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"REBARS" --- REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS

Program Description:
"REBARS" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of determining reinforcing bar
development and splice lengths. Specifically, the development lengths and splice lengths for straight bars in
tension as well as compression are determined. Also, the development length for standard hook bars is
determined. The provisions for development and splice lengths are included for high seismic risk applications
per ACI 318M-05, Chapter 21. There is also a worksheet which contains reinforcing bar data tables.

This METRIC version is based on the ACI 318M-05 Code.


This program is a workbook consisting of five (5) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Description

Doc
Calc Development (Soft Metric)
Calc Development (Euro Metric)
Rebar Data (Soft Metric)
Rebar Data (Euro Metric)

This documentation sheet


Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths (ACI "Soft" Metric Bars)
Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths (European Metric Bars)
Reinforcing Bar Data Tables (ACI "Soft" Metric Bars)
Reinforcing Bar Data Tables (European Metric Bars)

Program Assumptions and Limitations:


1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the ACI 318M-05 Building Code, Chapters 12 and 21.
2. The "Calc Development (Soft Metric)" worksheet, for a given reinforcing bar size, determines the straight
development and splice lengths for a "top" bar and an "other" bar in tension, the straight development and
splice lengths for the bar in compression, and the tension development length of the bar as a standard hook,
all at one time. A complete table of reinforcing bar development and splice lengths is also created.
3. The ACI "Soft Metric" reinforcing bar sizes are #10, #13, #16, #19, #22, #25, #29, #32, #36, #43, and #57.
These correspond directly to the U.S. bar sizes #3, #4, #5, #6, #7, #8, #9, #10, #11, #14, and #18, as the bar
designations represent the exact metric conversion of bar diameter rounded to the nearest whole millimeter.
4. The "Calc Development (Euro Metric)" worksheet, for a given reinforcing bar size, determines the straight
development and splice lengths for a "top" bar and an "other" bar in tension, the straight development and
splice lengths for the bar in compression, and the tension development length of the bar as a standard hook,
all at one time. A complete table of reinforcing bar development and splice lengths is also created.
This worksheet can be utilized for cases where the design concrete code used is ACI 318-05, but where the
reinforcing bars to be provided are European (British Standard) bar sizes, not U.S. bar sizes.
5. The "European Metric" reinforcing bar sizes are D6, D8, D10, D12, D14, D16, D20, D25, D28, D32, D40,
and D50. These do not correspond directly to the U.S. bar sizes nor to the "Soft Metric" bar sizes, as the bar
designations represent the exact bar diameter expressed in millimeters.
6. The "Rebar Data (Soft Metric)" worksheet contains two tables of reinforcing bar data which include various
bar properties as well as reinforcing bar areas based on spacing using units of mm^2/m.
7. The "Rebar Data (Euro Metric)" worksheet contains two tables of reinforcing bar data which include various
bar properties as well as reinforcing bar areas based on spacing using units of mm^2/m.
8. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including
explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box
is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the
desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program


Version 1.0

REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS


Per ACI 318M-05 Building Code - Chapters 12 and 21
For Low & High Seismic Risk Applications - Using ACI "Soft" Metric Bar Sizes
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:

No
#4
#5

Input Data:

#6
#7

General Information:
ACI "Soft" Metric Reinf. Bar Size =
Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy =
Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c =
Lightweight Concrete?
Epoxy Coated Bars?
Ratio: As(required)/As(provided) =
High Seismic Risk (Chapter 21) =

#8

25
420
28
No
No
1.000
No

Ldt=970 mm

#10

MPa

bc=50 mm
#14
>50 mm #18

Ldo=745 mm

For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:


Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs =
300
Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc =
50
Transverse Reinforcing Index, Ktr =
0.000

mm
mm

For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars:


Enclosed w/#13 Ties @ <=100mm?
No
For Standard Hooks in Tension:
Side Cover to Face of Bar, sc =
Clear Cover to Bar Hook, hc =
Enclosed with Ties @ <= 3*db?

65
50
No

mm

25.4

mm

mm

Results:
Reinforcing Bar Diameter, db =

For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:


Top Bar Development, Ldt =
970
Other Bar Development, Ldo =
745
Top Bar Class "A" Splice, Lat =
970
Other Bar Class "A" Splice, Lao =
745
Top Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbt =
1255
Other Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbo =
970

#9

MPa

Select:
bc=50 mm

db =

Straight Bar Development


Location Factor, t =
Location Factor, t =
Coating Factor, e =
Top Bar Limit: t*e =
Bar Size Factor, s =
Lat=970 mm
Lightweight Factor, =
Lbt=1255 mm
c=
bc=50 mm

Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
>300 mm
As/As(prov)
=
Top Bar, Ldt =
Other Bar, Ldo =
Lao=745 mm
Top Bar 'A' Splice, Lat =
Lbo=970 mm
Straight Bar Splices
' Splice, Lao =
Top Bar 'B' Splice, Lbt =
Other Bar 'B' Splice, Lbo =

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ldh=340 mm

mm
mm

Develop. Tie Factor =


Splice Tie
Factor
hc=50
mm =
As/As(prov) =
sc=65 mm

Ldc =
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars:
Development Length, Ldc =
485
Splice Length =
760

Lh=410 mm
mm
mm

Cover Factor =
Tie Factor =
Coating
Factor,
e =
340
Standard
Hook
Development
mm
Lightweight
Factor,
=
410
mm
As/As(prov) =
Ldh =
Note: All development and splice lengths have been rounded up to the nearest 5mm.
D=155 mm

For Standard Hook Tension Bars:


Development Length, Ldh =
Standard Hook Leg Length, Lh =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program


Version 1.0

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program


Version 1.0

Tabulation of Calculated Results for All ACI "Soft" Metric Bar Sizes Based on Specific Input:

#3

db =
Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c = 28 MPa and fy = 420 MPa
Tension Development Class "B" Tens. Splice
Std. 90 deg. Hook
Compression Bars
Top
Bar
Other
Bar
Top
Bar
Other
Bar
Embed.
Leg
Length
Develop.
"Soft" Metric
Splice
Ldt
Ldo
Lbt
Lbo
Ldh
Lh
Ldc
Bar Size
(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

#10
300
300
375
300
150
155
200
300
#13
385
300
500
385
170
205
245
380
#16
480
370
620
480
215
255
305
475
#19
575
440
745
575
255
305
365
570
#22
835
645
1085
835
300
360
425
665
#25
970
745
1255
970
340
410
485
760
#29
1200
925
1560
1200
385
490
550
855
#32
1480
1140
1920
1480
435
550
615
965
#36
1775
1365
2305
1775
480
610
685
1070
#43
2430
1870
N.A.
N.A.
820
775
820
N.A.
#57
3920
3015
N.A.
N.A.
1095
1035
1095
N.A.
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above table are
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing = 300mm without
Develop. Tie Factor =
ties or stirrups and bar clear cover = 50mm.
Splice Tie Factor =
Normal weight concrete with no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
As/As(prov) =
No excess reinforcing is assumed.
f 'c Factor =
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover = 65mm
Ldb =
and bar end cover = 50mm without ties around hook.
Splice =
3. Table does not reflect special seismic considerations from ACI 318M-05, Chapter 21.
Cover Factor =
Tie Factor =
Coating Factor, e =
Lightweight Factor, =
As/As(prov) =
Ldh =

#4

db =
Location Factor, t =
Location Factor, t =
Coating Factor, e =
Top Bar Limit: t*e =
Bar Size Factor, s =
Lightweight Factor, =
c=
Ktr =
Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
As/As(prov) =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program


Version 1.0
Top Bar, Ldt =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program


Version 1.0

REINFORCING BAR DEVELOPMENT AND SPLICE LENGTHS


Per ACI 318M-05 Building Code - Chapters 12 and 21
For Low & High Seismic Risk Applications - Using European Metric Bar Sizes
Job Name:
Subject:
Job Number:
Originator:
Checker:

No
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

Input Data:
General Information:
European Metric Reinf. Bar Size =
Reinforcing Yield Strength, fy =
Concrete Comp. Strength, f 'c =
Lightweight Concrete?
Epoxy Coated Bars?
Ratio: As(required)/As(provided) =
High Seismic Risk (Chapter 21) =

25
460
28
No
No
1.000
No

Ldt=1030 mm
MPa
MPa

bc=50 mm
>50 mm

Ldo=795 mm

For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:


Center-to-Center Bar Spacing, bs =
300
Clear Cover to Face of Bar, bc =
50
Transverse Reinforcing Index, Ktr =
0.000

mm
mm

For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars:


Enclosed w/D14 Ties @ <=100mm?
No
For Standard Hooks in Tension:
Side Cover to Face of Bar, sc =
Clear Cover to Bar Hook, hc =
Enclosed with Ties @ <= 3*db?

65
50
No

mm

25

mm

mm

Results:
Reinforcing Bar Diameter, db =

For Straight Reinforcing Tension Bars:


Top Bar Development, Ldt =
1030
Other Bar Development, Ldo =
795
Top Bar Class "A" Splice, Lat =
1030
Other Bar Class "A" Splice, Lao =
795
Top Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbt =
1340
Other Bar Class "B" Splice, Lbo =
1030

Select:
bc=50 mm

D
D
D

db =

Straight Bar Development


Location Factor, t =
Location Factor, t =
Coating Factor, e =
Top Bar Limit: t*e =
Bar Size Factor, s =
Lat=1030 mm
Lightweight Factor, =
Lbt=1340 mm
c=
bc=50 mm

Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
>300 mm
As/As(prov)
=
Top Bar, Ldt =
Other Bar, Ldo =
Lao=795 mm
Top Bar 'A' Splice, Lat =
Lbo=1030 mm
Straight Bar Splices
' Splice, Lao =
Top Bar 'B' Splice, Lbt =
Other Bar 'B' Splice, Lbo =

mm
mm
mm
mm

Ldh=370 mm

mm
mm

Develop. Tie Factor =


Splice Tie
Factor
hc=50
mm =
As/As(prov) =
sc=65 mm

Ldc =
For Straight Reinforcing Compression Bars:
Development Length, Ldc =
525
Splice Length =
895

Lh=400 mm
mm
mm

Cover Factor =
Tie Factor =
Coating
Factor,
e =
370
Standard
Hook
Development
mm
Lightweight
Factor,
=
400
mm
As/As(prov) =
Ldh =
Note: All development and splice lengths have been rounded up to the nearest 5mm.
D=150 mm

For Standard Hook Tension Bars:


Development Length, Ldh =
Standard Hook Leg Length, Lh =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program


Version 1.0

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program


Version 1.0

Tabulation of Calculated Results for All European Metric Bar Sizes Based on Specific Input:

For D
db =

Reinforcing Bar Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c = 28 MPa and fy = 460 MPa
Tension Development Class "B" Tens. Splice
Std. 90 deg. Hook
Compression Bars
European
Top Bar Other Bar
Top Bar
Other Bar Embed. Leg Length Develop.
Metric Bar
Splice
Ldt
Ldo
Lbt
Lbo
Ldh
Lh
Ldc
Size
(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm)

D6
300
300
300
300
150
100
200
300
D8
300
300
345
300
150
130
200
300
D10
330
300
430
330
150
160
210
300
D12
395
305
515
395
180
195
255
300
D14
465
355
600
465
205
225
295
300
D16
530
405
685
530
235
260
335
300
D20
660
510
855
660
295
320
420
300
D25
1030
795
1340
1030
370
400
525
300
D28
1260
970
1640
1260
410
480
585
300
D32
1595
1230
2075
1595
470
545
670
300
D40
2350
1810
N.A.
N.A.
835
720
835
N.A.
D50
3425
2635
N.A.
N.A.
1045
900
1045
N.A.
Notes:
1. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above table areDevelop. Tie Factor =
based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing = 300mm without
Splice Tie Factor =
ties or stirrups and bar clear cover = 50mm.
As/As(prov) =
Normal weight concrete with no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.
f 'c Factor =
No excess reinforcing is assumed.
Ldb =
2. Standard 90 deg. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover = 65mm
Splice =
and bar end cover = 50mm without ties around hook.
3. Table does not reflect special seismic considerations from ACI 318M-05, Chapter 21.
Cover Factor =
Tie Factor =
Coating Factor, e =
Lightweight Factor, =
As/As(prov) =
Ldh =

For D
db =
Location Factor, t =
Location Factor, t =
Coating Factor, e =
Top Bar Limit: t*e =
Bar Size Factor, s =
Lightweight Factor, =
c=
Ktr =
Limit: (c+Ktr)/db =
As/As(prov) =

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"REBARS (318M-05).xls" Program


Version 1.0
Top Bar, Ldt =

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ACI "SOFT" METRIC REINFORCING BAR DATA TABLES:

Bar Size
#10
#13
#16
#19
#22
#25
#29
#32
#36
#43
#57

75
80
90
100
110
120
125
130
140
150
160
175
180
200
220
225
240
250
275
300

Reinforcing Bar Properties


Area

Perimeter

(mm)

(mm^2)

(mm)

#10
947
888
789
710
645
592
568
546
507
473
444
406
394
355
323
316
296
284
258
237

Reinforcing Bar Area for Various Bar Spacings


ACI "Soft" Metric Bar Size
#13
#16
#19
#22
#25
1720
2667
3787
5160
6787
1613
2500
3550
4838
6363
1433
2222
3156
4300
5656
1290
2000
2840
3870
5090
1173
1818
2582
3518
4627
1075
1667
2367
3225
4242
1032
1600
2272
3096
4072
992
1538
2185
2977
3915
921
1429
2029
2764
3636
860
1333
1893
2580
3393
806
1250
1775
2419
3181
737
1143
1623
2211
2909
717
1111
1578
2150
2828
645
1000
1420
1935
2545
586
909
1291
1759
2314
573
889
1262
1720
2262
538
833
1183
1613
2121
516
800
1136
1548
2036
469
727
1033
1407
1851
430
667
947
1290
1697

Weight
(kg/m)

9.525
71
29.924
12.700
129
39.898
15.875
200
49.873
19.050
284
59.847
22.225
387
69.822
25.400
509
79.796
28.650
645
90.007
32.260
819
101.348
35.810
1006
112.500
43.000
1452
135.088
57.330
2581
180.108
Typical specification: ASTM A615M Grade 420 (MPa) Deformed Bars

Spacing
(mm)

Diameter

0.561
0.996
1.556
2.240
3.049
3.982
5.071
6.418
7.924
11.410
20.284

(mm^2/m)

#29
8600
8063
7167
6450
5864
5375
5160
4962
4607
4300
4031
3686
3583
3225
2932
2867
2688
2580
2345
2150

#32
10920
10238
9100
8190
7445
6825
6552
6300
5850
5460
5119
4680
4550
4095
3723
3640
3413
3276
2978
2730

#36
13413
12575
11178
10060
9145
8383
8048
7738
7186
6707
6288
5749
5589
5030
4573
4471
4192
4024
3658
3353

EUROPEAN METRIC REINFORCING BAR DATA TABLES:

Bar Size

Reinforcing Bar Properties


Diameter
Area
Perimeter
(mm)

D6
D8
D10
D12
D14
D16
D20
D25
D28
D32
D40
D50
Typical specification:

Spacing
(mm)

75
80
90
100
110
120
125
130
140
150
160
175
180
200
220
225
240
250
275
300

D6
377
354
314
283
257
236
226
218
202
189
177
162
157
142
129
126
118
113
103
94

D8
671
629
559
503
457
419
402
387
359
335
314
287
279
252
229
224
210
201
183
168

(mm^2)

(mm)

Weight
(kg/m)

6
28.3
18.850
0.222
8
50.3
25.133
0.395
10
78.5
31.416
0.617
12
113.0
37.699
0.888
14
154.0
43.982
1.210
16
201.0
50.265
1.579
20
314.0
62.832
2.467
25
491.0
78.540
3.855
28
616.0
87.965
4.830
32
804.0
100.531
6.316
40
1257.0
125.664
9.868
50
1963.0
157.080
15.413
BS 4449 or DIN EN 10080-1 Grade 460 (MPa) Deformed Bars

Reinforcing Bar Area for Various Bar Spacings (mm^2/m)


European Metric Bar Size
D10
D12
D14
D16
D20
D25
D28
1047
1507
2053
2680
4187
6547
8213
981
1413
1925
2513
3925
6138
7700
872
1256
1711
2233
3489
5456
6844
785
1130
1540
2010
3140
4910
6160
714
1027
1400
1827
2855
4464
5600
654
942
1283
1675
2617
4092
5133
628
904
1232
1608
2512
3928
4928
604
869
1185
1546
2415
3777
4738
561
807
1100
1436
2243
3507
4400
523
753
1027
1340
2093
3273
4107
491
706
963
1256
1963
3069
3850
449
646
880
1149
1794
2806
3520
436
628
856
1117
1744
2728
3422
393
565
770
1005
1570
2455
3080
357
514
700
914
1427
2232
2800
349
502
684
893
1396
2182
2738
327
471
642
838
1308
2046
2567
314
452
616
804
1256
1964
2464
285
411
560
731
1142
1785
2240
262
377
513
670
1047
1637
2053

D32
10720
10050
8933
8040
7309
6700
6432
6185
5743
5360
5025
4594
4467
4020
3655
3573
3350
3216
2924
2680

D40
16760
15713
13967
12570
11427
10475
10056
9669
8979
8380
7856
7183
6983
6285
5714
5587
5238
5028
4571
4190

D50
26173
24538
21811
19630
17845
16358
15704
15100
14021
13087
12269
11217
10906
9815
8923
8724
8179
7852
7138
6543