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PAGASA, one of the attached agencies of the Department of Science

and Technology (DOST) under its Scientific and Technical Services


Institutes, is mandated to provide protection against natural calamities
and utilize scientific knowledge as an effective instrument to insure the
safety, well being and economic security of all the people, and for the
promotion of national progress. (Section 2, Statement of Policy,
Presidential Decree No. 78; December 1972 as amended by Presidential
Decree No. 1149; August 1977)
The mission of PAGASA is Protecting lives and properties through
timely, accurate and reliable weather-related information and services.
Its vision is Center of excellence for weather related information and
services. And its values are Integrity, Commitment and Patriotism.
The main functions of PAGASA as stated on the executive order number
128; January 1987 were as follows: First, to maintain a nationwide
network pertaining to observation and forecasting of weather and flood
and other conditions affecting national safety, welfare and economy.
Second was to undertake activities relative to observation, collection,
assessment and processing of atmospheric and allied data for the benefit
of agriculture, commerce and industry. Third was to engage in studies of
geophysical and astronomical phenomena essential to the safety and
welfare of the people. Fourth was to undertake researches on the
structure, development and motion of typhoons and formulate measures
for their moderation. And lastly was to maintain effective linkages with
scientific organizations here and abroad and promote exchange of
scientific information and cooperation among personnel engaged in
atmospheric, geophysical, astronomical and space studies.

Function (Executive Order No. 128; January 1987)


Maintains a nationwide network pertaining to observation and forecasting
of weather and flood and other conditions affecting national safety, welfare
and economy;
Undertake activities relative to observation, collection, assessment and
processing of atmospheric and allied data for the benefit of agriculture,
commerce and industry;
Engage in studies of geophysical and astronomical phenomena essential
to the safety and welfare of the people;
Undertake researches on the structure, development and motion of
typhoons and formulate measures for their moderation; and
Maintain effective linkages with scientific organizations here and abroad
and promote exchange of scientific information and cooperation among
personnel engaged in atmospheric, geophysical, astronomical and space
studies.
01 January 1865 Philippine Meteorological Service begun under
the Observatorio Meteorologico de Manila now Manila Observatory.
7 July 1879 The first issuance of typhoon warning crossing Northern
Luzon made by theObservatorio and in November of the same year
predicted that a strong typhoon will cross over Manila
28 April 1894 Under the Royal Decree of Spain, the Manila Observatory
was recognized as an official institution under the Jesuits.
22 May 1901 - By act of the Philippine Commission, the Observatorio was
re-organized under the Act No. 131 and was formally named as Weather
Bureau under the administrative control of the Department of Interior.
1917 The Weather Bureau was placed under Department of Agriculture
and Natural Resources when the latter was created.
February 1945 The Weather Bureau was blasted to destruction during
the battle of Manila. All instruments, records and scientific knowledge
accumulated through the years were lost.
24 July 1945 Re-establishment of the Weather Bureau with 7 men
constituting its personnel under Mr. Edilberto Parulan as OIC
1946 Pursuance to the provision in the Philippine Rehabilitation Act of
1946, a U.S. Weather Mission was sent to Manila to undertake survey of
the Bureaus need. As a result , the Bureau acquired meteorological
equipment and technical assistance from the U.S. and pave the way for

the establishment of standard weather services patterned after similar


institutions in the more technically advanced countries of the world. The
Bureau was placed under the Department of Commerce and Industry
during this time.
1947 The Weather Bureau under the Commonwealth era was transferred
to the Department of Agriculture and Commerce and for a brief period
under the Department of Public Works and Communications during the
Japanese Occupation. Likewise, the Weather Bureaus Central Office was
moved to Marsman Bldg. opposite Pier 15 at the Port Area, while the
Forecasting Center was transferred to the MIA Balagbag terminal and it
became the Manila Main Meteorological Office or MMMO.
1949 New Geophysical Observatory was set-up behind the UP grounds.
1950 A teletype service connected the Forecasting Center to Clark Air
Force Base, Sangley Point Naval Base and the Bureau of
Telecommunications. Exchange of weather reports with foreign countries,
aircrafts-in-flight and four aeronautical stations in the country Laoag,
Legazpi, Cebu & Zamboanga began at this year.
1954 Astronomical Observatory, UP Diliman Campus. Time signals were
transmitted seven times daily by radio.
15 July 1954 Dr. Casimiro del Rosario was appointed Vice Chairman of
the NSDB and Mr. Ricardo C. Cruz Chief of the Astronomical Division
was appointed OIC.
1 August 1958 - Dr. Roman L. Kintanar was appointed Director of the
Weather Bureau. The youngest ever to hold the post anywhere in the
government at the age of 29.
1963 The first weather surveillance radar was installed atop the
Marsman Building. It was damage by fire and beyond repair in 1978.
1968 Computerization of the Weather Bureau and the setting up of a
Telemetry System in Marikina River Basin.
1969 Weather Bureau Central Office moved once again to its new office
at the Asiatrust Bldg, Q. Ave. Q.C.
1970 - Satellite Meteorology came of age in the Philippines when an
Automatic Picture Transmission (APT) system was set-up to intercept
photo-transmission of the upper atmosphere by satellite. ESCAP/WMO
Typhoon Committee Secretariat established its headquarters in the
Weather Bureau.
1971 Five new radar stations were linked with the Manila radar station to
form the Weather Radar Surveillance Network.
1972 Establishment of PAGASA under PD 78. PAGASA was transferred
from Department of Commerce and Industry to Department of National
Defense.

02 June 1977 - Transfer of the administrative control of the Typhoon


Moderation Research and Development Council to PAGASA
17 September 1984 PAGASA under EO 984 was transferred from
Ministry of National Defense (MND) to National Science & Technology
Authority (NSTA)
30 January 1987 -- EO No. 128 mandated the reorganization of NSTA now
Department and Technology (DOST) in which PAGASA is one of their line
agency
01 January 1988 Pursuant to EO 128, the PAGASA was reorganized
consisting of (5) major branches and (3) support units.
15 January 2003 PAGASA Central Office moved again to a new building
and now its permanent headquarters, at the Science Garden, Agham
Road, Diliman, Quezon City.
October 2008 Pursuant to Executive Order 366 series of 2004, the
PAGASA was then re-organized under the Rationalization Program in a
goal to make the government focus its efforts on vital/core functions and
enhance effectiveness and efficiency of public service. PAGASA was reorganized to 5 technical divisions, 5 Regional Services Divisions and 2
support divisions.
SERVICES
PRODUCTS
Weather Forecast & Tropical
Cyclone Warning Services

Flood Forecasting & Warning


System

24 Hr Public Weather Forecasts


and Severe Weather Bulletins
Hourly Tropical Cyclone Warning
Update
Shipping Forecasts & Tropical
Cyclone Warning for Shipping
Gale Warning
Meteorological Aviation Services for
Aeronautical Users through Access
to the World Area Forecasts
Systems (WAFS)
Rainfall Warning System

Basin Flood Bulletins for


Telemetered Basins and General
Flood Advisories for the NonTelemetered Basins
Dam Discharge Warning
Information during Spilling
Operation of Monitored Dams

Climatoligical & Farm Weather


Services

Research and Development

Astronomical Services

Information, Education and Public


Outreach

Community-Based Flood Early


Warning System
Daily Hydrological Forecasts during
Non-Flood Watch
Daily Farm Weather Forecasts &
Advisories
10-day Regional Agroclimatic
Weather Advisories
10-day Philippine Agroclimatic
Advisories
El Nio/La Nia Watch and
Information
Monitoring and Prediction of
Seasonal Rainfall Forecasting
Dispatch of the Special Tropical
Cyclone Reconnaissance,
Information and Data Evaluation
(STRIDE) Quick Response Team to
threatened and affected by
typhoons
Conduct Calibration, Repairs &
Testing (for private and
government sectors) of Barometers
and other related Equipment
Assist Researchers from Different
Schools, Colleges, Universities and
other Agencies
Philippine Standard Time (PST)
Promotion of Astronomy through
Stargazing/Telescoping Sessions
and Planetarium Show
Planetarium Tour in selected Areas
in Luzon
Public Awareness Campaign on
Natural Hazards specifically
Weather, Climate, Typhoons,
Floods, Storm Surges and other
related hazards
Conduct of Information, Education

and Dissemination Activities


Conduct of Seminars/Workshops on
Meteorological and
Hydrometeorological Hazards
Conduct of Seminar for Science
Teachers on Basic Astronomy
Public Information Drives for the
target areas of monitored Dams
Conduct of Flood Drills
Conduct of Annual Media SeminarWorkshops on PAGASA Services
Conduct of Annual Typhoon and
Flood Awareness Week
Participation in Special Events like
Exhibitions, School Celebration and
other government and nongovernment organizations
Development of PAGASA print
materials and non-print materials
(flyers, brochures, posters and
exhibit display materials

PAGASA continue to foster stronger cooperation, closer


linkages and broaden its network on collaboration with
international and local organizations. This is actively done in
terms of exchanges of information on meteorology, hydrology
and other related fields. These activities helped enhance the
technical and scientific knowledge of DOST-PAGASA
personnel and utilized towards the improvement of the
agencys services to the public.