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Physic 102

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11 June 2016, 13:30

1. Two point charges are placed on axis as shown in

the figure. The first one has a charge +2 and

coordinate ( , 0). The second one has a charge

and coordinate (, 0). Please use vector notation to

answer the following questions, that is, if you have a

vector it should be written as = + + .

(a) (8 Pts.) What is the force on the first particle due to

12 ) and vice versa (21 )?

Solution:

F12

(2Q)(Q)

Q2

i

i.

4 0 (2a) 2

8 0 a 2

F21 F12

Q 2

i.

8 0 a 2

y

(b) (9 Pts.) What is the total electric field along the line

connecting the two point charges (as a function of )?

2Q

Solution:

2Q

Q

i , E

i .

E1

2

2

2

4 0 (a x)

4 0 (a x)

E E1 E2

Q 3a 2 3x 2 2ax

i.

4 0 a 2 x 2 2

y

(c) (9 Pts.) What is the total electric field along the

axis (as a function of )?

Solution:

y

2

2Q

2Q

E1

cos i sin j ,

4 0 (a 2 y 2 )

E2

-Q

2 + 2

-Q

Q

a

y

cos i sin j , cos

, sin

2

2

2

2

2

4 0 (a y )

a y

a y2

E E1 E2

Q

3a i y j .

4 0 (a 2 y 2 )3/2

(d) (8 Pts.) Draw the electric field lines. Comment on the meaning of your drawing and its relationship to

your answers in part (b) and (c).

The electric field lines along the axis are closer together in the left hand side compared to the right hand

side. This is in accordance with the answer in part (b). The electric field lines along the axis are

pointing towards right with a little contribution in direction. This is in accordance with the answer in

part (c).

2. (a) (10 Pts.) A uniform field E is parallel to the axis of a hollow hemisphere of

radius r. What is the electric flux through the hemispherical surface?

Solution:

From the figure, we see that the flux outward through the hemispherical

surface is the same as the flux inward through the circular surface base of the

hemisphere. On that surface all of the flux is perpendicular to the surface. So, we say that on the circular base, E A.

Thus E E A r 2 E.

(b) (23 Pts.) Two thin concentric spherical shells of radii r1 and r2 r1 < r2 contain uniform surface charge densities

1 and 2 , respectively. Determine the electric field for 0 < r < r1 , r1 < r < r2 , and

r > r2 . Under what conditions will E 0 for r > r2 ? Neglect the thickness of the

shells.

Solution:

In the region 0 r r1 , a gaussian surface would enclose no charge. Thus, due to the spherical symmetry, we have

E dA E 4 r

2

Qencl

0 E 0.

In the region r1 r r2 , only the charge on the inner shell will be enclosed. Therefore

E dA E 4 r

2

Qencl

1 4 r12

1r12

E

.

0r 2

2

E dA E 4 r

Qencl

1 4 r12 2 4 r22

0

1r12 2 r22

.

0r 2

To make E 0 for r2 r, we must have 1r12 2 r22 0. This implies that the shells are of

opposite charge.

where is in volts, the coordinates are in meters, and is a constant.

a) (11 Pts.) Find the electric field in this region (express the result in terms of unit vectors).

Solution:

V

V

V

E Ex i Ey j Ez k , where Ex

4 Ax , E y

6 Ay , Ez

2 Az .

x

y

z

Hence

E 2 A 2 x i 3 y j z k .

1

2

b) (11 Pts.) If the work done by the field on a 4-C test charge when it moves from point ( , 0,1) m to the origin

(0,0,0) is 3.105 J, what is ? (: 1 = 106)

Solution:

WE U q0 V q0 (V f Vi ) . Vi V ( 12 , 0,1)

WE q0 V

3A 2

m , V f V (0, 0, 0) 0 . Since q0 4 106 C ,

2

3

q0 A 3 105 J and we have A 5V / m2 .

2

1

2

c) (11 Pts.) Find the magnitude of the electrostatic force acting on the test charge at the point ( , 0,1) m.

Solution:

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