Y2- HL Worksheet: Complex Numbers

1. M99-P1 Let z = x + yi. Find the values of x and y if (1 – i)z = 1 – 3i. 2. M99-P2 Let x and y be real numbers, and ω be one of the complex solutions of the equation 3 z = 1. Evaluate: (a) 1+ω +ω
2 2

(2)

(b)

(ω x + ω y) (ω x + ω y)
(4) (Total 6 marks)

2

3. N99-P2 Let z1 = (a)

6 − i 2 , and z = 1 – i. 2 2
Write z1 and z2 in the form r(cos θ + i sin θ), where r > 0 and – .
(6)

π π ≤ θ≤ 2 2

(b)

Show that

z1 π + i sin π . = cos z2 12 12
(2)

(c)

z1 in the form a + bi, where a and b are to be z2 determined exactly in radical (surd) form. Hence or otherwise find the

Find the value of

exact values of cos

π π and sin . 12 12

(4) (Total 12 marks)

4.M00-P1 Let z1 = a  cos π + i sin π  and z2 = b  cos π + i sin π      4 4 3 3  

z  Express  1  in the form z = x + yi.  z2 

3

5. N00-P1
If z is a complex number and |z + 16| = 4 |z + l|, find the value of | z|. 6.S00-P1 Find the values of a and b, where a and b are real, given that (a + bi)(2 – i) = 5 – i. 7.M01-P1 (z + 2i) is a factor of 2z –3z + 8z – 12. Find the other two factors. 8. M01-P1 Given that z = (b + i) , where b is real and positive, find the exact value of b when arg z = 60°. 9. N01-P1 The complex number z satisfies i(z + 2) = 1 – 2z, where i = – 1 . Write z in the form z = a + bi, where a and b are real numbers. 10-N01-P2 a) Express z – 1 as a product of two factors, one of which is linear.
(2)
5 2 3 2

(b)

Find the zeros of z – 1, giving your answers in the form r(cos θ + i sin θ) where r > 0 and –π < 6 ≤ π.
(3)

5

(c)

Express z + z + z + z + 1 as a product of two real quadratic factors.
(5) (Total 10 marks)

4

3

2

11.M02-P1
(a) Express the complex number 8i in polar form. (b) The cube root of 8i which lies in the first quadrant is denoted by z. Express z (i) (ii) in polar form; in cartesian form.

12.N02-P2 π π  π π   cos – i sin   cos + i sin  4 4  3 3  π π   – i sin   cos 24 24  
4 2 3

onsider the complex number z =

.

(a)

(i) (ii)

Find the modulus of z. Find the argument of z, giving your answer in radians.
(4)

(b)

Using De Moivre’s theorem, show that z is a cube root of one, i.e. z = 3 1 .
(2)
2

(c)

Simplify (l + 2z)(2 + z ), expressing your answer in the form a + bi, where a and b are exact real numbers.
(5) (Total 11 marks)

13.M03-P1

The complex number z satisfies the equation
z=

2 + 1 – 4i 1– i
.

Express z in the form x + iy where x, y ∈ 14.M03-P2 (a)

Prove, using mathematical induction, that for a positive integer n, (cosθ + i sinθ ) = cosnθ + i sinnθ where i = –1.
(5)
n 2

(b)

The complex number z is defined by z = cosθ + i sinθ . (i) (ii) Show that

1 = cos(–θ ) + i sin(–θ ). z
n –n

Deduce that z + z

= 2cos nθ.
(5)
–l 5

(c)

(i) (ii)

Find the binomial expansion of (z + z ) .

1 (a cos5θ + b cos3θ + c cosθ ), 16 where a, b, c are positive integers to be found.
Hence show that cos θ =
5

(5) (Total 15 marks)

15. N03-P1
Consider the equation 2(p + iq) = q – ip – 2 (1 – i), where p and q are both real numbers. Find p and q. 16. N03-P2 Consider z – 32 = 0. (i)
  2π   2π   Show that z1 = 2  cos   + i sin    is one of the complex roots    5   5   of this equation.
5

(ii)

Find z1 , z1 , z1 , z1 , giving your answer in the modulus argument form. Plot the points that represent z1, z1 , z1 , z1 and z1 , in the complex plane.
2 3 4 5

2

3

4

5

(iii)

17. M04-P1 Let the complex number z be given by z=1+

i i– 3

.

Express z in the form a +bi, giving the exact values of the real constants a, b. 18. M04-P2
A complex number z is such that (a) z = z − 3i .

Show that the imaginary part of z is

3 . 2
(2)

(b)

Let z1 and z2 be the two possible values of z, such that z = 3. (i) Sketch a diagram to show the points which represent z1 and z2 in the complex plane, where z1 is in the first quadrant.

(ii) (iii)

Show that arg z1 = Find arg z2.

π . 6
(4)

(c)

 zk z  Given that arg  1 2  = π, find a value of k.  2i   

(4) (Total 10 marks)

19.N04-P1
Given that (a + i)(2 – bi) = 7 – i, find the value of a and of b, where a, b ∈ 20. N04-P1 Given that z ∈ , solve the equation z – 8i = 0, giving your answers in the form z = r (cosθ + i sinθ ). 21. S05-P1 Given that z = (b + i) , where b is real and positive, find the exact value of b when arg z = 60°.
2 3

.

22. M05-P1
Let P(z) = z + az + bz + c, where a, b, and c ∈ . Two of the roots of P(z) = 0 are –2 and (–3 + 2i). Find the value of a, of b and of c. 23. M05-P1 Given that | z | = 2 5 , find the complex number z that satisfies the equation
25 − 15 = 1 − 8i. z z*
3 2