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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]

Q.1) Consider the following


1. International Day for Older Person (IDOP) is celebrated every year on 1 st October
2. The recent theme of IDOP was Leaving No One Behind: Promoting a Society for All
3. 2015, marks the golden jubilee of IDOP
Select the correct code
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 and 2
Only 1
1, 2 and 3
Only 3

Q.1) Solution (a)

The International Day of Older Persons is observed on October 1 each year.


On December 14, 1990 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish October 1
as the International Day of Older Persons as recorded in Resolution 45/106. The holiday was
observed for the first time on October 1, 1991
Annual Themes
2011: The Growing Opportunities & Challenges of Global Ageing
2012: Longevity: Shaping the Future
2013: The future we want: what older persons are saying
2014: Leaving No One Behind: Promoting a Society for All
2015: Sustainability and Age Inclusiveness in the Urban Environment

Q.2) Consider the following regarding Trident Juncture and select the correct code?
a)
b)
c)
d)

It is the largest military exercise launched by NATO


It is a trilateral exercise of India, Indonesia and Japan
It is a bilateral military exercise between Srilanka and India
It is a trilateral military exercise of NATO, EU and USA

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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


Q.2) Solution (a)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has launched largest exercise Trident
Juncture since 2002 with troops from 30 states, including non-NATO in Italy, Spain and
Portugal.
30 nations will participate in the drills which are taking place at sea, in the air and across the
territory of three European states.

Q.3) Mission Indradhanush aims to cover which of the following diseases?


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Measles
AIDS
Cancer
Polio
TB
Whooping Cough

Select the correct code


a)
b)
c)
d)

1, 3, 4 and 5
3, 4, 5 and 6
1, 4, 5 and 6
1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Q.3) Solution (c)


Mission Indradhanush: for vaccination against 7 preventable disease by 2020.
The diseases are Diphtheria, Whooping cough, Tetanus, Polio, Tuberculosis, Measles and
Hepatitis B.
The aim is to cover all the children who have been left out or missed out for immunization.

Q.4) Consider the following about Nobel Prize, 2015


1. Nobel Prize in Physics has been given for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which
shows that neutrinos have mass

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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


2. Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been given for the discoveries concerning a novel
therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasite.
3. Nobel Prize in Medicine has been given for mechanistic studies of DNA repair.
Select the correct code
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 and 2
Only 2
Only 1
1, 2 and 3

Q.4) Solution (c)


The Nobel Prize in Physics 2015
Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald
"for the discovery of neutrino oscillations, which shows that neutrinos have mass"

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015


Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar
"for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015


William C. Campbell and Satoshi mura
"for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm
parasites"
Youyou Tu
"for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria"

Q.5) Consider the following statements regarding Compost


1. Organic ingredients intended for composting can alternatively be used to
generate biogas through aerobic digestion
2. Compost is used to control soil erosion and sediment run off.
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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


Select the correct code
a)
b)
c)
d)

Only 1
Only 2
Both
None

Q.5) Solution (b)

Compost is rich in nutrients. It is used in gardens, landscaping, horticulture, and agriculture.


The compost itself is beneficial for the land in many ways, including as a soil conditioner, a
fertilizer, addition of vital humus or humic acids, and as a natural pesticide for soil. In
ecosystems, compost is useful for erosion control, land and stream reclamation, wetland
construction, and as landfill cover. Organic ingredients intended for composting can
alternatively be used to generate biogas through anaerobic digestion.
Topsoil loss is a serious ecological issue. The use of compost to control sediment run-off and
fight erosion is a relatively new technology, now being adopted by local authorities,
developers, farmers, and other major disturbers of soil as another tool to reduce topsoil
loss.
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/firms-must-buy-compost-frommunicipal-waste/article8230689.ece

Q.6) Consider the following regarding Biochar


1. It is made up of biomass by a process called combustion
2. It is an unstable solid formed by charcoal
3. It helps in increasing acidity of the soil when the PH of the soil is high
Select the correct code
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 and 2
1, 2 and 3
Only 3
None

6.) Solution (d)

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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


Bio-char reduces the acidity of the soil, protects the plants from diseases, promotes growth
of friendly micro organisms, and reduces the loss of micro nutrients apart from increasing
water retain-ability.
http://www.thehindu.com/business/agri-business/biochar-compost-tea-are-the-newrecipe/article7830057.ece
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biochar

Q.7) Consider the statements regarding the use of Antibiotics


1. Flu or cold can be treated by using antibiotics
2. Antibiotic resistance is caused when body becomes resistant to antibiotics
3. Antibiotic resistance is caused by genetic mutation and by acquiring resistance from
another bacterium
Select the correct code
a)
b)
c)
d)

1, 2 and 3
2 and 3
Only 3
1 and 2

Q.7) Solution (c)


Because cold or flu is caused by a virus, while antibiotics can only cure infections caused by
bacteria. (You might need antibiotics only if your flu gets worse and results in a secondary
bacterial infection like bronchitis or pneumonia.)
One should understand that it is the bacteria which become resistant to antibiotics, not the
body. Through indiscriminate antibiotics use, you are helping create drug-resistant bacteria,
which then cause difficult-to-treat infections in others.
Some bacteria are naturally resistant to certain types of antibiotics. However, bacteria may
also become resistant in two ways: 1) by a genetic mutation or 2) by acquiring resistance
from another bacterium.
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/no-longer-a-cureall/article7907429.ece

Q.8) National Tribal Advisory Council to be set up is to be chaired by?

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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


a)
b)
c)
d)

President of India
Prime Minister of India
Ministry of Tribal Affairs
Prime Minister Office (PMO)

Q.8) Solution (b)


A National Tribal Advisory Council under the chairmanship of Prime Minister will be set up
for real time monitoring of the ongoing programmes and schemes aimed at welfare of tribal
people and development of tribal areas. The Council will meet once or twice a year

Q.9) Which of the following are correct about Karewas


1. Karewas are the lacustarine deposits found only in Kashmir valley and bhadarwa
valley of Jammu, in India.
2. It is suitable for growing one of the worlds best qualities of saffron.
3. The soil is peaty and contains a lot of carbon content.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 and 2
2 and 3
1 and 3
All of the above

Q.9) Solution (d)


Karewas are lacustrine deposits [deposits in lake] in the Valley of Kashmir and in Bhadarwah
Valley of the Jammu Division. These are the flat topped mounds that border the Kashmir
Valley on all sides. They are characterized with fossils of mammals and at places by peat.

Q.10) Which of the following statements are correct about crop rotation?
1. Growing of different crops on a piece of land in a pre-planned succession is called
crop rotation.
2. The availability of moisture and irrigation facilities decide the choice of crops to be
grown.
3. Ideally staple grain crops are rotated with leguminous crops.

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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


Select the correct code from above:
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) All of the above
Q.10) Solution (d)
Usually grain crops like rice, wheat etc, needs a lot of nutrition. Repeated growing of these
crops rob the land from its nutrients. Hence it is ideal to rotate them with leguminous crops
so that their fertility can be regained through nitrogen fixation.

Q.11) Which of the following statements correctly explains the process of Ratooning?
a) It is a method of harvesting a crop which leaves the roots and the lower parts of the
plant uncut to give stubble crop.
b) It is a method of preparing field by burning the stubs of harvested crops in the field,
to provide nutrition to the soil.
c) It is method of using burrowing animals to make the field porous before harvesting
of crop.
d) None of the above.

Q.11) Solution (a)


Ratooning is a method of harvesting a crop which leaves the roots and the lower parts of
the plant uncut to give the ratoon or the stubble crop. One of the important methods of the
intensive cropping, allowing the stubbles of the original crop to strike again after harvesting
and to raise another crop.The main benefit of ratooning is that the crop matures earlier in
the season. Ratooning can also decrease the cost of preparing the field and planting.
This method cannot be used endlessly as the yield of the ratoon crop decreases after each
cycle. Ratooning is most often used with crops which are known to give a steady yield for
three years under most conditions.

Q.12) Arrange the following rock systems of our country as classified by the Geological
Survey of India from oldest to recent:
1. The Purana Rock System
2. The Dravidian Rock System
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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


3. The Archaean Rock System
4. The Aryan Rock System
Select the correct code from the following:
a) 2, 3, 1, 4
b) 2, 3, 4, 1
c) 3, 1, 2, 4
d) 3, 1, 4, 2

Q.12) Solution (c)


Self explanatory

Q.13) Which amongst the following rivers has the largest drainage basin in India?
a) Indus
b) Brahmaputra
c) Krishna
d) Godavari
Q.13) Solution (a)
Amongst the given rivers Indus has the largest basin in India. It has the second largest basin
after river Ganga.
Ganga> Indua> Godavari> Krishna> Brahmaputra

Q.14) Consider the following statements:


1. Easterly jet stream over India is seasonal and exists only during summer.
2. Westerly jets are helpful in pushing western disturbances towards India, causing
winter rainfall.
3. Westerly jets are bifurcated by the Tibetan plateau during summers with one stream
flowing over northern India.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a) All of the above
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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


b) 1 and 2
c) 2 and 3
d) 1 and 3

Q.14) Solution (b)


During winters, as the ITCZ shifts downwards, the subtropical high pressure belt also shifts.
With this shift, a downward shift in westerly jet stream is also seen. This jet stream when
strikes Pamir knot and tibetan plateau, it is bifurcated. One stream goes over the plateau
and one stream is pushed downwards, which flows over India.
Q.15) Consider the following statements:
1. The deviation of actual rainfall of a place from its average rainfall is called variability.
2. The highest variability is found at places where average rainfall is lowest.
3. Variability of rainfall is measured in percentage.
Which of the above statements are correct about variability of rainfall?
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 only
1 and 3
2 and 3
All of the above

Q.15) Solution (d)


The actual rainfall of a place in a year deviates from its average rainfall by 10 to over 60
percent. The highest variability is found in areas which have less rainfall. For eg. In desert
area if average rainfall is only 20 cm, then even 10 cm increase in rain in a year would be
highly variable.
The variability of rainfall plays a significant role in agricultural and other economic activities.

Q.16) Which of the following statements are correct about black soils of India?
1.
2.
3.
4.

They have a volcanic origin.


They cover the largest reporting area of the country.
They are deficient in nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter.
They have clayey texture and have high water holding capacity.

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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


Select the correct code from the following:
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 and 4
1,2 and 3
1,3 and 4
All of the above

Q.16) Solution (c)


Alluvial soils are most abundant covering 43.4% of reporting area. The second most
abundant soil is red soil with 18.5% area and then black soil with 15% area.

Q.17) Consider the following statements about the texture of soil:


1.
2.
3.
4.

The size of soil particles defines the texture of soil.


A soil having mixture of substantial amount of sand, silt and clay is called loam.
Soil texture decides the water holding capacity of the soil.
Finer the soil texture, the better it is for agriculture.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?


a)
b)
c)
d)

1,2 and 3
1 and 4
4 only
None of the above

Q.17) Solution (c)


Medium sized particles are ideal for agriculture. (Silty loam)
Very fine particles have high water holding capacity and lacks aeration. Also they are hard to
work upon as they become sticky when wet and very hard when dry.

Q.18) Soil salinity has emerged a major problem affecting the fertility of soil in India.
Almost 2.5% of countrys reporting area is adversely affected by alkali formations. Which
of the following statements are correct about saline soils?
1. Salinity is naturally found in arid and semi-arid areas where rate of evaporation is
higher than rate of precipitation.
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2. Saline soils develop in highly irrigated area as more salt comes up due to capillary
action of soil.
3. Salinity can be cured by adding gypsum to the soil.
Select the correct code from the following:
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 and 3
1 and 2
2 and 3
All of the above

Q.18) Solution (d)


Natural salinity is found in desert regions like Rann of Kutch. These natural salt formations
are commercially utilized.

Q.19) Consider the following statements:


1. Kerala has no east flowing rivers.
2. Madhya Pradesh has no west flowing rivers.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2

Q.19) Solution (d)


There are three rivers rise in Kerala and flow eastwards, Kabini into Karnataka and the other
two into Tamil Nadu.

Kabani
Bhavani
Pambar

Q.20) Which one of the following rivers do not originate in India?


a) Ravi
b) Beas
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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


c) Sutluj
d) Chenab

Q.20) Solution (c)


The origin of the Sutlej River is located close to Lake Rakhastal in Tibet in the vicinity of the
Kailash Mountain Range. The Sutlej River usually runs according to a west to southwest
itinerary moving into India via the Shipki La Pass located in Himachal Pradesh.

Q.21) Consider the following statements regarding equatorial climate:


1. Very heavy down pour, normally for a short duration in a year.
2. Convectional rainfall characterised by lightning and thunder.
3. There is a very high diurnal temperature range in equatorial regions.
Select the correct answer
a)
b)
c)
d)

1 and 2 only
2 only
2 and 3 only
None of the above

Q.21) Solution (b)


Equatorial regions have very low diurnal temperature range and rainfall occur throughout
the year.

Q.22) The recent advent of yellow fever in some parts of Africa was in news recently.
Consider the following statements with respect to Yellow fever
1. The disease is transmitted by the bite of a Mosquito.
2. It is curable.
3. The disease is characterised by high fever and Jaundice.
Select the correct answer
a) 1 and 3 only
b) 2 only
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IASbaba Prelims 60 Days: [Day 4]


c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3
Q.22) Solution (a)
Yellow fever is a serious, potentially deadly flu-like disease spread by mosquitoes.
Characterized by a high fever and jaundice, it is most prevalent in certain parts of Africa and
South America. The disease is not curable, but is preventable with the yellow fever vaccine.
Q.23) Recently ISRO test fired Prithvi 2 missile from a test range at Chandipur in Odisha.
Conisder the following statements with respect to Prithvi 2 missile
1.
2.
3.
4.

It is a surface to air missile


It has a strike range of 2000 km
It is the first missile developed under integrated missile development programme.
It has a single stage liquid fuelled propellant

Select the correct answer


a)
b)
c)
d)

1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
3 and 4 only
1 and 3 only

Q.23) Solution (c)

Click here

Q.24) PM referred to Pragjyotishpur at the inaugural address of south Asian games.


Which of the following city today refers to Pragjyotishpur in ancient India?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Dibrugarh
Thimpu
Dispur
Guwahathi

Q.24) Solution (d)


Pragjyotishpur in Ancient India refers to Guwahati in Modern India

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Q.25) ARYA and Farmers first to revamp agricultural produce in India are proposed
initiatives by
a)
b)
c)
d)

Indian agricultural research institute


Ministry of agriculture in collaboration with ICRISAT
Indian council of agricultural research
Ministry of agriculture in collaboration with FAO

Q.25) Solution (c)


ARYA (Attracting and retaining youth in Agriculture), Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav and farmers
first initiatives by ICAR

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