Mathematics – HL Work Sheet (Matrices, logarithms and exponents ) 1. 2.

Find constants a and b such that A2 = a A +b I for A equal to   3 4 Find X if [a] X  =  5 −1 22 3.
k 1 1 2 14 − 5 0  k + 1 2  1 2

For [a]  [b]   k  − 6 2  1  find the values of k for which the matrix A is singular Find A-1 in linear form given that [a] 5A = I – A2 [b] 2I = 3A2 – 4A
2 1 2 Evaluate : − 1 1 2 2 1 3

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For what values of k does x + 2y - 3z = 5 2x – y – z = 8 Kx + y +2z = 14 have a unique solution? Use matrix methods and technology to solve: x – y – 2z = 4 5x +y +2z = -6 3x – 4y – z = 17 A biologist, monitoring a fire ant infestation, notices that the area affected by the ants is given by An = 1000 X e 0.7n hectares, where n is the number of weeks after the initial observation. [a] draw an accurate graph of An against n and use your graph to estimate the time taken for the infested area to reach 5000 ha [b] find the answer to ‘a’ using logarithms [c] check your answer to ‘b’ using suitable technology.

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Write the following equations without logarithms: [a] ln D = ln x + 1 [b] ln D ≈ 0.4 ln n – 0.6582 [c] ln F = - ln p +2 Consider the function f (x) = log2(x-1) +1 [a] find the domain and range of f [b] Find any asymptotes and axis intercepts. [c] Sketch the graph of f showing all important features [d] Find f-1 and explain how to verify your answer Solve : log16 3 100 − x 2 =
1 2

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The scrap value, $V, of some machinery after t years is given by V(t) = 50000 (0.58)t, t ≥0 [a] what was the initial cost of the machine? [b] what is the scrap value of the machine after 4 years? [c] how long would it be before the scrap value reaches $ 20000? Solve for x [a] log2 (x-5) = 4 [c] log x ( 1/3)= 3 [b] log 3 81 = x +1

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Solve for x , give your answer to 4 d.p [a] log e ( x-2) = 1 [b] log e x = ½ [c] log x e = -2 Express y in terms of x if [a] 2 + log10 x = 4 log 10y [b] log x = log ( a-by) – log a Find x : 5 x = 2 x+1 give your answer in 2 d.p Solve for x: ( note: use change of base of rule) [a] 8 x – 5 X 4 x = 0 [b] log 4 x3 + log 2 √x = 8 [c] log 16 x5 = log 64 125 – log 4 √x

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When P(x) is divided by x2 – 3x +7 the quotient is x2 + x -1 and the remainder is unknown. However, when P(x) is divided by x-2 the remainder is 29 and when divided by x+1 the remainder is -16. if the remainder has the form ax + b, find a and b Without performing division, find the remainder when: [a] x3 + 2x2 – 7x + 5 is divided by x-1 [b] x4 – 2x2 +3x -1 is divided by x +2 Find k given that x-2 is a factor of x3 +kx2 -3x +6

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