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Zainul Abideen

The Fourth Imam
By A.S. Hashim. MD

Zainul A

Zainul Abideen

Shahr Banu
Daughter of Yazdajird

Zainul A
bideen Zainul

Abideen in Childhood

Mother dies a few days after childbirth
Aunt Zainab takes care of him
Has the charming looks of grandfather Ali
Grandpa Ali loves him dearly
When two yrs old grandpa Ali is assassinated
Back to Medina

Zainul A

Up to 13 Yrs Old

Tutored by Al-Hasan and Al-Husain
Participated in the Discourse held at the
Masjid Al-Nabawi
Close relationship to Al-Hasan
Close to Zainab, his aunt
His capacity of learning and reasoning is

he loses Al-Hasan who died of poisoning by Mu’awiya Average in stature. Character was molded by Islam Participates in discussions led by his father . and impressive. handsome.Zainul A bideen In his Youth At age 14. slender.

named Muhammad (Al-Baaqir) The Ummah was in turmoil.Zainul A bideen In early adulthood Marries Fatima. since Mu’awiya was trying to appoint Yazid as Khalifa For some time Mu’awiya’s agents and collaborators were busy selling cooperation and acceptance of Yazid to the people . the daughter of Al-Hasan A year after marriage a boy is born.

and his son (Muhammad AlBaaqir) joined Al-Husain to Karbala He witnesses the savage treatment dealt to the family of the Prophet in Karbala Sees his father. 5 uncles. and many relatives (17 teenagers) mercilessly cut to pieces and heads cut off Sees the tents burned and children screaming in alarm and running in fright for shelter Witnesses the nightmare of the moment while sick in bed near fainting . his wife.Zainul A bideen Karbala with Al-Husain Zainul Abideen.

quoting the Quran In fetters. including his father’s. he was taken 700 miles to Damascus 72 heads. with fever and fainting spells Was conferred the Imamah during the turmoil of Karbala Zainab addresses him as the Imam Confronted Ibn Ziyad in Kufa. were on top of spears for the show .Zainul A bideen In Karbala He became gravely ill during the events of Karbala.

but the nightmarish tribulation never left his mind . defeating Yazid Gave a speech in Masjid Umawi on Friday Prayer Returned to Medina with family as per his wishes.Zainul A bideen In Damascus Onlookers thought them to be rebels Face to face with Yazid answered only by quoting the Quran.

I am the issue of the Lord of Zamzam and Safa. and whom Allah had shown the fountainhead of the Wahy .Zainul A bideen Part of his Khutba at Masjid Umawi I am the offspring of the Lord of Mecca and Medina. I am the lineal descendant of him whose forefather had lifted in his cloak the Black Stone. I am the child of the one who mounted the Buraq and gone through the regions of Heavens I am from the progeny of the one who went up to Sidratul Mun'taha.

. I am the son of a person whose thread of life was snapped by cruel fingers.......Zainul A bideen More of the Khutba I am the offspring of the guide from whom disbelievers got the guidance to the straight path. as well as humans and Jinn.. and I am the son of whose head was severed while thirsty... I am the son whose father's death was mourned by the Angels in Heaven. I am .... I am the son whose father's head was mounted on a spear and taken for show from town to town .... and body left exposed to the burning sands of Karbala...

for about one year. in a tent Zainab takes provisions for him every day Only about 5 people are permitted to meet with him Uncle Muhammad ibn Al-Hanafiyah represents him and acts on his behalf Spends time in composing Du’aa.Zainul A bideenZainul Abideen takes up seclusion. Meditating. and Prayers Be away from spies and secret agents . After Karbala Zainul Abideen takes up seclusion in the outskurts of Medina.

Establish a transparent network to promote the cause of Ahlul Bayt The above are to be carried out year after year transparently . Means of communication to spread the teachings by the cadre of scholars 3. To produce Islamic Scholars that ultimately would topple Benu Umayya (Islamic scholars) 2.ZainulHe A Charts the Course for future Islamic bideen works Three channels: 1.

Persists on Du’aa. Gradually educate scholars in Islam . and talk about Karbala persistently 2. composing them and let them be the MAP for the future works 4.Zainul A bideen His immediate period Strategy consists of: 1. Emphasizes Prayer and long Sujood 3. Starts Majlis for Imam Husain every year 6. Shuns Politics Completely 5. Crying and actively seeking people’s sympathy for AlHusain.

but now he is in need of their help Marwan fought Ali during Jamal Confrontation . Period when Yazid’s army invaded Medina Marwan was the nemesis and trouble maker during Uthman’s rule Marwan was the enemy of Ahlul Bayt. 2. 400 members.Zainul A bideen Give refuge to Benu Umayya Hosts Marwan's family and relatives. 1. Kept them for several weeks. free of charges.

and 3.Zainul A bideen Turmoil of the times Zainul Abideen witnesses the grave consequences of the failed Medina uprising: 1. Property pilfered Ka’ba was attacked by Yazid to pacify Ibn Zubair Al-Hajjaj burns the Ka’ba by throwing catapult Yazid dies at age of 33 Years The forces leave Mecca . 2. Sahaaba killed. Wives assaulted.

Attacks Ka’ba 2. Invades Medina . Karbala Atrocities 3.Zainul A bideen During the 3 yr of Yazid Rule Atrocities of Yazid’s Rule 1.

chase all fighters against Husain and kill them. Shimr.Zainul A bideen More uprisings Uprising of Tawwaboon against Benu Umayya: fight unto death Uprising of Mukhtar in Iraq: Occupy Iraq. then dies 9 months later It is said Marwan was killed by his wife by either poisoning or by way of choking . including Ibn Ziyad. and Omar ibn Sa’ad Marwan becomes Khalifa.

. The new dictator’s cruelty knows no limits Abdul Malik (son of Marwan) is Khalifa in Syria Zainul Abideen works diligently to focus on Piety as the basis for society.Zainul A bideen Tough times Al-Hajjaj (who attacked the Ka’ba to subdue Ibn Zubair). Tyrannical rule in Iraq for 20 years. becomes governor of Iraq.

and grandson Al-Saadiq participate in the Discourses and Discussions Al the end. 160 Scholars graduate .Zainul A bideen The Islamic Institute Steady growth of the Islamic Institute over 27 years’ period Diligent work in tutoring of scholars. Growth steady but fast growing Al-Baaqir.

Ah'kaam.Zainul A bideen They teach and discuss Tafseer. and Jurisprudence He wrote Al-Saheefa Al-Sajjadiyah He wrote Risalah al-Huquq (Personal Rights versus Personal Obligations in our life) . Hadith.

bearing in mind that it would take an average person a long time to assimilate Islam. . especially to the Sahaaba (Companions).Zainul A bideen PHASE PHASE I The 3 Phases of Islam CARRIED OUT BY: Muhammad (pbuh) TASKS CONSISTING OF: Emphasis was on teaching Islam in depth. Therefore. and making Islam available to the maximum number of people—yet. Muhammad (pbuh) did not fight the hypocrites.

. or the events leading to the explosive but anticipated Karbala as led by Al‑Husain. Al-Hasan. and Al-Husain TASKS CONSISTING OF: They were the 3 who were to confront the negative forces caused by Islamicly weak persons which threatened to undermine Islam: Be it during Ali's Khilaafah. Al‑Hasan's acceptance of peaceful terms.Zainul A bideen PHASE PHASE II The 3 Phases of Islam CARRIED OUT BY: Ali.

Zainul A bideen The 3 Phases of Islam PHASE PHASE III CARRIED OUT BY: Zainul Abideen and the Imams after him. This culminated by establishing the Islamic Institute (Institute of Ahlul Bayt). TASKS CONSISTING OF: Zainul Abideen took on his shoulders the heavy task of teaching the scholars once the confrontational phase was over. . The Institute was to expand and flourish by later Imams. The main source of information was the Corpus of Knowledge Imam Ali left.

Zainul A bideen Corpus of Knowledge Ali’s writings during: Abu Bakr. White Jafr: Prophets and early times 2. and Uthman’s Khilaafah: Corpus of Knowledge consists of the following: 1. 3. Quran in chorological 2. 4. order Tafseer (Mus’haf Fatima) Hadith (Saheefa of Ali) Ah’kaam Al-Jafr 1. 5. Red Jafr: Rules of war in Islam . Omar.

and – c) forgetfulness. meaning safeguarded by Allah from: – a) religious error.Zainul A bideen The Imamah. . Imamah is not subject to election or negotiation. It is a designation (a Directive) by the Almighty. An Imam is Ma'soom. – b) sin.

He encouraged Muslims to observe the anniversary of Karbala every year. He would visit Karbala un‑announced. 3. This led to Majlis every year done at the time in confidential manner. Thus people confirmed their resolve in the Islamic principles Imam Al‑Husain stood for. Imam Zainul Abideen urged the people to visit the site 2. often unnoticed. . of Karbala.Zainul A bideen To Keep Karbala in Mind I 1. in private houses He used to visit the burial area of Imam Al‑Husain every year. 4. 5.

meaning authentic Islam.Zainul A bideen To Keep Karbala in Mind II He recommended that in Sujood to touch a clean Turbah. The Logo became popular . This was recommended so that a person's highest part of Salat (Sujood) be associated with the principles Imam Al ‑Husain gave his life for. He used a logo: May the Killer of Al‑Husain Ibn Ali be Debased and Defiled.

1. (Surah 33 : Ayah 33) and The unique and Center Role of Ahlul Bayt in Islam was often explained. 2. . and 3. thus spread the word about the motive and the principles which Imam Al‑Husain had given his life for. at the same time expose the offenses of Benu Umayya.Zainul A bideen Emphasis Imamah was frequently explained and emphasized. Work to produce high quality scholars. and Ismah (as attested by Ayah of Tat'heer) was often emphasized. who were to teach others about true Islam.

.Zainul A bideen The Institute graduates more than 160 scholars.

and – many other erudite scholars . Well known students were: – Hasan Al-Basri – Al-Thamali – Al-Zuhri – Ibn Tawoos.Zainul A bideen Renowned Students Al‑Baaqir and his brother Zayd also participated in the discourses.

then give them their freedom He used to buy as many slaves as he could afford. he would record whatever misdemeanor his servants did. educate them then set them free He was revered in the community since he was the Imam of the Ummah .Zainul A bideen Character Zainul Abideen was very forgiving and generous. During Ramadhan. then let them acknowledge.

people loved hearing him read the Quran Zainul Abideen never wore his clothes for more than one season. then gave them to the poor Financially he helped numerous needy people .Zainul A bideen Character Zainul Abideen had empathy for the poor and needy He used to carry sacs of flour to distribute to the poor During Ramadhan he would cook one sheep each day for distribution to the fasting needy He had a very melodic voice.

.       · Being with scarcity of contentment.       · Being dominated by envy..       · Being beseeched by passion. and       · Opposing what is right.       · Being hasty in anger.       · An indulgence of zeal..       · Lacking of patience.Zainul A bideen Sample Du’aa: Imploring protection from evil Dear Lord.       · Being with depravity of morals.    .       · The submitting to desires. I implore Thy protection from:       · Extremes in greed..

Zainul A bideen Munajaat: Tender Prayers My Lord! Thy bounty which Thou hast begun‑‑complete it! Thy generosity which Thou hast given me‑‑strip it not away! Thy cover over me through Thy clemency‑‑tear it not away! My misdeeds which Thou hast come to know‑‑forgive them! My Lord! I seek intercession from Thee with Thee. desiring Thy kindness. and I seek sanctuary in Thee from Thee! I have come to Thee craving Thy beneficence. O Most Merciful of the merciful! . So act toward me with forgiveness and mercy of which Thou art worthy! Act not toward me with chastisement and vengeance of which I am worthy! By Thy mercy.

2. covering a wide range of prerogatives. Rights of family members. 4. not excluding the non‑Muslims.Zainul A EPISTLE OF RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS bideenZainul Abideen delineated the basic rights.  . mostly from Zainul Abideen delineated the basic rights. Allah's rights on man. Rights of those superior to the person or dependant on him. Rights of neighbors and friends. mostly from Shari'ah 1. 5. Rights of body and soul. 3.

and an abode so that natural desires may be fulfilled. it is incumbent upon both of you to thank Allah for your spouse and to know that the spouse is a grace of Allah upon you.  You are obliged ·  to respect her. and in this it is a great duty.Zainul A EPISTLE OF RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS: bideen Rights of the wife: • It is the right of your wife that you should know that Allah has made her for you a repose and comfort. she has the right of love and fellowship. . ·  be kind to her. • And likewise. and ·  although your rights upon her are greater and her obedience to you final in all your likes and dislikes so long as it is not a sin • So. and a friend and shield [against sin].

and other circumstances His load was enormously heavy and psychologically taxing . reportedly poisoned. political times. Had calloused skin at place of Sujood (forehead) Thick skin in his back due to carrying sacs of flour at night to distribute to the poor Became pale with curved back due to incessant prayers Had the roughest experience: be it in Karbala.Zainul A bideen Zainul Abideen dies Zainul Abideen dies at age of 57.

Zainul A bideen Burial Zainul Abideen was buried at the Baqii’ He and others knew the ruling Benu Umayya would not allow the burial otherwise With time. a structure was built for people to perform visitation. pray. and read Du’aa The structure was demolished by Rulers in 1925 .

Zainul A bideen Picture of Al-Baqii 1925 Al-Baqii after it was destroyed Al-Baqii before 1925 .

Zainul A bideen For Details Go to: then choose: Series of Islamic Books: Life of Ahlul Bayt Vol. II .

Dr. A.S. Hashim .Zainul A bideen Be in Allah’s Care Thank you and May God Bless you.