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Nanotechnology Fuel Engineering

FACTS Of Your Current Situation!


1. Youre wasting $$Millions on unburnt fuel and youre
polluting the environment far more than you could/should
be
2. Your engines are running on reduced power, running rougher
and wearing quicker than they could/should be
3. Youre spending much more on maintenance, spare parts
and unplanned outages than you could/should be
4. Youre not meeting your SEEMP & ISO 14001 obligations!

NanOx Nanotechnology Fuel Engineering


is a unique solution to all these problems.

CONTENTS
1

The Compelling Case For Fuel Treatment

NanOx Nanotechnology Fuel Engineering & How It


Works

NanOx Benefits, Payback, and Proof

NanOx has the worldwide marine industry potential to:


Reduce ship HFO consumption by >21 million tonnes / year
Reduce ship CO2 emissions by >60 million tonnes / year
Equivalent to taking 13 million cars off the road!

The Compelling Case For Fuel Treatment


Engine inefficiency problem

The Compelling Case for Fuel Treatment


$$$Millions & man-hours R&D spent on engine optimisation:

Fuel injection and electronic timing


Turbocharging
Advanced materials and coatings
Precision manufacturing

The Compelling Case for Fuel Treatment


$$$Millions & man-hours R&D spent on engine optimisation:

But what about the fuel?

The Compelling Case for Fuel Treatment


Great engineering will never overcome poor fuelling!

The Compelling Case for Fuel Treatment


SEEMP became mandatory in Jan 2013:
Improve a ships energy efficiency through four steps: planning,
implementation, monitoring, self-evaluation & improvement.

Section 5.27 Additional means to improve engine efficiency might


include: Use of fuel additives
Section 5.40 Efforts could be made to source fuel of improved
quality in order to minimize the amount of fuel required to provide a
given power output.

The Compelling Case for Fuel Treatment


ISO 14001 states you MUST Take actions to continually improve
emissions to air CO2, SO2, CO, HC, soot, particulates
energy emitted waste heat

generation of waste and/or by-products - CO2, SO2, CO, HC, soot,


particulates
use of raw materials and natural resources heavy fuel oil

NanOx Nanotechnology Fuel Engineering

F2-21 Nanotechnology in NanOx is specially designed for Martek Marine by H2OIL Corporation, USA

Whats Nanotechnology?
The creation of functional materials through the exploitation &
control of novel properties of matter on a scale <100
nanometres

Why Its Different

Whats NanOx?
A complex (20+ components) blend of Surfactants in a
water/hydrocarbon micro-emulsion.

Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface between two liquids or
between a liquid and a solid. Surfactants act as detergents, emulsifiers, &
dispersants.

How NanOx Works


Creates a homogenous mix of 3-9nm nano-clusters in fuel
Atomized fuel droplet

Surfactant shell

Why Its Different


Water based core

Nano-clusters

Nano-clusters have unique physical, chemical and catalytic properties to work at


different stages of the combustion cycle.

Major Factor 1 - Incomplete Combustion


Unburnt fuel 180ppm hydrocarbon emissions
Partially burnt fuel 700ppm carbon monoxide & soot/carbon

Why Its Different

Caused By: Inefficient Fuel Atomisation


10-300 microns fuel droplet size distribution, 30:1 variation

27,000:1 volume variation..4/3 R3


Fuel not 100% vapourised/atomised - uneven air/fuel mixing
Its Different
Irregular combustion & roughWhy
running
cyclic dispersions

How NanOx Works in the Fuel Tank


NanOx nano-clusters reduce viscosity by 20-30% enhancing
fuel atomisation via smaller droplets & improved fuel/air mix

Why Its Different

How NanOx Works in the Fuel Injectors


NanOx surfactants/detergents remove injector nozzle deposits
enhancing fuel atomisation via smaller droplets giving an
improved fuel/air mix

Why Its Different

NanOx prevents future deposit build-up, maintaining


consistent spray pattern and uniform smaller droplet size.

How NanOx Works in the Cylinders


NanOx nano-clusters create micro-explosions in fuel droplets

Why Its Different

How NanOx Works in the Cylinders

Large fuel
droplets
Why ItsNano-clusters
Different

inside large
fuel droplets

Steam micro-explosions
break up large fuel
droplets

How NanOx Works in the Cylinders


Micro-explosions enable more complete combustion:

Why Its Different

Boosts power
Smoother running, less noise, vibration & hardness (NVH)
Reduces unburnt fuel, HC/CO emissions
Inhibits SO2/SO3 acid emissions & cold corrosion problems
Reduce carbon deposits & visible black soot emissions
Lower combustion/exhaust temp & lower NOx emissions

Major Factor 2 Carbon. Friction/Wear

Why Its Different

How NanOx Works in the Cylinders

NanOx releases nanocatalysts which catalytically


oxidises carbon deposits

NanOx

Why Its Different

NanOx

Cylinder wall carbon deposits


catalytically oxidised

Surfaces become catalytically active


stopping further build-up

How NanOx Works in the Cylinders


Nano-catalysts remove carbon deposits & prevent future build
up
Lower friction
Reduced engine wear & reduced risk of engine failure
Why Its Different

Longer cylinder/liner life


Cleaner crankcase oil
Extended maintenance interval to maximise revenue

Contribution of Each Nanotechnology Effect


Active Effect Saving
10%

Fuel injector cleaning

10%

10%

10%

Improved atomisation

Improved air / fuel


turbulent mixing
Release of aero catalysts

40%
20%

Catalyse combustion
surfaces
Extend burning
temperature

NanOx Cumulative Effect


NanOx dosed at wk 4

Why Its Different

Wk 4 to 5 - immediate improvement due to better atomization & mixing


Wk 5 to 8 - carbon deposits being removed & these can form red hot ignition
sources, which temporarily disrupt smooth combustion progressive

NanOx Cumulative Effect


NanOx dosed at wk 4

Why Its Different

Wks 8 to 12 combustion surfaces exposed and progressively activated into


catalytic areas
Wk 12+ - cleaning and catalytic activation processes complete and a stable fuel
economy improvement is realized

Typical heavy fuel oil supply


system for main engine

Fuel Flow =
Pressure =
Temperature =

Supply Fuel Flow

Fuel Heater
Engine
Return Fuel Flow

Fuel Flow =
Pressure =
Temperature =

Bulk Fuel
Storage Tanks

Fuel Flow =
Pressure =
Temperature =

Fuel Flow =
Pressure =
Temperature =

Fuel
Delivery

Pump

Fuel Flow =
Pressure =
Temperature =

Day Tanks

Volume =
Temperature =

Pump

Volume =
Temperature =

Dose NanOx 1:10,000 at this point

Pump

3 NanOx Benefits, Payback, and Proof


GUARANTEED improved fuel economy by 5 - 12%
Increased engine power by up to >10%
Typical emission reductions:
HC CO NOx PM SO2 CO2
50% 50% 30% 40% 30% 10%

Fuel Saving Payback Illustration


Bunker price $175/tonne, NanOx BULK cost $47/L
7% TUV certified fuel saving @ 1:10,000 dilution ratio
1L NanOx @ $47 treats 10 tonnes of fuel @ $1,750 saving 7%
So 1L NanOx @ $47 saves $123 in fuel
Every $1 spent on NanOx pays back $2.61..260% ROI!!!

Emissions Reduction Illustration


Example fuel consumption 100 tonne/day, 250 operating days
CO2 emissions = 100 x 250 x 3.11* = 77,750 tonnes / year
7% certified CO2 reduction = 0.07 x 77,750 = 5443 tonnes / year
This is equivalent** to the emissions of 3400 cars!

*Taken from IMO, 2009, Second IMO GHG Study 2009, International Maritime Organization, London, UK.
**Average UK car annual CO2 emissions = 1.6 tonnes/year. Average UK car emissions 2014 125g/km, average
annual distance 12713km.

Case Studies
PDZ (Malaysia), MV Gee Hong 12,170DWT container ship

Trial period of only 6 weeks, a fuel saving of 6.77% was achieved.


Continued testing resulted in a fuel savings of 12.44%.
Carbon deposits have been greatly reduced. Boosted the engine
efficiency and reduced smoke emissions substantially.
Extremely pleased with the outstanding performance
Abdul Rahim - Ship Manager

Case Studies
NSNC Kazmortransflot (Kazhakstan)
MT Almaty, 12,000DWT tanker
The data showed reduction in the consumption of the fuel:
During the motion of tanker load - to 8.8%; During the motion
of tanker ballast - to 13%.
S.K. Bimurzaev - Department Technical Director

Case Studies
Yang Ming Transport Corporation (Taiwan)
MV Zenith, 46,000 DWT Container Ship
In the analysis the most important influencing factors on the
fuel consumption have been taken into account: Sea, Wind, Load
and Speed. This has resulted in a fuel saving of 8.1% over the
whole test period.
Ronexa Consulting BV (Independent)

Independent Proof 2010 TUV Report


gives a fuel economy improvement of at least 7% about 4 to 6 weeks after
treating the bulk fuel storage tank.
gives an exhaust emission reduction of at least 25%.
meets all the specified requirements for fuel quality as detailed in EN590
(European Standard - Diesel Fuel Requirements & Test methods) NO ASH

Wartsila Letter of No Objection


the additive is essentially an ashless product when blended in
accordance with manufacturers instructions. The recommended
fuel additive rate is not considered harmful to the engine or its
operation
Kai Juoperi, Manager - Engine Fluids March 2015

No product liability claims in 27 years

3 SUMMARY
R&D historically focused on engine development - Fuel
treatment offers biggest scope for improvement
SEEMP advocates Use of fuel additives & fuel of improved
qualityto minimize the amount of fuel required.
ISO 14001 states you MUST Take actions to continually
improve
emissions to air CO2, SO2, CO, HC, soot, particulates energy
emitted waste heat
waste and/or by-products - CO2, SO2, CO, HC, soot,
use of raw materials and natural resources heavy fuel oil

3.1 Why NanOx is UNIQUE

Only treatment which acts -physical, chemical, catalytic

Only fuel treatment which works in tank, injectors, and


cylinders

Only nanotech fuel treatment endorsed by Wartsila

Only fuel treatment with 7% fuel saving and 25% emissions


reduction results independently certified by TUV

Only marine fuel treatment certified compliant with EN590


NO ASH

3.2 Strategic Gains Using NanOx

Enables you to fully meet your SEEMP obligations

Enables you to fully meet your ISO 14001 obligations

Makes a statement of your environmental leadership

Enhances your profits, MASSIVELY

Shows true innovation delivering competitive advantage

Youre doing your bit to slow down global warming

3.3 Financial Gains By Using NanOx

Slash your fuel costs GUARANTEED BY 5+%

Immediate positive cash-flow & increased profits no


CAPEX

Reduce engine wear so you increase your asset utilization

Reduce your spare part costs (e.g. cylinder/liner)

Reduce your maintenance and overhaul costs

Reduce your unplanned outages and loss of revenue

3.4 Operational Gains By Using NanOx

Reduce maintenance

Boost power

Smoother running

Protects against propulsion loss

Cleaner crankcase oil

Slash your fuel costs and reduce emissions

RISK FREE TRIAL!


Try NanOx for yourself with NO CAPITAL OUTLAY
Pay NOTHING until we prove 5% fuel saving on your ships!

How to proceed?!