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GHS S.1 GEOGRAPHY MARKING SCHEME EOT III - NOVEMBER 2013 SECTION A: MAPWORK 1. The 1:50,000 (UGANDA) BUGONDO map extract. Answer the questions. a) (i) 150,000 (2 marks) (ii) 1 unit on the map represents 50,000 units on the ground. (2 marks) b) (i) (ii) @ (ii) dq) @) (ii) (ii) Grid references: (3) (4) (5) (3) 282733 or 314732 (2 marks) 2) @) (7) (3) 316742 (2 marks) (5) Naming features: Pier (2 marks) Dam/Pond (2 marks) Ground distances: . 5.8 kms (5.6 ~ 6.0 kms) (2 marks) 2.0 kms (1.9 - 2.1 kms) (2 marks) Sub-counties: * Bululu * Bugondo 2x 1= (2 marks) Drainage features: Lakes e.g. Lake Kojweri Bays e.g. Kopine Bay Rivers/water courses e.g. Owimya, Kabala, Kamuka ete. Dams e.g. at grid reference 295753 Papyrus swamps e.g, around the lake Seasonal swamps e.g. Nyakomodoyi, Kowule etc, Any 2 x 1 = (2 marks) © Gayaza High School Geography Department 1 SECTION B: GENERAL GEOGRAPHY 2. Table showing the Precipitation and temperature figures for Station A a) b) J Stating figure i) 19°C (1 mk) ii) September (1 mk) Calculation of the: i) Annual range of temperature. = Highest temperature - Lowest temperature = 12-1 = 189C (2 mks) ii) | Mean annual precipitation. um of the monthly precipitation totals Number of years =50+45+55+45+55+70+80+70+40+60+55+50 = 675 = 675 1 = 675 mm (2mks) Characteristics of the climate experienced at Station A. * Moderate or low precipitation of 675 mm is received. * Precipitation is well distributed throughout the year i.e. there is no dry month. * There is a single maxima/one peak of precipitation i.e. from June to August. * Periods/months of high temperatures are generally characterized by high or heavy precipitation * Generally low/cool temperatures are experienced i.e. an average of 8.49C (8 - 9°C) * There is a high temperature range of 18°C. * Itis a temperate type of climatic condition Any 4 x1 = (4 mks) © Gayaza High School Geography Department 2 3. (a) Absolute humidity ~ Is the amount of water vapour in the air/atmosphere. (2 mks) (b) Absolute humidity - (Relative humidity x Saturation vapour content) 100) AH = (RH x SVC. 100 AH = (60 x 25 100 AH = 15 gms/m? (3 mks) 4. (a) Global warming - Is the gradual increase in temperatures of the earth’s atmosphere. (2 mks) (b) Main examples of greenhouse gases: * Carbon dioxide (COs) * Methane (CHa) * Nitrous oxide (N20) 3x1 = (3 mks) 5. Naming features: (a) Mountain Kilimanjaro . (Imk) (b) River Nile (1 mk) (c)_ Lake Bunyonyi “41 mk) 6. Types of solar eclipse: * Total eclipse * Partial eclipse * Annular eclipse * Hybrid eclipse Any 2x 1 = (2 mks) SECTION C: FIELD WORK 7. Field work study on a large scale research farm; (a) (i) Topic: The study of Agricultural development at Makerere Agricultural Research Institute, Kabanyolo (MUARIK) in Wakiso district. (2 marks) (ii) Objectives: * To locate the research farm. * To find out the historical background of the research farm, * To find out the activities carried out in the research farm. + To identify the types of crops grown and livestock raised in the farm * To find out the benefits of the farm and its contribution to the development of the area. © Gayaza High School Geography Department 3 + To find out the problems facing the research farm and how they are being solved. * To find out the future prospects of the farm. Any 3.x 1 = (3 marks) (b) Description of the: (o) (i Site of the farm: It is sited on the flat topped ridges of Kabanyolo and Kyetume. (2 marks) (ii) Situation of the farm: It is situated 19 kms to the North of Kampala along the Gayaza-Zirobwe road in Nangabo sub-county, Wakiso district. (2 marks) Activities in preparation for the field work study: * A pilot study was conducted on our behalf by the teacher. * We sought permission from the school administration. * We formulated the topic and objectives of study with the help of the teacher. * We designed and discussed the methods to use in the field work. * We selected and obtained the equipment to use e.g. Stationery, base maps, questionnaires, camera, Field compasses etc. + We also made other personal preparations such as organizing some drinks/eats, umbrellas, appropriate footwear etc. Any 4.x 1 = (4 marks) (d) Methods used to collect data: (i) Observation: + We used our eyes to see or look at the features in the field * Looking at features helped us to identify the various features and activities in the research farm e.g. the farm structures, crops grown, animals kept, vegetation types, soil types etc. * Observation also helped us in filling the base map and drawing the panorama i.e, observable features were marked on the sketch diagrams Any 3x1 (3 marks) (ii) Interviewing: * We asked questions about things/information we wanted to find out especially what could not be observed. * We interviewed the Coordinator of Training at the farm, Mr. Bernard Ayebare. * We asked him questions about the historical background, problems faced, benefits, future plans, systems practiced, structure of the farm etc. Any 3x 1 = (3 marks) (c) Problems you faced while gathering information: © Gayaza High School Geography Department Lack of enough equipment such as survey maps, compasses etc. Obstruction of the view of distant features by tall trees 0) © Gayaza High School Geography Department «Noise during interviewing made it difficult for us to hear some of the information being communicated. * It was a large group and the one being interviewed (Bernard) was not audible enough. * There was limited time and therefore the study was carried out in a hurry. * Some places were inaccessible because of bushes and poor/muddy tracks or foot paths. * The hot temperatures followed by the rain shower affected the process of gathering information. * Lack of workers to interview since it was a weekend. * Attack by safari ants disrupted the process of gathering information. + There were instances of language barrier. Any 3x 1 = (3 marks) (i) Major agricultural activities in the research farm: © Growing of annual and perennial crops (Arable farming) such maize, soya bean, fodder crops, bananas, yams, coffee etc. * Horticulture/vegetable growing e.g. lettuces, onions, tomatoes etc. Apiculture i.e. Bee keeping + Fruit farming e.g, oranges, passion fruits, water melons ete * Floriculture i.e. growing of flowers. * Livestock/animal rearing e.g. cattle/dairy farming, goat, sheep, donkey and rabbit rearing etc. «© Piggery farming * Poultry farming. * Fish farming /Aquaculture «Irrigation farming. Any 4 x 1 = (4 marks) (ii) Other activities or services at the farm: * Education and training of agriculturalists Research activities Out reach services or activities Engineering activities at the engineering workshop. Carpentry activities/services at the carpentry workshop Measurement and recording of weather /Meteorological services Recreational activities or services Industrial processing of animal feeds at the feeds mill. Transport services i.e. there are a fleet of vehicles. Water pumping and supply services. Internet and information technology services. Tourism activities Tree planting/ Forestry /Agro-forestry activities, Any 4 x1 = (4 marks)