCC)

850mm (Existing
WBM/GSB Fill)

As existing

Left :
1000 to 1785

600 mm
(All top 600mm
Asphalt layers)

300mm
(Existing PCC)

950mm (Existing
WBM/GSB Fill)

As existing

Left :
2100 to 2250

600 mm
(All top 600mm
Asphalt layers)

300mm
(Existing PCC)

1160mm (Existing
WBM/GSB Fill)

As existing

Left :
2250 to 3222

600 mm
(All top 600mm
Asphalt layers)

300mm
(Existing PCC)

1400mm (Existing
WBM/GSB Fill)

As existing

Right :
-30 to 1785

600 mm
(All top 600mm
Asphalt layers)

300mm
(Existing PCC)

1000mm (Existing
WBM/GSB Fill)

As existing

Right :
2100 to 2250

600 mm
(All top 600mm
Asphalt layers)

300mm
(Existing PCC)

1200mm (Existing
WBM/GSB Fill)

As existing

Right :
2250 to 3222

600 mm
(All top 600mm
Asphalt layers)

300mm
(Existing PCC)

1000mm (Existing
WBM/GSB Fill)

As existing

The back-calculation process for modelling the pavement layers was continued till the deflections
measured with FWD equipment matched closely with the theoretically calculated deflections within
an acceptable range of error ( 10% Lack of Fit). The elastic modulus values of the pavement layers
were re-adjusted so as to obtain a computed deflection bowl matching with the normalized
deflection bowl.
The deflections were measured at a certain ambient pavement temperature with the weighed mean
temperature of 37C. The PAVERS version 2.50 however limits the same to a maximum of 30C.
The back-calculated elastic moduli of the asphalt layers were therefore corrected to 33C, utilising
the temperature correction suite of the software.
CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program
Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

3-5

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

4.

RIGID AIRFIELD PAVEMENT ANALYSIS


The deflection data along with following input parameters required for back-calculation of elastic
modulus of the slab were input in PAVERS software.
(i)

Range of Elastic Moduli values for the slab Realistic range of Elastic Moduli
comparable with characteristic values was adopted.

(ii)

Poissons Ratio value Characteristic value of 0.15 was adopted for PCC layer and
0.35 for the asphalt layer, the granular base/subbase course and the subgrade. For
combined PCC and CTB layer a characteristic value of 0.18 was adopted.

Since the PCN evaluation report by Ooms did not report a Rigid structure. The identified rigid slab
thickness over subbase-subgrade combine of infinite thickness was modelled for the Rigid end
sections of the runway pavement for purpose of analysis.
Accordingly the Rigid pavement sections are modelled as under:-

Pavement
Section (m)

PCC Layer

Base Layer

Subgrade

-153 to -78

500 mm
(Existing PCC)

Existing WBM/ GSB


Fill/clay soil considered
as part of subgrade

3222 to 3297

420 mm
(Existing PCC)

150 mm (Existing
CTB) and 300 mm
(Existing PCC)

Existing WBM/ GSB


Fill/clay soil considered
as part of subgrade

The Back-calculation process was continued till the deflections measured with HWD equipment
matched with the theoretically calculated deflections within an acceptable range of error
(10% Lack of Fit).

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

4-6

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.

RESULTS

5.1

SECTION: -153 TO -78


Rigid Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

PCC Layer

Modulus of Subgrade
Reaction (K)

Elastic Modulus
MPa
(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

Thickness
(mm)

26000

0.15

500

0.044N/mm2

Lack of Fit - 42.3%

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-7

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.2

SECTION: -78 TO -30


Pavement Composition (Option-1)

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus
MPa
(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
1091
2
PCC/Base Layer
300
0.15
3
Subbase Layer
200
0.35
4
Sub grade
350
0.35
Lack of Fit 9.8% Back calculated E=1650=>1091 MPa corrected to 33 o C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-8

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
800

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

Pavement Composition (Option-2)

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus
MPa
(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
1091
2
PCC/Base Layer
350
0.35
3
Subbase Layer
200
0.35
4
Sub grade
350
0.35
Lack of Fit 9.8% Back calculated E=1650=>1091 MPa corrected to 33 o C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-9

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
800

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.3

SECTION: LEFT (-30 TO 1000)


Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus
MPa
(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
1653
2
PCC Layer
20000
0.15
3
Subbase Layer
600
0.35
4
Sub grade
540
0.35
Lack of Fit 8.3% Back calculated E=2500=>1653 MPa corrected to 33 o C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-10

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
850

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.4

SECTION: LEFT (1000 TO 1785)


Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus
MPa
(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
1111
2
PCC Layer
21000
0.15
3
Subbase Layer
900
0.35
4
Sub grade
580
0.35
Lack of Fit 9.5% Back calculated E= 1680=>1111 MPa corrected to 33 o C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-11

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
950

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.5

SECTION: LEFT (2100 TO 2250)


Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus
MPa
(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
859
2
PCC Layer
20000
0.15
3
Subbase Layer
670
0.35
4
Sub grade
500
0.35
Lack of Fit 9.2% Back calculated E= 1300=>859 MPa corrected to 33 o C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-12

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
1160

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.6

SECTION: LEFT (2250 TO 3222)


Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus MPa


(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
959
2
PCC Layer
22000
0.15
3
Subbase Layer
880
0.35
4
Sub grade
750
0.35
Lack of Fit 14.5%Back calculated E= 1450=> 959MPa corrected to 33 o C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-13

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
1400

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.7

SECTION: RIGHT (-30 TO 1785)


Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus
MPa
(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
1025
2
PCC Layer
23000
0.15
3
Subbase Layer
800
0.35
4
Sub grade
480
0.35
Lack of Fit 6.3% Back calculated E= 1550=> 1025 MPa corrected to 33 o C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-14

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
1000

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.8

SECTION: RIGHT (2100 TO 2250)


Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus MPa


(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
595
2
PCC Layer
20500
0.15
3
Subbase Layer
900
0.35
4
Sub grade
450
0.35
o
Lack of Fit 7.8% Back calculated E=900 =>595 MPa corrected to 33 C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-15

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
1200

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.9

SECTION: RIGHT (2250 TO 3222)


Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus
MPa
(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

1
Bituminous Layer
0.35
1091
2
PCC Layer
20500
0.15
3
Subbase Layer
800
0.35
4
Sub grade
700
0.35
Lack of Fit 10.0% Back calculated E=1650=> 1091MPa corrected to 37 o C

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-16

Thickness
(mm)
600
300
1000

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

5.10

SECTION: 3222 TO 3297


Rigid Pavement Composition

Layer
No

Material Type

Elastic Modulus MPa


(Back-calculated)

Poissons
Ratio

Thickness
(mm)

0.15

420

0.18

450

PCC Layer

16400

Base Layer

3200

Sub grade

0.0490 N/mm

Lack of Fit 10.1 %

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

5-17

10/06/2009

Larsen & Toubro Limited

6.

RECOMMENDATIONS
On the basis of the analysis of deflection data by PAVERS software, following recommendations are
made:-

(a) The rigid pavement from chainage 3222 to 3297m is rigid and exhibits a low deflection
profile. However, visual inspection has revealed that a number of slabs are distressed and
cracked. It is assumed therefore that the deflection measurements for the rigid pavement
section would have been recorded for intact slabs. Therefore an assessment of the overall
condition with respect to percentage cracking would dictate adoption of rehabilitation
strategy.
(b) Save the above discussed pavement sections, the runway pavement is structurally amenable
for an overlay construction for re-strengthening or up-gradation.
(c) The back calculation results based on the pavement model are found to be quite realistic and
thus can be adopted for overlay design.
(d) The rigid pavement from chainage -153 to -78m exhibits a low deflection profile. The back
calculated E value for PQC is 26000 MPa. The error in back calculation results is high.
However, the lab evaluated E value is 16000 MPa, which is considered realistic when
compared to other back-calculated PCC values. The same is therefore recommended to be
adopted for overlay design.
(e) The pavement from chainage -78 to -30m exhibits high deflection values due to the reported
disintegrated PCC layer instead of sound PCC. The layer Modulus is very low and
comparable to granular layer Modulus. The analysis has therefore been re-done based on
flexible layer properties. The pavement section would require a thick overlay or alternatively
the pavement may be re-constructed.
(f) Further, for overlay design, the elastic modulus values for the subbase / fill material
combined should be reduced to a maximum of 30% of the back calculated values as is
recommended by AASHTO, to cater for dry season deflection measurements and assumed
linear elasticity & isotropic properties of the granular materials. The corrected value should
be adopted as design modulus for the granular subbase course.
(g) The design subgrade strength should be as per the geotechnical investigations.

CSIA Expansion & Renovation Program


Analysis of FWD Deflection Data for Runway 09-27

6-18

10/06/2009

Appendix B
ANNEXURE II: HFWD RESULTS

Appendix C
GEOTECHNICAL SUBSURFACE PROFILE

Appendix D
ANNEXURE I: FAARFIELD SOFTWARE RUNS
FOR RUNWAY FLEXIBLE OVERLAY

AppendixD
AnnexureI
FAARFIELDSOFTWARERUNSFORRUNWAYFLEXIBLEOVERLAY
DesignLife20years
Section:153to78m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

50.8

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

500

16,000.00

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 550.8 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

3,431

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

4,803

A321-200 std

89

475

A321-200 std

75.5

613

A300-B4 std

171

1,314

A300-B4 std

140

1,840

A330-200 std

230

1,314

A330-200 std

185

1,840

A340-300 std

275

511

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

511

11

A340-300 std

200

715

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

715

13

A340-600 std

368

511

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

511

15

A340-600 std

259

715

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

715

17

A380-800

560

37

18

A380-800

386

51

19

B737-800

79

5,293

20

B737-800

71

7,256

21

B767-400 ER

204

694

22

B767-400 ER

159

1,022

23

B747-400

397

730

24

B747-400

274

971

25

B747-400ER

441.4

37

26

B747-400ER

340

51

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

1,007

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

1,446

29

B777-300 ER

353

416

30

B777-300 ER

252

598

31

MD11ER

285

219

32

MD11ER Belly

285

219

33

MD11ER

200

358

34

MD11ER Belly

200

358

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.38

A320-200 Twin std

1.38

A321-200 std

1.35

A321-200 std

1.35

A300-B4 std

0.69

A300-B4 std

0.69

A330-200 std

0.79

A330-200 std

0.79

A340-300 std

0.79

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.27

11

A340-300 std

0.79

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.27

13

A340-600 std

0.79

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.81

15

A340-600 std

0.81

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.78

17

A380-800

0.22

0.23

0.56

18

A380-800

0.56

19

B737-800

1.35

20

B737-800

1.35

21

B767-400 ER

0.73

22

B767-400 ER

0.73

23

B747-400

0.52

0.52

0.71

24

B747-400

0.71

25

B747-400ER

0.1

0.1

0.72

26

B747-400ER

0.72

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.11

0.54

28

B777-300 Baseline

0.01

0.54

29

B777-300 ER

0.43

0.53

30

B777-300 ER

0.01

0.53

31

MD11ER

0.77

32

MD11ER Belly

1.29

33

MD11ER

0.77

34

MD11ER Belly

1.29

Section:78to30m(200mmAsphaltoverCTB)
The structure is New Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 04/13/09 at 17:49:14.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Surface

101.6

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

100

2,500.00

0.35

P-304 CTB

219.9

3,447.38

0.2

Undefined

600

1,091.00

0.35

Undefined

300

350

0.35

Undefined

800

67

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,121.5 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

3,431

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

4,803

A321-200 std

89

475

A321-200 std

75.5

613

A300-B4 std

171

1,314

A300-B4 std

140

1,840

A330-200 std

230

1,314

A330-200 std

185

1,840

A340-300 std

275

511

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

511

11

A340-300 std

200

715

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

715

13

A340-600 std

368

511

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

511

15

A340-600 std

259

715

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

715

17

A380-800

560

37

18

A380-800

386

51

19

B737-800

79

5,293

20

B737-800

71

7,256

21

B767-400 ER

204

694

22

B767-400 ER

159

1,022

23

B747-400

397

730

24

B747-400

274

971

25

B747-400ER

441.4

37

26

B747-400ER

340

51

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

1,007

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

1,446

29

B777-300 ER

353

416

30

B777-300 ER

252

598

31

MD11ER

285

219

32

MD11ER Belly

285

219

33

MD11ER

200

358

34

MD11ER Belly

200

358

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A330-200 std

0.01

0.7

A330-200 std

0.7

A340-300 std

0.7

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

11

A340-300 std

0.7

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

13

A340-600 std

0.02

0.7

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.62

15

A340-600 std

0.68

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.64

17

A380-800

0.19

0.2

0.98

18

A380-800

0.98

19

B737-800

1.03

20

B737-800

1.03

21

B767-400 ER

1.02

22

B767-400 ER

1.02

23

B747-400

0.67

0.69

1.01

24

B747-400

1.01

25

B747-400ER

0.1

0.1

1.02

26

B747-400ER

0.01

0.01

1.02

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.14

1.01

28

B777-300 Baseline

0.02

1.01

29

B777-300 ER

0.01

0.56

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

0.01

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.01

32

MD11ER Belly

1.03

33

MD11ER

1.01

34

MD11ER Belly

1.03

Section:78to30m
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

101.6

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

327.8

2,500.00

0.35

Undefined

600

1,091.00

0.35

Undefined

300

350

0.35

Undefined

800

67

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,129.4 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

3,431

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

4,803

A321-200 std

89

475

A321-200 std

75.5

613

A300-B4 std

171

1,314

A300-B4 std

140

1,840

A330-200 std

230

1,314

A330-200 std

185

1,840

A340-300 std

275

511

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

511

11

A340-300 std

200

715

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

715

13

A340-600 std

368

511

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

511

15

A340-600 std

259

715

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

715

17

A380-800

560

37

18

A380-800

386

51

19

B737-800

79

5,293

20

B737-800

71

7,256

21

B767-400 ER

204

694

22

B767-400 ER

159

1,022

23

B747-400

397

730

24

B747-400

274

971

25

B747-400ER

441.4

37

26

B747-400ER

340

51

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

1,007

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

1,446

29

B777-300 ER

353

416

30

B777-300 ER

252

598

31

MD11ER

285

219

32

MD11ER Belly

285

219

33

MD11ER

200

358

34

MD11ER Belly

200

358

Additional Airplane Information

Subgrade CDF
CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A330-200 std

0.01

0.71

A330-200 std

0.71

A340-300 std

0.7

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

11

A340-300 std

0.7

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

13

A340-600 std

0.02

0.7

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.01

0.62

15

A340-600 std

0.68

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.64

17

A380-800

0.19

0.19

18

A380-800

19

B737-800

1.03

20

B737-800

1.03

21

B767-400 ER

1.02

22

B767-400 ER

1.02

23

B747-400

0.67

0.69

1.01

24

B747-400

1.01

25

B747-400ER

0.1

0.1

1.01

26

B747-400ER

0.01

0.01

1.01

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.14

1.01

28

B777-300 Baseline

0.02

1.01

29

B777-300 ER

0.01

0.57

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

0.01

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.01

32

MD11ER Belly

1.03

33

MD11ER

1.01

34

MD11ER Belly

1.03

Section:L30to1000m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/06/09 at 16:16:07.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

86.3

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

600

1,653.00

0.35

Undefined

300

20,000.00

0.35

Undefined

850

200

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,836.3 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34,310

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

27,448

A321-200 std

89

4,745

A321-200 std

75.5

3,504

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

10,512

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

10,512

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,088

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,088

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,088

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,088

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

292

19

B737-800

79

52,925

20

B737-800

71

41,464

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,840

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,548

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

292

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

8,264

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,416

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

2,044

34

MD11ER Belly

200

2,044

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.05

A320-200 Twin std

1.05

A321-200 std

1.05

A321-200 std

1.05

A300-B4 std

1.05

A300-B4 std

1.05

A330-200 std

0.62

A330-200 std

0.62

A340-300 std

0.62

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

11

A340-300 std

0.62

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

13

A340-600 std

0.61

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.57

15

A340-600 std

0.6

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.58

17

A380-800

0.49

0.5

0.65

18

A380-800

0.65

19

B737-800

1.05

20

B737-800

1.05

21

B767-400 ER

1.03

22

B767-400 ER

1.03

23

B747-400

0.41

0.42

1.03

24

B747-400

1.03

25

B747-400ER

0.09

0.09

1.03

26

B747-400ER

1.03

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.03

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.11

1.02

30

B777-300 ER

1.02

31

MD11ER

0.88

32

MD11ER Belly

1.04

33

MD11ER

0.88

34

MD11ER Belly

1.04

Section:L1000to1785m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/06/09 at 16:19:04.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

96.7

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

600

1,111.00

0.35

Undefined

300

21,000.00

0.35

Undefined

950

300

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,946.7 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34,310

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

27,448

A321-200 std

89

4,745

A321-200 std

75.5

3,504

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

10,512

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

10,512

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,088

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,088

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,088

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,088

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

292

19

B737-800

79

52,925

20

B737-800

71

41,464

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,840

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,548

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

292

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

8,264

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,416

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

2,044

34

MD11ER Belly

200

2,044

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.65

A330-200 std

0.65

A340-300 std

0.65

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.03

11

A340-300 std

0.65

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.03

13

A340-600 std

0.64

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.59
0.63

15

A340-600 std

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.6

17

A380-800

0.45

0.46

0.75

18

A380-800

0.75

19

B737-800

1.04

20

B737-800

1.04

21

B767-400 ER

1.03

22

B767-400 ER

1.03

23

B747-400

0.44

0.45

1.02

24

B747-400

1.02

25

B747-400ER

0.1

0.1

1.02

26

B747-400ER

1.02

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.03

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.13

1.02

30

B777-300 ER

1.02

31

MD11ER

0.97

32

MD11ER Belly

1.03

33

MD11ER

0.97

34

MD11ER Belly

1.03

Section:L2100to2250m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/02/09 at 13:41:35.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

120.8

1,378.95

0.35

600

859

0.35

Undefined

300

20,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,160.00

223

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

Undefined

3
4
5

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,180.8 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34,310

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

27,448

A321-200 std

89

4,745

A321-200 std

75.5

3,504

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

10,512

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

10,512

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,088

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,088

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,088

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,088

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

292

19

B737-800

79

52,925

20

B737-800

71

41,464

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,840

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,548

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

292

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

8,264

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,416

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

2,044

34

MD11ER Belly

200

2,044

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A330-200 std

0.72

A330-200 std

0.72

A340-300 std

0.72

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

11

A340-300 std

0.72

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

13

A340-600 std

0.72

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.64

15

A340-600 std

0.7

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.65

17

A380-800

0.38

0.39

1.01

18

A380-800

1.01

19

B737-800

1.03

20

B737-800

1.03

21

B767-400 ER

1.02

22

B767-400 ER

1.02

23

B747-400

0.5

0.5

1.01

24

B747-400

1.01

25

B747-400ER

0.11

0.11

1.01

26

B747-400ER

1.01

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.04

1.01

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.01

29

B777-300 ER

0.15

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.01

32

MD11ER Belly

1.02

33

MD11ER

1.01

34

MD11ER Belly

1.02

Section:L2250to3222m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

50.8

1,378.95

0.35

600

959

0.35

Undefined

300

22,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,400.00

293

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

Undefined

3
4
5

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,350.8 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34,310

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

27,448

A321-200 std

89

4,745

A321-200 std

75.5

3,504

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

10,512

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

10,512

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,088

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,088

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,088

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,088

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

292

19

B737-800

79

52,925

20

B737-800

71

41,464

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,840

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,548

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

292

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

8,264

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,416

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

2,044

34

MD11ER Belly

200

2,044

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.02

A320-200 Twin std

1.02

A321-200 std

1.02

A321-200 std

1.02

A300-B4 std

1.02

A300-B4 std

1.02

A330-200 std

0.79

A330-200 std

0.79

A340-300 std

0.79

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

11

A340-300 std

0.79

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

13

A340-600 std

0.78

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.68
0.76

15

A340-600 std

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.7

17

A380-800

0.15

0.15

1.01

18

A380-800

1.01

19

B737-800

1.02

20

B737-800

1.02

21

B767-400 ER

1.01

22

B767-400 ER

1.01

23

B747-400

0.17

0.18

24

B747-400

25

B747-400ER

0.04

0.04

26

B747-400ER

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.01

1.01

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.01

29

B777-300 ER

0.04

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.01

32

MD11ER Belly

1.02

33

MD11ER

1.01

34

MD11ER Belly

1.02

Section:R30to1785
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/06/09 at 16:26:02.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

103.6

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

600

1,025.00

0.35

Undefined

300

23,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,003.5 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34,310

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

27,448

A321-200 std

89

4,745

A321-200 std

75.5

3,504

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

10,512

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

10,512

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,088

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,088

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,088

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,088

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

292

19

B737-800

79

52,925

20

B737-800

71

41,464

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,840

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,548

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

292

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

8,264

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,416

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

2,044

34

MD11ER Belly

200

2,044

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.66

A330-200 std

0.66

A340-300 std

0.66

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.03

11

A340-300 std

0.66

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.03
0.66

13

A340-600 std

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.6

15

A340-600 std

0.65

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.61

17

A380-800

0.44

0.44

0.81

18

A380-800

0.81

19

B737-800

1.04

20

B737-800

1.04

21

B767-400 ER

1.02

22

B767-400 ER

1.02

23

B747-400

0.45

0.46

1.02

24

B747-400

1.02

25

B747-400ER

0.1

0.1

1.02

26

B747-400ER

1.02

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.03

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.14

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.02

32

MD11ER Belly

1.03

33

MD11ER

1.02

34

MD11ER Belly

1.03

Section:R2210to2250m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

99.7

1,378.95

0.35

600

595

0.35

Undefined

300

20,500.00

0.35

Undefined

1,200.00

300

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

Undefined

3
4
5

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,199.7 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34,310

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

27,448

A321-200 std

89

4,745

A321-200 std

75.5

3,504

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

10,512

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

10,512

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,088

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,088

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,088

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,088

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

292

19

B737-800

79

52,925

20

B737-800

71

41,464

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,840

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,548

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

292

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

8,264

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,416

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

2,044

34

MD11ER Belly

200

2,044

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A330-200 std

0.73

A330-200 std

0.73

A340-300 std

0.73

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

11

A340-300 std

0.73

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

13

A340-600 std

0.72

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.64

15

A340-600 std

0.7

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.66

17

A380-800

0.38

0.38

1.01

18

A380-800

1.01

19

B737-800

1.03

20

B737-800

1.03

21

B767-400 ER

1.02

22

B767-400 ER

1.02

23

B747-400

0.5

0.51

1.01

24

B747-400

1.01

25

B747-400ER

0.11

0.11

1.01

26

B747-400ER

1.01

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.04

1.01

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.01

29

B777-300 ER

0.17

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.01

32

MD11ER Belly

1.02

33

MD11ER

1.01

34

MD11ER Belly

1.02

Section:R2250to3222m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 02/18/09 at 11:32:25.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

103.3

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

600

1,091.00

0.35

Undefined

300

20,500.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,003.3 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34,310

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

27,448

A321-200 std

89

4,745

A321-200 std

75.5

3,504

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

10,512

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

10,512

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,088

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,088

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,088

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,088

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

292

19

B737-800

79

52,925

20

B737-800

71

41,464

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,840

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,548

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

292

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

8,264

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,416

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

2,044

34

MD11ER Belly

200

2,044

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.66

A330-200 std

0.66

A340-300 std

0.66

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.03

11

A340-300 std

0.66

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.03
0.66

13

A340-600 std

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.6

15

A340-600 std

0.65

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.61

17

A380-800

0.43

0.44

0.81

18

A380-800

0.81

19

B737-800

1.04

20

B737-800

1.04

21

B767-400 ER

1.02

22

B767-400 ER

1.02

23

B747-400

0.45

0.46

1.02

24

B747-400

1.02

25

B747-400ER

0.1

0.1

1.02

26

B747-400ER

1.02

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.03

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.14

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.02

32

MD11ER Belly

1.03

33

MD11ER

1.02

34

MD11ER Belly

1.03

Appendix D
ANNEXURE II: FAARFIELD SOFTWARE RUNS FOR
FLEXIBLE OVERLAY OVER
RUNWAY OUTER PAVEMENT

AppendixD
AnnexureII
FAARFIELDSOFTWARERUNSFORFLEXIBLEOVERLAYOVEROUTERRUNWAYPAVEMENT
DesignLife20years
Section:153to78m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

50.8

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

500

16,000.00

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 550.8 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34

A321-200 std

89

A300-B4 std

171

13

A330-200 std

230

13

A340-300 std

275

A340-300 std Belly

275

A340-600 std

368

A340-600 std Belly

368

A380-800

560

10

B737-800

79

53

11

B767-400 ER

204

12

B747-400

397

13

B747-400ER

441.4

14

B777-300 Baseline

300

10

15

B777-300 ER

353

16

MD11ER

285

17

MD11ER Belly

285

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.38

A321-200 std

1.35

A300-B4 std

0.69

A330-200 std

0.79

A340-300 std

0.79

A340-300 std Belly

1.27

A340-600 std

0.79

A340-600 std Belly

0.81
0.56

A380-800

0.01

0.01

10

B737-800

1.35

11

B767-400 ER

0.73

12

B747-400

0.71

13

B747-400ER

0.72

14

B777-300 Baseline

0.54

15

B777-300 ER

0.53

16

MD11ER

0.77

17

MD11ER Belly

1.29

Section:78to30m
The structure is New Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/26/09 at 11:38:33.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Surface

101.6

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

292.5

2,500.00

0.35

Undefined

300

1,091.00

0.35

Undefined

150

350

0.35

Undefined

800

67

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,644.1 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34

A321-200 std

89

A300-B4 std

171

13

A330-200 std

230

13

A340-300 std

275

A340-300 std Belly

275

A340-600 std

368

A340-600 std Belly

368

A380-800

560

10

B737-800

79

53

11

B767-400 ER

204

12

B747-400

397

13

B747-400ER

441.4

14

B777-300 Baseline

300

10

15

B777-300 ER

353

16

MD11ER

285

17

MD11ER Belly

285

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.07

A321-200 std

1.06

A300-B4 std

0.02

0.02

0.94

A330-200 std

0.08

0.08

0.57

A340-300 std

0.03

0.03

0.57

A340-300 std Belly

1.05

A340-600 std

0.07

0.07

0.57

A340-600 std Belly

0.04

0.54

A380-800

0.03

0.11

0.53

10

B737-800

1.07

11

B767-400 ER

0.03

0.04

1.04

12

B747-400

0.05

0.16

0.91

13

B747-400ER

0.02

0.06

0.87

14

B777-300 Baseline

0.28

0.28

0.81

15

B777-300 ER

0.37

0.37

0.88

16

MD11ER

0.02

0.02

0.76

17

MD11ER Belly

1.06

Section:L30to1785m
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

101.6

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

126.5

2,500.00

0.35

Undefined

300

1,111.00

0.35

Undefined

150

20,000.00

0.35

Undefined

850

200

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,528.1 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

343

A321-200 std

89

47

A300-B4 std

171

131

A330-200 std

230

131

A340-300 std

275

51

A340-300 std Belly

275

51

A340-600 std

368

51

A340-600 std Belly

368

51

A380-800

560

10

B737-800

79

529

11

B767-400 ER

204

69

12

B747-400

397

73

13

B747-400ER

441.4

14

B777-300 Baseline

300

101

15

B777-300 ER

353

42

16

MD11ER

285

22

17

MD11ER Belly

285

22

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.08

A321-200 std

1.08

A300-B4 std

0.85

A330-200 std

0.02

0.02

0.55

A340-300 std

0.01

0.01

0.55

A340-300 std Belly

1.06

A340-600 std

0.04

0.04

0.55

A340-600 std Belly

0.01

0.53

A380-800

0.02

0.11

0.48

10

B737-800

1.09

11

B767-400 ER

0.01

0.02

0.97

12

B747-400

0.08

0.37

0.82

13

B747-400ER

0.01

0.05

0.79

14

B777-300 Baseline

0.33

0.33

0.67

15

B777-300 ER

0.46

0.47

0.72

16

MD11ER

0.01

0.01

0.71

17

MD11ER Belly

1.07

Section:L2100to3222m
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/04/09 at 10:45:22.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

146.3

1,378.95

0.35

300

859

0.35

Undefined

150

20,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,160.00

223

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

Undefined

3
4
5

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,756.3 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

343

A321-200 std

89

47

A300-B4 std

171

131

A330-200 std

230

131

A340-300 std

275

51

A340-300 std Belly

275

51

A340-600 std

368

51

A340-600 std Belly

368

51

A380-800

560

10

B737-800

79

529

11

B767-400 ER

204

69

12

B747-400

397

73

13

B747-400ER

441.4

14

B777-300 Baseline

300

101

15

B777-300 ER

353

42

16

MD11ER

285

22

17

MD11ER Belly

285

22

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.06

A321-200 std

1.05

A300-B4 std

0.01

0.01

1.04

A330-200 std

0.03

0.04

0.6

A340-300 std

0.01

0.01

0.6

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

A340-600 std

0.06

0.06

0.6

A340-600 std Belly

0.02

0.55

A380-800

0.03

0.11

0.6

10

B737-800

1.06

11

B767-400 ER

0.02

0.03

1.04

12

B747-400

0.09

0.37

1.01

13

B747-400ER

0.01

0.05

0.96

14

B777-300 Baseline

0.29

0.29

1.01

15

B777-300 ER

0.42

0.43

1.02

16

MD11ER

0.02

0.02

0.83

17

MD11ER Belly

1.05

Section:R30to1785
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

101.6

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

53.8

2,500.00

0.35

Undefined

300

1,025.00

0.35

Undefined

150

23,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,605.4 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

343

A321-200 std

89

47

A300-B4 std

171

131

A330-200 std

230

131

A340-300 std

275

51

A340-300 std Belly

275

51

A340-600 std

368

51

A340-600 std Belly

368

51

A380-800

560

10

B737-800

79

529

11

B767-400 ER

204

69

12

B747-400

397

73

13

B747-400ER

441.4

14

B777-300 Baseline

300

101

15

B777-300 ER

353

42

16

MD11ER

285

22

17

MD11ER Belly

285

22

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.07

A321-200 std

1.07

A300-B4 std

0.01

0.91

A330-200 std

0.03

0.03

0.57

A340-300 std

0.01

0.01

0.56

A340-300 std Belly

1.06

A340-600 std

0.04

0.04

0.56

A340-600 std Belly

0.02

0.53

A380-800

0.03

0.11

0.51

10

B737-800

1.08

11

B767-400 ER

0.02

0.02

1.05

12

B747-400

0.08

0.38

0.88

13

B747-400ER

0.01

0.05

0.84

14

B777-300 Baseline

0.32

0.32

0.76

15

B777-300 ER

0.45

0.45

0.82

16

MD11ER

0.01

0.01

0.74

17

MD11ER Belly

1.06

Section:R2210to3222m
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

101.6

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

80.4

2,500.00

0.35

Undefined

300

595

0.35

Undefined

150

20,500.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,632.0 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

343

A321-200 std

89

47

A300-B4 std

171

131

A330-200 std

230

131

A340-300 std

275

51

A340-300 std Belly

275

51

A340-600 std

368

51

A340-600 std Belly

368

51

A380-800

560

10

B737-800

79

529

11

B767-400 ER

204

69

12

B747-400

397

73

13

B747-400ER

441.4

14

B777-300 Baseline

300

101

15

B777-300 ER

353

42

16

MD11ER

285

22

17

MD11ER Belly

285

22

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.07

A321-200 std

1.07

A300-B4 std

0.01

0.01

0.93

A330-200 std

0.03

0.03

0.57

A340-300 std

0.01

0.01

0.57

A340-300 std Belly

1.05

A340-600 std

0.04

0.04

0.57

A340-600 std Belly

0.02

0.54

A380-800

0.03

0.11

0.53

10

B737-800

1.07

11

B767-400 ER

0.02

0.02

1.05

12

B747-400

0.1

0.4

0.9

13

B747-400ER

0.02

0.05

0.86

14

B777-300 Baseline

0.31

0.32

0.79

15

B777-300 ER

0.43

0.43

0.86

16

MD11ER

0.02

0.02

0.75

17

MD11ER Belly

1.06

Appendix D
ANNEXURE III: FAARFIELD SOFTWARE RUNS FOR
NEW RUNWAY OUTER PAVEMENT

AppendixD
AnnexureIII
FAARFIELDSOFTWARERUNSFORNEWRUNWAYOUTERPAVEMENT
DesignLife20years
The structure is New Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/27/09 at 11:41:40.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Surface

200

1,378.95

0.35

P-306 Econocrete

604.6

4,826.33

0.2

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

No.

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 804.6 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

343

A321-200 std

89

47

A300-B4 std

171

131

A330-200 std

230

131

A340-300 std

275

51

A340-300 std Belly

275

51

A340-600 std

368

51

A340-600 std Belly

368

51

A380-800

560

10

B737-800

79

529

11

B767-400 ER

204

69

12

B747-400

397

73

13

B747-400ER

441.4

14

B777-300 Baseline

300

101

15

B777-300 ER

353

42

16

MD11ER

285

22

17

MD11ER Belly

285

22

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.23

A321-200 std

1.22

A300-B4 std

0.61

A330-200 std

0.01

0.01

0.62

A340-300 std

0.63

A340-300 std Belly

1.19

A340-600 std

0.01

0.02

0.63

A340-600 std Belly

0.01

0.63
0.44

A380-800

0.02

0.1

10

B737-800

1.25

11

B767-400 ER

0.01

0.01

0.58

12

B747-400

0.07

0.37

0.58

13

B747-400ER

0.01

0.05

0.58

14

B777-300 Baseline

0.33

0.33

0.43

15

B777-300 ER

0.54

0.54

0.42

16

MD11ER

0.62

17

MD11ER Belly

1.2

Appendix D
ANNEXURE IV: FAARFIELD SOFTWARE RUNS FOR
RIGID PAVEMENT OVER EXISTING BASE

AppendixD
AnnexureIV
FAARFIELDSOFTWARERUNSFORRIGIDPAVEMENTOVEREXISTINGBASE
DesignLife30years
Section:3222to3297m
The section does not have a design life of 20 years. This constitutes a deviation from standards and requires FAA approval.
The structure is New Rigid.
Design Life = 30 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/27/09 at 20:43:44.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

PCC Surface

471.6

27,579.03

0.15

4.5

Undefined

450

3,200.00

0.35

Subgrade

88.42

0.4

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 921.6 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

34,310

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

27,448

A321-200 std

89

4,745

A321-200 std

75.5

3,504

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

10,512

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

10,512

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,088

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,088

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,088

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,088

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

292

19

B737-800

79

52,925

20

B737-800

71

41,464

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,840

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,548

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

292

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

8,264

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,416

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

2,044

34

MD11ER Belly

200

2,044

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

0.01

3.7

A320-200 Twin std

3.7

A321-200 std

0.02

3.46

A321-200 std

3.46

A300-B4 std

0.02

0.04

3.63

A300-B4 std

3.63

A330-200 std

0.06

0.06

1.88

A330-200 std

1.88

A340-300 std

0.02

0.02

1.9

10

A340-300 std Belly

0.02

2.89

11

A340-300 std

1.9

12

A340-300 std Belly

2.89

13

A340-600 std

0.22

0.22

1.91

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.09

2.47

15

A340-600 std

2.03

16

A340-600 std Belly

2.22

17

A380-800

3.61

18

A380-800

3.61

19

B737-800

0.03

3.53

20

B737-800

3.53

21

B767-400 ER

0.05

0.06

3.63

22

B767-400 ER

3.63

23

B747-400

0.04

0.04

3.46

24

B747-400

3.46

25

B747-400ER

0.02

0.02

3.64

26

B747-400ER

3.64

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.09

0.09

4.13

28

B777-300 Baseline

4.13

29

B777-300 ER

0.45

0.45

3.86

30

B777-300 ER

3.86

31

MD11ER

0.02

0.02

3.68

32

MD11ER Belly

0.03

3.01

33

MD11ER

3.68

34

MD11ER Belly

3.01

Appendix D
ANNEXURE V: FAARFIELD SOFTWARE RUNS FOR
RUNWAY SHOULDER

AppendixD
AnnexureV
FAARFIELDSOFTWARERUNSFORSHOULDER
DesignLife10years
Section:153to78m
The section does not have a design life of 20 years. This constitutes a deviation from standards and requires FAA approval.
The aircraft list contains only one aircraft. Please see the introduction to the Help File for a discussion on using FAArfield to make single
aircraft comparisons.
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 10 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

No.

Type

mm

Undefined

500

16,000.00

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 500.0 mm

Airplane Information

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

B777-300 ER

353

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

Additional Airplane Information

Subgrade CDF

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

B777-300 ER

0.56

Section:78to30m
The section does not have a design life of 20 years. This constitutes a deviation from standards and requires FAA approval.
The aircraft list contains only one aircraft. Please see the introduction to the Help File for a discussion on using FAArfield to make single
aircraft comparisons.
The structure is New Flexible. Asphalt CDF was not computed.
Design Life = 10 years.
A design for this section was completed on 03/26/09 at 11:49:16.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Surface

101.6

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

52.5

2,500.00

0.35

Undefined

300

1,091.00

0.35

Undefined

150

350

0.35

Undefined

800

67

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

No.

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,404.1 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

Departures

Growth

No.

Name

tonnes

B777-300 ER

353

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

Additional Airplane Information

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

B777-300 ER

0.6

Section:L30to1785m
The section does not have a design life of 20 years. This constitutes a deviation from standards and requires FAA approval.
The aircraft list contains only one aircraft. Please see the introduction to the Help File for a discussion on using FAArfield to make single
aircraft comparisons.
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 10 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

No.

Type

mm

Undefined

300

1,111.00

0.35

Undefined

150

20,000.00

0.35

Undefined

850

200

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,300.0 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

B777-300 ER

353

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

for Airplane

Ratio

0.2

0.53

No.

Name

Contribution

B777-300 ER

0.2

Section:L2100to3222m
The section does not have a design life of 20 years. This constitutes a deviation from standards and requires FAA approval.
The aircraft list contains only one aircraft. Please see the introduction to the Help File for a discussion on using FAArfield to make single
aircraft comparisons.
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 10 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

300

859

0.35

Undefined

150

20,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,160.00

223

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,610.0 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

B777-300 ER

353

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

B777-300 ER

0.03

0.03

0.83

Section:R30to1785
The section does not have a design life of 20 years. This constitutes a deviation from standards and requires FAA approval.
The aircraft list contains only one aircraft. Please see the introduction to the Help File for a discussion on using FAArfield to make single
aircraft comparisons.
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 10 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

No.

Type

mm

Undefined

300

1,025.00

0.35

Undefined

150

23,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,450.0 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

B777-300 ER

353

Additional Airplane Information

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

for Airplane

Ratio

0.04

0.64

No.

Name

Contribution

B777-300 ER

0.04

Section:R2100to3222m
The section does not have a design life of 20 years. This constitutes a deviation from standards and requires FAA approval.
The aircraft list contains only one aircraft. Please see the introduction to the Help File for a discussion on using FAArfield to make single
aircraft comparisons.
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 10 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

No.

Type

mm

Undefined

300

595

0.35

Undefined

150

20,500.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,450.0 mm

Airplane Information

Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

Departures

Growth

No.

Name

tonnes

B777-300 ER

353

CDF

CDF Max

P/C

Additional Airplane Information

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

B777-300 ER

0.06

0.06

0.64

Appendix D
ANNEXURE VI: FAARFIELD SOFTWARE RUNS FOR
TAXIWAY CONNECTIONS WITH RUNWAY

AppendixD
AnnexureVI
FAARFIELDSOFTWARERUNSFORTAXIWAYCONNECTIONSWITHRUNWAY
DesignLife20years
TaxiwayN
The structure is AC Overlay on Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First

No.

Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Type
P-401/ P-403 HMA
Overlay

50.8

1,378.95

0.35

Undefined

500

16,000.00

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 550.8 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

17,155

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

37,741

A321-200 std

89

2,373

A321-200 std

75.5

4,818

A300-B4 std

171

1,314

A300-B4 std

140

9,198

A330-200 std

230

1,314

A330-200 std

185

9,198

A340-300 std

275

511

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

511

11

A340-300 std

200

3,577

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

3,577

13

A340-600 std

368

511

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

511

15

A340-600 std

259

3,577

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

3,577

17

A380-800

560

37

18

A380-800

386

256

19

B737-800

79

26,171

20

B737-800

71

56,721

21

B767-400 ER

204

694

22

B767-400 ER

159

5,110

23

B747-400

397

730

24

B747-400

274

4,855

25

B747-400ER

441.4

37

26

B747-400ER

340

256

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

1,007

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

7,231

29

B777-300 ER

353

416

30

B777-300 ER

252

2,989

31

MD11ER

285

219

32

MD11ER Belly

285

219

33

MD11ER

200

1,789

34

MD11ER Belly

200

1,789

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.38

A320-200 Twin std

1.38

A321-200 std

1.35

A321-200 std

1.35

A300-B4 std

0.69

A300-B4 std

0.69

A330-200 std

0.79

A330-200 std

0.79

A340-300 std

0.79

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.27

11

A340-300 std

0.79

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.27

13

A340-600 std

0.79

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.81

15

A340-600 std

0.81

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.78

17

A380-800

0.22

0.23

0.56

18

A380-800

0.01

0.01

0.56

19

B737-800

1.35

20

B737-800

1.35

21

B767-400 ER

0.73

22

B767-400 ER

0.73

23

B747-400

0.52

0.52

0.71

24

B747-400

0.02

0.02

0.71

25

B747-400ER

0.1

0.1

0.72

26

B747-400ER

0.02

0.02

0.72

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.11

0.54

28

B777-300 Baseline

0.07

0.54

29

B777-300 ER

0.43

0.53

30

B777-300 ER

0.03

0.53

31

MD11ER

0.77

32

MD11ER Belly

1.29

33

MD11ER

0.77

34

MD11ER Belly

1.29

TaxiwayW1
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

1,111.00

0.35

Undefined

300

21,000.00

0.35

Undefined

950

300

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,850.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

1,029

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

3,088

A321-200 std

89

142

A321-200 std

75.5

394

A300-B4 std

171

131

A300-B4 std

140

394

A330-200 std

230

131

A330-200 std

185

394

A340-300 std

275

51

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

51

11

A340-300 std

200

153

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

153

13

A340-600 std

368

51

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

51

15

A340-600 std

259

153

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

153

17

A380-800

560

18

A380-800

386

11

19

B737-800

79

1,573

20

B737-800

71

4,621

21

B767-400 ER

204

69

22

B767-400 ER

159

219

23

B747-400

397

73

24

B747-400

274

208

25

B747-400ER

441.4

26

B747-400ER

340

11

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

101

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

310

29

B777-300 ER

353

42

30

B777-300 ER

252

128

31

MD11ER

285

22

32

MD11ER Belly

285

22

33

MD11ER

200

77

34

MD11ER Belly

200

77

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.05

A320-200 Twin std

1.05

A321-200 std

1.05

A321-200 std

1.05

A300-B4 std

1.05

A300-B4 std

1.05

A330-200 std

0.62

A330-200 std

0.62

A340-300 std

0.62

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

11

A340-300 std

0.62

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

13

A340-600 std

0.62

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.57

15

A340-600 std

0.61

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.58

17

A380-800

0.01

0.01

0.66

18

A380-800

0.66

19

B737-800

1.05

20

B737-800

1.05

21

B767-400 ER

1.03

22

B767-400 ER

1.03

23

B747-400

0.01

0.01

1.03

24

B747-400

1.03

25

B747-400ER

1.03

26

B747-400ER

1.03

27

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.01

1.02

30

B777-300 ER

1.02

31

MD11ER

0.89

32

MD11ER Belly

1.04

33

MD11ER

0.89

34

MD11ER Belly

1.04

TaxiwayN5
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

859

0.35

Undefined

300

20,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,160.00

223

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,060.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

4,803

A321-200 std

75.5

613

A300-B4 std

140

1,314

A330-200 std

185

1,314

A340-300 std

200

511

A340-300 std Belly

200

511

A340-600 std

259

511

A340-600 std Belly

259

511

A380-800

386

37

10

B737-800

71

7,227

11

B767-400 ER

159

730

12

B747-400

274

694

13

B747-400ER

340

37

14

B777-300 Baseline

252

1,033

15

B777-300 ER

252

427

16

MD11ER

200

256

17

MD11ER Belly

200

256

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.03

A321-200 std

1.03

A300-B4 std

1.03

A330-200 std

0.68

A340-300 std

0.68

A340-300 std Belly

1.03

A340-600 std

0.66

A340-600 std Belly

0.62

A380-800

0.89

10

B737-800

1.04

11

B767-400 ER

1.02

12

B747-400

1.02

13

B747-400ER

1.02

14

B777-300 Baseline

1.01

15

B777-300 ER

1.01

16

MD11ER

1.01

17

MD11ER Belly

1.03

TaxiwayN4
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

959

0.35

Undefined

300

22,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,400.00

293

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,300.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

48,034

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

33,452

A321-200 std

89

6,643

A321-200 std

75.5

4,271

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

12,286

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

12,286

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,778

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,778

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,778

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,778

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

341

19

B737-800

79

73,803

20

B737-800

71

49,896

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

6,826

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,265

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

341

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

9,353

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,993

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

256

34

MD11ER Belly

200

256

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.02

A320-200 Twin std

1.02

A321-200 std

1.02

A321-200 std

1.02

A300-B4 std

1.02

A300-B4 std

1.02

A330-200 std

0.77

A330-200 std

0.77

A340-300 std

0.77

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

11

A340-300 std

0.77

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

13

A340-600 std

0.76

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.66

15

A340-600 std

0.74

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.69

17

A380-800

0.24

0.24

1.01

18

A380-800

1.01

19

B737-800

1.02

20

B737-800

1.02

21

B767-400 ER

1.01

22

B767-400 ER

1.01

23

B747-400

0.29

0.3

24

B747-400

25

B747-400ER

0.07

0.07

1.01

26

B747-400ER

1.01

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.02

1.01

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.01

29

B777-300 ER

0.08

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.01

32

MD11ER Belly

1.02

33

MD11ER

1.01

34

MD11ER Belly

1.02

TaxiwayN3
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

959

0.35

Undefined

300

22,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,400.00

293

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 2,300.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

48,034

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

33,452

A321-200 std

89

6,643

A321-200 std

75.5

4,271

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

12,286

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

12,286

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,778

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,778

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,778

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,778

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

341

19

B737-800

79

73,803

20

B737-800

71

49,896

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

6,826

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,265

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

341

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

9,353

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,993

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

256

34

MD11ER Belly

200

256

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.02

A320-200 Twin std

1.02

A321-200 std

1.02

A321-200 std

1.02

A300-B4 std

1.02

A300-B4 std

1.02

A330-200 std

0.77

A330-200 std

0.77

A340-300 std

0.77

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

11

A340-300 std

0.77

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.02

13

A340-600 std

0.76

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.66

15

A340-600 std

0.74

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.69

17

A380-800

0.24

0.24

1.01

18

A380-800

1.01

19

B737-800

1.02

20

B737-800

1.02

21

B767-400 ER

1.01

22

B767-400 ER

1.01

23

B747-400

0.29

0.3

24

B747-400

25

B747-400ER

0.07

0.07

1.01

26

B747-400ER

1.01

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.02

1.01

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.01

29

B777-300 ER

0.08

1.01

30

B777-300 ER

1.01

31

MD11ER

1.01

32

MD11ER Belly

1.02

33

MD11ER

1.01

34

MD11ER Belly

1.02

TaxiwayN1
The structure is New Rigid.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

PCC Surface

475

27,579.03

0.15

4.5

Undefined

450

3,200.00

0.35

Undefined

900

200

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.4

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,825.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

48,034

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

33,452

A321-200 std

89

6,643

A321-200 std

75.5

4,271

A300-B4 std

171

13,140

A300-B4 std

140

12,286

A330-200 std

230

13,140

A330-200 std

185

12,286

A340-300 std

275

5,110

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

5,110

11

A340-300 std

200

4,778

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

4,778

13

A340-600 std

368

5,110

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

5,110

15

A340-600 std

259

4,778

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

4,778

17

A380-800

560

365

18

A380-800

386

341

19

B737-800

79

73,803

20

B737-800

71

49,896

21

B767-400 ER

204

6,935

22

B767-400 ER

159

6,826

23

B747-400

397

7,300

24

B747-400

274

5,265

25

B747-400ER

441.4

365

26

B747-400ER

340

341

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

10,074

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

9,353

29

B777-300 ER

353

4,161

30

B777-300 ER

252

3,993

31

MD11ER

285

2,190

32

MD11ER Belly

285

2,190

33

MD11ER

200

256

34

MD11ER Belly

200

256

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

3.7

A320-200 Twin std

3.7

A321-200 std

3.46

A321-200 std

3.46

A300-B4 std

3.63

A300-B4 std

3.63

A330-200 std

1.88

A330-200 std

1.88

A340-300 std

1.9

10

A340-300 std Belly

2.89

11

A340-300 std

1.9

12

A340-300 std Belly

2.89

13

A340-600 std

1.91

14

A340-600 std Belly

2.47

15

A340-600 std

2.03

16

A340-600 std Belly

2.22

17

A380-800

3.61

18

A380-800

3.61

19

B737-800

3.53

20

B737-800

3.53

21

B767-400 ER

3.63

22

B767-400 ER

3.63

23

B747-400

3.46

24

B747-400

3.46

25

B747-400ER

3.64

26

B747-400ER

3.64

27

B777-300 Baseline

4.13

28

B777-300 Baseline

4.13

29

B777-300 ER

3.86

30

B777-300 ER

3.86

31

MD11ER

3.68

32

MD11ER Belly

3.01

33

MD11ER

3.68

34

MD11ER Belly

3.01

TaxiwayS
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

1,025.00

0.35

Undefined

300

23,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.79

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,900.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

3,637

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

5,695

A321-200 std

89

503

A321-200 std

75.5

727

A300-B4 std

171

263

A300-B4 std

140

1,840

A330-200 std

230

263

A330-200 std

185

1,840

A340-300 std

275

102

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

102

11

A340-300 std

200

715

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

715

13

A340-600 std

368

102

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

102

15

A340-600 std

259

715

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

715

17

A380-800

560

18

A380-800

386

51

19

B737-800

79

5,533

20

B737-800

71

8,636

21

B767-400 ER

204

139

22

B767-400 ER

159

1,022

23

B747-400

397

110

24

B747-400

274

1,073

25

B747-400ER

441.4

26

B747-400ER

340

51

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

194

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

1,472

29

B777-300 ER

353

83

30

B777-300 ER

252

598

31

MD11ER

285

32

MD11ER Belly

285

33

MD11ER

200

537

34

MD11ER Belly

200

537

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.63

A330-200 std

0.63

A340-300 std

0.63

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

11

A340-300 std

0.63

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

13

A340-600 std

0.63

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.58

15

A340-600 std

0.62

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.59

17

A380-800

0.02

0.02

0.7

18

A380-800

0.7

19

B737-800

1.05

20

B737-800

1.05

21

B767-400 ER

1.03

22

B767-400 ER

1.03

23

B747-400

0.02

0.02

1.03

24

B747-400

1.03

25

B747-400ER

0.01

0.01

1.03

26

B747-400ER

1.03

27

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.02

1.02

30

B777-300 ER

1.02

31

MD11ER

0.93

32

MD11ER Belly

1.04

33

MD11ER

0.93

34

MD11ER Belly

1.04

TaxiwayS8
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

1,025.00

0.35

Undefined

300

23,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,900.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

4,803

A321-200 std

75.5

613

A300-B4 std

140

1,840

A330-200 std

185

1,840

A340-300 std

200

715

A340-300 std Belly

200

715

A340-600 std

259

715

A340-600 std Belly

259

715

A380-800

386

51

10

B737-800

71

7,307

11

B767-400 ER

159

1,022

12

B747-400

274

1,073

13

B747-400ER

340

51

14

B777-300 Baseline

252

1,472

15

B777-300 ER

252

598

16

MD11ER

200

537

17

MD11ER Belly

200

537

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.63

A340-300 std

0.63

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

A340-600 std

0.62

A340-600 std Belly

0.59

A380-800

0.7

10

B737-800

1.05

11

B767-400 ER

1.03

12

B747-400

1.03

13

B747-400ER

1.03

14

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

15

B777-300 ER

1.02

16

MD11ER

0.93

17

MD11ER Belly

1.04

TaxiwayS7
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

1,025.00

0.35

Undefined

300

23,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,900.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

4,803

A321-200 std

75.5

613

A300-B4 std

140

1,840

A330-200 std

185

1,840

A340-300 std

200

715

A340-300 std Belly

200

715

A340-600 std

259

715

A340-600 std Belly

259

715

A380-800

386

51

10

B737-800

71

7,307

11

B767-400 ER

159

1,022

12

B747-400

274

1,073

13

B747-400ER

340

51

14

B777-300 Baseline

252

1,472

15

B777-300 ER

252

598

16

MD11ER

200

537

17

MD11ER Belly

200

537

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.63

A340-300 std

0.63

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

A340-600 std

0.62

A340-600 std Belly

0.59

A380-800

0.7

10

B737-800

1.05

11

B767-400 ER

1.03

12

B747-400

1.03

13

B747-400ER

1.03

14

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

15

B777-300 ER

1.02

16

MD11ER

0.93

17

MD11ER Belly

1.04

TaxiwayW1
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

1,025.00

0.35

Undefined

300

23,000.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,900.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

1,029

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

3,088

A321-200 std

89

142

A321-200 std

75.5

394

A300-B4 std

171

131

A300-B4 std

140

394

A330-200 std

230

131

A330-200 std

185

394

A340-300 std

275

51

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

51

11

A340-300 std

200

153

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

153

13

A340-600 std

368

51

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

51

15

A340-600 std

259

153

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

153

17

A380-800

560

18

A380-800

386

11

19

B737-800

79

1,573

20

B737-800

71

4,621

21

B767-400 ER

204

69

22

B767-400 ER

159

219

23

B747-400

397

73

24

B747-400

274

208

25

B747-400ER

441.4

26

B747-400ER

340

11

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

101

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

310

29

B777-300 ER

353

42

30

B777-300 ER

252

128

31

MD11ER

285

22

32

MD11ER Belly

285

22

33

MD11ER

200

77

34

MD11ER Belly

200

77

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.63

A330-200 std

0.63

A340-300 std

0.63

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

11

A340-300 std

0.63

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

13

A340-600 std

0.63

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.58

15

A340-600 std

0.62

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.59

17

A380-800

0.01

0.01

0.7

18

A380-800

0.7

19

B737-800

1.05

20

B737-800

1.05

21

B767-400 ER

1.03

22

B767-400 ER

1.03

23

B747-400

0.02

0.02

1.03

24

B747-400

1.03

25

B747-400ER

1.03

26

B747-400ER

1.03

27

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.01

1.02

30

B777-300 ER

1.02

31

MD11ER

0.93

32

MD11ER Belly

1.04

33

MD11ER

0.93

34

MD11ER Belly

1.04

TaxiwayS4
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

1,091.00

0.35

Undefined

300

20,500.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,900.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

4,803

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

8,166

A321-200 std

89

664

A321-200 std

75.5

1,042

A300-B4 std

171

788

A300-B4 std

140

3,022

A330-200 std

230

788

A330-200 std

185

3,022

A340-300 std

275

307

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

307

11

A340-300 std

200

1,175

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

1,175

13

A340-600 std

368

307

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

307

15

A340-600 std

259

1,175

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

1,175

17

A380-800

560

22

18

A380-800

386

84

19

B737-800

79

7,453

20

B737-800

71

12,162

21

B767-400 ER

204

416

22

B767-400 ER

159

1,679

23

B747-400

397

694

24

B747-400

274

1,259

25

B747-400ER

441.4

22

26

B747-400ER

340

84

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

656

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

2,292

29

B777-300 ER

353

250

30

B777-300 ER

252

982

31

MD11ER

285

438

32

MD11ER Belly

285

438

33

MD11ER

200

34

MD11ER Belly

200

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.63

A330-200 std

0.63

A340-300 std

0.63

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

11

A340-300 std

0.63

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

13

A340-600 std

0.63

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.58

15

A340-600 std

0.62

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.59

17

A380-800

0.07

0.07

0.7

18

A380-800

0.7

19

B737-800

1.05

20

B737-800

1.05

21

B767-400 ER

1.03

22

B767-400 ER

1.03

23

B747-400

0.15

0.15

1.03

24

B747-400

1.03

25

B747-400ER

0.02

0.02

1.03

26

B747-400ER

1.03

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.01

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.05

1.02

30

B777-300 ER

1.02

31

MD11ER

0.93

32

MD11ER Belly

1.04

33

MD11ER

0.93

34

MD11ER Belly

1.04

TaxiwayS3
The structure is New Flexible.
Design Life = 20 years.
A design has not been completed for this section.

Pavement Structure Information by Layer, Top First


Thickness

Modulus

Poisson's

Strength

No.

Type

mm

MPa

Ratio

R,MPa

Undefined

600

1,091.00

0.35

Undefined

300

20,500.00

0.35

Undefined

1,000.00

266

0.35

Subgrade

20.68

0.35

Total thickness to the top of the subgrade = 1,900.0 mm

Airplane Information
Gross Wt.

Annual

% Annual

No.

Name

tonnes

Departures

Growth

A320-200 Twin std

77

4,803

A320-200 Twin std

64.5

8,166

A321-200 std

89

664

A321-200 std

75.5

1,042

A300-B4 std

171

788

A300-B4 std

140

3,022

A330-200 std

230

788

A330-200 std

185

3,022

A340-300 std

275

307

10

A340-300 std Belly

275

307

11

A340-300 std

200

1,175

12

A340-300 std Belly

200

1,175

13

A340-600 std

368

307

14

A340-600 std Belly

368

307

15

A340-600 std

259

1,175

16

A340-600 std Belly

259

1,175

17

A380-800

560

22

18

A380-800

386

84

19

B737-800

79

7,453

20

B737-800

71

12,162

21

B767-400 ER

204

416

22

B767-400 ER

159

1,679

23

B747-400

397

694

24

B747-400

274

1,259

25

B747-400ER

441.4

22

26

B747-400ER

340

84

27

B777-300 Baseline

300

656

28

B777-300 Baseline

252

2,292

29

B777-300 ER

353

250

30

B777-300 ER

252

982

31

MD11ER

285

438

32

MD11ER Belly

285

438

33

MD11ER

200

34

MD11ER Belly

200

Additional Airplane Information


CDF

CDF Max

P/C

No.

Name

Contribution

for Airplane

Ratio

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A320-200 Twin std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A321-200 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A300-B4 std

1.04

A330-200 std

0.63

A330-200 std

0.63

A340-300 std

0.63

10

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

11

A340-300 std

0.63

12

A340-300 std Belly

1.04

13

A340-600 std

0.63

14

A340-600 std Belly

0.58

15

A340-600 std

0.62

16

A340-600 std Belly

0.59

17

A380-800

0.07

0.07

0.7

18

A380-800

0.7

19

B737-800

1.05

20

B737-800

1.05

21

B767-400 ER

1.03

22

B767-400 ER

1.03

23

B747-400

0.15

0.15

1.03

24

B747-400

1.03

25

B747-400ER

0.02

0.02

1.03

26

B747-400ER

1.03

27

B777-300 Baseline

0.01

1.02

28

B777-300 Baseline

1.02

29

B777-300 ER

0.05

1.02

30

B777-300 ER

1.02

31

MD11ER

0.93

32

MD11ER Belly

1.04

33

MD11ER

0.93

34

MD11ER Belly

1.04

Appendix E
ANNEXURE I: COMFAA CHECK FOR
FLEXIBLE SECTIONS

Appendix E
Annexure I

COMFAA DESIGN CHECK - FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT SECTION (Chainage: -153 to -30m)


Aircraft
MTOW
Annual Departures
20 yr Departures
Gear Type

A320
77
3431
68620
D

A321
89
475
9490
D

A300-B4
171
1314
26280
2D

A330
230
1314
26280
2D

A340-200/300 A340-500/600 A380-800 B737-800 B767-400ER B747-400 B747-400ER B777-300 B777-300ER


275
368
560
79
204
397
441.4
300
353
511
511
37
5293
694
730
37
1007
416
10220
10220
730
105850
13870
14600
730
20148
8322
2D
2D
3D
D
2D
2D
2D
3D
3D

MD11
285
219
4380
2D

Thickness computation
P/C
Coverages
Thickness COMFAA

3.72
18446
1592.3

3.46
2743
1523.1

1.82
14440
1967.3

1.88
13979
2207.6

1.88
5436
2071.7

1.90
5379
2240.1

1.42
514
1900.8

3.56
29733
1664.2

1.81
7663
2127

1.74
8391
2089.6

1.83
399
1782.9

1.38
14600
2233.6

1.31
6353
2392.6

1.84
2380
2080.4

Gear Conversion Factor


3D
2D
D
S

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

1
1.56
2.44
3.05

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

1
1.56
2.44
3.05

1
1.56
2.44
3.05

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

Equivalent Departures Computation


Percentage weight on Main Gear
Number of wheels on Main Gear
Number of Main Gears
Weight on Single Main Gear wheel

0.95
2
2
18.29

0.95
2
2
21.14

0.95
4
2
20.31

0.95
4
2
27.31

0.78
4
2
26.81

0.658
4
2
30.27

0.57
6
2
26.60

0.95
2
2
18.76

0.95
4
2
24.23

0.95
4
4
23.57

0.95
4
4
26.21

0.95
6
2
23.75

0.95
6
2
27.95

0.78
4
2
27.79

Weight Conversion Factor


Equivalent Deaprtures in Terms of B777-300ER
Equivalent Coverages in Terms of B777-300ER

0.81
3974
1068

0.87
1325
383

0.85
4001
2198

0.99
15054
8007

0.98
5463
2906

1.04
9354
4923

0.98
622
438

0.82
6308
1772

0.93
4743
2620

0.92
4432
2547

0.97
385
210

0.92
9289
6731

1.00
8322
6353

1.00
2741
1490

Total Equivalent Coverages of Design Aicraft


B777-300ER

41647

Design S77-1 Thickness by COMFAA

2547

COMFAA DESIGN CHECK - FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT SECTION (Chainage: -30 to 3222m)


Aircraft
MTOW
Annual Departures
20 yr Departures
Gear Type

A320
77
34310
686200
D

A321
89
4745
94900
D

A300-B4
171
13140
262800
2D

A330
230
13140
262800
2D

A340-200/300 A340-500/600 A380-800 B737-800 B767-400ER B747-400 B747-400ER B777-300 B777-300ER


275
368
560
79
204
397
441.4
300
353
5110
5110
365
52925
6935
7300
365
10074
4161
102200
102200
7300
1058500
138700
146000
7300
201480
83220
2D
2D
3D
D
2D
2D
2D
3D
3D

MD11
285
2190
43800
2D

Thickness computation
P/C
Coverages
Thickness COMFAA

3.72
184462
1770.1

3.46
27428
1757.4

1.82
144396
2172.6

1.88
139787
2420.8

1.88
54362
2313.3

1.90
53789
2495.1

1.42
5141
2117.7

3.56
297331
1833.6

1.81
76630
2334.8

1.74
83908
2293.8

1.83
3989
2139.5

1.38
146000
2372.4

1.31
63527
2573.8

1.84
23804
2355.8

Gear Conversion Factor


3D
2D
D
S

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

1
1.56
2.44
3.05

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

1
1.56
2.44
3.05

1
1.56
2.44
3.05

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

Equivalent Departures Computation


Percentage weight on Main Gear
Number of wheels on Main Gear
Number of Main Gears
Weight on Single Main Gear wheel

0.95
2
2
18.29

0.95
2
2
21.14

0.95
4
2
20.31

0.95
4
2
27.31

0.78
4
2
26.81

0.658
4
2
30.27

0.57
6
2
26.60

0.95
2
2
18.76

0.95
4
2
24.23

0.95
4
4
23.57

0.95
4
4
26.21

0.95
6
2
23.75

0.95
6
2
27.95

0.78
4
2
27.79

Weight Conversion Factor


Equivalent Deaprtures in Terms of B777-300ER
Equivalent Coverages in Terms of B777-300ER

0.81
25593
6880

0.87
9816
2837

0.85
28485
15651

0.99
146639
78000

0.98
52116
27721

1.04
102735
54071

0.98
5877
4139

0.82
41615
11690

0.93
40465
22356

0.92
36729
21109

0.97
3578
1955

0.92
77598
56231

1.00
83220
63527

1.00
27229
14799

Total Equivalent Coverages of Design Aicraft


B777-300ER

380964

Design S77-1 Thickness by COMFAA

2663.9

COMFAA DESIGN CHECK - FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT SECTION (-78m to 3222m)


Equivalency Factors
Converion to P-154 (GSB)

P-209

Crushed Aggregate Base


(WMM, FCR)

Lower Limit

Upper limit

Average

Adopted

Remarks

1.20

1.80

1.50

1.5

MediumQualityMaterial

2.75

HighEvalues

Chainage: -78 to -30m

0.6

Chainage: -30 to 3222m

0.9

Inchainage:78mto30m,thesubabse
hasverylowmodulus

Adopted
1.6and1.2

Remarks
HighQualityMaterial

Existing Concrete
Existing Subbase

Converion to P-209
P-401
Existing Base

AC, SDAC, DBM

Lower Limit
1.20

Upper limit
1.60

Average
1.40

1.00
FAARFIELD Thickness

Overlay AC surface
Overaly AC Base
Surface (AC)
PCC
base
Subbase

COMFAA Thickness (Chainage: -30 to 3222m)

-78 to -30

L: -30 to 1000

L: 1000 to 1785

L: 2100 to 2250

L: 2250 to 3222

R: -30 to 1785

R: 2100 to 2250

R: 2250 to 3222

100
330
600
0
300
800

85
0
600
300
0
850

100
0
600
300
0
950

120
0
600
300
0
1160

50
0
600
300
0
1400

100
0
600
300
0
1000

100
0
600
300
0
1200

100
0
600
300
0
1000

S77-1
Structure

AC P-401
WMM P-209
GSB P-154

75
150
2439

2664

COMFAA Thickness (Chainage: -153 to -30m)


Equivalent S-77 1 Structure
AC
P209
P154
Total

75
150
2487
2712

75
150
2469
2694

75
150
2595
2820

75
150
2832
3057

75
150
2880
3105

75
150
2640
2865

75
150
2820
3045

75
150
2640
2865

S77-1
Structure

AC P-401
WMM P-209
GSB P-154

75
150
2322

2547

COMFAA DESIGN CHECK - EASTERN RIGID END (-153m to -78m)


Equivalency Factors
Converion to P-154 (GSB)
Lower Limit Upper limit
Crushed Aggregate Base
(WMM, FCR)

P-209

1.20

1.80

Average

Adopted

Remarks

1.50

1.5

MediumQualityMaterial

2.75

HighEvalues

Existing Concrete
Converion to P-209
P-401

AC, SDAC, DBM

Lower Limit Upper limit Average


1.20
1.60
1.40

Adopted
1.6

Remarks
HighQualityMaterial

Thickness
-153 to -78

Overlay Asphalt surface

200

Overaly CTB Base

400

PCC
Subgrade (CBR 2%)

500
-

COMFAA Thickness (Chainage: -153 to -30m)


S77-1
Structure

AC P-401
WMM P-209
GSB P-154

75
150
2322

2547
AC
P209
P154
Total

Equivalent S-77 1 Structure


75
150
2410
2635

Appendix E
ANNEXURE II: COMFAA CHECK FOR
RIGID SECTIONS

Appendix E
Annexure II

COMFAA DESIGN CHECK - RIGID OVER EXISTING SUBBASE (Chainage: 3222 to 3297m)
Aircraft
MTOW
Annual Departures
20 yr Departures
Gear Type

A320
77
34310
686200
D

A321
89
4745
94900
D

A300-B4
171
13140
262800
2D

A330
230
13140
262800
2D

Thickness computation
P/C
Coverages
Thickness COMFAA

3.7
185459
403.9

3.46
27428
391.5

3.63
72397
365.4

1.88
139787
389.4

1.9
53789
365.6

1.91
53508
401.4

3.82
1911
313.7

3.53
299858
424.6

3.61
38421
373.8

3.46
42197
358.6

3.63
2011
341.6

4.13
48785
333.1

3.86
21560
352.2

3.67
11935
345.7

Gear Conversion Factor


3D
2D
D
S

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.41
0.64
1
1.25

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

1
1.56
2.44
3.05

1
1.56
2.44
3.05

0.64
1
1.56
1.95

Equivalent Departures Computation


Percentage weight on Main Gear
Number of wheels on Main Gear
Number of Main Gears
Weight on Single Main Gear wheel

0.95
2
2
18.29

0.95
2
2
21.14

0.95
4
2
20.31

0.95
4
2
27.31

0.78
4
2
26.81

0.658
4
2
30.27

0.38
4
2
26.60

0.95
2
2
18.76

0.95
4
2
24.23

0.95
4
4
23.57

0.95
4
4
26.21

0.95
6
2
23.75

0.95
6
2
27.95

0.78
4
2
27.79

Weight Conversion Factor


Equivalent Deaprtures in Terms of B737-800
Equivalent Coverages in Terms of B737-800

0.99
578226
156277

1.06
191822
55440

1.04
690384
190188

1.21
5914368
3145940

1.20
1656924
872065

1.27
4054356
2122700

1.19
67598
17696

1.00
1058500
299858

1.14
1154247
319736

1.12
1011549
292355

1.18
62262
17152

1.13
2532648
613232

1.22
3003172
778024

1.22
764813
208396

Total Equivalent Coverages of Design Aicraft


B737-800

9089060 COMFAA PQC thickness for coverages more than 1 million derived from extrapolation; chart on next page

Design PQC Thickness by COMFAA

501.42

A340-200/300 A340-500/600 A380-800 B737-800 B767-400ER B747-400 B747-400ER B777-300 B777-300ER


275
368
560
79
204
397
441.4
300
353
5110
5110
365
52925
6935
7300
365
10074
4161
102200
102200
7300
1058500
138700
146000
7300
201480
83220
2D
2D
2D
D
2D
2D
2D
3D
3D

MD11
285
2190
43800
2D

EXTRAPOLATION FOR COMFAA THICKNESS FOR B-737-800

490

k = 109 MN/m /m
COVERAGES
10000
50000
100000
200000
300000
400000
500000
600000
700000
800000
900000
1000000

THICKNESS
348
384.2
399.9
415.5
424.6
431.1
436.1
440.2
443.7
446.7
449.3
451.7

9089060

501 42
501.42

y = 22.521ln(x) + 140.58

470
450
430
410
390
370
350
0

500000

1000000

1500000

2000000

Appendix F
PCN ANALYSIS

APPENDIX F

PCN ANALYSIS

Total Equivalent Coverages of Design Aircraft (B777-300ER)

Design AC S-77 1 Thickness by COMFAA

ACN at MTOM = 353ton

380964

From Appendix E, Annexure I

2664

From Appendix E, Annexure I

89

Subgrade
Category C
Runway Section
-78 to -30

L: -30 to 1000

L: 1000 to 1785

L: 2100 to 2250

L: 2250 to 3222

R: -30 to 1785

R: 2100 to 2250

R: 2250 to 3222

Weight Corresponding to FAARFIELD Thickness (2664mm)

75
150
2487
2712
363

75
150
2469
2694
359

75
150
2595
2820
388

75
150
2832
3057
443

75
150
2880
3105
455

75
150
2640
2865
398

75
150
2820
3045
441

75
150
2640
2865
398

ACN value Corresponding to weight for Subgrade Cateogry C

93.7

92

104.4

128.2

133.5

108.7

127.3

108.7

Design Section

AC
P-209
P-154
Total

Sketches

SketchP

09/27RunwaystructuralOverlayThicknesses(Minimum)
OuterRunwayStructure

ShoulderStructure

RunwayStructure

OuterRunwayStructure

RunwayStructure

ShoulderStructure

27
Outer
Shoulder Runway

3297

7.5m

7.5m

Runway
60m
ExistingRunway
45m

Outer
Runway Shoulder

7.5m

7.5m

NewPQCconstructionoverexistingBase
E(Mpa) t(mm)

E(Mpa)
overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

1378.95
859
20000
223
20.68

t(mm)

E(Mpa)

50
300
150
1160

1378.95
overlay
Surface
859
PCC
20000
subbase
223
subgrade
20.68

t(mm)
146.3
300
150
1160

overlay 1378.95
Surface
959
22000
PCC
subbase
293
subgrade
20.68

50.8
600
300
1400

overlay 1378.95
Surface
859
PCC
20000
subbase
223
subgrade
20.68

120.8
600
300
1160

3222

E(Mpa)

50
50

100

145

180

50

2250
120

100

50

50

2100
50

50

50

t(mm)

overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

1378.95
1091
20500
266
20.68

103.3
600
300
1000

overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

1378.95
595
20500
300
20.68

99.7
600
300
1200

overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

1378.95
1025
23000
266
20.68

103.6
600
300
1000

1378.95
2500
1091
350
67
20.68

101.6
327.8
600
300
800

1378.95
16000
20.68

50
500

E(Mpa)
overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

t(mm)

E(Mpa)

t(mm)

1378.95
2500
595
20500
266
20.68

101.6
80.4
300
150
1000

overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

1378.95
595
20500
266
20.68

50
300
150
1000

1378.95
2500
1025
23000
266
20.68

101.6
53.8
300
150
1000

overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

1378.95
1025
23000
266
20.68

50
300
150
1000

1378.95
2500
1091
350
67
20.68

101.6
292.4
300
150
800

1378.95
2500
1091
350
67
20.68

101.6
52.5
300
150
800

1378.95
16000
20.68

50
500

1378.95
16000
20.68

50
500

50

1785

overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

overlay
Surface
PCC/base
subbase
subgrade
overlay
y
PCC
subgrade

1378.95
1111
20000
200
20.68

50
300
150
850

1378.95
2500
1091
350
67
20.68

101.6
52.5
300
150
800

1378.95
16000
20.68

50
500

overlay
Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

1378.95
2500
1111
20000
200
20.68

1378.95
2500
Surface
1091
PCC/base
350
subbase
67
subgrade
20.68
overlay

overlay
y
PCC
subgrade

1378.95
16000
20.68

101.6
126.5
300
150
850

101.6
292.4
300
150
800

50
500

overlay 1378.95
Surface
1111
PCC
21000
subbase
300
subgrade
20.68

96.7
600
300
950

100

1000
overlay 1378.95
Surface
1653
PCC
20000
subbase
200
subgrade
20.68

86.3
600
300
850

1378.95
overlay
2500
Surface
1091
350
PCC/base
subbase
67
subgrade
20.68

101.6
327.8
600
300
800

overlay
y

1378.95
PCC
16000
subgrade
20.68

50

230

100

155

50

Surface
PCC
subbase
subgrade

85

overlay

30
155

395

430

395

155

50

50

50

50

50

78
50
500

overlay

Surface
PCC/base
subbase
subgrade

Surface
PCC/base
subbase
subgrade

Surface
PCC/base
subbase
subgrade

overlay
overlay
y
PCC
subgrade

153

overlay

overlay

overlay
y
PCC
subgrade

PCC
subgrade

09
Note: AboveOverlaythicknessesareasperminimumstructuralrequirement.
Inconsiderationofverticalgeometryofrunway,theactualOverlaythicknesseswillbeincreased.

NOTTOSCALE

SketchQ
Runway09/27LifecalculationforOuterRunwaywithOverlayprovidedby
adoptingCrossSlopeof1.25%

27

3297

Shoulder

OuterRunway

7.5m

7.5m

Runway
60m
ExistingRunway
45m

OuterRunway

Shoulder

7.5m

7.5m

3222

2250

Overlay
thickness:53mm
Life:6.3yrs
Eq.Departuresof
B777_300ER:155

Overlay
thickness:63mm
Life:3.3yrs
Eq.Departuresof
B777_300ER:106

Overlay
thickness:87mm
Life:20yrs
Eq.Departuresof
B777_300ER:363

Overlay
thickness:112mm
Life:20yrs
Eq.Deaparturesof
B777_300ER:363

Overlay
thickness:77mm
Life:1.4yrs
Eq.Departuresof
B777_300ER:105

Overlay
thickness:122mm
Life:10.1yrs
Eq.Departuresof
B777_300ER:228

2100

1785

1000

30

78

Overlay
thickness:514.5mm
Life:20yrs
Eq.Departuresof
B777_300ER:49

Overlay
thickness:538mm
Life:20yrs
Eq.Departuresof
B777_300ER:62

153

09
NOTTOSCALE