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Siddharth Misra

This program helps children lose the fear of Mathematics (by introducing them the concept of “Joyful Mathematics”) and let them gain confidence in the subject.

Saumitra Lucknow 9838073306 5/2/2010

**Concept Note: Mathematics Skill Development Programme
**

Contents

Mathematics Skill Development Programme ............................................................................................... 3 What is MatheMatics? .............................................................................................................................. 3 Importance of Mathematics: .................................................................................................................... 3 Problem of teaching mathematics at school level .................................................................................... 3 What is Mathematics Skill Development programme? ............................................................................ 4 Programme content .................................................................................................................................. 5 Topics ........................................................................................................................................................ 6 ALGEBRA ............................................................................................................................................... 6 GEOMETRY ............................................................................................................................................ 6 MEASUREMENT .................................................................................................................................... 6 NUMBER SYSTEM AND ARITHMETIC .................................................................................................... 6 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS .............................................................................................................. 6 MATHEMATICAL REASONING ............................................................................................................... 6 Methodology ............................................................................................................................................. 7

MSD by Siddharth Misra

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**Concept Note: Mathematics Skill Development Programme
**

Mathematics Skill Development Programme

What is Mathematics?

Mathematics is the science of problem-solving, reasoning rather than mugging up the formulae as understood by the students at present. It’s about

Questioning

Investigating

Exploring

Thus it is foundation of the ability to reason.

Importance of Mathematics:

Today, a wide variety of disciplines require their students to have knowledge of certain mathematical tools. Students of not only finance and marketing but also of biological science find that a firm understanding of basic ideas in algebra and calculus is very essential for deriving the ground breaking results in these fields. Furthermore employers of major Information Technology companies use standard mathematics tests as a screen for recruiting undergraduates and graduates regardless of their degree discipline.

**Problem of teaching mathematics at school level
**

Studies conducted at the schools have revealed that there has been certain gap between school textbook content and the actual learning that happens in the classroom. Further, a lot of teachers as well as the parents have said that most of the children have found mathematics as one of the most feared subjects to learn (and excel). Children on their parts complain that mathematics is boring and too tough to understand. Not only that many of them just get scared by the name of this subject. Now, we must agree to the fact that the goal of education should be to help students in learning the art of ‘How-to-think-more-creatively’ by combining their creative thinking (to generate ideas) and critical thinking (to evaluate ideas). Since, both modes of thinking are essential for a well-rounded productive mind; our programme is all about on this concept only.

MSD by Siddharth Misra

Page 3

**Concept Note: Mathematics Skill Development Programme
**

What is Mathematics Skill Development programme?

MSD Program is aimed at developing the mental mathematics skill of children aged 12 years and above. This program helps children lose the fear of Mathematics (by introducing them the concept of “Joyful Mathematics”) and let them gain confidence in the subject. The focus is on teaching mathematical topics through real-life problem-solving techniques which are characterised by 'helping them constructs a much deeper understanding of mathematical operations and processes by engaging them in doing mathematics:

exploring some new ways developin g curiosity verifying the success of such ways' testing those ways

This unique programme helps them in their (otherwise tough) academics and encourages the development of their logical capabilities. Thus, it also builds the child’s personality, enhances their IQ, (Intelligence Quotient) and CQ (Creative Quotient), and makes the child more process oriented rather than bookish formulae oriented.

IQ

CQ

more process oriented

It clearly targets to change the thought process behind problem solving which is formerly based only on a cheat sheet of formulae rather than understanding of the concepts involved. Class 6 and beyond Age: 12 yrs. and above.

MSD by Siddharth Misra

Page 4

**Concept Note: Mathematics Skill Development Programme
**

Programme content

Problem-solving—the principal reason for studying mathematics: posing questions, analyzing, translating and illustrating results, drawing diagrams, using trial and error, applying rules of logic, recognizing relevant facts, subjecting conclusions to scrutiny.

One bottle is half full of Rasna and another bottle twice its size is one quarter full of Rasna. Both bottles are now filled with water and then the content is put into a third container. What percentage of the mixture is Rasna? Guess a number using following clues: It is a three digit number. Its digits are in ascending order. It is divisible by three but not by nine. The hundred's digit is two less than the one's digit. Addition of the three digits will give you a dozen.

Applying Math to Everyday Situations (real-life puzzles)—interrelated with all computation activities: use everyday situations, translate them into math expressions, solve and interpret results in light of initial situation. For example: Two-player Strategy Games.

Example: Richa needs to get to her school by 7:00 AM. It takes her 30 minutes to get ready and another 15 minutes of walk to school. At what time she must wake up to reach her school on time?

Estimation and Approximation(Vedic Math)—techniques for estimating quantity, length, distance, weight, etc.; know when result is precise enough for purpose at hand.

Multiply: 98 x 97

Traditional way: MSD way: How many more to make One hundred. So we write 2 under 98 and 3 under 97 and circle them. This is the first part of your answer: 98 minus 3 or 97 minus 2 equals 95. Now multiply the numbers in the circles: Two times 3 equals 06. FINAL ANSWER IS 9506

Using Mathematics to Predict (probability)—elementary notions of probability to determine likelihood of future events; identify immediate past experience that does not affect the likelihood of future events; use math to help make predictions.

Container 1 have 30 yellow objects, container 2 have 15 yellow and 15 black objects. Container3 have 2 red, 14 black, and 14 blue objects. Container 4 have 15 black and 15 blue objects. Predict the likelihood of pulling a yellow object out of each container.

MSD by Siddharth Misra

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**Concept Note: Mathematics Skill Development Programme
**

Topics

ALGEBRA Relationship between data Prime and composite numbers Linear functions Solving one-step equations Patterns and relationships Terms in an arithmetic sequence Variables, expressions, equations, inequalities Operations involving monomials and polynomials Problems involving quadratic equations GEOMETRY Simple geometric constructions Parallelism, perpendicularity, congruence Points on a coordinate grid Perimeter using grids Sketching transformations Sketching transformations of congruent figures Problems on sum of angles Modeling 2-d and 3-d objects Polygons, triangles, quadrilaterals Lines of symmetry Pythagorean Theorem Geometric concepts, triangle inequality theorem MEASUREMENT Unit conversions Measurement - problems Temperature, elapsed time - problems Direct/indirect, standard/non-standard units Estimates of measurements Proportions to convert to equivalent measurements NUMBER SYSTEM AND ARITHMETIC Whole numbers - place value Decimals - place value Representation on a number line Equivalent/improper fractions; mixed numbers Compare and simplify fractions Decimals, percents and fractions Powers, repeated multiplication LCM, GCF, ratios Order of operations Multiplication/division inverse relationship Primes, factors, multiples, number sequences Percents Ratio Average PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS Possible outcomes, making predictions Mean, median, mode, range Collect/organize/graph data Comparison of data sets MATHEMATICAL REASONING Mathematics in daily life Steps in problem solving Problem solving strategies Tools to solve problems Tools to record observations Informal and mathematical language Make generalizations Justify solutions

MSD by Siddharth Misra

Page 6

**Concept Note: Mathematics Skill Development Programme
**

Methodology

Each topic will have one booklet with lots of example of problem solving strategies. Each topic’s questions are broken down into four levels: easy, somewhat challenging, challenging, and very challenging. Also an interactive version of these booklets will be available on the CDROM.

MSD by Siddharth Misra

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