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1. M99-P1

Y2-HL MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION

Using mathematical induction, prove that the number 2 divisible by 9, for n = 1, 2, ..... . 2. N99-P2 a) 2 Evaluate (1 + i) , where i =

2n

– 3n – 1 is

−1 .
(2) 4n n = (–4) , where n

(b)

Prove, by mathematical induction, that (1 + i) 32 .

*. (6)

(c)

Hence or otherwise, find (1 + i)

(2) (Total 10 marks) 3. M00-P2 Prove by mathematical induction that of n. (Total 10 marks) 4.M01-P2

d (xn) = nxn–1, for all positive integer values dx

Using mathematical induction, prove that integer values of n.

dn nπ   (cos x ) = cos x + , for all positive n 2  dx 
(Total 7 marks)

5.N01-P2 Consider the sequence {an} = {1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, ...} where a1 = a2 = 1 and an+1 = an + an– 1 for all integers n 2.

1 1   , use the principle of mathematical induction  1 0  an  a n  n +1  for all integers n 2. to prove that Q =  a   n an –1 
Given the matrix Q =   (Total 7 marks) 6.M02-P2 (a) Prove using mathematical induction that

 2 2 n – 1  2 1  , for all positive integer values of n.   =  0 1 0 1     

n

1

WORKSHEET:

Y2-HL MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION
(5)

(b)

Determine whether or not this result is true for n = –1. (2) (Total 7 marks)

7. N01-P2 The matrix M is defined as M =   (a) 2 3 4 Find M , M and M . (3) (b) (i) n n State a conjecture for M , i.e. express M in terms of n, where n + . Prove this conjecture using mathematical induction. (7) (Total 10 marks)

 2 – 1 .  1 0 

(ii)

8. N03-P2 a) Use mathematical induction to prove De Moivre’s theorem n + (cos + i sin ) = cos(n ) + i sin(n ), n . (7) (b) 5 Consider z – 32 = 0. (i) Show that z1 = 2  cos  

 

 2π   2π    + i sin    is one of the complex roots of   5   5 

this equation. (ii) 2 3 4 5 Find z1 , z1 , z1 , z1 , giving your answer in the modulus argument form. 2 3 4 5 Plot the points that represent z1, z1 , z1 , z1 and z1 , in the complex plane. (9) (Total 16 marks)

(iii)

9. S5-P1

2

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Y2-HL MATHEMATICAL INDUCTION
. (Total 9 marks) +

n n Use mathematical induction to prove that 5 + 9 + 2 is divisible by 4, for n 10. M05-P2 The function f is defined by f(x) = e (a) (i) (ii) Show that f (x) = e px (x + 1), here p .

px

(p(x + 1) + 1).

(n) Let f (x) denote the result of differentiating f(x) with respect to x, n times. Use mathematical induction to prove that (n) n–1 px f (x) = p e (p(x + 1) + n), n + . (7)

(b)

When p = 3 , there is a minimum point and a point of inflexion on the graph of f. Find the exact value of the x-coordinate of (i) (ii) the minimum point; the point of inflexion. (4)

(c)

Let p =

1 . Let R be the region enclosed by the curve, the x-axis and the lines 2
(2) (Total 13 marks)

x = –2 and x = 2. Find the area of R.

11. Find the sum of the series: Sin 2x + sin 22x + sin2 3x + sin2 4x + ………….+ sin 2 nx.

3

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