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Tour Guiding is the one of the oldest professional of the world, it started evolutionally and not

revolutionary, from an Ancient Empire, the Middle Ages, The Renaissance and the Grand Tour
together with the Modern time of Tour Guide
The era of the great empires from 3000 B.C to 5000 A.D generated the travel, people traveled in
an organized manner , during the era of Greek Empire tourism flourished and the number of
guides increased
Guides speak a language called Periegetai This help them to be in a better condition, citizens
got the chance to travel, many travelers continued to travel by land and sea. During the era the
Greek Empire, The first great travelers were the Greeks, the role of tour guide were willing to
share the findings of their discoveries and observations with the rest of the world, people
influenced to travel by this reasons
Olympic Game
A large number of Roman visitors travelled to Greece because of its fabled mythology, its
monuments and its Olympic Games and other festivals. Hadrian, the most widely travelled of
the Roman emperors (Casson, 1994, p. 286) restored and enlarge, these encouraged the people
to prefer traveling.
In ancient Rome, travelers increased in number, they were interested with the beach shore where
the Greek ships had been pulled up
Historical origin of tourism Page & Connell (2009) notice in the ancient cultures of
the Greek and Roman social elite stating that these early tourists pursued pleasure and
relaxation in regions away from the main towns and cities, they epitomize modern-day tourism:
the pursuit of pleasure in a location away from everyday life and the use of ones leisure time for
non-work purposes

It is also called Dark Age. The fall of Rome led to the decline of trade and the economy in
general and decrease in the desire to travel, in this stage people delayed to travel due to the
economic crisis, despite of economic slump other groups were still travel mainly reasons were

Religious issues. In the Middle world, many thousands of people travelled to sites of religious
importance such as the temple of Isis on Philae Island in Egypt and the sanctuary of Apollo at
Delphi in Greece. Although the majority of these people travelled to these sites to worship and
therefore have often been labelled as pilgrims, seem to have engaged in activities that are more
commonly associated with the modern day tourist (Stark, 2009, p. 10). The majority of
pilgrimage trips in Greece in the Middle age were made by individuals who, for various
reasons, visited a particular holy sites.
Holiday primarily for the upper and the middle classes to such places as Canterbury, Winchester
and Walsingham
Trade related trips, the first people who left of their own will were merchants. Trips made for
commercial, that is, trading reasons have been long-established, with some ancient traveller

Both upper class and religious Pilgrimages encountered with the security and robbery impact
along the way were very common, so those made pilgrimage were very afraid to travel lonely,
there was need to have many Tour Guides so as to direct the visitors who are not familiar to
across the borders, Tour Guides were in a good hope and were paid an awesome wages in this
According to Cosson, one of the historian said A guide was paid a large fee because he is not
only led the way but also generated safe to the travelers eventually Tour Guide begun to be
suitable and acceptable job.




The beginning of the Middle Ages that would eventually lead to the period known as the
Renaissance, the perspective of tour guide was very much consolidated during this stage, it was
this period that people of the upper classes traveled from Britain on the Grand Tour, the image of
tour guide developed tremendously among the cities
The fragmented feudal society of the Middle Ages was transformed into one increasingly
dominated by central political institutions, had an urban and commercial economy, and had lay
patronage of education, the arts, and music.
Security was a major challenge yet as it was for travelers during the Middle Ages, some of tour
guides also failed to accomplish their expectation, they also worry against robberies on the
journey while they were impressed with job
Upper class people hired Guides in traveling at the other destination, it is believable that, they
wanted to be safe and to be controlled by tour guide against any dangerous factors that might
threat the visitors
The tour guides at this period had the role to show the travelers the changes occurred since
Middle age based on Architectural and Urbanization

Source : The Renaissance Early Modern life book. (Florence working tour)

In 17 to 18 century most of travelers who traveled within the New World were explores rather
than leisure travelers, the first travelers were ordinary often Indigent explorers who traveled a lot
to seek a new life, to travel from the origin land was very much practiced, finding otheinhabitant,
this influenced by trading activities and seeking for conducive life condition Ultimately, escaping
from the original land was very common. But, there were some limitations hindered others to
travel these are

Long distance
Inadequate of money
Transportation network

Some scholars like Charles Dickens and Alexis their objectives were to explore the country and
write about the country they visited therefore, tour guide profession started to be well recognized
world wide to the currently

In conclusion, Although from the perspective of todays tourism it seems that the ancient
period, Middle and Grand period were not appeared to be the most appropriate time to consider
the emergence of tourism (Vukonic, 2012.), it gave birth to the trips and tour guide motivated
engaging in the field, the development of tour guide was not revolution process, it is evolution
since An ancient time, Middle, Renaissance and Modern time with the great role of Thomas
Cook, the role of Thomas Cook in the evolution of Tour Guide should not underestimated


Wynn, J. R. The Tour Guide: Walking and Talking (2011) New York. Chicago: The University of


Edmund Swinglehurst, (1974).The Romantic Journey - The story of Thomas Cook and Victorian


Edmund Swinglehurst, (1982).Cook's Tours - The Story of Popular Travel, London: Blandford

Piers Brendon, (1991). Thomas Cook Years of Popular Tourism, New York: Blandford Press