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Maridel R.

Garza 8-Feldspar

Cleaning- Disiinfectant- are antimicrobial agents that are applied to non-living


objects to destroymicroorganisms that are living on the objects.[1] Disinfection does not
necessarily kill all microorganisms, especially resistant bacterial spores; it is less effective
than sterilization, which is an extreme physical and/or chemical process that kills all types of life.
[1]
Disinfectants are different from other antimicrobial agents such as antibiotics, which destroy
microorganisms within the body, and antiseptics, which destroy microorganisms on living tissue.
Disinfectants are also different from biocides the latter are intended to destroy all forms of
life, not just microorganisms. Disinfectants work by destroying the cell wall of microbes or
interfering with the metabolism.
Sanitizers are substances that simultaneously clean and disinfect.[2] Disinfectants are frequently
used in hospitals, dental surgeries, kitchens, and bathrooms to kill infectious organisms.
Bacterial endospores are most resistant to disinfectants, but some viruses and bacteria also
possess some tolerance.
In wastewater treatment, a disinfection step with chlorine, ultra-violet (UV)
radiation orozonation can be included as tertiary treatment to remove pathogens from
wastewater, for example if it is to be reused to irrigate golf courses. An alternative term used in

the sanitation sector for disinfection of waste streams, sewage sludge orfecal
sludge is sanitisation or sanitization.