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# PHYS 102 General Physics-II, Midterm-II

## Duration: 100 minutes

21 April 2012

NAME:.................................................................... Section:......................
Q.1 (25)

Q.2 (25)

Q.3 (25)

Q.4 (25)

Total (100)

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Physics Wiki (No relevance to the exam)
International
Thermonuclear
Experimental
Reactor (ITER) is an international nuclear fusion
research and engineering project, which is under
construction in France, to be completed in 2019.
ITER is based on the 'tokamak' concept of
magnetic confinement, in which the plasma is
contained in a doughnut-shaped vacuum vessel.
The fuela mixture of deuterium and tritium, two
isotopes of hydrogenis heated to temperatures in
excess of 150 millionC, forming a hot plasma.
Strong magnetic fields are used to keep the plasma
away from the walls. It aims to produce 500 MW
of output power for 50 MW of input power, but
more importantly, to develop technologies and
processes needed for a fusion power plant.

Tokamak

Source: www.iter.org

## Solutions will be posted to http://www.fen.bilkent.edu.tr/~phys102/

Some expressions from the Textbook which may or may NOT be useful for this exam
(However, you are supposed to know what each symbol means)
Resistivity and Ohms Law:

## Current and current density:

I=

G
G
J = nqd

dQ
= n q d A,
dt

E
J

= ,

V = IR

Power:

Kirchhoffs Rules:

## I = 0 (junction rule), V = 0 (loop rule)

P = Vab I

Equivalent Resistance:

1
1
1
1
= +
+" +
(in parallel)
Req R1 R2
Rn

## Req = R1 + R2 + " + Rn (in series)

Simple R-C Circuit:
Charging:

q(t ) = C (1 e
i (t ) =

t /( RC )

) = Q (1 e

t /( RC )

dq t /( RC )
= e
= I 0 e t /( RC )
dt R

Magnetic Forces:

G
G G
Fm = q B (on a point charge q)

G G
B = B dA,

Discharging:

q(t ) = Q0 e t /( RC )
i (t ) =

G G
G
G
dFm = I dl B (on a current-carrying segment dl )

Magnetic Flux:

G G
v B dA = 0 (for a closed surface)

G G

= B, = IA, U = B

Hall Effect:

nq =

Q
dq
= 0 e t /( RC )
dt
RC

J x By

R=

Ez

m
qB

G 0 qG r
B=
4 r 2

Segment:
G

I
B= 0
2 r

G Idl r
dB = 0
4 r 2

## Axial Magnetic Field of a Current Loop of Radius a:

NI
Bx = 0
(at the center of N circular loops)
2a

F 0 II
=
L 2 r

Amperes Law:

G G
B
v dl = 0 I encl