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Selection 420

7/11/05

INCINI-CONE
BURNERS
SERIES IC

Series IC Incini-Cone Burners are plug-in gas oil burners for heating process exhaust streams containing pollutants.
Although designed specifically for fume incinerators, they can be used for other direct-fired air heating applications
where they are suited.
Nine sizes of burners are catalogued, with high fire capacities ranging from 1.36 to 14.8 million Btu/hr.
APPLICATION PARAMETERS
Maximum Process Stream Temperature Into Burner: 1100F
Maximum Process Stream Outlet Temperature: 1650F
Maximum Process Stream P Across Burner: 2-3" wc with stream at nominal operating temp.
Minimum Process Stream P Across Burner: 0.5" wc
Process Stream Flow Turndown: 2 to 1, based on 2" wc maximum drop. Turndown can be extended to 2.45 to 1 if 3"
wc P is taken at high flow.
Process Stream Oxygen content: 13% or more. Burners maximum firing rate may have to be reduced in oxygen
deficient process streams. Check with the Eclipse factory for sizing guidelines.
Maximum Burner Fuel Turndown: 26 to 1, based on burner's nominal maximum input. See Table 1 for minimum
firing rates.
Fuels:
Natural Gas: Select gas jets to provide 30-35" wc drop at high fire.
Other Gases: We have no performance data on other gases - check with factory before quoting.
Maximum Flame Length: Approximately three times the diameter of the burner cone (D , Fig. 4).
C

Flame Supervision: UV scanner only. Flame rods cannot be fitted.


Piloting: Special Eclipse 3-EP Extended Pilot with 131 pilot mixer. Interrupted pilot operation recommended.
Emissions Levels Downstream of Burner:
NOX: typically, less than 300 ppm
CO: less than 100 ppm if combustion chamber is 1300 F or hotter, and incoming fume stream contains at least
16% oxygen by volume.

BURNER SELECTION
Application Data: Enter application data into Table I. Check to make sure none of the process parameters exceed
the limitations in the left-hand column.
Table IApplication Data
Parameter

Limitations

Process Stream Flow, scfm

---

Process Stream Flow, scfm

---

High Fire

Inlet Temp, F, Normal

1100 F Max.

Inlet Temp, F, Startup

---

Outlet Temp, F, Normal

1650 F Max.

System Backpressure, "wc


O2 Content of Process Stream

Low Fire

--13% Min.

Figure 1Heat Input Requirement

Burner Sizing

In the example shown on the graph, inlet process


stream temperature is 670F, and desired outlet temperature is 1300F. This requires 870 Btu/hr. per
scfm.
(Note: On cold startup, process stream temperature
will probably be lower than normal operating conditions. Therefore, cold stream flow may have to be limited if design outlet temperatures are to be held.)

2000
Btu/Hr Required Per SCFM of Process Stream

Enter the bottom of Figure 1 at the temperature of the


process stream as it enters the burner. Read up to the
curve representing the desired stream outlet temperature and then left to the Btu/hr. required per scfm of
process stream. Multiply this figure times the scfm of
process stream flow at high fire (from Table I). This is
the required Btu input from the burner at high fire.

T2

T1

=1

14

1500

00

13

00

12

00

11

00

10
90

00

1000

T2

50

FS

tre

am

Ou

tle

tT
em

pe

rat
u

re

F
80
0
70
F
0
60 F
0
F

500

Select gas gun from Table II.


For fuels other than natural gas, check with the Eclipse
factory.

0
0

200

400

600

800

1000

T1, Process Stream Inlet Temperature, F

Check gas jet sizing for low fire conditions

Using Figure 1, determine Btu/hr required at minimum process flow conditions. Multiply this figure by the low fire process
stream flow, scfm, you entered in Table I. Compare this figure with the minimum firing rate for the burner and gas gun you
selected from Table II. It should not be lower than the minimum firing rate in Table II. If it is, the gas turndown requirements of the application exceed the capabilities of the Incini-Cone burner.
PROFILE RING SIZING
Best performance and operating economy result from operating with a high fire process stream pressure drop of 2" wc
across the Incini-Cone burner. Minimum (low fire) process stream drop across the burner is 0.5" wc to insure thorough
mixing and incineration of contaminants. This provides 4 to 1 pressure drop turndown (approximately 2 to 1 flow turndown). If higher turndowns are required, the high fire process stream drop can be increased up to 3" wc (approximately
2.45 to 1 flow turndown).

Table IIGas Gun Selection


Burner
Catalog
Number

Minimum
Firing Rate
Btu/Hr.

Jet
Drill
Size

Gas Gun
Assembly
Number

760,000
840,000
870,000
970,000

28,150
31,100
32,200
35,950

53
1/16
52
51

100209-01
-02
-03
-04

1,050,000
1,150,000
1,240,000
1,310,000
1,410,000

38,900
42,600
45,950
48,500
52,200

50
49
48
5/64
46

-05
-06
-07
-08
-09

1,450,000
1,590,000
1,700,000
1,880,000

53,500
59,000
63,000
69,500

45
44
43
42

100210-01
-02
-03
-04

1,980,000
2,130,000
2,300,000

73,000
79,000
85,000

41
39
37

-05
-06
-07

2,440,000
2,650,000
2,900,000

94,000
102,000
111,500

36
34
32

100211-01
-02
-03

3,100,000
3,360,000
3,600,000

119,000
129,000
138,500

31
1/8
30

-04
-05
-06

500 IC
#100204

3,980,000
4,250,000
4,650,000
5,000,000

199,000
212,500
232,500
250,000

29
9/64
26
24

100212-01
-02
-03
-04

100220-00
through
100220-37

680 IC
#100206

5,400,000
5,900,000
6,400,000
6,800,000

270,000
295,000
320,000
340,000

21
19
11/64
16

100213-01
-02
-03
-04

100221-00
through
100221-37

900 IC
#100207

7,100,000
7,700,000
8,300,000
9,000,000

355,000
385,000
415,000
450,000

14
12
9
6

100214-01
-02
-03
-04

100222-00
through
100222-37

1480 IC

9,400,000
10,300,000
11,200,000
11,800,000

361,500
396,000
431,000
454,000

4
7/32
1
A

100215-01
-02
-03
-04

12,600,000
13,400,000
14,800,000

484,500
515,000
570,000

C
1/4
G

-05
-06
-07

136 IC
#100200

224 IC
#100202

360 IC
#100203

#100208

Maximum
Firing Rate
Btu/Hr.

Gas jet sizes are selected for a nominal high fire natural gas pressure drop of 35" wc.
Select the smallest gas jet size that provides a high fire input greater than that required
by the application.
All sizes of Incini-Cone burner have 36 gas jets (3 rows of 12) in the gas nozzle.

Spacer
Assembly
Number

100218-00
through
100218-37

100219-00
through
100219-37

100217-00
through
100217-37

100223-00
through
100223-37

Profile Ring Sizing (Contd.)


First, calculate process stream pressure turndown.
High fire process
stream flow, scfm
Low fire process
stream flow, scfm

Pressure Turndown =

Low fire process stream


inlet temp., F + 460
High fire process stream
inlet temp., F + 460

Using the process stream pressure turndown determined in this step, select your high fire and low fire pressure drops
from Figure 2.

Figure 2Process Stream Pressure Drops vs. Process Stream Pressure Turndown
Process Stream Pressure Drop
Across Burner, "wc

3.0
2.5
High Fire Pressure Drop
2.0
1.5
Operating Range
1.0
0.5
Low Fire Pressure Drop
0
1

Process Stream Pressure Turndown

Next, use the high fire pressure drop to determine the process stream velocity, V, from Figure 3.

Figure 3Process Stream Velocity vs. Pressure Drop


1400 F

13000
12000

e
tur

ra

e
mp

V, Process Stream Velocity , FPM

t Te

am

1200 F
1000 F

Inle

800 F

tre

S
ess

10000

600 F

Pro

400 F
300 F
200 F
100 F

8000

70 F
6000
40 F
4000

2000

0
0

.2

.4

.6

.8

1.0

2.0

Process Stream Pressure Drop at High Fire, "wc

3.0

Profile Ring Sizing (Contd.)


Calculate total free area, F, (burner cone holes plus annulus) required to produce V velocity.
F = 1.33 x

Q
V

1.33 x

acfm
ft/min

sq. ft.

where Q = High fire process stream volume in acfm.


Determine the area of the annular gap, G, around the burner cone, Figure 4.
G=FH=

sq. ft.

sq. ft.

Determine the area of the circle, R, enclosed by the profile ring.


R = G+B =

Calculate the diameter of the profile ring, DA, Figure 4, corresponding to area R.
DA =

4R

12

in.

Compare DA with dimension A from the Figure 4 table. If DA is equal to or larger than A, the burner cone and spacer
assembly may be too large to fit through the combustion chamber wall opening. Special placement of the cone spacerswill be required; contact Eclipses home office.
Figure 4Burner Cone & Profile Ring Dimensions
4" 6"
Profile Ring
Length

"G", Area of Annular Gap

Profile
Ring

DA
DC Profile
Cone Ring
Dia. Dia.

"A" Burner
Plug Dia.

Burner
Cone
Spacers

"L"
Spacer
Length

"B", Area of Circle


Covered by Burner Cone

"H", Total Area of


Burner Cone Holes

Burner
Catalog
Number

DC
Burner
Cone
O.D., "

B
Area
Covered
Sq. Ft.

H
Total Cone
Hole Area
Sq. Ft.

A
Burner
Plug
Dia., "

136 IC
224 IC
360 IC

10.24
11.80
15.43

0.572
0.759
1.299

0.146
0.366
0.696

15.50
19.50
23.50

500 IC
680 IC
900 IC
1480 IC

16.54
18.89
21.26
24.41

1.492
1.946
2.465
3.250

0.912
1.245
1.638
2.456

23.50
23.50
27.38
31.38

Profile Ring Sizing (Contd.)


Calculate L, the length of the burner cone spacers, Figure 4.

L =

DA DC 1/4
2

Round L to the next lower eighth of an inch and convert it into a two-digit suffix as shown in Table III.

Table IIISuffix Numbers for Cone Spacers


Spacer Assembly Number
(from Table II)

If decimal portion
of L is:

Suffix
No.

Inches

Eighths

For example, if dimension L is 3.56", the suffix is 34.

.0
.125
.250
.375
.500
.625
.750
.875

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

.124"
.249"
.374"
.499"
.624"
.749"
.874"
.999"

Use:
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

PILOT MIXER SELECTION


All Incini-Cone burners are equipped with an integral alloy 3 EPA pilot with a center electrode. Capacity of this pilot is
21,000 to 30,000 Btu/hr at 1.5" - 2.5" wc mixture pressure drop across the nozzle, its typical operating range on the
Incini-Cone.
Select a 131 PM Pilot Mixer (assembly 300558) for this pilot, and specify a mixer jet size that will permit 30,000 Btu/hr
to be achieved with the available air pressure supply. Remember that if the Incini-Cone fires into a combustion chamber operating at positive pressure, the air pressure in Table IV must be increased by an amount equal to the
backpressure.
Pilot air and gas valves and pilot regulators must be selected separately. The RV-35 AZ Pilot Regulator (part no.
15685) normally used with the 131 PM Mixer is suitable up to 6 osi chamber backpressure. For higher backpressures,
regulators with higher inlet pressure ratings must be used.

Table IVIncini-Cone Pilot Mixer Selection

131 PM
Pilot
Pilot Mixer
Air Pressure
Jet Size
Required, "w.c.*
7/32"
1/4"
9/32"

47
22
12

* Pressure required at mixer air inlet when


firing into neutral backpressure. If positive
backpressure is encountered, it must be
added to the pilot air pressure.

ORDERING INFORMATION SUMMARY


To order an Incini-Cone burner, specify:
1. Incini-Cone model and assembly numbers, including the two-digit cone spacer suffix.
2. Gas gun assembly number.
3. 300558 #131 PM Pilot mixer assembly and jet size7/32", 1/4", or 9/32".
4. Spacer assembly number including the two-digit suffix.
These items will be factory assembled.
Pilot valves and regulators, UV scanners and adapter fittings (if necessary) and gas control accessories must be
ordered separately.

Selection 420 7/11/05

Litho in U.SA.