MCQ fluid mechanics

© All Rights Reserved

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MCQ fluid mechanics

© All Rights Reserved

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A.100 cm3

B.250 cm3

C.500 cm3

D.1000 cm3

The value of bulk modulus of a fluid is required to determine

A.Reynold's number

B.Froude's number

C.Mach number

D.Euler's number

In one dimensional flow, the flow

A.is steady and uniform

B.takes place in straight line

C.takes place in curve

D.takes place in one direction

The kinematic viscosity is the

A.ratio of absolute viscosity to the density of the liquid

B.ratio of density of the liquid to the absolute viscosity

C.product of absolute viscosity and density of the liquid

D.product of absolute viscosity and mass of the liquid

Coefficient of contraction is the ratio of

A.actual velocity of jet at vena contracta to the theoretical velocity

B.loss of head in the orifice to the head of water available at the exit of the orifice

C.actual discharge through an orifice to the theoretical discharge

D.area of jet at vena contracta to the area of orifice

The Reynold's number of a ship is __________ to its velocity and length.

A

directly proportional

.

B.inversely proportional

Coefficient of resistance is the ratio of

A.actual velocity of jet at vena contracta to the theoretical velocity

B.area of jet at vena contracta to the area of orifice

C.loss of head in the orifice to the head of water available at the exit of the orifice

D.actual discharge through an orifice to the dieoretical discharge

In order to measure the flow with a venturimeter, it is installed in

A.horizontal line

B.inclined line with flow upwards

C.inclined line with flow downwards

D.any direction and in any location

. In a venturimeter, the velocity of liquid at throat is __________ than at inlet.

A.higher

B.lower

A.Under ground flow

B.Flow past tiny bodies

C.Flow of oil in measuring instruments

D.all of these

The pressure less than atmospheric pressure is known as

A

suction pressure

.

B.vacuum pressure

C.negative gauge pressure

D

all of these

.

The maximum efficiency of transmission through a pipe is

A.50%

C.66.67%

B.56.7%

D

76.66%

.

A

capillary tube method

.

B.orifice type viscometer

C.rotating cylinder method

D

all of these

.

The stability of a dam is checked for

A.tension at the base

B.overturning of the wall or dam

C.sliding of the wall or dam

D.all of these

An ideal fluid is frictionless and incompressible.

A.Correct

B.Incorrect

A manometer is used to measure

A.low pressure

B.moderate pressure

C.high pressure

D.atomospheric pressure

A flow in which the volume of a fluid and its density does not change during the flow is called

__________ flow.

A

incompressible

.

B.compressible

The weight per unit volume of a liquid at a standard temperature and pressure is called

A.specific weight

B.mass density

C.specific gravity

D.none of these

The Bernoulli's equation is based on the assumption that

A

there is no loss of energy of the liquid flowing

.

B.the velocity of flow is uniform across any cross-section of the pipe

C.no force except gravity acts on the fluid

D

all of the above

.

Viscous force is the __________ of shear stress due to viscosity and cross-sectionar area of

flow.

A.sum

C.product

B.different

D

ratio

.

In a short cylindrical external mouthpiece, the vena contracta occurs at a distance __________

the diameter of the orifice from the outlet of orifice.

A

equal to

.

B.one-fourth

C.one-third

D

one-half

.

The density of air is same at different heights.

A.Correct.

B.Incorrect

Water is __________ liquid.

A.a compressible

B.an incompressible

With an increase in size of tube, the rise or depression of liquid in the tube due to surface

tension will

A.decrease

B.increase

C.remain unchanged

D.depend upon the characteristics of liquid

One stoke is equal to

A -2 2

10 m /s

.

B.10-3 m2/s

C.10-4 m2/s

D -6 2

10 m /s

.

The specific weight of water in S.I. units is taken as

A.9.81 kN/m3

B.9.81 x 103 N/m3

C.9.81 x 10-6 N/mm3

D.any one of these

The specific weight of sea water is __________ that of pure water.

A

same as

.

B.less than

C.more than

A piezometer tube is used only for measuring

A

low pressure

.

B.high pressure

C.moderate pressure

D

vacuum pressure

.

Stoke is the unit of

A.kinematic viscosity in C. G. S. units

B.kinematic viscosity in M. K. S. units

C.dynamic viscosity in M. K. S. units

. dynamic viscosity in S. I. units

One poise is equal to

A

0.1 N-s/m2

.

B.1 N-s/m2

C.10 N-s/m2

D

100 N-s/m

.

The absolute pressure is equal to

A

gauge pressure + atmospheric pressure

.

B.gauge pressure - atmospheric pressure

C.atmospheric pressure - gauge pressure

D

gauge pressure - vacuum pressure

.

A flow whose streamline is represented by a curve, is called

A

one-dimensional flow

.

B.two-dimensional flow

C.three-dimensional flow

D

four-dimensional flow

.

The liquid used in manometers should have

A

low density

.

B.high density

C.low surface tension

D

high surface tension

.

The viscosity of a liquid __________ its rate of flow through a hole in a vessel.

A.effects

B.does not effect

Gauge pressure at a point is equal to the absolute pressure __________ the atmospheric pressure.

A

plus

.

B.minus

A.vacuum pressure

B.gauge pressure

C.absolute pressure

D.atmospheric pressure

A flow whose streamline is represented by a straight line, is called __________ dimensional

flow.

A.one

B.two

D

C.three

four

.

The unit of kinematic viscosity in S. I. units is

A

N-m/s

.

C.m2/s

B.N-s/m2

D.N-m

A fluid whose viscosity does not change with the rate of deformation or shear strain is known

as

A.real fluid

B.ideal fluid

C.newtonian fluid

D.non-newtonian fluid

The variation in the volume of a liquid with the variation of pressure is called its

A

surface tension

.

B.compressibility

C.capillarity

D

viscosity

.

The pressure measured with the help of a pressure gauge is called

A

atmospheric pressure

.

B.gauge pressure

C.absolute pressure

D

mean pressure

.

A venturiflume is used to measure

A

pressure of liquid

.

B.discharge of liquid

C.pressure difference between two points in a channel

D

pressure difference between two points in a pipe

.

.

The volume of a fluid __________ as the pressure increases.

A.remains same

B.decreases

C.increases

The pressure of the liquid flowing through the divergent portion of a venturimeter

A.remains constant

B.increases

C.decreases

D.depends upon mass of liquid

Water is a __________ fluid.

A

real

.

C.newtonian

B.ideal

D.non-newtonian

A.remain unaffected

B.increases

C.decreases

The kinematic viscosity of an oil (in stokes) whose specific gravity is 0.95 and viscosity 0.011

poise, is

A

0.0116 stoke

.

B.0.116 stoke

C.0.0611 stoke

D

0.611 stoke

.

A point, in a compressible flow where the velocity of fluid is zero, is called

A critical point

.

B.vena contracta

C.stagnation point

D

none of these

.

The surface tension of mercury at normal temperature is __________ that of water.

A

same as

.

B.lower than

C.higher than

The dynamic viscosity of gases __________ with rise in temperature.

A

remain unaffected

.

B.increases

C.decreases

A flow in which the quantity of liquid flowing per second is constant, is called __________

flow.

A.steady

C.turbulent

B.streamline

D

unsteady

.

Venturimeter is used to

A.measure the velocity of a flowing liquid

B.measure the pressure of a flowing liquid

C.measure the discharge of liquid flowing in a pipe

D.measure the pressure difference of liquid flowing between two points in a pipe line

Bernoulli's equation is applied to

A.venturimeter

B.orifice meter

C.pitot tube

D.all of these

A fluid having no viscosity is known as

A

real fluid

.

B.ideal fluid

C.newtonian fluid

D

non-newtonian fluid

.

According to Newton's law of viscosity, the shear stress on a layer of a fluid is __________ to

the rate of shear strain.

A.equal to

B.directly proportional

C.inversely proportional

The force per unit length is the unit of

A

surface tension

.

B.compressibility

C.capillarity

D

viscosity

.

When the venturimeter is inclined, then for a given flow it will show __________ reading.

A.same

B.more

C.less

The property of a liquid which offers resistance to the movement of one layer of liquid over

another adjacent layer of liquid, is called

A.surface tension

B.compressibility

C.capillarity

D.viscosity

Newton's law of viscosity is a relationship between

A.pressure, velocity and temperature

B.shear stress and rate of shear strain

C.shear stress and velocity

D.rate of shear strain and temperature

The pressure of air __________ with the increase of height from the surface of the earth.

A

does not change

.

B.decreases

C.increases

A flow in which the quantity of liquid flowing per second is not constant, is called

A

streamline flow

.

B.turbulent flow

C.steady flow

D

unsteady flow

.

The ratio of specific weight of a liquid to the specific weight of pure water at a standard

temperature is called

A.density of liquid

B.specific gravity of liquid

C.compressibility of liquid

D.surface tension of liquid

A fluid which obeys the Newton's law of viscosity is termed as

A.real fluid

B.ideal fluid

C.newtonian fluid

D.non-newtonian fluid

When the flow in an open channel is gradually varied, the flow is said to be

A

steady uniform flow

.

B.steady non-uniform flow

C.unsteady uniform flow

D

unsteady non-uniform flow

.

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