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Compaction

Your firm’s lab manager tells you that the maximum dry density for the soil to be
used for fill on your project is 105.2 lbs/ft3 at an OMC of 11% according to ASTM
D698. At the site, you find that that first lift of fill placed has a moist unit weight of
118.3 lbs/ft3 at a wn of 12.1%. What is the percent compaction for the first lift? Is
this percent compaction even possible?
d,field = (118.3 lbs/ft3 /(1+0.121)) = 105.53 lbs/ft3 R (%) = (105.5 lbs/ft3 /105.2
lbs/ft3 ) * 100 = 100.3%. Yes.
Stress
You have been given the results of a recent geotechnical exploration for a local
project in Chelmsford, MA. The groundwater table at the time of exploration was 4 ft
from the existing ground surface. This is also the interface between the SC and CL
soil layers. Figure C provides the soil profile at the time of geotechnical exploration.
From the provided information, calculate total stress, pore pressure, and effective
stress with depth and plot them on the provided graphs. You must label numbers on
the graphs for full credit.

Calculate total, pore pressure, and effective stresses with depth at the
following points shown in Figure C:
Point A: Bottom of SC Layer and GWT location (4ft below existing ground
surface)
Point B: Middle of CL layer (not needed for this exam, but will be helpful later)
Point C: Bottom of CL Layer (10 ft below existing ground surface)
Point D: Bottom of Given Soil Profile (20 ft below existing ground surface)
Point A:
Use moist unit weight for SC: sc = 115 pcf.

4 pcf)(3ft) = 187 psf 'B = B – uB = 820 psf – 187 psf = 633 psf = 635 psf (rounded) Point C: C = B + SAT.4 pcf)(16ft) = 998 psf 'D = D – uD = 2360 psf – 998 psf = 1360 psf (rounded) Seepage You are given the flow net for the gravity dam shown in Figure D. H = 25 ft H1 = 35 ft The depth of Point A below the dam is 16 ft.CL(3ft) = 820 psf + (120 pcf)(3ft) = 1180 psf UC = w(6ft) = (62.e. A piezometer (i. standpipe) is installed at Point A. The following are some dimensions of the flow net: Dam Length: 175 ft.SM(10ft) = 1180 psf + (118pcf)(10ft) = 2360 psf uD = w(16ft) = (62.CL(3ft) = 460 psf + (120 pcf)(3ft) = 820 psf UB = w(3ft) = (62. How much would the water in the piezometer drop below the water level on the left side of the dam? How much would the water level in the piezometer rise relative to the water level on the right side of the dam? What is the pore pressure at Point A? .4 pcf)(6ft) = 374 psf 'C = C – uC = 1180 psf – 374 psf = 806 psf = 805 psf (rounded) Point D: D = C + SAT.A = sc(4ft) = (115 pcf)(4ft) = 460 psf uA = 0 (Above GWT) A = 'A since uA = 0 psf Point B: B = A + SAT.

the water level would rise 1. Conversely.69)(62.5(25)/8 = 14. .7ft) from the water level on the Right Side of the Dam.4 lb/ft3 ) = 1915 psf.69 ft + 16 ft = 30.69 ft Pore Pressure = (30.125ft/drop Number of drops from back side to Point A = 6.From Figure D: Change in Head from Left Side of Dam to Right Side of Dam = H = 25 ft Number of Drops (Nd) = 8 Change in Head per drop = H/8 = 3. Pore Pressure = Water Pressure = (Height of Water)(Unit Weight of Water) Level of Water above bottom of dam = H1 – 6.5H/8 = 35 ft – 6.69 ft.5H/8 (20. water in a piezometer at Point A would drop 6.5.3ft) from the water level on the Left Side of the Dam. Therefore. Height of water above Point A = 14.5H/8 (4.