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Region X, known as Northern Mindanao in the Executive Order No.

36, Section 2,
occupies the north-central part of Mindanao Island. The region is composed of the provinces
of BUKIDNON, CAMIGUIN, LANAO DEL NORTE, MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL and MISAMIS
ORIENTAL. It has two (2) urbanized cities namely, Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City and
seven (7) component cities: El Salvador City, Gingoog City, Malaybalay City, Oroquieta City,
Tangub City, and Valencia City. The total number of municipalities and barangays are 84 and
2,022 respectively. It is bounded by the Mindanao Sea on the north , Western Mindanao on
the west, Caraga Region on the east, and Regions 11 and 12 on the south.
I.

BUKIDNON
The name "Bukidnon" means "highlander" or "mountain dweller". Bukidnon is
considered to be the food basket of Mindanao. It is the major producer
of riceand corn in the region. Plantations in the province also
produce pineapples,bananas and sugarcane. Bukidnon is the home of Mount
Dulang-dulang, the 2nd highest mountain in the Philippines with an elevation of
2,938 m located in Kitanglad Mountain Range. Mount Kitanglad (2,899m.), Mount
Kalatungan (2,860m.), Mt. Maagnaw (2,742m.), Mt. Lumuluyaw (2,612m.) and Mt.
Tuminungan (2,400m.), the 4th, 5th, 8th, 17th and 30th highest mountains in the
country respectively, are also found in the province.

LAWS AND BY-LAWS


REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10184
AN ACT REAPPORTIONING THE PROVINCE BUKIDNON INTO FOUR (4) LEGISTLATIVE
DISTRICTS
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress
assembled:
SECTION 1: Legislative Districts The Province of Bukidnon, which shall have four (4)
legislative districts to commence in the next national and local elections after the effectivity
of this Act, is hereby reapportioned as follows:
FIRST LEGISLATIVE DISTRICT:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)

Baungon
Libona
Malitbog
Manolo Fortich
Sumilao; and
Talakag

SECOND LEGISTLATIVE DISTRICT


(a) Malaybalay City
(b) Impasugong
(c) Cabanglasan

(d) Lantapan; and


(e) San Fernando
THIRD LEGISLATIVE DISTRICT
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)

Kadingilan
Damulog
Dangcagan
Don Carlos
Maramag
Kibawe
Kitaotao; and
Quezon

FOURTH LEGISLATIVE DISTRICT


(a) Valencia City
(b) Kalilangan; and
(c) Pangantucan
SECTION 2: Incumbent Representatives the incumbent Representatives of the
Province Bukidnon shall continue to represent their respective districts until the new
Representatives shall have been elected and qualified.
SECTION 3: Rules and Regulations The Commission on Elections shall issue the
necessary rules and regulations to implement this act.
SECTION 4: Repealing Clause All laws, rules and regulations which are inconsistent
with this Act are hereby repealed, amended of modified accordingly.
SECTION 5: Effectivity This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication
in at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation.

On July 4, 1946, the Philippines gained independence from the US. Camiguin was
then part of Misamis Oriental
In 1958, it became a sub-province.
made into a separate province on June 18, 1966, and formally inaugurated in 1968

CAPITAL
Malaybalay City is the capital of the Province of Bukidnon

CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES


Cities:

Malaybalay

Valencia

Don Carlos

Malitbog

Impasugong

Manolo Fortich

Kadingilan

Maramag

Kalilangan

Pangantucan

Kibawe

Quezon

Kitaotao

San Fernando

Lantapan

Sumilao

Libona

Talakag

Municipalities:

Baungon

Cabanglasan

Damulog

Dangcagan

TRADITIONS AND FESTIVALS


The province celebrates the Kaamulan Festival, an ethnic cultural festival held annually in
Malaybalay City, Bukidnon from the mid-February up to March 10, the founding date of the
Bukidnon as a province in 1917. It is held to celebrate the culture and tradition of the seven
ethnic tribal groupsBukidnon, Higaonon, Talaandig, Manobo, Matigsalug, Tigwahanon and
Umayamnonthat originally inhabit the province. Kaamulan comes from the
indigenous Binukid word amul meaning "to gather". Kaamulan is gathering for a purposea
datuship ritual, a wedding ceremony, a thanksgiving festival during harvest time, a peace
pact, or all of these together. The festival started in 1974 and is celebrated until now.
TOURIST SPOTS
1. DAHILAYAN ADVENTURE PARK'S ZIP LINE is said to be the longest "dual" zip
line in Asia 840 M long
-A newer "single" zip line is longer located in Makilala, North Cotabato,
Philippines at 1.3 Kilometers long
2. Mt. Kitanglad National Park
3. Stone Marker of Yoshitois Grave
4. Lake Apo
5. Paiyak Cave
6. Pinamaloy Lake
7. Napalit Lake
8. Nasuli Spring
9. Minlaya Falls
10. Sumalsag Cave
11. Quarry Cave
12. Malagaha Lake
13. Liropan Cave
14. Borantawan Cave
15. Del Monte Golf Course
16. Mangima Canyon
17. Kaamulan Park

18. Luan Luan Spring


19. Menzi Farm

II.

CAMIGUIN
The name Camiguin is derived from the native word Kamagong, a species of
the ebony tree that thrives near Lake Mainit in the province of Surigao del Norte,
the region from which the earlier inhabitants of the islands, the Manobos,
came. Kinamigin, the local language of Camiguin, is closely related to the Manobo
language.

LAWS AND BY-LAWS


REPUBLIC ACT NO. 2021 - AN ACT CREATING THE SUBPROVINCE OF CAMIGUIN IN
THE PROVINCE OF MISAMIS ORIENTAL
Section 1.
The island of Camiguin and all the municipalities comprised therein are
constituted into a subprovince of the Province of Misamis Oriental to be known as the
Subprovince of Camiguin, with the seat of government in the Municipality of Mambajao.
Sec. 2. The provisions of sections twenty-one hundred thirty-seven, twenty-one hundred
thirty-eight, twenty-one hundred thirty-nine, twenty-one hundred forty, twenty-one hundred
forty-one, twenty-one hundred forty-two, and twenty-one hundred forty-three of the
Administrative Code, as amended, shall apply to the Subprovince of Camiguin.cralaw
Sec. 3.

The Subprovince of Camiguin shall constitute a separate engineering district.

Sec. 4.
The lieutenant-governor of the Subprovince of Camiguin shall receive a
compensation of three thousand six hundred pesos per annum.cralaw
Sec. 5. The first lieutenant-governor of the Subprovince of Camiguin shall be elected in the
elections immediately following the approval of this Act, and shall hold office until his
successor shall have been elected in the next general elections for provincial and municipal
officials
and
shall
have
qualified
to
said
office.
Sec. 6.

This Act shall take effect upon its approval.cralaw


Approved: June 22, 1957.

CAPITAL
Mambajao is the capital of the province and its largest municipality both in area and
population.

MUNICIPALITIES AND CITIES


Municipalities:

Catarman

Guinsiliban

Mahinog

Mambajao

Sagay

TRADITIONS, FESTIVALS
Lanzones Festival - Each year in October, a festival is held celebrating the Lanzones, a small
grape-sized tropical fruit grown all over the island. The week-long Lanzones Festival is one of
the more colorful events in the Philippines.
TOURIST SPOTS

Santo Rosario Church: The Santo Rosario Church in the municipality of Sagay was
built in 1882.

Old Catarman Church Ruins: The church of the Old Catarman town was destroyed and
partly submerged by volcanic debris during the eruption and formation of Mt. Vulcan
from 1871 to 1875. Also known as Gui-ob Church, only the ruins of the church and bell
tower remains of the old town. An unsightly modern white lighthouse was recently
erected close to the bell tower.

Baylao Church: The Church located in Brgy. Baylao in Mambajao is claimed to be


miraculous attributed to saving many lives during the last volcanic eruption of Hibokhibok.

Beautiful and ornate ancestral homes that date back to the Spanish Colonial
Period and American Colonial Period, are still abundant and can be found along the
streets of Camiguin.
Mount Hibok-Hibok
Mount Vulcan
Mount Timpoong
Mount Butay
Mount Guinsiliban
White Island is accessed from Agoho which is about 5 km (3.1 mi) west of the town

of Mambajao.

Mantigue Island can be reached from Mahinog about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) south
of Mambajao.

Ardent Hot Spring. At the foot of Hibok-Hibok Volcano bubble the mineral pools of
Ardent Hot Springs. Wisps of steam can be seen rising from the running waters heat
by the cauldron of the mountain, the most recently active of the seven volcanoes on
the island.

Sto. Nio Cold Springs and Bura Natural Soda Water Swimming Pool in
Catarman are other popular places to get a relaxing dip on the island.

Tangub Hot Spring is an interesting hot spring located on the shore close to the
Sunken Cemetery. Most of the spring is submerged and can be partly seen during low
tide. The spring can also be examined by scuba diving or snorkeling, as visibility is
excellent and it is also a recommended spot for observing underwater life.

Sunken Cemetery - During the volcanic birth of Mt. Vulcan that lasted from 1871 to
about 1875, some areas in the town of Bonbon subsided, sinking the cemetery of the
town to below sea level. The place is commemorated by a huge cross erected in
1982.

Katibawasan Falls

Tuasan Falls

III.

MISAMIS ORIENTAL
Located in Northern Mindanao, the province borders Iligan City and the province
of Bukidnon to the south, Agusan del Norte to the east and Lanao del Norte to the
west. On the north is the Bohol Sea with the island-province of Camiguin just off
its northern coast. Misamis Oriental occupies a total land area of 3,131.52 square
kilometres (1,209.09 sq mi). When Cagayan de OroCity is included for
geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3,544.32 square kilometres
(1,368.47 sq mi).

LAWS AND BY-LAWS


REPUBLIC ACT NO. 268 - AN ACT CREATING THE MUNICIPALITY OF EL SALVADOR,
PROVINCE OF MISAMIS ORIENTAL

Section 1.
The barrios of El Salvador and Molugan with their sitios known as Sala,
Sambulawan, Sinaloc, Lagtang, Talaba, Kalabaylabay and Hinigdaan, are separated from the
municipality of Cagayan, Province Misamis Oriental, and constituted into a municipality to
be known as the municipality of El Salvador in the Province of Misamis Oriental.
Sec. 2. Upon the approval of this Act, the President of the Philippines shall appoint the
elective officials of the new municipality who shall hold office until their successors shall
have
been
elected
and
qualified.
Sec. 3.

This Act shall take effect upon its approval.

CAPITAL
Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City, which is governed independently
from the province.
MUNICIPALITIES AND CITIES
Cities:

Cagayan de Oro

El Salvador

Gingoog

Municipalities:

Alubijid

Balingasag

Balingoan

Binuangan

TRADITIONS, FESTIVALS
1. Lubi-Lubi Festival
2. Hudyaka Festival
TOURIST SPOTS
Birhen Milagrosa Beach

Claveria

Manticao

Gitagum

Medina

Initao

Naawan

Jasaan

Opol

Kinoguitan

Salay

Lagonglong

Sugbongcogon

Laguindingan

Tagoloan

Libertad

Talisayan

Lugait

Villanueva

Magsaysay

This place in Brgy. Moog, Laguindingan, offers crystal clear water and fine gray sand.
Its name is derived from the image of the Virgin Mary on its rockwall. In that spot, an
altar has been built in honor of the Virgin Mary.
Punta Gorda Beach
Located just along the Provincial Road in Brgy. San Antonio, Jasaan, and Hermano,
Balingasag (31 kilometres (19 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), this beach has round,
smooth stones that cover the beach front. The water is crystal clear even when
viewed up the road. The Sangguniang Bayan Council of Balingasag proposes that it
would be developed as a marine sanctuary if they would be given FINANCIAL
support by the local government.
St. Bernadette Beach
Located along the highway in Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan, this beach is a magnificent
sight for it offers crystal clear water. A shrine is built in honor of St. Bernadette.
Mempepe White Beach
An undeveloped beach in Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan (66 kilometres (41 mi) east of
Cagayan de Oro), with fine white sand that is shaped like a cove with lush vegetation
in the background.
Alibuag White Beach
A unique beach in Brgy. Mangga, Sugbongcogon (71 kilometres (44 mi) east of
Cagayan de Oro), that has a fresh underwater spring and fine white sand.
IV.

LANAO DEL NORTE


The province borders Lanao del Sur to the southeast, Zamboanga del Sur to the
west, Illana Bay to the southwest, Iligan Bay to the north, Iligan City to the
northeast, and is separated from Misamis Occidental by Panguil Bay to the
northwest. According to the 2010 census, the province has a total population of
607,917 people.

LAWS AND BY-LAWS


REPUBLIC ACT NO. 2228 - AN ACT TO CREATE THE PROVINCES OF LANAO DEL
NORTE AND LANAO DEL SUR
Section 1. The Province of Lanao is hereby divided into two provinces, one to be known as
Lanao del Norte and the other as Lanao del Sur.cralaw
Sec. 2. The Province of Lanao del Norte shall consist of that portion of the present Province
of Lanao which comprises the municipalities of Baloi, Kauswagan, Bacolod, Maigo,
Kolambugan, Tubod, Baroy, Lala, Kapatagan and Caromatan and the municipal districts of
Matungao, Pantao-Ragat, Munai, Tangcal and Nunungan.cralaw
Sec. 3. The Province of Lanao del Sur shall consists of the other portion of the present
Province of Lanao comprising the Municipality of Malabang and the municipal districts of
Pualas, Tatarikan, Tubaran, Binidayan, Bayang, Ganassi, Butig, Lumbatan, Masiu, Madamba,
Madalum, Bacolod-Grande, Tugaya, Balindog, Marantao, Saguiaran, Kapai, Wao, Ramain,
Babong, Molundo, Taraka, Lumba-a-Bayabao, Poon-a-Bayabao and Tamparan.cralaw
Sec. 4.
shall

The capital of Lanao del Norte shall be the City of Iligan and that of Lanao del Sur
be
the
City
of
Marawi.

Sec. 5. Except as hereinafter provided, all provisions of law now or hereafter applicable to
the regular provinces shall be applicable to the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del
Sur and the qualified electors of the City of Iligan shall continue to vote for Provincial
Governor and members of the Provincial Board for the Province of Lanao del Norte.cralaw
Sec. 6. The present elective provincial officers of Lanao shall, until their successors shall
have been elected and shall have qualified, perform their respective duties as such officers
in either of the two provinces herein created which they shall individually choose within
thirty days from the date of the approval of this Act: Provided, That they shall continue to
receive the salaries they are receiving at the time of the approval of this Act until a new
readjustment of salaries in accordance with existing law. Such elective officers as may be
necessary to fill vacancies in either of the said provinces shall for the time being be
appointed by the President of the Philippines with the consent of the Commission on
Appointments and shall hold office until their successors shall have been elected in the
election for provincial and municipal officials following the approval of this Act, and shall
have qualified.cralaw
Sec. 7. The present appointive provincial officers and employees of Lanao shall likewise
perform their respective duties as such in either of the two provinces herein created which
they shall individually choose within thirty days from the date of the approval hereof:
Provided, That they shall continue to receive the salaries they are receiving at the time of
the approval of this Act until the new readjustment of salaries in accordance with existing
law. Such appointive officers and employees as may be necessary to organize, or to
complete, the government personnel of either province shall be appointed as provided by
law.cralaw
Sec. 8.
The provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur shall each have one
Representative: Provided, That the present Representative of the Province of Lanao shall,
during his term of office as such, be the Representative for the Province of Lanao del Norte:
Provided, further, That he shall likewise be the Representative for the Province of Lanao del
Sur until a Representative for the latter province shall have been elected in the next general
election
for
national
officials.
Sec. 9. Upon effectivity of this Act, the obligations, FUNDS , assets and other properties of
the present Province of Lanao shall be divided equitably between the provinces of Lanao del
Norte and Lanao del Sur by the President of the Philippines upon the recommendation of the
Auditor General.cralaw
Section 10.
The two new provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur shall be
considered to have been formally established upon proclamation by the President of the
Philippines.cralaw
Section 11.

This Act shall take effect upon its approval.cralaw


[REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9724 ]
AN ACT SEPARATING THE CITY OF ILIGAN FROM THE
FIRST LEGISLATIVE DISTRICT OF THE PROVINCE
OF LANAO DEL NORTE TO CONSTITUTE THE LONE
LEGISLATIVE DISTRICT OF THE CITY OF ILIGAN

SECTION 1. Lone Legislative District. - The City of Iligan is hereby separated from the First
Legislative District of the Province ofLanao del Norte to constitute the Lone Legislative
District of the City of Iligan, which shall commence in the next national election after the
effectivity of this Act.
SEC. 2. Incumbent Representative. - The incumbent Representative of the First Legislative
District of the Province of Lanao del Norte shall continue to represent the said district until
the new Representative of the Lone Legislative District of the City ofIligan shall have been
elected and qualified.
SEC. 3. Rules and Regulations. - The Commission on Elections shall issue the necessary rules
and regulations to implement this Act.
SEC. 4. Repealing Clause. - All laws, rules and regulations inconsistent with this Act are
hereby repealed, amended or modified accordingly.
SEC. 5. Effectivity. - This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in at least
two (2) newspapers of general circulation.
CAPITAL
Its capital is Tubod.

MUNICIPALITIES AND CITIES

Cities:

Iligan

Municipalities:

Bacolod

Baloi

Baroy

Kapatagan

Kauswagan

TRADITIONS, FESTIVALS
1. Alimango Festival
2. Sagayan Festival
3. Sarimanok Festival

Kolambugan

Pantar

Lala

Poona Piagapo

Linamon

Salvador

Magsaysay

Sapad

Maigo

Sultan Naga
Dimaporo

Matungao

Tagoloan

Munai

Tangcal

Nunungan

Tubod

Pantao Ragat

4. Sagingan Festival
TOURIST SPOTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Tinago Falls
Mimbalut Falls
Maria Cristina Falls
Limunsudan Falls
Hindang Falls
Mt. Agad-Agad

V.

MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL
The province is named after the early settlement of the Spaniards at the entrance
to the Panguil Bay. The name Misamis is believed to have been derived from the
Subanen word "Kuyamis" which is a variety of coconut, the staple food of the
early settlers. During the years the name persisted as an inference of the
geographical location, and upon the advent of the Spanish settlers, the word
"kuyamis" easily gave way to the more convenient pronounceable but corrupted
word "Misamis".

LAWS AND BY-LAWS

Misamis Occidental comprised the original nine towns of Baliangao, Lopez Jaena, Tudela,
Clarin, Plaridel, Oroquieta, Aloran, Jimenez, and Misamis. The original nine municipalities of
the province of Misamis Occidental grew into the present three cities of Ozamiz, Oroquieta,
and Tangub and the 14 municipalities of Aloran, Baliangao, Bonifacio, Calamba, Clarin,
Concepcion, Don Victoriano, Jimenez, Lopez Jaena, Panaon, Plaridel, Sapang Dalaga,
Sinacaban, and Tudela.
In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces landed in Misamis Occidental, beginning their brief
occupation of the province duringWorld War II. In 1945, combined American and Philippine
Commonwealth forces liberated the province, and with the help of the recognized guerilla
units, defeated the Japanese forces.
CAPITAL
Its capital is Oroquieta City.
MUNICIPALITIES AND CITIES

Cities:

Oroquieta City

Ozamiz City

Tangub City

Municipalities:

Aloran

Baliangao

Bonifacio

Calamba

Clarin

Jimenez

Sapang Dalaga

Concepcion

Lopez Jaena

Sinacaban

Don Victoriano

Panaon

Tudela

Plaridel

Chiongbian

TRADITIONS, FESTIVALS
1. Binalbal Festival
2. Menajak Festival
3. Pas Ungko Sg Festival
4. Dalit Festival
5. Christmas Symbols Festival
TOURIST SPOTS
1. Misamis Occidental Aquamarine Park
2. Hoyohoy Highland Stone Chapel and Adventure Park
3. Fort Santiago
4. Immaculate Conception Cathedral

RESOURCES:
http://www.bukidnon.gov.ph/home/index.php/governance/cities-municipalities/republic-actno-10184
http://countrystat.bas.gov.ph/?cont=16&r=10
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bukidnon
http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Asia/Philippines/Province_of_Bukidnon/Things_To_DoProvince_of_Bukidnon-TG-C-1.html
http://www.pinoyadventurista.com/2011/09/travel-guide-bukidnon.html
http://www.chanrobles.com/republicacts/republicactno2021.html#.VI82g5SSw9Y
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camiguin
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Misamis_Oriental
http://www.chanrobles.com/republicacts/republicactno268.html#.VI869pSSw9Y
http://www.chanrobles.com/republicacts/republicactno2228.html#.VI8-PpSSw9Y
https://www.senate.gov.ph/republic_acts/ra%209724.pdf
http://itsmorefuninthephilippines.com/lanao-del-norte/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Misamis_Occidental

A COMPILATION OF FACTS ABOUT

REGION X NORTHERN MINDANAO


(A RESEARCH PAPER)

SUBMITTED BY:
PASTRANA, Gem Krisna B.
RED, Diana Mae
GUEVARRA, Catherine

SUBMITTED TO:
MR. GILBERT GARCIA