You are on page 1of 3

Self Actualisation

Maslow (1970) suggests that all individuals have an in-built need for personal
development which occurs through the process called self-actualisation.
The extent to which people are able to develop depends on certain needs being met and these
needs form a hierarchy. Only when one level of need is satisfied can a higher one be developed. As
change occurs throughout life, however, the level of need motivating someone’s behaviour at any
one time will also change.

At the bottom of the hierarchy are the basic physiological needs for food, drink, sex and
sleep, i.e., the basics for survival.

 Undertaking a skills appraisal. Practical Steps to Personal Development Practical steps can be taken to enhance personal development. progression can be made to satisfying the need for love and belonging.383) says that all individuals have the need to see themselves as competent and autonomous. . experiencing life fully and with total concentration.  The fourth level refers to meeting the need for self-esteem and self-worth. For more on motivation. (2nd Edition). Harper & Row.This level includes more abstract ideas such as curiosity and the search for meaning or purpose and a deeper understanding. H. New York. p.  The sixth relates to aesthetic needs of beauty. including:  Organising your time. At the top of Maslow’s hierarchy. In other words. Self-actualisation refers to the desire that everybody has ‘to become everything that they are capable of becoming’. Maslow.  Thirdly.  Overcoming barriers to learning a new skill.  Producing a personal CV or résumé. For Maslow. Second are the needs for safety and security in both the physical and economic sense. symmetry and order.  The fifth level relates to the need to understand.  Looking at your transferable skills. A. This is the level most closely related to ‘self-empowerment’. is the need for self-actualisation. (1970). Motivation and Personality. see our pages: Self-Motivation and Motivating Others. Maslow (1970. also that every person has limitless room for growth. it refers to self-fulfilment and the need to reach full potential as a unique human being. the path to self-actualisation involves being in touch with your feelings.

Delegation Skills. Many employers are looking for the same sorts of skills. ticking off tasks that you complete.  Making a ’to do’ list of tasks you need to do each day/week.learning new skills or advancing their career. It could be that the changes you are thinking of making are to ensure you have extra time to:  Spend with your family. these might be to change behaviour .Organising Your Time If you are considering making changes in your life. Everyone has a time when he/she feels more or less energetic. thereby releasing more time to spend on other things. Beyond that the skills required will depend on the particular job.  Devote to your education. Whatever the reason. Our pages: Time Management and Minimising Distractions give further information about how you may manage your time more effectively.   Giving up things you do not really want or need to do. these include:  Learning to say 'no' to jobs or requests that you feel are not your responsibility. Try to do the most demanding tasks when you have the greatest energy as you will do them more quickly. looking at how you spend your time will encourage you to think of ways your time could be managed more effectively.  Spend on things you enjoy doing. the ability to work as part of a team and the ability to learn – these are often termed ‘Soft Skills’ and are the sorts of skills that SkillsYouNeed writes about.  Learning to delegate – sharing jobs can be fun and will leave you with more time. These include good communication skills. . See our page.as in looking at their time management . finding additional time often poses a problem.  Devote to your work. For many people their personal development will involve setting goals. Identifying your high and low times of the day.