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2014 NFPA Conference & Expo

Design Approaches for the


Sprinkler Protection of
Storage
Presented by:

Russell Leavitt
Executive Chairman
Telgian Corporation

Chapter 3 Definitions
Chapter 12 General Requirements for Storage
Chapter 13 Miscellaneous Storage
Chapter 14 Palletized, Solid-Piled, etc. for Class I-IV
Commodities
Chapter 15 Palletized, Solid-Piled, etc. for Plastic and
Rubber Commodities
Chapter 16 Racks for Class I-IV Commodities
Chapter 17 Racks for Plastic and Rubber
Commodities

Control Mode Density/Area CMDA


Control Mode Specific Application CMSA
Early Suppression Fast Response ESFR
Special Designs
High Expansion Foam

What Drives the Choice?


Protection Objectives
Building Height
Building Design
Water Supplies
Economics

What Drives the Choice?


Protection Objectives
Building Height
Building Design
Water Supplies
Economics

What is stored:

Unfinished Wood Furniture in


cardboard cartons
(Class III)
How is it stored: Palletized
Height of storage: 22 feet
Ceiling height:
26 feet

What Chapter?

Chapter 14

CMDA

.29 gpm/ft
Figure 14.2.4.1 Ordinary Temperature

CMDA

.21 gpm/ft
Figure 14.2.4.2 High Temperature

CMDA

22 feet = increase of
110%

Figure 14.2.4.3

CMDA

22 feet = increase of
110%

Figure 14.2.4.3

CMDA
Sprinkler: Standard Spray
Density: .23 (.21 X 1.1)
Area:
2000 ft
Sprinkler Demand: 460 gpm
Hose Allowance: 500 gpm (Table 12.8.6.1)
System Demand: 960 gpm
Duration: 120 minutes
Total Supply: 115,200 gallons

CMSA

Table 14.3.1

CMSA K-11..2
Minimum Pressure:
Number:
Sprinkler Demand:
Hose Allowance:
System Demand:
Duration:
Total Supply:

CMSA K-19.6
25 psi
15
840 gpm
500 gpm
1340 gpm
90 min.
120,600 gal

Minimum Pressure:
Number:
Sprinkler Demand:
Hose Allowance:
System Demand:
Duration:
Total Supply:

16 psi
15
1176 gpm
500 gpm
1676 gpm
90 min.
150,840 gal

ESFR

Table 14.4.1

ESFR K-14.0
Minimum Pressure:
Number:
Sprinkler Demand:
Hose Allowance:
System Demand:
Duration:
Total Supply:

ESFR K-25.2
50 psi
12
1188 gpm
250 gpm
1438 gpm
60 min.
86,280 gal

Minimum Pressure:
Number:
Sprinkler Demand:
Hose Allowance:
System Demand:
Duration:
Total Supply:

15 psi
12
1172 gpm
250 gpm
1422 gpm
60 min.
85,320 gal

What is stored:

Cartoned Carpet Tiles nonexpanded


(Group A Plastic)
How is it stored: Double Row Racks (open)
Height of storage: 38 feet
Ceiling height:
44 feet

What Chapter?

Chapter 17

CMDA

CMDA

Figure 17.3.1.5(a)

CMDA

Figure 17.3.1.5(b)

CMSA

No Go!

ESFR

Protection Objectives
Building Height
Building Design
Water Supplies
Economics

What are the options based on building design;


ceiling height, structural members, conditioning
(heating), ceiling slope, etc.?

What are the options based on water supplies?

K-ll.2 CMSA

K-25.2 EC ESFR

K-8.0 CMDA

Questions and Answers

2014 NFPA Conference & Expo

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