Beginner Lesson

A Friendly Introduction
2
Hangul Transcript 2
Pronunciation Tips 2
Romanization 2
Translation 2
Lesson Vocabulary 2
Grammar Points 3
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Hangul Transcript
(1)^± ±^ h?
(2)±^ ^± h! ±¬¨¹E!
(3)^± ^. ±¬¨¹E. 7± º^±\II. ×± T<=II.
(4)¬^ ±¬¨¹E. 7± 7¬^\II. ×± T<=II.
(5)±^ ¬^ h± =^\II. ^± h± ^^÷\II.
Pronunciation Tips
h (ssi) may be a bit difficult to hear for the untrained ear. ' (si) and h (ssi) are typ-
ically difficult for learners to distinguish one from the other. Be sure to stop by the
learning center and check out the audio clips.
Romanization
(1)Cheonhong Yunseol ssi?
(2)YunSeol Cheonhong ssi! annyeonghaseyo!
(3)Cheonhong eo...annyeonghaseyo. jeo-neun ParkCheonhong-imnida. cheombeopgessseumnida.
(4)Sujin annyeonghaseyo. jeo-neun HanSujin-imnida. cheombeopgessseumnida.
(5)YunSeol Sujin ssi-neun hakseng-imnida. Cheonhong ssi-neun seonsaengnim-imnida.
Translation
(1)Cheonhong Seol Yun?
(2)YunSeol Cheonhong! Hello!
(3)Cheonhong Oh... Hello. l'm Cheonhong Park. lt's nice to meet you.
(4)Sujin Hello. l'm Sujin Han. lt's nice to meet you.
(5)YunSeol Sujin is a student. Cheonhong is a teacher.
Lesson Vocabulary
Hangul Romanization English Synonyms
h ssi
Mr., Mrs., Ms.
=^ hakseng
student
^^÷ seonsaengnim
teacher
¹I ida
to be
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Crannar Poinis
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Grammar Point #1 - The Honorific Suffix - h
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ln Korean h (ssi) is the honorific suffix. Just as the title suggests, it gestures respect to the
name it is suffixed to. lt's usage is a bit different than the English counterparts: Mister,
Misses, Miss.
Here are a few properties of the honorific suffix -h (-ssi):
· lt can be used to respect anybody. lt is unisex and can be used regardless of age
(although children tend to not be honored).
· lt is used more frequently than the English titles, Mister, Misses, and Miss. lf two people
are not on casual terms, they will typically suffix h (ssi) to the other person's name. This
can even apply if two people have been acquaintances or even friends for a long time.
· lt is only used when referring to someone else. One cannot use h (ssi) for their own
name.
· When it is suffixed to a name, it must be suffixed to a person's given name. As Korean
names typically have family names in front with given names following that, the honorific
suffix must always be attached to the person's given name, as the given name is always at
the end. lf the honorific suffix is attached to only the person's family name, it can sometimes
be seen as demeaning.
· Attaching h (ssi) with a full name is a bit more respectful than attaching it only to the giv-
en name.
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+ More Examples +
---------------------------
A typical Korean name is:
¹¬7 (LeeSuhan) - Full name
¹ (Lee) - Family name
¬7 (Suhan) - Given name
Attached with the honorific suffix
¹¬7 h (LeeSuhan ssi) - respectful
¹h (Lee ssi) - disrespectful (attached to only the family name)
¬7 h (Suhan ssi) - respectful (attached to only the given name)
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¹¬7 h (LeeSuhan ssi) is a bit more respectful than ¬7 h (Suhan ssi).
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Grammar Point #2 - The Affirmative Copula - ¹I
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The affirmative copula in Korean is ¹I (ida). This verb generally translate as "to be." This
means it can be used to express equation, definition, identification, and description. But it is
not existential. Korean has a separate verb to express existence.
Example:
He is tall. - This sentence expresses description. Therefore, in Korean, the verb ¹I (ida)
would be used.
He is John. - This sentence expresses identification. Therefore, in Korean, the verb ¹I
(ida) would be used.
He is home. - This sentence expresses existence. Therefore the verb ¹I (ida) would not
be used in this context.
When ¹I (ida) is conjugated in the present tense and expressed for use in a formal con-
text, it changes into \II (imnida). Note that the speakers used \II (imnida) (See line
1:"7± Keith\II.¨) in this conversation.
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Grammar Point #3 - Formal Politeness Level Conjugation (-=/=II)
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\II (imnida) is the copula conjugated into the present tense, and in the formal politeness
level. To conjugate ¹I (ida) we take the dictionary form of the copula ¹I (ida) and re-
move I (da) to get the verb stem, ¹ (i). From there we add -= II (-mnida). ¹ + = II
= \II (i + mnida = imnida).
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' Construction
-----------------------------
For verb stems that end in vowels we attach -= II (-mnida), such as the case is with
¹I (ida), the copula. For verb stems that end in consonants, we attach -=II
(-seumnida).
¹I (ida) - the verb stem is ¹ (i) - the last portion of this is a vowel. -=II (-mnida) is
used.
=I (meokda) - the verb stem is = (meok) - the last portion of this is a consonant. -=II
(-seumnida) is used.
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