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Creation of a City Disaster Risk and Management Council of Cebu and the

Allocation of Supplemental Funds for Site Development and Lot Acquisition and
Financial Assistance to those Affected by the Fire in Barangay Quizo, Mandaue City
A Research Proposal
Presented to the
Faculty of the College of Arts and Sciences
University of San Carlos
Cebu City, Philippines
_______________________________
By
Janet Dawn Abines
Ivan Rodger Apos
Webster Dave Bontilao
Francesca Nicole Fua
Juriel Jumangit
Jushoa Largosa
May 18, 2016

Introduction

The project is aimed to explain, defend and conclude on the given social teachings
of the church prior to the social problem found and violations done to the social
teachings.
The group agreed as choosing squatting as our social problem in Cebu. Informal
settlers have been an old social problem in civilized cities. This study will be able to
answer the following, what is squatting, why squatting is present and how to end informal
settlers. Extracting the violations or mistreatment given by the government may lead us to
a solution or analysis. In this project the group has chosen Barangay Guizo in Mandaue
City. The church says God created the world to show his glory and to provide the human
race with the various things it needs. Every human person is Gods creature and was
intended by God to receive his necessary share of created goods where this is a social
teaching. Given that they have experienced mistreatment due to a violent way of making
the people flee. In the violation cited, it has been sorted out that the Philippines have a
very weak method in imposing law. As we come to an agreement as a team, we ought to
create the city ordinance 101-2016 namely CREATION OF A CITY DISASTER RISK
AND MANAGEMENT COUNCIL OF CEBU AND THE ALLOCATION OF
SUPPLEMENTAL FUNDS FOR SITE DEVELOPMENT AND LOT AQUISITION
TOGETHER WITH FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO THOSE AFFECTED BY THE FIRE
IN BARANGAY LOREGA AND THOSE INDIVIDUALS SIMILARLY AFFECTED where
it states the victims are then given the budget and sustainable life after experiencing a
man-made incident.

Review of Related Literature


Social Teachings of The Church
Catholic social educating is a focal and fundamental component of our
confidence. Its roots are in the Hebrew prophets who reported God's exceptional
adoration for poor people and called God's kin to an agreement of affection and equity. It
is an educating established on the life and expressions of Jesus Christ, who came "to
bring glad tidings to the poor . . . liberty to captives . . . recovery of sight to the blind"(Lk
4:18-19), and who identified himself with "the least of these," the hungry and the more
unusual (cf. Mt 25:45). Catholic social instructing is based on a guarantee to poor people.
This dedication emerges from our encounters of Christ in the Eucharist.
Universal Purpose of Earthly Goods
God created the world to show his glory and to provide the human race with the
various things it needs. Every human person is Gods creature and was intended by God
to receive his necessary share of created goods. Though the things of the world have,
through human institutions, been parceled out into various forms of property, in the last
analysis even property rights and the commandment against stealing may give way to the
requirements of the universal purpose of goods that is Gods will in creating. For the
most part Gods will in these matters is accomplished through the principle of
subsidiarity, whereby individuals are responsible for themselves, families for children
and dependents, associations for members, and so forth. A society as a whole or the
world community may choose to aid those who are not being served by subsidiary
institutions. But private property and subsidiarity of jurisdictions are important, because
they distribute the goods of the earth in a generally just way and because they empower

individuals and human groups to play their role in Gods creation. If the universal
purpose meant a centralized distribution of goods, it would soon lead to totalitarianism.
At absolute need, individuals or groups, or even whole societies, may have the right to
appropriate property that has been unjustly kept from them and to which they have an
immediate and life-threatening need. But this can only be done if all other moral
prohibitions are observed.
Because earthly goods are meant for all, there is a responsibility for developed
countries to aid developing countries and to correct the terms of commercial relationships
that presently favor the richer and more powerful countries. In recent years, the universal
purpose has also been used to warn about degradation of the environment, which may
become, in effect, an unjust appropriation of goods God has also intended for future
generations.
Violations Against the Social Teachings of the Church
According to Olesen, Adequate housing and living is stated as a human right
under article 25 of the Human Rights Declaration. Despite being a human right, the right
to adequate housing is yet to be implemented by the Philippine government. It is,
nevertheless, too simple to dismiss the government as being irresponsible or inattentive to
the poor conditions, as the problems of inadequate housing is challenge and complex
(Pernille Hattmann Olesen, 2009).
The Philippines has a very weak land policy; people can easily take advantage of
this, e.g. stealing a land belonging to someone else. In result, the poor suffer. The land
administration infrastructure, including the land information system in the Philippines is
poor and inadequate. Information about land ownership, location, boundaries, actual land

uses and land values cannot be provided systematically in many local governments. One
result is fraud in land titling that yields land ownership conflicts, which takes years to
resolve (Gilberto M. Llanto and Marife M. Ballesteros 2003).
The dignitary favors richer and powerful persons, it is fallacious to think that all
squatters are poor. Many of them are rich opportunists. (Neal H. Cruz, 2013)
Lot owners cannot develop their properties because of the squatters.

It is

fallacious to think that all squatters are poor. Many of them are rich opportunists. Look at
the squatter colonies: There are stores, shops, and other businesses, as well as two-to
four-story concrete houses built on lots. It is a bidding process which is very unjust to the
poor people. The government is quick to sell at public auction. The winning bidders are
usually influential person close to City Hall. It is the responsibility of the government to
protect private property in exchange for the taxes the owners pay. If one owns land which
remains idle for a long time, it only means that it is no use to him/her. Sell it to the
squatters and build high rise ones to avoid relocation which displaces these illegal urban
settlers who presumably are working near their residences, or make relocation enticing by
building means of transportation which are very fast and speedy enough to take them to
their place of work and affordable of course.

Ordinance

A rule of authority; an ORDINANCE 859 ORDINES law or statue. In a more


constrained sense, the term is utilized to assign the establishments of the authoritative
body of a civil company. Entirely, a bill or law which may remain with the old law, and
did not change any statue in power at the time, and which got to be finished by the

illustrious consent on the parliament move, with no passage on the statue roll. A bill or
law which may whenever be altered by the parliament, with no statue. A statute was
generally recognized from a statute by the condition that the last require the triple consent
of ruler, masters, and house, while a mandate may be appointed by maybe a couple of
these constituent bodies.

Methodology
The researchers decided to interview three (3) victims from Guizo in Mandaue
city by asking them questions regarding agreements regarding relocation.
Research Design
The research was a qualitative design, using a interview method which consist of
(#) question regarding the incident.
Research Respondents
The research respondents will be 3 victims from the fire in Guizo, Mandaue City.
In choosing the respondents, the researchers were using convenient sampling.
Research Environment
The research environment will be at barangay Guizo, Mandaue City the location
of the recent incident of fire.
Research Materials
Researchers will be using interview questions (see Appendix A).
Research Procedure
Using the Social Teachings definition, the researchers decided to create a series of
question to be asked to 3 victims of the fire. The researchers then proceeded to the
location and interviewed the victims. The answers would then be incorporated to the Law
Ordinance the group is proposing to pass.


Figure 1. Government Tarpauline found in Barangay Guizo


Figure 2. One of the homes of the victims


Figure 3. Barangay Guizo, Mandaue City

Results
The researchers interviewed 3 families that were victims of the
Mantuyong Guizo Fire Incident. They now reside temporarily in CICC until the
government is able to repair and build new houses for them in Mantuyong Guizo. The
families lived for about 2 months already, living under tarpaulins until repairs are
finished. Most of the families there were only able to bring their clothes during the fire.
One of them said that the government helps them with financial support10,000 for
owners and 5,000 for sharers/renters.

The researchers asked if they would ever consider relocating somewhere


permanent with job opportunities and scholarships for their children and they said yes,
because they already want a stable place where they wont be relocated all the time. They
also said the government has told them that they would be given opportunities but it
hasnt happened until now. From observing the place, they would have small businesses
like tindahans along their houses or on the street.
Conclusion
Having the answers of the victims, the researchers use this as a base to the Law
Ordinance that they will be proposing. The law ordinance balances the social teachings of
the church and the law. The group of researchers saw that the law ordinance would be a
more feasible proposal as to the proposed plan to pass a bill. The researchers state the
needs of the victims in the following Ordinance (Appendix B). The ordinance will be
passed then to the Mayor. This would result to a peaceful relocation and would benefit
the affected, being the residing community on the lot.

Reference:
Agrarian Reform and the Hacienda. (2012, June/July). Retrieved May 18, 2016, from
http://www.cbcpnews.com/cbcpnews/?p=301
Vol. 16 No. 13
Catholic Social Teaching. (n.d.). Retrieved May 18, 2016, from
http://www.usccb.org/beliefs-and-teachings/what-we-believe/catholic-social
-teaching/
Gilberto M. Llanto and Marife M. Ballesteros (2003). Land Issues in Poverty

Reduction Strategies and the Development Agenda: Philippines

http://dirp3.pids.gov.ph/ris/pdf/pidsdps0303.pdf Retrieved on May 18,

2016

Pernille Hattmann Olesen (2009). The Challenge of Squatters

http://projekter.aau.dk/projekter/files/17058784/Thesis.pdf Retrieved on

May 18, 2016
UNIVERSAL DESTINATION OF EARTHLY GOODS - Issues and Concern, Diocese
of Marbel. (n.d.). Retrieved May 18, 2016, from
http://marbeldiocese.freeservers.com/Topics/universal destination of earthly
goods.htm
What is ORDINANCE? (n.d.). Retrieved May 18, 2016, from
http://thelawdictionary.org/ordinance/

Appendix B
RESOLUTION NO. 101-2016
AUTHOR : Janet Dawn Abines
CO-AUTHORS: Ivan Rodger Apos, Webster Dave Bontilao, Francesca

Nicole Fua, Juriel Jumangit, Jushoa Largosa


CREATION OF A CITY DISASTER RISK AND
MANAGEMENT COUNCIL OF CEBU AND THE
ALLOCATION OF SUPPLEMENTAL FUNDS FOR SITE
DEVELOPMENT AND LOT AQUISITION AND
FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO THOSE AFFECTED BY THE
FIRE IN BARANGAY LOREGA

WHEREAS, every local government unit shall exercise the powers expressly
granted, those necessarily implied therefrom as well as powers necessary, appropriate,
or incidental for its efficient and effective governance, and those which are essential to
the promotion of general welfare;

WHEREAS, our national laws, intends to uphold the peoples constitutional
rights to life and property by addressing the root causes of vulnerabilities to disasters,
strengthening the countrys institutional capacity for disaster risk reduction and
management and building the resilience of local communities to disasters including
climate change impacts and those victims of circumstances beyond their control such as
the fire victims of Barangay Guizo;

WHEREAS, our national laws on natural disasters incorporates internationally
accepted principles of disaster risk management in the creation and implementation of
national, regional and local sustainable development and poverty reduction strategies,
policies, plans and budgets;

WHEREAS, there is a need to adopt the following: (i) a disaster risk reduction
and management approach that is holistic, comprehensive, integrated, and proactive in
lessening the socio-economic and environmental impacts of disasters specifically the
fire victims of Barangay Lorega (ii) a Relocation Site for the Fire Victims (iii) Financial
and Physical Aid (iv) Housing Development Assistance and lastly (v) The Promotion and
the involvement and participation of all sectors and all stakeholders concerned, at all
levels, such as Gawas Kalinga, Junior Jaycess Cebu, NGOs and other social and civic
groups.

NOW, THEREFORE, on motion of Member, Hon. JANET DAWN ABINES and
adopted as on MASS MOTION by all the Members of this Body present, duly seconded
by the same, be it




ORDINANCE NO. 101-16


CREATION OF A CITY DISASTER RISK AND
MANAGEMENT COUNCIL OF CEBU AND THE
ALLOCATION OF SUPPLEMENTAL FUNDS FOR SITE
DEVELOPMENT AND LOT AQUISITION TOGETHER
WITH FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO THOSE AFFECTED
BY THE FIRE IN BARANGAY LOREGA AND THOSE
INDIVIDUALS SIMILARLY AFFECTED

CHAPTER I

Title, Statement of Policy, Objectives and Coverage

SECTION 1. TITLE This ordinance shall also be known as the City Disaster Risk
Management Council of Cebu to address the needs of the Fire Victims of Barangay
Lorega and those similarly affected in the future

SECTION 2. STATEMENT OF POLICY

Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy. It shall be the policy of the City of Cebu to:

Uphold the peoples constitutional rights to life and property by addressing the root
causes of vulnerabilities to disasters, strengthening the City of Cebus institutional
capacity for disaster risk reduction and management and building the resilience of local
communities to disasters.

SECTION 3. CREATION OF THE CITY DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT
COUNCIL OF CEBU - The City Disaster Risk Management Council of Cebu (CDRMC) is
hereby created.

SECTION 4. OBJECTIVES This ordinance shall provide for the creation of City
Disaster Risk Management Council of Cebu, defining its composition, duties, functions
and provide funds therefore and for the development of policies and plans and the
implementation of actions and measures pertaining to all aspects of disaster risk
reduction and management, risk assessment and early warning, knowledge building
and awareness raising, reducing underlying risk factors, and preparedness for effective
response and early recovery within the City of Cebu.

CHAPTER II

Composition and Structure

SECTION 5. COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE THE CITY DISASTER RISK
MANAGEMENT COUNCIL OF CEBU - By virtue of this ordinance, the City Disaster Risk
Management Council of Cebu shall be composed of, but not limited to the following:



Cebu Mayor
-
Chairman

MEMBERS

1. Five (5) City Councilors specifically those Chairing Committees related to this
Ordinance
2. City Planning and Development Officer
3. City Budget Officer

4. Provincial Environment and Natural Resource Officer

5. The DILG Director
6. Division Head / Superintendent of Schools of the DepEd,


7. Director Philippine National Police

8. Director/ Fire Marshall of the Bureau of Fire Protection
9. The President of the Association of Barangay Captains
10. The Philippine National Red Cross


CDRMCC shall meet once (1) in every quarter or as the need arises.
SECTION 6. DUTIES POWER AND FUNCTIONS The CDRMCC of the City of
Cebu shall have the following duties, powers and functions:

The CDRMCC shall perform the following functions with impartiality given the
emerging challenges brought by disasters of our times:

1. Sets the direction, design programs for development, implementation and
coordination of disaster risk reduction and management activities consistent with the
City and National Councils standards and guidelines.

2. Facilitates and supports risk assessments , contingency planning activities,
consolidates disaster risk information , a risk map and maintain a database of human
resource, equipment, directories, and location of critical infrastructures and their
capacities such as hospitals and evacuation centers;

3. Prepares and submits to the City Council through the CDRMCC the Annual Plan, and
Budget, the proposed programming and other dedicated disaster risk reduction and
management resources, and funding source/s and budgetary support;

4. Act on other matters that may be authorized by the CDRMCC as to:
A.) Disaster Preparedness
B.) Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
C.) Disaster Response
D.) Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery


SECTION 8. SITE DEVELOPMENT AND LOT AQUISITION

The CDRMCC shall take the lead in preparing for and initiating the Site
Development and Relocation Site for those affected by the fire victims of Barangay
Lorega and in the future, those similarly affected. The CDRMCC shall coordinate and

partner with the following entities to ensure that the victims of the fire will be
able to rebuild their home:

a. GAWAD KALINGA FOUNDATION (through a Memorandum of Agreement)
b. LOCAL HOUSING BOARD

c. JUNIOR JAYCESS OF CEBU


d. PRIVATE LAND OWNERS

SECTION 9. FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE

The City Council shall authorize the release and appropriation of a total

sum of three million pesos (P3,000,000) for the financial assistance to the fire
victims.

Two Million of which which shall be used to purchase light materials for
temporary shelter, food, drinks, clothing and other necessary tools and materials
to cope with their loss.

The remaining One Million Pesos which shall be used as disaster risk
management activities such as, but not limited to, pre-disaster preparedness programs
including training, purchasing life-saving rescue equipment, supplies and medicines, for
post-disaster activities such as construction of evacuation center.

SECTION 10. SEPARABILITY CLAUSE

If any of the provision/provisions of this ordinance shall be held
unconstitutional or invalid, the other provisions not otherwise affected shall remain in
full force and effect.


SECTION 11. REPEALING CLAUSE


Any and all other ordinances, issuances, orders, rules and regulations of the City
of Cebu which are contrary or inconsistent herewith are hereby deemed repealed,
amended and modified accordingly.

SECTION 12. EFFECTIVITY CLAUSE

This ordinance shall take effect immediately after approval and subsequent
publication in a news paper of general publication.
ENACTED AND CARRIED ON MASS MOTION.






I hereby certify to the correctness of the afore-quoted resolution.















ATTESTED:



_______________________

Vice Mayor/Presiding Officer



_____________________
Secretary



APPROVED:

_________________________
Mayor

Appendix A
Questions asked to victims:

1. How long have you lived here?
2. How many are you in the family?
3. Were you given a notice to relocate? How were you after the fire?
4. If you were given job opportunities and scholarships, would you consider it?
5. If not, what would make you consider it?