You are on page 1of 5

ANNOTATED

BIBLIOGRAPHY
PERFORMANCE-ENHANCING

DRUGS IN SPORT

Luke Meyer
HLPE1551: Sport in Society | Due: 1/4/2016

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Source 1:
Thompson, H. (2012). SUPERHUMAN ATHLETES. Nature, 487(7407), 287-289. Retrieved from
http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/docview/1030733036?accountid=10910

Thompson (2012) discusses advantages and health risks that various performanceenhancing drugs (PEDs) present when used in elite sport. Continuing, she analyses surgical
enhancement and prosthetics. Done through obtaining sources, quotes and data from
studies of credible professionals (bioethicists, pharmacologists, endocrinologists,
biochemists, exercise physiologists and professors), the author aims to inform the educated
public about different PEDs and the corresponding side effects. Research done shows a
broad range of legal (such as nutritional substances) and illegal performance enhancement
methods so a basic knowledge of many methods can be obtained from this article.
Relevance to my study is shown though the inclusion of gene doping/therapy in the report
as well as more customary forms of PEDs such as anabolic steroids and EPO. A limitation
that hinders the progress of my study is the lack of extensive research in a specific
performance enhancement as the article briefly covers many. Thompson (2012) concludes
that because of these performance enhancing technologies new sports will begin to arise.
This article will contribute to my research because it gives a broad range of performance
enhancement methods, but more research will have to be conducted as it does not go into
enough depth about each technology.

Words: 198

Source 2:
Kayser, B., Mauron, A., & Miah, A. (2005). Viewpoint: Legalisation of performance-enhancing drugs.
The Lancet, 366, 1. Retrieved from
http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/docview/199046529?accountid=10910

Kayser et al. (2005) argue that anti-doping policies are inconsistent with other forms of legal
performance-enhancement such as biological and environmental factors and that the use of
drugs should be made legal under medical supervision. Through combining information
from the three authors they aim to persuade the readers to identify with their viewpoint:
PEDs should be legalised based on heath benefits and advancement of sport. A strength to
the article is that the scope is quite broad, covering various ethical foundations such as the
role of rules in sport, athletes health and the advantages of doping. This article is useful to
my investigation because it shows relevant pro-doping arguments. A limitation is that it
shows bias because arguments for anti-doping are discredited while pro-doping arguments
are praised. Concluding, the article states that the anti-doping rules diminish the
profitability of sport and that the ethical principles fighting for anti-doping are outweighed

Luke Meyer

HLPE1551: Sport In Society

Due: 1/4/2016

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

by the ethical arguments against it. This article will assist my research as it talks about the
diminished effects of PEDs on the athletes health and the role of the doctor, but because of
the bias that the article possesses the information cannot be used to determine my
argument.

Words: 199

Source 3:
Chyka, P. A. (2003). Health Risks of Selected Performance-Enhancing Drugs. Journal of Pharmacy
Practise, 16, 37-44. doi: 10.1177/0897190002239631

This article by Chyka reviews the ill effects that selected PEDs and dietary supplements
present and the accreditation of these toxic effects to specific substances. Information from
surveys and medical organisations were used to inform people about the health risks
involved in using performance-enhancements. The scope of the article is quite specific
discussing the health risks of specific drugs such as androgenic-anabolic steroids, creatine,
ephera and GHB. Usefulness is shown through the detailed description of what androgenicanabolic steroids are and the health risks that they stipulate. The description of health risks
associated with creatine, ephedra and GHB are not as relevant but will also provide some
usefulness in to my research. Although this article discusses the health risks it does not
review the advantages of PEDs this limits the research and can persuade people to think
narrow-mindedly about the issue of PEDs. In conclusion, the article states that the problem
of PEDs is multifactorial and has directed the readers to the National Institute on Drug
Abuses informational website. My research will need to include the health risks that certain
PEDs inflict in order for advantages and disadvantages to be observed, hence this article will
fit into my topic.

Words: 198

Source 4:
Murray, T. H. (2008). Doping in sport: challenges for medicine, science and ethics. Journal of Internal
Medicine, 264, 95-98. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2008.01994.x

This article discusses the ethical principles that enrich the argument for anti-doping policies,
analyses specific elements needed for a credible anti-doping regime and considers the
challenges that may be faced in the future. Murray uses studies from other peer-reviewed
journals to support his ideal of what a successful anti-doping program should consist of and
what challenges it may face. His research covers the ethics regarding doping, the successful
elements to an anti-doping program and the challenges that are faced. Usefulness is shown

Luke Meyer

HLPE1551: Sport In Society

Due: 1/4/2016

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

through the presentation of the proposed essential elements of a successful anti-doping


program as an outline of what should be done well by an anti-doping agency. Although this
source will be useful to my research it does not give information supporting the use of
performance enhancing drugs. This article concludes with the challenges that anti-doping
systems are and will continue to face and it states that these challenges should be heard
respectfully and responded to forcefully (Murray, 2008, p. 97). Murray sheds light on my
topic through this article by through highlighting the usefulness of an anti-doping plan for a
program and what specifically needs to be done for it to be successful.

Words: 195

Source 5:
Moston, S., Engelberg, T., & James Skinner (2015). Perceived incidence of drug use in Australian
sport: a survey of athletes and coaches. Sport in Society, 18(1). 91-105, doi:
10.1080/17430437.2014.927867

Moston at el. (2015) explores perceptions of athletes regarding incidence of doping in elite
sport and how their perceptions may be creating reasons to dope thus making a selffulfilling prophecy (p. 91). The aim was to identify the perceived drug use in sports and
make ware that this shapes peoples actions regarding doping. This is done through
collecting data from a comprehensive survey completed by elite athletes and coaches. This
paper covers athletes perceptions, the publics perceptions, the impact of media and the
sports that perception of drugs are most prevalent. Through the discussion of stereotypes
and perceptions of PED use and the use of relevant data this article will be advantageous for
my own research. The constraint of this article is the collection of data from only one region
Queensland, thus limiting the application of the paper to different areas of the world. The
conclusion is that the perception of use of PEDs is much higher than the reality and that this
can be dangerous to athletes as they may be tempted to use such measures to be
competitive in their profession. I will use this research through conveying the stereotype
that performance-enhancing drugs are highly used in sport.

Words: 200

Luke Meyer

HLPE1551: Sport In Society

Due: 1/4/2016

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Reference List
Chyka, P. A. (2003). Health Risks of Selected Performance-Enhancing Drugs. Journal of Pharmacy
Practise, 16, 37-44. doi: 10.1177/0897190002239631

Kayser, B., Mauron, A., & Miah, A. (2005). Viewpoint: Legalisation of performance-enhancing drugs.
The Lancet, 366, 1. Retrieved from
http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/docview/199046529?accountid=10910


Moston, S., Engelberg, T., & James Skinner (2015). Perceived incidence of drug use in Australian
sport: a survey of athletes and coaches. Sport in Society, 18(1). 91-105, doi:
10.1080/17430437.2014.927867

Murray, T. H. (2008). Doping in sport: challenges for medicine, science and ethics. Journal of Internal
Medicine, 264, 95-98. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2008.01994.x

Thompson, H. (2012). SUPERHUMAN ATHLETES. Nature, 487(7407), 287-289. Retrieved from
http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.flinders.edu.au/docview/1030733036?accountid=10910

Luke Meyer

HLPE1551: Sport In Society

Due: 1/4/2016