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Graduate Institute of Building and Planning,

College of Engineering,

National Taiwan University


Master Thesis

Growing Tea or Making Nature: The Symbolic Struggle of


the Wenshan-Pouchong Tea Production Field in Pinglin

Hsin-Hua Chiang

Advisor: Chih-Hung Wang, PhD


105 2
February 2016

Bourdieu

Bourdieu

nature making

latent
nature makingmanifest nature making

ii

Abstract

Based on the field analysis of Wenshan-Pouchong Tea Production in Pinglin, I


used the term nature making to include the relational practices between human and
nature. Pinglin has its own multiple natural character, being a critical tea production
place and a water resource suppling urban Taipei, which leaded to struggles defining
and making nature.
In this thesis, I pointed out the historical turn from latent nature making to
manifest nature making. I firstly explored the practical experiences of conventional
tea farmers, with the method of participle observation, further described the symbolic
struggle between different actors in the field, on the base of diverse habitus and interests
in growing tea and operating the social relationships. For those conventional tea farmers,
making nature was only for growing tea. Therefore, their practices of tea farm
management mainly focused on tea trees. The raise of manifest nature making could
be divided into two factors: one being appointed into the Taipei reservoirs catchment
conservation area, the power of natural governance, and on the other hand, the
involvement of pan-organic tea production actors. They concerned the
comprehensive natural environment as a whole, causing the main stress in the symbolic
struggle.
In conclusion, I mentioned two critical tensions of symbolic struggle in Pinglin,
which are the stresses between pan-organicconventional and tea-villagewater
resource, further pointed out three strategic trendsbureaucratization, rationalization
and ethnicization. Finally, I tried to build the epistemology to the practical scheme of
growing tea, and then describe the field dynamics of the tea production in Pinglin,
operated through multiple interest structures and practices.

Keywords: nature making, practical scheme, symbolic struggle

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vi

1-1 .................................................................................................... 17
1-2 ........................................................................................ 18
1-3 .................................................................... 19
1-4 ............................................................................ 20
1-5 .................................................................... 20
2-1 ............................................................................................ 26
2-2 ........................................................................ 31
2-3 .................................................................................... 33
2-4 ......................................................................... 36
2-5 ......................................................................................... 38
2-6 ................................................................. 42
2-7 2015 12 ....... 46
3-1 ............................................ 56
3-2 .................................................................................... 58
3-3 ................................................................................ 61
3-4 .................................................................................... 64
3-5 ........................................................................................ 65
3-6 .................................................... 66
3-7 ............................................................................ 67
3-8 ................................................ 68
3-9 .................................................... 70
3-10 .......................................................................................... 73
3-11 .......................................................... 75
3-12 .......................................................................... 77
3-13 .............................................................................. 80
3-14 .......................................................................................... 82

vii

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3-16 ............................................................................... 85
3-17 .................................................................................. 87
3-18 .............................................. 90
4-1 ...................................................... 100
4-2 .............................................................. 107
5-1 2015 ............................. 124
6-1 .................................................................. 127
6-2 ...................................................... 128
6-3 .......................................................... 131

viii

1-1 ..................................................................................... 23
1-2 ................................................. 24
2-1 ..................................................................................... 37
2-2 ..................................................................... 45
3-1 2015/7/20-24 ................................................................................ 51
3-2 ............................................................. 63
3-3 ..................................................................... 70
3-4 ......................................................................................... 79
3-5 ..................................................................... 88
3-6 ............................................. 92
4-1 2015 ....................... 101
4-2 ................................................................... 109
5-1 ....................................................................... 121
5-2 2015 ........................................... 123
6-1 ........................................................................... 129
6-2 ................................................................... 129

ix

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2012
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the
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van der Ploeg
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2015
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2007
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1980

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:

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http://kmweb.coa.gov.tw/subject/ct.asp?xItem=1043840&ctNode=9278&mp=38
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1945 34

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1991 80

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2001 90

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