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MARINE VHF RADIOTELEPHONE


MODEL

FM-8700

FURUNO E L E C T R I C C O., LT D.

Yo u r L o c a l A g e n t / D e a l e r

9-52, Ashihara-cho,
Nishinomiya, Japan 662
Te l e p h o n e :
Te l e f a x :

0798-65-2111
0798-65-4200

FIRST EDITION : AUG 1998


All rights reserved.

Printed in Japan

PUB. No. SME-56170-A


(KAOK)

FM-8700

CONTENTS
Chapter 1 BLOCK DESCRIPTION

1.1 General

1-1

1.2 Input/output data format of FM-8700

1-2

1.3 DX-8700 input/output signals

1-4

1.4 Main function of PC boards

1-6

1.5 Block description

1-9

1. DX-8700 antenna system

1-9

2. DSC Receiver section

1-10

3. Transmitter section

1-11

4. Receiver section

1-13

5. Controller section

1-15

6. Power supply section

1-19

7. IF-8500 (Printer interface)

1-20

Chapter 2 Location of Parts

1. Control Panel

2-1

2. Rear Panel

2-1

3. Bottom View, Cover removed

2-2

4. CONTROL Board

2-2

5. Bottom View (CONTROL Board and the removed)

2-3

6. Panel

2-3

7. Duplexer (DX-8700)

2-4

Chapter 3 Change of System Setting


3.1 Outline of system setting

3-1

3.2 Change operation to normal mode or test mode

3-2

3.3 Change of system setting

3-4

1. Setting DSC (Selection of receiver)

3-4

2. Setting RT (Function of VHF section)

3-6

3. Setting CH (Channel presetting)

3-8

4. Setting PO (Setting transmitting power)

3-10

5. Setting L (Selection LCD display, Japanese and English)

3-12

3.4 Change of jumper setting

3-13

3.5 Confirmation of ID number

3-14

3.6 Changing ID number and ON/OFF of Private mode

3-15

Chapter 4 Adjustment and Measurement


4.1 Transmitting frequency and power

4-1

4.2 Measurements on CH70

4-2

1. Mode change
4.3 Other measurements

4-3
4-6

1. Confirmation of receiver sensitivity

4-6

2. Confirmation of transmitting modulation degree

4-7

3. Confirmation of receiving sensitivity of CH70 RX board

4-8

Chapter 5 Maintenance check


5.1 Periodical check

5-1

1. Cleaning of display portion

5-1

2. Check of loose connectors

5-1

3. Antenna

5-1

5.2 Everyday oprational test (Self-test)

5-2

5.3 Exchanging the nickel-cadmium battery

5-5

5.4 Exchanging ROM

5-6

5.5 About NMI switch

5-8

Chapter 6 Troubleshooting
6.1 Functional tests

6-1

1. RAM/ROM test

6-2

2. Remote line test

6-3

3. Keyboard test

6-4

4. Display (LCD) test

6-4

5. Printer test

6-5

6.2 Error messages

6-6

1. CPU communication errors

6-6

6.3 Confirmation by line monitor

6-7

6.4 Guidelines for troubleshooting

6-8

6.5 Board compatibility

6-11

Specifications

AP1-1

Private Channel List

AP2-1

Mechanical Parts List

M-1

Schematic Diagrams

S-1

Chapter 1
1.1

BLOCK DESCRIPTION

General

FM-8700 is a full-duplex international VHF radio-telephone which includes a VHF DSC


function and a VHF watch receiver. The system consists of a transmitter- receiver unit
and a duplexer unit, operating from DC 24 V (+30%, -10%) power supply.
External devices such as remote station (RB-700), distress message controller (DMC-5),
printer, navigation device (outputs location and time data in NMEA format), wing
handset, and external speaker can be connected to this system.
If a printer is used, a printer interface unit (IF-8500) is required.
The system connection diagram is shown below.
Operational
Priority
1. DMC-5
2. FM-8700
3. RB-700
*

*
CH70RX
NMEA

ANT

Navigation
Device

DX-8700
*

Wing Handset (port)

Wing Handset (Starboard)

Distress Message Controller


(DMC-5)

Printer Interface
(IF-8500)

W-HANDSET

TX ANT RX ANT W-HANDSET NMEA


Handset Hanger
(HSC701K-BX21)

HANDSET

DMC

FM-8700
EXT Speaker *

PRINTER

EXT SPKR

*
Remote Station *
(RB-'700)
NOTE) DB-500 is required
when additional
RB-700(s) is
connected.

Printer

REMOTE
POWER

AC100/220VAC
AC/DC Power supply
unit
(PR-300/240)

DC24V + 30 , -10% (7A MAX)

DC24V + 30 , -10% (7A MAX)

Note) *:operational
Fig. 1-1

System Configuration

1-1

1.2 Input/output data format of FM-8700


The designation of connectors for the input-output signals and their electrical
specifications are shown below.
CH70 RX ANT
(RX ANT)

ANT
(TX ANT)

REMOTE
BREAKER

EXT SP

16P

24V DC

1 2

GND

Fig.1-2

7P

6P

NMEA

DMC

4P

8P

PRINTER

HANDSET

WING HANDSET

Layout of the connectors on the rear panel of FM-8700


Table 1-1/2

Connector
Name

Connector
type

TX ANT

M-R type

50

RX ANT

M-R type

50

24V DC

HS16R-2

Pins

Signal

Remarks

1. +24V
24V+30,-10%
2. 24V
1. 0V
2. PTT SW
3. MIC (H)
Main Handset

FM-10RS-6H

-46dBm (600 )

4. MIC (C)

0dBm (200 )

5. HS SP (H)
6. HOOK SW
1. 0V

GND

2. W-PTT SW

Wing Handset

RS-410N

3.W-MIC

-46dBm (600 ) or
0dBm (40 )

4. W-SP

1mW (200 )

FM214-7SM

Open collector
Part and starboard
microphones are
connected in parallel.
Microphone type,
carbon or dynamic
must be selected on
FM-8700.

5. T15V (TX)
6. +15V
7. DUP/SIMP

RS-410N

8. 0V

1-2

Open collector

Table 1-2/2
Terminal

Connector

Pin Description

Signal

Remarks

1. TXD (H)
NMEA
2. TXD (C)

IEC1162-1
(ZDA, GLL, RMC)

3. RXD (H)
NMEA
NMEA

FM214-7SM

4. RXD (C)
5. CH70RX (H)
6. CH70RX (C)

0dBm (600 )

7. POW
1. TXD (H)
2. TXD (C)
MIF
3. RXD (H)
DMC

FM214-6SM
4. RXD (C)
5. F-GND
6. ALM
1. TXD (H)
2. TXD (C)

PRINTER

FM214-4SM

MIF
3. RXD (H)
4. RXD (C)
1. TXD (H)
2. TXD (C)
MIF
3. RXD (H)
4. RXD (C)
5. F-GND
6. 15V

1A MAX

7. NC
REMOTE

SRCN-16P

8. NC
9. 0V
10. LINE OUT (H)
11. LINE OUT (C)
12. LINE IN (H)
13. LINE IN (C)
14. TX KEY

0dBm (600 )
0dBm (600 )
RS-410N

15. NC
16. NC

1-3

Open collector

1.3

DX-8700 input/output signals

The logout of the connectors on the DX-8700 and its specifications are shown below.

WING
HANDSET

TX IN

WING
HANDSET

Fig.1-3

CH70
RX ANT

ANT

FM-8700
Connectors

NMEA

NMEA

RX OUT

Connectors on DX-8700

Table 2-1/2
Connector
Name

Connector
type

ANT

M-R type

50

CH70 RX ANT

M-R type

50

TX IN

M-P type

50

RX OUT

M-P type

50

Pins

Signal

1. 0V

Remarks

Signal GND

2. W-PTTSW

-46dBm (600 ) or
0dBm (40 )

3. W-MIC

Wing Handset

FM14-7P

Part and starboard


microphones are
connected in parallel.
Microphone type,
carbon or dynamic
must be selected on
FM-8700.

0dBm (200 )

4. W-SP
5. T15V (TX)
6. +15V
7. DUP/SIMP

RS-410N

8. 0V

Signal GND

9. F-GND

1-4

Open collector

Table 2-2/2
Connector
Name

Connector
type

Pins

Signal

1. 0V

GND

2. W-PTT SW

RS-410N

-46dBm (600 ) or
0dBm (40 )

3. W-MIC

Wing Handset

Terminal
Board

Remarks

Open collector
Part and starboard
microphones are
connected in parallel.
Microphone type,
carbon or dynamic
must be selected on
FM-8700.

1mW (200 )

4. W-SP
5. F-GND
6. TXD (H)
7. TXD (C)

NMEA

IEC1162-1
(ZDA, GLL, RMC)

NMEA

IEC1162-1
(ZDA, GLL, RMC)

8. RXD (H)
9. RXD (C)
10. F-GND
1. TXD (H)
2. TXD (C)
3. RXD (H)
NMEA

FM14-8P

4. RXD (C)
5. CH70 RX (H)
6. CH70 RX (C)
7. POW
8. F-GND

1-5

0dBm (600 )

1.4 Main functions of PC-boards


The system block diagram of FM-8700 and DX-8700 is shown in Fig.1-4. The main
functions of each PC-board are shown in Table 3 on the following pages.
EXT SP

MODE/CH SW
AF VR

SQ VR

SP SW

AUTO/
SCAN
/DW/OFF

RX Freq, CONT DATA


INT SP

DUP/SIMP
SQ DET/SIG
LINE MON

RX PCB
(05P0672)

RX OUT

PANEL PCB
(05P615)
* LCD/LED/KEY

CONTROL PCB
(05P0616A)

LINE OUT

9V

TX9V

HS SP
TX
VHF CPU : V25
+15V
DSC CPU : H8

TX Freq DATA

MODEM

POWER CONT

TX PCB
(05P0618A)

TX OUT

FM-8700

POWER DET

+15V

MOD

SW

+15V (RX PCB)


+15V
Braker : 10A

REMOTE

W-HANDSET

PRINTER DMC

+24V

MIC, SP, PTT SW,


HOOK SW

T/RD

W-MIC, SP, W-PTT,


+15V, DUP/SIMP ,TX

T/RD, CH70RX,
POW

NMEA

NMEA WING HANDSET

TX IN

RX OUT

CH70RX ANT ANT

T/RD, +15V, LINE IN/


OUT, TX KYE

FILTER PCB
(05P0673)

+15V

T/RD, ALARM

POWER PCB
(05P0617)

HANDSET 24V DC

HANDSET

(DC24V)

RB-700
DMC-5
TB-1

PRINTER I/F
(IF-8500)

D-TX

D-ANT

CH70 RX ANT

CH70 RX PCB
(05P0675)
D-RX

ANT

PRINTER
(PP-510)

DUPLEXER
DC24V

DX-8700

NBDP
MF/HF DSC

NMEA

VHF DSC

WING HANDSET
(Both wings, Parallel Connection)

Fig.1-4

BLOCK DIAGRAM

1-6

PRINT DATA

FM-8700
Main PC-boards of FM-8700 and their functions are shown in the table below.
Table 3-1/2
PC-boards

FM8700

Main functions and Circuits

TX
(05P0618
A)

Contains circuits for transmitting modulator, local oscillator, power amplifier,


and delivers 25/1W outputs every 25 kHz step at 155.0 - 156.475 MHz.
1 A local oscillator circuit for transmission (synthesizer PLL)
2 A reactance modulator (G3E, G2B) and its amplifier
3 A transmission power amplifier and a transmission power controller

RX
(05P0672)

Consists of a double-super heterodyne receiver circuit at 155.0 - 166.075 MHz,


(receiving sensitivity; 20 dB, SINAD; less than 0 dB, first IF; 21.4 MHz, second
IF;455 kHz).
1 First local oscillator circuit (synthesizer PLL: 21.4 MHz)
2 Second local oscillator circuit (crystal-control; 20.945 MHz)
3 Squelch circuit (controlled by carrier detection and sound detection)
4 AF power amplifier circuit (8 , 3W output with 10% distortion)

CONTROL
(05P0616
A)

Includes CPU for VHF, CPU for DSC, MODEM, ROM, EEROM and I/O.
VHF and remote control with VHF CPU (PD70320GJ : V25)
DSC function with DSC CPU (HD6475328CP : H8) and MODEM
TX AF monitor control circuit and TX AF LINE input signal selection circuit

FILTER
(05P0673)

Consists of filter circuits for connected signal lines.

PANEL
(05P0615)

POWER
(05P0617)

1
2
3

LCD drive circuit (for DSC)


LED drive circuit (for VHF)
Keyboard circuit

Generates 15V output by series power supply circuit from DC 24V input.
1 Over voltage protection: +32 V and low voltage detection: +20 V
2 Temperature detection sensor mounted on U2
* gradually decreases the transmitting power by detecting a temperature from 70
to 80 C.

1-7

DX-8700
Main PC-boards of DX-8700 and their functions are shown in the table below.
Table 3-2/2
PC-boards

Main functions and Circuits

Duplexer
(05P0674)

Consists of filters for duplex operation.


1 Transmitting filter: BEF characteristics with three stagger cavities.
(156.0 - 157.5 MHz, the power loss; less than 1.4 dB)
2 Receiving filter: BEF characteristics by four stagger cavities.
(160.6 - 162.1 MHz, the power loss; less than 1.6 dB)

CH70 RX
(05P0675)

Consists of a double-super heterodyne receiver circuit used exclusively for nonintermittent listening to DSC CH70 (156.525 MHz).Receiving sensitivity; 20 dB,
SINAD; less than 0 dB, the first IF; 16.9 MHz, the second IF; 455 kHz
1 First local oscillator circuit (crystal-control; 139.625 MHz)
2 Second local oscillator circuit (crystal-control; 16.455 MHz)
3 DUP/SIMP switching circuit (relay control)
4 Connecting terminals for WING HANDSET and NMEA
5 Selection of receiving antenna for CH70 (by changing antenna wiring)

DX8700

1-8

1.5

Block description

1. DX-8700 antenna system

CH70 RX ANT

CH 70 ANT

K4
(CR1)

TX IN

Q1, 2

T1

J5

J6

Deviser
Tx

Rx
Q3, 4

Duplexer

Dup TX Dup

Dup K3

RX OUT
+15V

K1
Simp
K4

K1

K2

K3

DUP/SIP
Dup ANT

Dup

CH 70 RX AF
(DSC RX Signal)

Simp

Dup RX

TR ANT

CH70 RX

W5

Simp

DUP/SIP
TX

Q5
K2

TR ANT

C35

CR4
DET

Fig.1-5

U1 (2/2)
Buff

TX level monitor signal

POW

DX-8700 Antenna System

DX-8700 consists of CH70 RX board (05P0675) and Duplexer (05P0674). The CX70
RX circuit contains an antenna switching circuit and CH70 RX circuit. K1 - K3 are relays.
The antenna is selected by DUP/SIMP control signal from the main unit.
The transmitting signal output from the main unit is input to <TX IN> and switched by
K4.
The TR ANT antenna can transmit/receive VHF signals and receive CH70 signal.
When a CH70 receiving antenna is used, <CH70 ANT> is internally connected to "CH70
RX circuit, J6" with a coaxial cable.

1-9

2. DSC Receiver section

DX-8700
CH70 RX ANT
CH70 RX
SIMP RX
Q1, 2

T1

J5

J6

DEVISER

W5

Q3 ,4

DUP RX

(2SK937-Y5-AA)

U3

FL1

(GN2011)

FL2

(2SK937-Y5-AA)

156.525MHz

Q13

FL3

16.9MHz(3SK302GR)

U2 (1/2)

455kHz

139.625MHz

TP1

S
D

Q12

DET

(3SK302GR)

(2SK937-Y5-AA)

TR ANT

Q11

OSC

U4 (MC3361CD)

Q15
TP2

(2SC3123)

K3

(NJM2094M)

OSC Q14

Y2

(2SC3123)

16.445MHz

Y1
34.90625MHz

CH70 RX (05P0675)

C73

RX OUT
CH70 RX AF (0dBm 600 )

FM-8700

U31-2/4

U30-2/4

U29

MODEM
CH70 1200

(NJM3403AV) (MSM6927GS-2K)

U14

U2 (VHF)

CPU
(H8 : HD6475328CP)

U3 (DSC)

PIO

CPU

(PD71055GB)

(V25: PD70320GJ)

CONTROL (05P0616A)

Fig.1-6

CH-70 Receiving Signal Flow

The receiver for CH70 (156.525 MHz) is included in DX-8700.


CH70 signal is received by either of a dedicated receiving antenna (CH70 RX ANT) or a
transmitting-receiving antenna (TR ANT). The internal circuit connection must be
changed in accordance with the equipped antenna.
The input signal from TR ANT (SIMP RX) is amplified by Q1 and Q2 (preamplifiers) so
as to adjust it to the same level as the input from CH70 RX ANT.
The gain from Q1, 2 to J5 is more than 0 dB.
The input signal to CH70 RX circuit is amplified by Q11, passed through FL1 (156.525
MHz), mixed with the 139.625MHz local oscillator output in U3, and converted to the
first IF signal of 16.9 MHz. Then, after passing through Q12, FL2, and Q3, the signal is
converted to the second IF signal of 455 kHz by mixing with the 16.9MHz second local
oscillator output, and input to CONTROL board in the main unit as CH70 RX AF signal.
This signal (VHF DSC signal) is decoded in the CONTROL board.

1-10

3. Transmitter section
Transmitting AF circuit
FILTER PCB
(05P0637)
U31-4/4

MIC SELECT
Wing - MIC

(-46dBm)
MIC

U32-1/4
R127
J406-9/8
W HS

U32-2/4

0dBm

U32-4/4

T1
J404-7/8

MOD IN
J407-1/2
MOD
(-26dBm 600 )

MIC

TX PCB
(05P0618A)

REMOTE
R156

REMOTE

U32-3/4

(DSC MSG)
U 29
MODEM

MODEM
R155

U30-1/4

Operational Priority:
1. DSC call
2. Wing handset
3. FM-8700
4. REMOTE (RB-700)

LINE MON

U30-3/4

R154

J406-3/4
HS

(600 )

Wing - MIC
R153

JP2 D

-46dBm
(600 )

REMOTE

RX PCB
(05P0672)

J408-5

Note)
0dBm

LINE MON

DSC

U2
VHF CPU

CONTROL. etc

CONTROL
PCB
(05P0616A)

U3
DSC CPU

Note) 0dBm: Carbon Microphone (40 )


-46dBm: Dynamic Microphone (600 )

Fig.1-7

AF Signal in Transmitter

Audio signals from the wing handset, remote station (RB-700), and handset of the main
unit are input to CONTROL board through FILTER board.
Either carbon microphone or dynamic microphone can be used for the wing handset.
When a microphone is installed, the jumper wire JP2 is set in accordance with the
specification of the microphone.
Transmitter VHF DSC messages are converted to AFSK (1700 400 Hz) by U29
(MODEM).
The audio signals and the AFSK signal are sent to TX board as <MOD IN> signal
through analog switches in U32, R132 135, and U30.
The rated input level of the AF signal is -26 dBm (600 ).

1-11

Transmitting circuit

CR11

(UNLOCK -- OFF)

(To CONTROL PCB)

TX PLL LOCK DET


TX PLL Frq. DATA

From
CONTROL PCB

LD

J102-6/7/8

J102-5

PLL

(SCK, SDA, LE)

U5
(PLL2001S)

Y1: 8.000MHz

FIN

C76

MOD IN
(-26dBm 600 )
From
CONTROL PCB

PA
Pre-Emphasis
J101-1/2
R79

PLL FIL

Limitter (LPF)

Drive

M57710A

LPF

TX OUT

VCO
R78, C96 U6-1/4

U6-2/4

U6-3, 4/4

R64

Q5/6

Q7

Q1/2

Power DET

U1

(To DX-8700)

U2-1/2, CR6

MIC

MOD

PWR CONT
Q3, U2/7

TX PCB (05P0618A)
J102-1/3
PWR CONT
TX PLL Frq. DATA

(To TX PCB)

(SCK, SDA, LE)

From
CONTROL PCB

Fig.1-8

TX PLL LOCK DET

J102-1

PWR DET

D/A
A/D

U2: CPU

CONTROL PCB
(05P0616A)

Transmitter Circuit

AF signal from CONTROL board, <MOD IN> signal, passes through R79 (MIC), preemphasis (R78, C96), limiter, LPF, and R64 (MOD), then inputs to VCO.
R79 (MIC) adjusts the frequency deviation to 3 kHz with a rated microphone input of 46 dBm.
R64 (MOD) adjusts the maximum frequency deviation to 5 kHz or less for an excessive
microphone input of 26 dBm.
The PLL circuit, consisting of U5, PLL FIL, and VCO (8 MHz reference oscillator) can
deliver an output every 25 kHz step in a frequency range from 155.500 to 161.475 MHz.
C76 adjusts the transmitting frequency deviation to 300 Hz. (The specification is
10ppm.)
The AF signal is frequency-modulated (reactance modulation: G3E, G2B) by applying
the signal to a variable capacitor diode in VCO. CR11, unlock detector of the PLL circuit,
illuminates when the circuit is operating normally.
The output from the VCO is amplified by Q5, Q6, Q1, Q2, and a power module
(M57710A) in U1 to approximately 25 W. The amplified signal then passes through LPF
and comes out as the transmitting output from the main unit.
To control the transmitting power, a <PWR DET> signal is generated by detecting the
transmitting output and sent to CONTROL board. There, the signal is processed by VHF
CPU to <POW CONT> signal, which controls the output of power module U1.
The transmitting output power is adjusted in power adjustment mode with six waves
CH60, 14, 88 of DUP and SIMP waves and the respective power data is stored in the
memory.

1-12

4. Receiver section
Receiving circuit

RX IN

U1 (GN2011)

Q1

J9

Q2

FL1

Q3

LINE U4

FL2

TP3
A

DET
(BPF)

(3SK302GR)

(2SK937-Y5-AA)

(BPF)

21.4MHz (3SK302GR)

455kHz

OSC

Fr-21.4MHz

(UNLOCK- OFF)
CR2

U2 (MC3361CD)

Q6

U10

R34 (NJM4558M)

Noise AMP

(2SC3123)

RX PLL
LOCK DET

LD

TP2

FIN

DET U3/4
CR1

Q4/5

LOOP FIL

RX PLL Frq. DATA

PLL

Y1

VCO

(PLL2001S)

20.945MHz

(SCK, SDA, LE)

SQ DET
8.000MHz

Y2

RX PLL LOCK DET

C95

CONTROL
(05P0616A)

RXA

U11

U5

Q1
SDA Q2
SCK
Q3
Q4

SCK, SDA, LE

MUTE

SQ SIG

SQ SIG

LINE MON

LINE MON
EXT SP

SP ON

AF VOL

TX ON

Q5
Q6

DUP/SIMP

U8

U6

U6

U9: AFP

U8

VOL OUT
(TDA2003H)

Q7
Q8

BEEP

MUTE

(M54972P)

R48

SP ON

U8

SP

U8
BEEP MAX

U7
U7

RX (05P0672)

Fig.1-9

BEEP
HS SP

Handset SP

HS SP

T2
LINE OUT

REMOTE

LINE OUT

Reciver Circuit

The receiver input signal from DX-8700 is input to J9 of RX board, amplified by Q1, and
converted to the first IF signal of 21.4 MHz in U1. CR2, unlock detecter of the PLL
circuit, illuminates when the PLL circuit is operating normally.
The first IF signal is passed through FL1 (21.4 MHz) and Q3, and input to U2
(MC3361CD). In U2 the signal is converted to the second IF signal and demodulated.
R34 "LINE" adjusts the output from U2 so that the output level from U4 at TP3 becomes
0.2 Vrms when a receiving signal of 60 dB with 1 kHz modulation and f of 3 kHz
comes in.
<SQ DET> signal from U3 is used for detecting the carrier for SQ control and <SQ SIG>
signal from U5 is for detecting the audio signal for SQ control. Both signals are input to
CPU for VHF (U2) on CONTROL board. The SQ control is operated by controlling U8
with <MUTE> signal.

References)
Built-in speaker
Handset speaker
Sensitivity
Squelch tight level

:
:
:
:

3 W (10% distortion), 8
2 mW (10% distortion), 200
less than 0 dB (20 dB SINAD)
less than -6 dB

1-13

Receiving AF circuit
SQ VOL

U30
R1
SQ SET

U29

SQ SIG

TX/RX

BEEP MAX
BEEP
SCK, SDA, LE

CH70 RX
(05P0675)

CH70 RX AF

VHF
CPU

CH70 1200

U30-2/4 U31-3/4

(T/RD 05)

RX PLL LOCK DET

MODEM

RXA

MOD IN
RXA

U31-1/4

SQ DET

RX
(05P0672)

U31-2/4

U2

U30-1/4

LINE MON

TX
(05P0618A)

RT1200
LOOP

U30-3/4
W-MIC

U31-4/4
LINE MON

MIC

U32-3/4

MODEM

LINE MON

REMOTE
DSC

CONTROL
(05P0616A)

U3
DSC
CPU

Fig.1-10

AF Signal in Receiver

AF signal "RXA" from RX board is input to an analog switch U31-2/4 and "CH70 RX
AF" signal from CH70 RX board is input to another analog switch U31-3/4.
When <Watch VHF CH70> appears on the DSC display, the control signal "CH70 1200"
selects a DSC AF signal from CH70 RX board by switching the U31-2/4 on. When
<Watch VHF > appears on the DSC display, the control signal "RT 1200" selects the
DSC AF signal from RX board by switching the U31-3/4 on.
"Loop" control signal is used for self-test. Loop test is practiced by detecting MODEM
output directly.
Input signals for transmitting modulation, W-MIC, MIC, MODEM, and REMOTE, are
input to U31-4/4. The "LINE MON" signal that controls this switch is set by "RT4- TX
AF monitor" in "setting RT" on Page 3-6. Turning on the switch can monitor each
transmitting input signal line and check which signal is coming in. However, note that the
"MIC" (HANDSET) input line from the main unit microphone cannot be monitored.

Remarks)

Receiving AF input signal for DSC is selected by "DSC setup".

CH70 selection <Watch VHF CH70> display


VHF selection

<Watch VHF > display

1-14

5. Controller section
5V
S1

NMI SW

NMI
CLK OUT

74HC02AF : FU15
74HC138AF : FU1, 6, 7
74HC42AF : FU9

(DSC CPU)
T/R 0

MIF (Serial Printer)

T/R 1

SIO
Control
BUS

SIO

Dimmer

Adress
Decode

RESET

M51953L

M27C40001

AT28C64A

PD43256BGU

U4
ROM

U8
EEROM

U5
S-RAM

RESET

Backup Q18/19
Control (BT1)

Adress BUS

P0

Contrast

SI-8031L

PD70320GJ

(V25)

U19
Reset
Control

U20
AVR

15V

U3

16MHz

NMEA

RESET
8MHz CLK

Data BUS

Alarm LED

P1

Beep/Beep Control
Key Scan

U11
74HC245AF

Latch
IRQ0

P2

U10
PD771055GB

(PIO)

PT

P2

DSC Recive Data

P1

MBM89371A
U12
(SIO)

U14

P0

SIO

T/R State Data

T/R LED Data

RESET

LCD Data

SIO

CLK

T/RD02

Key In

NOR 74HC4078AF
1/13

U13
74HC193AF

8MHz CLK

LCD Control
T/R Control Data

P4

INTR1, 2

P3
DMC

P2

T/R LED CH-Data Latch

P5

T/R Key In

(T/RD04)

Modulation Line Select


Modulation Line Moni
TX PLL Data
ON Hook

P1

U2

P6

HD6475328CP
(H8)
(VHF CPU)

PTT (HS, W-HS, TX Key)


TEMP
Power DET (TX)
SQ DET
SQ set
POW (DX-8700)

MIF (RB-700)

P9

RX Control Data (PLL, etc)


TX Power Control
(T/RD05)

P7

Beep Out

MSM6927GS
U29

AIN

MODEM

SGI

SQ Sig Input

P8

TP-1
7.9872MHz
Y1
15.9744MHz
C2

Fig.1-11

Controllor Circuit

To clear the contents of EEROM and S-RAM for DSC , press [S1 : NM1] while keeping
power on; turn the power off, and on again; then <NO RAM EEROM ALL> will be
displayed; and select an object item and press [ENT] key. (Refer to section 5.5 for more
details.)
The oscillator frequency of Y1 (15.9744 MHz) connected to U2 (VHF CPU) determines
the communicating speed of DSC (1200BPS). To adjust the frequency, turn on power
while pressing [CH16] key, then adjust C2 so that the frequency at TP1 becomes 7.9827
MHz 30ppm.

1-15

Panel
DSC KEY BOARD
DATA (8bit)
CONT (2bit)

LCD

(LCM-523-68HE-4)

(DB1-8, RS, R/W)

CAN
-CEL

ALM

DIM

CALL

SELC

DIST

<

>

ENT

KS 0
KS 1

KS 3
KIN 4

KIN 3

KIN 2

DIMMER (DIM 5VA)

KIN 1

KIN 0

CONTRAST (Vo)
DIMMER (DIM 5VB)

KEY IN (5bit)

DIMMER (DIM 5V)

ALM 0
ALM 1
ALM 2

DSC ALM
LED

5V
VHF KEY BOARD

CH Indicator
(7seg. LED 3)
VHF

CH16

Key In

Key Scan

KS 2

LED 7

HI/LOW

ALM LED
CONT (3bit)

REM
WX
TX
SP

USA
PRIV
LOW

SP ON/OFF

Latch

SQ AUTO

(TC74HC573AF) 4

LED ON DATA (8bit)


(LED D0-7)

SCAN/DW/OFF
LED LE 0
LED LE 1
LED LE 2
LED LE 3

Fig.1-12

Panel Circuit

1-16

Latch

Output power control

The output power of PA (U1) is picked up by the power detector CR6 and U2, and
applied to the comparator through the A/D converter. The comparator compares the
output power of the PA with power data stored on the EEROM U8. The comparator
output signal is applied to the PA as power control signal through the U/D counter and
the D/A converter. Thus, the PA output power is controlled until the programmed output
power is obtained.
Programming of the output power is carried out by rotating the CH knob in the power
adjustment mode. The power is programmed when the PTT switch is released.
The power adjustment is made on six frequencies, CH14, CH60 and CH88 in both
simplex and duplex modes. Using two data among those data, the power data for other
channels is determined.
TEMP and POW signals
Temperature signal "TEMP" is applied from POWER board to U2 on the CONTROL
board through RX board. When the temperature becomes 70 to 80 degrees, the power
data from EEROM U8 is compensated by the TEMP signal and the output power is
reduced to a minimum of 10 W depending on the temperature detected.
The power signal "POW" from the DX-8700 monitors T/R antenna power. During selftest, TRANSMIT POWER: NG appears if TX output power is less than 15W.

U1: M57710A
(PG21.5dB)
0.1~0.2W #1

POW DET

CR6, U2

#2

DET

15V

POW DET
(0 - 5.0VDC)

U2, 7, Q3

POW CONT

U2

POWER PCB
(05P0617)

DX-8700

TX OUT (25W)

#4

PA

#3

TX (05P0618)

POW DET

POW

10bit A/D
Power Data Display
(000~999)

RX PCB
(05P0672)
CPU

Power Data Write

COMP

Power Data Read

t C
TSENCE

U8
EEROM

TEMP
CH KNOB

RT1101

U3

8bit D/A

U/D
Counter

Power ADJ

CONTROL
(05P0616)

Fig.1-13

Output power control

1-17

Self-test

Self-test is made in the following process. The test includes receiver circuit test and AF
loop back test. In the receiver test, CH70 RX and RX boards receive leakage of TX PLL
modulated DSC signal. In the loop back test, the MODEM output is fed back to the
MODEM input on the CONTROL board.

H8: VHF CPU

V25: DSC CPU


Start
1 CH70 RX PCB TEST
Preparation for receiving
leakage of TX PLL RF
signal by RX PCB

CH70 RX AF supplied to
MODEM (CH70 1200)

Loop back test


(No TX during test)

Command
Transfer

LOOP BACK TEST

Receiving

2 RX PCB TEST
RX A supplied to
MODEM (RT1200)

Start

Start

End command transfer

End command transfer

MODEM selected for


TX (MOD IN) line

TX/RX PLL set to


CH70
(DSC modulation)

End

PLL UN-LOCK?

Preparation for receiving


leakage of TX PLL RF
signal by RX PCB

Reading and decoding


status error information

Status display
NO (LOCK)

Un-lock flag set

Flag set for loop


back test result

NO
(LOCK)

PLL UN-LOCK?

YES

(See note.)

YES
NO

Result deta set


CH70 RX AF
supplied to MODEM?
(CH70 1200)

End

YES
Note) RX PCB and CH70 RX receive
leakage of PLL RF signal

3 AF LOOP BACK TEST


MODEM output fed back to
input (Loop)
MODEM output connected
to MODEM input
Command
transfer

Start

LOOP BACK TEST

Receiving

End command transfer

End command transfer

End

Reading and decoding


status error information

Status display

Reset status

Result display

End

Fig.1-14

Self-test process

1-18

6. Power supply section


Filter PCB
(05P0673)

24V

Power PCB
(05P0617)

CB1: 10A
J609-1/2
J301-1/2

Line
Filter

Filter PCB
(05P0673)

U2

K1

15V

REG

J304-3/4

J604-6 15V

J610-1/2
Line
Filter

Q2, 3 , 4
J302-1
POWER SW

TX

J302-2

J603-3

J602-5 TX

RL CONT
Q1

J303-1/2

to A

TX PCB
J107-1/2

to B

CONTROL PCB
J411-2

to C

RX PCB
J206-1

to D

RX PCB
J208-1

Over /Low
Volt Protect
J304-1
U1

MB3761PF

See note.

J304-7

J304-8

J602-6 15V

D
RX PCB
(05P0672)

TX PCB
(05P0618A)

U9 AFP

J107-1/2

J208-1

5V

PC78L05T

U12

J206-1

U4
REG

15V (PA)

AN7809F

REG
SW
Q14
REG

J204-3

J103-3

J204-1

J103-1

J207-3

FIX 8V
TX 8V

TX

(To Wing Handset)

TX ON
5V

U13 AN78L05M

CONTROL PCB
(05P0616A)

J411-2

U20
REG

5V

SI-8031L

U18
REG

Note)
(1) Overvoltage protector: activated by 32 VDC
(2) Lowvoltage protector: activated by 20 VDC

Fig.1-15

AN78L12M

Power Supply

1-19

12V

REMOTE: RB-700
Wing Handset:
DX-8700

7. IF-8500 (Printer interface)


Serial printer data from the FM-8500/8700 is sent to the printer interface IF-8500 where
MIF data or Furuno radio interface data is converted into parallel centronics data.
The output of the interface is connected to the printer PP-510.
Further, MF/HF terminal DSC-5/6, NBDP terminal DP-5/6, and No.2 VHF DSC (FM8500/8700) can be connected to the IF-8500 which outputs the data on a first-in first-out
basis.
No.2
FM-8500
/8700

No.1
FM-8500
/8700

(50 m MAX)

(50 m MAX)
Serial data

Parallel data

IF-8500

Serial data

(Signal and Line


conversion)

Parallel data
Parallel data

(5 m MAX)

DSC
(DSC-5/6)

(5 m MAX)

NBDP
(DP-5/6)

power supply
DC24 V

Fig.1-16

Connection of IF-8500

Photo Coupler

No.1 VHF DSC


FM-8500/8700

RXD

BUFFER

U1

U8

TXD

Q1

DC24V

RXD

U3

CR3

U11
REG

(1A)

(V06C)

(TA78DL12)

U4

U10
12V

SW
REG

(CBM-1205SF)

5V

Y1
9.2 MHz

CR10

IF-8500

Fig.1-17 Block Diagram of IF-8500

1-20

DSC (DSC-5/6)

DATA

NBDP (DP-5/6)

BUFFER

Q2

CB1

DATA

BUFFER

(ROM/
RAM/
SIO)

U9

TXD

U6

(HD647180XOFS8L)

Photo Coupler

No.2 VHF DSC


FM-8500/8700

PP-510

Adhering to Centronics
(5 m MAX)

DATA

PP-510

Series connection of IF-8500


When DSC-8VP, DSC-5V, and FM-7500, which output printer data in parallel format, is
connected to the IF-8500 together with DSC-5/6 and/or NBDP, the two IF-8500 must be
used as below. The jumper setting must be changed.
J1
JP1
JP2
JP3

CB1

CPU Board
Put jumper.
Serial port: TB-1 3-6
or
Serial port: TB-1 7-10
No.1
VHF DSC
(ex. DSC-8VP)

IF-8500
Serial data

Parallel data
(JP3:open)

(JP3: Short)

Serial port: TB-1 3-6


or
Serial port: TB-1 7-10

not used

DSC port: J5
or
NBDP port: J3

Fig.1-18

Series Connection of IF-8500

Setting of JP3 in IF-8500


JP3

Open
(default)

PP-510
NBDP

IF-8500

Parallel data
No.2
VHF DSC
(ex. DSC-8VP)

DSC-5/6

Input

Output

Port

Data

J3 (NBDP)

Parallel

J5 (MF/HF DSC)

Parallel

TB-1 (No.1/2 VHF)

Serial

Port

Data

J4 (PRINTER)

Parallel

TB-1 (No.1/2 VHF)

Serial

J3 (NBDP)
Short

Parallel
J5 (MF/HF DSC)

1-21

Chapter 2

Location of Parts

1. Control Panel

For
DSC

For VHF

2. Rear Panel
PRINTER
WING HANDSET
DMC

NMEA
GND

HANDSET
POWER

TX ANT

RX ANT
REMOTE
EXT SP
BREAKER

2-1

3. Bottom View, Cover removed

Loosen these screws


to detach the panel

TX/RX/POWER
Boards under the cover

CONTROL Board
(05P0616A)

4. CONTROL Board

CPU for VHF


(U2 : HD6425238CP/H8)

TP-1
CH16 + PWR ON :
7,9872MHz30PPM
(C2 ADJ)
S1 NMI SW

CPU for DSC


(U3 : UPD70320/V25)
JP-1
(BATT ON/OFF)
ROM for DSC
(U4 : M27C4001)
EE-ROM
(U8 : AT28C64)
ROM BACK-UP
(BT-1)

C2

MODEM
JP2
JP3/4
(U29 : MSM6927GS) MIC SELECT

2-2

I/O
(U12 : MBM89371A)

5. Bottom View
(CONTROL Board and the cover removed)

PA
FIL Board (05P0673) (U1 : M57710A)

TX Board (05P0618A)

POWER
Board
(05P0672)

R79
MIC
R64
MOD

RX VCO

CR11
(TX PLL
UN-LOCK
Detector)

RX Board
(05P0672)

C76
TX Frq

C95 RX Frq
CR2
TX VCO
(F-21.4MHz10PPM) (RX PLL UN-LOCK Detector)

6. Panel

PANEL Board (05P0615)

2-3

7. Duplexer (DX-8700)

TP2
(16.445 MHz CHK)

C73
(156.525 to 16.9 MHz
10PPM at TP1)

TP1

J2: D ANT
J11

J6: CH70 IN

Duplexer

J3: D TX

J1: D RX
C23

CH70 RX Board
J10

TB-1

J5: CH70 OUT

C14

J4: ANT
TX IN

ANT
CH70
RX ANT

WING HANDSET

2-4

NMEA
RX OUT

Chapter 3. Change of System Setting


3.1

Outline of system setting

Precautions
The following operations shall be executed only by the dealers and agents
that FURUNO has approved. Those dealers and agents shall conduct the
following system setting under their responsibility. It is strictly prohibited to
disclose this information to the operators and possessors of the machine,
because immoderate changes of the system setting will cause performance
variation of the apparatus.

The system setting will be executed when the machine is installed. However, when the
system setting change is required because of unit exchange or other reasons, follow
the procedures described on the following pages.
Contents of system setting

DSC
section

VHF
section

Confirmation of the ID number of the own ship


(How to change the ID number is described on Page 3-15).
1 Selection of receiver section (VHF receiver or CH70 receiver) and ON/OFF
setting of DMC connection
2 Pre-settings in VHF section
(1) Selection of USA/WX mode
(2) Confirmation of Private mode (How to change the mode is described on
Page 3-15).
(3) Auto-revert function
(4) Automatic ON/OFF setting of internal speaker
(5) Restriction on continuous transmission time
(6) Monitoring of sending sound
(7) Automatic 1W function
(8) Dual watching
(9) Scanning
(10) Setting of audio squelch range
3 Channel pre-setting of each mode
4 Setting of transmitting power (Maximum power and reduced power)
5 LCD display selection between Japanese and English

3-1

3.2

Change operation to normal mode or test mode

Change of the system setting, except " Input of ID number of the own ship", is
executed after changing from normal mode to test mode in the following procedures.
The normal mode means the state in which <Watch VHF> is displayed on the LCD
screen of DSC and the test mode means the state where <TEST VHF> is displayed.
Procedures

Protection OFF
1. In the normal screen, press
display will appear.

ID

DSC

RT

CH

SELECT

PO

key first and

key next. Then this

Display 1

Blinking

2. Put the cursor on "P" by using

key and press

ENT

key.

* System protected *

3. Input password (secret code).


6

Protection <
ON

>

OFF

4. Put the cursor on "OFF" by using


RT, CH, PO, and L can be changed.

ID

DSC

RT

CH

PO

key and press

ENT

key. Now, DSC,

Display 1

6 Display mode selection (p.3-12)


5 Power adjustment (p.3-10)
4 Channel preset (p.3-8)
3 Preset of VHF (p.3-6)
2 Selection of receiver (p.3-4)
1 Confirmation of ships ID number (p.3-14)

3-2

Protection ON
After changing the system setting of DSC, RT, CH, and PO, return to the normal
mode in the following procedures.
To close the display for setting, press

CANCEL

key several times.

Test

How to return to the normal mode (Watch display)


Test

SELECT

V P ID -------

key, then press ENT key.

Select "P" by pressing

Protection <
ON

>
OFF

Select "ON" by pressing

key, then press ENT key.

Press CANCEL key twice to return to the watch display.

After changing system setting, be sure to return from <TEST> mode to the normal
mode of <Watch> display.

3-3

3.3

Change of system setting

[About the rules for key operation]

In the selection menu as follows, two methods are available to choose one item. One
is to select an item by using the arrow key and press ENT key. The other is simply
to press the number key corresponding to the required item.
(Example)
DSC: Receiver
Selection
menu

CH70[1] VHF[2]

Selection method

Put the cursor on the required item with the arrow key and press

ENT

key.

Or, press the required number key, 1 or 2.

1. Setting DSC (Selection of receiver)


Select "DSC" on the display 1.

Display 2
V P ID DSC

---

At the display 2 (shown above), press ENT key.


DSC: Receiver
CH70[1] VHF[2]

CH70
VHF

DSC CH70 receiver used


VHF receiver used

Select either one with the arrow keys followed by ENT key, or by pressing the corresponding numeric key.
Note : Normally select "CH70" for DSC continuous watch. If two FM-8500 are installed for
duplication, select this setting as follows :

Main (No.1) FM-8500


Sub (No.2) FM-8500

"CH70"
"VHF"

(Continued on next page)

3-4

When No.1 FM-8500 fails, use No.2


FM-8500 after interchanging these
settings.

(From previous page)

DSC: remote DMC


ON[1]

OFF[2]

Place the cursor on a desired item with arrow keys, then press ENT
numeric key (1 or 2).

key. Or, press corresponding

Note) When FM-8700 is connected to DSC, select "ON[1]".

ID

DSC

RT

CH

PO

Display 3

3-5

2. Setting RT (Function of VHF section)


Refer to the next page for the factory default value.
Function
RT1- Mode: USA/WX <

>
Selection of USA/Weather modes
ON: Enable
OFF: Disable

OFF[1] ON[2]

After selection

RT1- Mode: private <

>

Selection of Private mode


ON: Enable
OFF: Disable

protected <OFF>

After selection

"Protected"
RT2- Hook work: CH16 <

>
Auto revert function
(Automatic setting of CH16 on
ON HOOK status)
ON: Enable
OFF: Disable

ON[1] OFF[2]

After selection

RT2- Hook work: SP <

>

Automatic internal speaker setting (on/off)


according to handset status as below.

ON[1] OFF[2]

Handset
ON HOOK
OFF HOOK

After selection

Speaker
on
off

ON: Enable
OFF: Disable
RT3- Time out timer <

>

Continuous transmission time limit


ON: 5 minutes
OFF: no limitation

OFF[1] ON[2]

After selection

RT4- TX AF monitor <

>
Tx AF monitor from DSC, Handset,
Wing Mic or remote station.

OFF[1] ON[2]

After selection
To Tx line

DSC
Wing Mic

To INT SP

Handset

To RB-700
(line-out)

RB-700

Tx AF monitor
ON/OFF command
from CPU

(Continued on next page)

3-6

(From previous page)


Function
RT5- Auto 1W <

>
Auto 1W (Power is automatically reduced to
1W when the low output power channel is
selected.)
ON: Enable
OFF: Disable

ON[1] OFF[2]

After selection

RT6- Dual Watch <

>

Dual watch operation

ON[1] OFF[2]

After selection

RT6- Scanning <

>
Scan operation

ON[1] OFF[2]

After selection

RT7- Auto SQ <


LOW=

HIGH

>

Audio squelch (voice detecting


type SQ) range setting

HOLD
LOW : Lower limit of voice freq.
HIGH : Upper limit of voice freq.
HOLD: SQ hold time
(SQ open time after signal goes
away.)

(Setting value) x 50 =

Hz

(Setting value) x 20 =

ms

Enter 2-digit data for lower limit followed by ENT key. Then enter "HIGH" and "HOLD"
data in the same manner as "LOW".

Display 4

V P ID DSC RT CH PO L

Default settings
Delivery

RT1
RT1
RT2
RT2
RT3
Mode:
Mode:
Hook work: Hook work:
USA/WX PRIV
CH16
SP
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
Standard
USA
ON
OFF
ON
ON
ON
* RT7) LOW=06 HIGH=16 HOLD=30

3-7

RT4

OFF
OFF

RT5

ON
ON

RT6
DW
ON
ON

RT6
SCAN
ON
ON

3. Setting CH (Channel presetting)


Transmission/reception mode, communication mode, and output power can be
selected as follows.
In the display 4 on the previous page, press
INTL CH: XX <

ENT

key.

>
LEDs

ENABLE= TX[1] RX[2] UN[3]


USA

WX

PRIV

Select a desired channel mode and


a channel with the channel knob.
(Refer to right figure)

CHANNEL Knob

Every one pressing the channel knob


successively changes the channel mode as follows.
INTL
(No LED)

USA

WX

PRIV

Then, set to the desired channel


by turning the channel knob.

(Example) An example when CH20 of INTL (International channel) is selected.


(Refer to the next page when the private mode (PRIV) is selected.)
This shows the preset seting status on INTL CH20.
INTL CH: 20 <

>

ENABLE= TX[1] RX[2] UN[3]


TX : Both transmission and reception available.
RX : Reception only available
UN : Unable (Neither transimission nor reception available)

After selection

INTL CH: 20 <

>

TELECOM= SIMP[1] DUP[2]


Communication mode selection
SIMP : Simplex
DUP : Semi-duplex

After selection
(Continued on next page)

3-8

(From previous page)


INTL CH: 20 <

>

TX POWER= HIGH[1] LOW[2]


Output power selection
HIGH : 25W
LOW : 1W

After selection
Setting on INTL CH20 can be checked.
INTL CH: 20 <

>

ENABLE= TX[1] RX[2] UN[3]

INTL CH20 has been preset.

An example when the private mode is selected.


Memory No.
P01/CH : XXX <

>

PRIV No. SELECT: [<][>]key

Select a desired memory number (maximum: 20) with the arrow key and press ENT key.
Then, select a channel to preset by turning the channel knob.
(Refer to the appendix 2 for the channel list.)
(Example) Memory No: 02, CH: 100
P02/CH : 100 <

>

ENABLE= TX[1] RX[2] UN[3]

Set every item successively in the same manner as an example


when CH20 of INTL (International channel) is selected. on the previous page.
After presetting all the channel mode, exit from the channel preset menu by pressing CANCEL key.

ID

DSC

RT

CH

PO

Display 5

3-9

4. Setting PO (Setting transmitting power)


In the display 5 on the previous page, press
press ENT key.

key (Selection of "PO"), then

DUP Pow- CH60 <HI:XX>


High power adjustment on INTL CH60

SELECT [MODE][CH][H/L]SW

Set on CH14, CH60, and CH88. To compensate a power loss in the duplexer, set the
maximum power and reduced power in "DUP" and "SIMP" modes on these channels
as follows.
The channel to set power, DUP/SIMP mode, and the power setting value (power data)
are displayed.
The case of CH60 in DUP and SIMP modes
Set the maximum transmitting power (power data) by turning the channel knob
while pressing PTT switch. Releasing the PTT switch at the desired value fixes the
value. (Power data: 800 100 Transmitting power of approximately 25 W) ------ Refer to the next page for the power data.
Next, press

HIGH/LOW

key, then this display will appear.

DUP Pow- CH60 <low:XX>


Low power adjustment on INTL CH60

SELECT [MODE][CH][H/L]SW

Set the reduced power (power data) in the same way as above.
The case of CH14/CH88 in DUP and SIMP modes
Set the channel to CH14 (or CH88) in DUP or SIMP mode by turning the channel
knob.
SIMP Pow- CH14 <HI:XX>
High power adjustment on INTL CH14
(or CH88)

SELECT [MODE][CH][H/L]SW

Set both the maximum and reduced power in the same way as the case of CH60.

After setting the powers in DUP and SIMP modes, set powers in the private mode.
In the private mode powers can be set in every channel independently.

3-10

To change to the private mode, press [CH16] key while pressing and holding down
the channel knob. To change the private channel, turn the channel knob.
TX Power:Priv01<

>

PRIV mode

SELECT:[MODE][CH][H/L]SW

After the completion of power adjustment on all modes, press

P --------------- PO

Display 6

(Continued on next page)

3-11

CANCEL

key.

5. Setting L (Selection of LCD display, Japanese or English)


For the transmitting/receiving message display in DSC and menu display, Japanese
(katakana) or English is select.
(From previous page)

Press ENT

key.

LCD language <

>
Language Selection
E: English
J: Japanese

E[1] J[2]

After selection

V P --------------- PO L

Select "P", then press ENT

Protection <
ON

key.

>
OFF

Select "ON", then press ENT key.

To return to the normal display, press CANCEL key several times.

3-12

3.4

Change of jumper setting

Setting wing handset type

Change the setting of a jumper plug JP2 on CONTROL board in accordance with the
type of wing handset. Whichever, "D" or "C", is selected, adjusting R127 is not
required.
R127
JP2 (Jumper Plug)
D C

For Carbon MIC


(Default)

For Dynamic MIC

or
D
Ni-cd
Battery

Top view of CONTROL Board

Setting on common or respective use of antennas

If an antenna is commonly used for both VHF and CH70, or if two individual
antennas are used for VHF and CH70, wirings in DX-8700 must be changed.
Use of one antenna commonly for VHF and CH70;
Connect J5 CH70 OUT and J6 CH70 IN with a coaxial cable with minipins.
Use of two antennas respectively for VHF and CH70;
Connect the coaxial cable with mini-pin from "CH70 RX ANT" connector to J6
CH70 IN .

Duplexer

CH70 RX Board

J10

J3

J6

J1

TB1

D ANT

J2
ANT

D RX

(CH70 IN)

D TX

J11
J5

J4

(CH70 OUT)

TX IN

ANT

CH70
RX ANT

3-13

RX OUT

3.5

Confirmation of ID number

Procedure

1. In the normal display, press


display will appear.

ID

DSC

RT

CH

PO

SELECT

key first and

key next. Then this

Blinking

2. Put the cursor on "ID" by pressing

ID

DSC

RT

CH

PO

key and press

ENT

key.

3. Confirm the ID number of the own ship. (MMSI : Maritime Mobile Ship Identity)
* Own identification *
Protected MMSI: X1~X9
Own ship ID

4. After the confirmation, return to the normal display by pressing


several times.

3-14

CANCEL

key

3.6

Changing ID number and ON/OFF of Private


mode

Procedures

1. Turn on power and press NMI switch.


Control Board
(05P0616A)
NMI Switch (S1)
Ni-Cd
Battery

Bottom view of Main Unit, Cover removed

2. Once turn off the power.


3. Turn on the power again, then this display will appear.
Clear <
NO

RAM

>
EEROM

Note that EEROM clear changes the


RT : VHF presetting to the default.

ALL

4. Select EEROM with the arrow key and press ENT key.
A display "Now WRITING EEROM" will appear, and after about 15 seconds
another display "Turn off the power" will appear. Then, turn off the power.
5. Turn on the power again, then this display will appear.
TEST VHF ch70
Test mode
manual

6. Press

SELECT

key first and

ID

RT

DSC

CH

PO

key next, then this display will appear.

Blinking

7. Put the cursor on "ID" by pressing

Enter own indentification


[digits] MMSI=

key and press


MMSI = Maritime
Mobile
Ship
Identity

3-15

ENT

key.

Entry of ID

8. Input the ID number of the own ship with nine digits, check to be sure about the
input number, and press ENT key. (When a wrong number is input, press
CANCEL key and re-input the correct number.)

ID

DSC

---

9. Put the cursor on "RT" and press


RT1- Mode: private <

ENT

key twice.

>

Private mode ON/OFF selection

OFF[1] ON[2]

Selection

10. After the selection, return to this display with

ID

DSC

RT

CH

PO

ON

key.

11. Put the cursor on "P", and press


Protection <

CANCEL

ENT

key.

>

OFF

12. Select "ON", and press ENT key. (Here, by pressing ENT key again, the input
ID number can be confirmed. If the number is incorrect, input the correct number
from the first step. )
13. Return to the normal display by pressing CANCEL key several times.
Watch VHF ch70
auto

The ID number to input must be the MMSI number that is


allocated to the ship. Again, check that the input number is
correct.

3-16

Chapter 4. Adjustment and


Measurement
4.1 Transmitting frequency and power
TX Frequency
TX Freq. On CH16

Conditions

156.8MHz 300Hz

PTT : ON

Adjuster
C76
(TX Board)

Rated Value
10PPM

Connect a frequency counter as illustrated below, and read the frequency on CH16 with
PTT switch ON.

DX-8700

ANT

Watt
meter
(50)

Dummy load
(50)

CH70 RX ANT

Frequency
Counter

1 Make a pick-up coil by winding a wire by four

to six turns like a coil, and connect it to the


frequencty countor.
2 Put the pick-up coil close to the dummy
resistor or ANT coaxial cable, and pick up the
transmitting frequency.

If the measured frequency is out of specification, adjust C76 on TX board.


The C76 is a variable capacitor to adjust the reference frequency of the transmitting
synthesizer PLL circuit. By adjusting the frequency of only one channel, the transmitting
frequencies of all the other channels are adjusted at the same time.
TX Board
Control Board

Hole for C76 adjustment

Bottom View Cover removed

Transmitting power

For adjusting transmitting power, refer to setting "PO" in Section 3 "System setting" on
Page 3-10.
Default power (factory setting): 21-25W
(Reduced power specification: 0.7-1W)

4-1

4.2

Measurements on CH70

CH70 is a channel allocated for VHF DSC. Transmission on this channel does not work
by depressing the PTT switch on the handset. Measurement of power and frequency on
CH70 are made in DSC operation. Tone frequency (mark/space) is also measured in DSC
operation.
For these measurements on CH70, DSC operation must be changed from its normal
mode (watch display) to test mode (test display).
After the measurements, be sure to return DSC operation to normal mode.
Change DSC mode from
WATCH to TEST

From "Watch" screen to "TEST" screen


(Protection : OFF)

SELECT

Key operations on DSC

Mark : 130010Hz
Space : 210010Hz

Tone
Measurement

CH70
Freq & Power
Measurement

Change DSC mode from


TEST to WATCH.

CH70: 156.525MHz300Hz

From "TEST" screen to "Watch"


screen (protection:ON)

Remarks)
1. Tone frequency (mark/space) cannot be adjusted.
If the frequency is out of 10 Hz of the specification, Y3 (3.58 MHz) on CONTROL
board is faulty.
2. For adjusting power of CH70, refer to "setting PO" in Section 3 "System setting" on
Page 3-10.
3. For adjusting frequency of CH70, refer to Page 4-1 in this section.

4-2

1. Mode change
Changing to test mode

1. In the normal mode, press the keys successively.

SELECT

ENT

* System protected *

2. Input a password (secret code) ----> Password: 652111 (These digits are not shown
on the display.)
Protection <
ON

>

OFF

3. Select "OFF", and press ENT key.----> This leads to test mode.
4. Change the display to test mode by pressing CANCEL key several times. ("TEST"
flashes.)
5. Measure the tone (mark/space), power, and frequency of CH70.
SELECT
TONE selection (Refer to the next page for this
measurements.)
Returning to the normal mode

6. Successively press the keys Protection <


ON

SELECT

ENT

>

OFF

7. Select "ON", and press ENT key. --- This leads to the normal mode.
8. Return to the normal display ("Watch" display) by pressing CANCEL key several
times.

4-3

Outputting mark/space signal.

Preparation) For measuring tone signal, connect a frequency counter to the external
speaker terminal (EXT terminal) on the rear panel of FM-8700. (EXT
speaker load: 4 or 8 ) Set the audio volume at an appropriate level.
1. Set the VHF channel to "CH70" (Turn the channel knob). Next, press HIGH/LOW key
to make transmitting power LOW. ("LOW" illuminates.) ----->This prevents
transmitting power from being induced to the counter.
2. Press keys: SELECT
.

TONE

3. Press

CR

DIST-CH

ENT

MARK

key, then this display will appear.

SPACE

4. Select "MARK" (mark) and press

ENT

key, then this display will appear.

Now doing

5. To output the mark signal, depress the PTT switch on the handset. (If the speaker is
on, the mark tone can be heard.)
6. Confirm that the mark signal frequency is within the specification (1300 10 Hz).
7. Press ENT key to stop the mark signal output.

CR

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

MARK

SPACE

After confirming the cursor is on "SPACE", press ENT key.


Press the PTT switch on the handset to output the space signal.
Confirm that the space signal frequency is within the specification (2100 10 Hz).
Press ENT key to stop the mark signal output.
Change the display to test mode by pressing CANCEL key several times.
Return from the test mode to the normal mode ("Watch" display).

4-4

Outputting the transmitting carrier of CH70 (Measurement of the power and frequency)

Preparation) For the measurement, connect the measuring instruments in the same
manner as shown on Page 4-1.
1. Set the VHF channel to "CH70". (Turn the channel knob.)
When measuring "Reduced power", set to "LOW" with HIGH/LOW key.
2. Press the keys: SELECT

TONE

3. Press

CR

DIST-CH

ENT

MARK

key, then this display will appear.

SPACE

4. Select "CR" (carrier), and press

ENT

key, then this display will appear.

Now doing

5. Press the PTT switch on the handset to output the carrier.


6. Measure the power (25 W) and frequency deviation (300 Hz) of CH70 (156.525
MHz).
7. Press ENT key to stop carrier output.
8. Change the display to test mode by pressing CANCEL key several times.
9. Return from the test mode to the normal mode ("Watch" display).

4-5

4.3

Other measurements

1. Confirmation of receiver sensitivity


For simplicity, measure the 20dB NQL (Noise suppression limit sensitivity).
Preparation

Connect the measuring instruments as follows.


SSG (FM)

50

RX ANT

4, 3W, SP
or, 4, (3W)
Dummy Load

EXT SP

FM-8700
FM-8700 Settings : CH16,
SQ OFF,
Adequate Volume

24V

Low-frequency
Watt meter

Measurement

1. Output from SSG the signal of about 0 dBuV, frequency of 156.8 MHz, modulating
frequency of 1 kHz, and frequency deviation of 3.0 kHz, and confirm that this signal
can be received.
2. Turn the SSG modulation off and switch the SSG output off.
3. Measure the noise level from the speaker with a low frequency voltmeter and adjust
it to 0.5 Vrms by turning the audio volume.
4. Input the unmodulated signal from SSG.
5. While varying the SSG output, search for such an output level as the noise output
level is decreased by 20 dB (0.05 Vrms). If the level is less than 0 dBuV, the
sensitivity is good.

Remark) No volumes or no other parts on the PC-boards are used for adjusting
the sensitivity. Do not arbitrarily adjust any parts or transformers on
the boards.

4-6

2. Confirmation of transmitting modulation degree


Preparation

Connect the measuring instruments as follows.


TX ANT

50

ATT.

50

Coupler

50

Wattmeter

Low-frequency 600
MIC

SG
(AF OSC)

50

FM-8700

1kHz output
PTT
Switch

24V

Settings : CH16,
MAX Power

FM Linear
Detector

Measurement

1. Set the AF OSC output to -46 dBm; 1kHz.


2. Transmit FM-8700 with PTT switch on.
3. Adjust the coupler and FM linear detector, and measure the frequency deviation. The
specification: 2.4 - 3.8 kHz
4. To check the maximum frequency deviation, adjust the AF OSC output so that the
frequency deviation becomes 3 kHz.
5. Check to be sure that the maximum frequency deviation is less than 5 kHz when the
AF OSC output level is increased by +20 dBm from the adjusted value above.
Reference) These adjustments are made by the potentiometers, R79 (MIC) and R64
(MOD) on TX board. Do not adjust them arbitrarily. When the adjustments
are required, be sure to use calibrated measuring instruments.
Adjusting method

1. Turn R79 (MIC) fully CW (maximum).


2. Measure the maximum frequency deviation by following step. 4 of the above
measuring procedure, adjust the volume R64 (MOD), and set the deviation to 4.7
kHz.
3. Set the AF OSC level to -46 dBm, and adjust the frequency deviation to 3 kHz with
R79 (MIC).

4-7

3. Confirmation of receiving sensitivity of CH70 RX board


In the regular measurement, the error rate in DSC should be measured by inputting DSC
message signals on CH70. However, to derive an indication of the sensitivity, the NQL
of the CH70 LINE output of CH70 RX board (J8-5, 6) is measured by inputting a signal
CH70 (156.525 MHz) from CH70 RX ANT of DX-8700.
Measuring method is same as that described in "1. Confirmation of receiver sensitivity"
on Page 4-6.
Preparation
J8-5 : CH70 RX-H
6 : CH70 RX-C

DX-8700

Duplexer
CH70 RX Board
J8

Low-frequency
voltmeter
(Connected to
J8 #5 and #6).

T.B.

ANT

SSG (FM)

CH70
RX ANT

Jumper setting must be checked.


See section 3.4 in chapter 3.

Measurement

1. Output the signal from SSG; about 0 dBuV, 156.525 MHz, modulating frequency of
1 kHz, and frequency deviation of 3.0 kHz, and confirm that this signal can be
received.
(The receiving sound can be heard by turning TX AF monitor on by the system
setting.)
2. Turn the SSG modulation off and switch the SSG output off.
3. Read the CH70 RX level (AF LINE) output on the low frequency voltmeter.
4. Input the unmodulated signal from SSG.
5. While varying the SSG output, search for such a SSG output level as the level read in
step. 3 is decreased by 20 dB (1/10). If the level is less than 0dBuV, the sensitivity is
good.

Remark) No volumes or no other parts on the PC-boards are used for adjusting
the sensitivity. Do not arbitrarily adjust any parts or transformers on
the boards.

4-8

Chapter 5. Maintenance check

Warning
In this apparatus a high voltage that may cause shock, burn, or even death
is applied. Do not touch inside in case a man has no knowledge of electrical
circuits or exact safety measures are not taken.

5.1

Periodical check

To derive full performance of the apparatus, a periodical maintenance check is


indispensable. Do all maintenance checks after turning power off.

1. Cleaning of display portion


The display portion is made of an acrylic board. Wipe dirt off with a soft dry cloth
periodically. Never use gasoline, paint thinner, or benzene for the cleaning.

2. Check of loose connectors


Check to be sure that the connectors and earthing terminals of FM-8700 and DX-8700
are tightly fastened. There are many connectors inside the apparatus. At least once half a
year check to be sure that those connectors are not loosened by ship vibrations.

3. Antenna
Items
Whip antenna
Coaxial cable

Check points
Is there any cut or water leak at
the connector portion ?
Is there any cut on the surface ?

5-1

Remedies
Exchange it if the cut
is deep.
Wind a tape round the
cut, if any.

5.2

Everyday operational test (Self-test)

Be sure to do operational test everyday to find malfunctions in advance, if any. (Do the
test everyday so that a distress message could be transmitted without fail in a distress.)
Press

key at the normal display.

Watch VHF CH70


(Normal display)
3

(TEST)

VHF DSC SELF-TEST

* Test in progress *
(Testing)
Please wait !
Several seconds later

If the PTT switch was pressed once


before this test.

If the PTT switch was not pressed


once before the test.

* Completed * Daily test

* Completed * Daily test

VHF DSC: GOOD

VHF DSC: GOOD

(Including TX check.)

Alarm sounds. (Distress alarm check)


To silence it, press ALARM STOP key.
CANCEL

Returns to normal display.

5-2

NO TX CHECK

If "NG" appears
* Completed * Daily test
VHF DSC: NG
To view reason for NG,
press

ENT

(Error messages)
Pressing

key scrolls

ENT

the error message displays.

Check end: [CANCEL] key


CANCEL

Returns to normal display.

"NG" error messages and their meanings and remedies are shown on the next page.

5-3

"NG display"

Six "NG displays" are included in the test. If any error occurred in the test, NG portions
can be displayed by pressing ENT key successively as mentioned above.
NG display

Remedy

TRANSMIT POWER: NG

The transmitting power is less than


about 15 W.

TX PCB (PLL LOCK): NG

CPU for VHF (U2) detected unlock- Check PLL (U5) and
ing of the PLL on TX board.
associated components
on TX board.
Replace TX board.

CONTROL PCB: NG
DSC
CPU

Either
appears.

Meanings

U3

VHF
CPU MODEM U30
U2

U29

(AF Loop back test)


CH70RX PCB: NG
Mark/
Space
U2

Tx Circuit
CH70 RX

(RF Loop back test)

CPU for DSC (U3) commands


CPU for VHF (U2) to send
mark/space signals and the signals
are received through the modem
U31 (U29). Then, whether the transmitted and received signals are the
same in level and frequency, or not,
is checked.
CPU for VHF (U2) sends
mark/space signals to the transmitting circuit (excluding the power
Picked amplifier). The receiving circuit of
up
CH70 picks up the signals and
sends them back to U2. U2 compares the received signals with the
transmitted signals in level and frequency.

Check TX board (Power


Amp. U1), defective
antenna or DX-8700.

Check MODEM (U29)


on CONTROL board.
Replace CONTROL
board.

Check CH70 RX circuit.


Replace VHF RX/CH70
RX board.

DX-8700: NG

Replace duplexer.
The transmitting power output
from the duplexer is compared with
the transmitting power output from
the main unit was compared and a
big power loss in the duplexer was
detected.

RX PCB: NG

CPU for VHF (U2) detected


unlocking of the PLL on RX board.

5-4

Check PLL (U10) and


associated components
on RX board.

5.3

Exchanging the nickel-cadmium battery

The nickel-cadmium battery on CONTROL board backs up contents of RAM (all the
transmitted/received messages). The life of the battery is approximately five years. (The
nominal voltage of the battery is about 3.6 V. If the voltage is more than 3.6 V with
power supply off, the battery is normal.) Examine the battery voltage at regular intervals
so as not to lose the important data backed-up. When the voltage has dropped, exchange
the battery after printing out necessary transmitting/ receiving messages.
If the battery is left for about one month without power supply, the battery will be
flat and the RAM contents will be lost. Be careful enough!
Procedure

1. Turn off power. However, if it is desired not to erase RAM contents, unplug the
jumper plug JP1 on CONTROL board with keeping power on.
2. Remove the old battery.
3. Set a new battery (Type: N-50SB3, Code no.: 000-835-126) and plug in the JP1
again.

Ni-cd
Battery

Control Board

JP1

Bottom, View, to cover removed


Warning: RAM contents would be erased, if the jumper plug JP1 is unplugged while
power supply is off.

5-5

5.4

Exchanging ROM

Confirmation of ROM version

1. In the normal display, press keys:

SELECT

, then this display will appear.

V P ID DSC RT CH PO L
Blinking

2. Select "V", and press

key.

ENT

ROM version
RT:1.xx

DSC:1.xx

Press CANCEL three times to close the display.


RT: VHF ROM version level
DSC: DSC ROM version level

Remark) The ROM for DSC is U4 on CONTROL board and the ROM for VHF is
contained in the CPU (HD6475328CP (H8/532)) U2 on CONTROL board.
DSC ROM version 05501-92-10X
VHF ROM version 05501-93-10X
ROM location

Remove the bottom cover by unscrewing four screws on the bottom of the main unit.

NMI Switch (S1)

ROM (U4)

Control Board

Bottom view, cover removed

5-6

Setting after exchanging ROM

After exchanging ROM , be sure to clear RAM as follows.


1. Turn on FM-8700. Then, this "Clear display" will appear and "RAM" flashes.
<CLEAR Display>
Clear < RAM all area
NO

RAM

EEROM

>

ALL

Blinking

2. Press ENT key. After a while this message will be displayed on LCD. Then, turn
off the power switch of the main unit.
Turn off the power

3. Switch on the power switch again. When this normal display appears, the RAM has
been cleared.
watch

VHF

ch70

auto

Details about RAM, EEROM and ALL are described on the following page.

5-7

5.5

About NMI switch

To clear contents of S-RAM and EEROM, press S1 (NMI switch) on CONTROL board
with keeping power supply on. For the location of S1, refer to Page 5-6.
Procedures

1. Turn on power, and press NMI switch.


2. Once turn off the power.
3. Turn on the power again, then this display will appear.
Clear <
NO

RAM

>
EEROM

ALL

4. Select a desired item by using the arrow key, and press ENT key.
5. If "RAM" is selected, "Turn off the power" will be displayed. Then, turn off the
power. If "EEROM" or "ALL" is selected, "NOW WRITING EEROM" will be
displayed. About 15 seconds later the display will change to "Turn the power off",
then turn off the power.
6. Turn on the power again.
When RAM is cleared: No system resetting required.
When ALL or EEROM is cleared:
TEST VHF ch70
manual

Test mode

If required, set the system referring to Chapter 3. After setting the system, be sure to
set "Protection menu" to ON and return to the normal mode.

5-8

About "RAM", "EEROM", and "ALL".


Item

Purpose

RAM

Clears all contents of S-RAM (*1).

EEROM

Clears all contents of S-RAM and a part of EEROM (*2).

ALL

Clears all contents of S-RAM and EEROM.

(*1) Contents of S-RAM are:


1
2

All transmitted/received messages


Contents set by pressing SELECT key 1, 2, 4, 6.

(*2) Contents of EEROM are:


1

Contents set by pressing SELECT key 9.


(System setting data)
Contents set by pressing SELECT key 7.
(Messages in the file: Messages stored in the memory
after they are made)
Contents set by pressing SELECT key ALM.

Remarks) The pre-set data of channel (CH) and transmitting power (PO) remain
unchanged even after "EEROM" has been cleared. That is, all the other set
values are cleared -returned to the factory default values.

5-9

Chapter 6. Troubleshooting
6.1

Functional tests

For functional tests (practiced by technicians), change the display to "Test" mode. Then,
select a test item from the menu and execute the selected test, e.g. ROM test.
After the test has been finished, be sure to return the display to the normal mode (Watch
display).

Watch

SELECT

ID

Select "P", then press

key.

ENT

* System protected *

Protection <
ON

This is a password to
display the "protection"
menu.

>

OFF

Select "OFF", then press ENT key.


(Now the test mode is selected.)
3

CANCEL
Diagnosis <

>

ROM

DIS

1. ROM/RAM test

RMT

KEY

Test Menu
PRT
5. Printer test

2. Remote line test


3. Keyboard test

4. Display (LCD) test

Select test desired with the arrow keys,then press

6-1

ENT key.

1. RAM/ROM test
ROM/RAM test <

>

test:[ENT] ROM RAM EEROM

Select one, then press ENT key.


ROM/RAM test <

>

ROM CHECK OK
For error, NG appears.

To quit, press

ROM test takes about 10 mimutes.


To return to Test menu, press

CANCEL

key.

Parts number for RAM and ROMs are;


ROM: U4
RAM: U5
EEROM: U8

6-2

ENT

key.

2. Remote line test


This test checks the remote signal line (MIF data line) for proper operation.
Remote test <

>

test:[ENT] NMEA DMC RB P


For factory use

VHF
CPU

Select one, then press


ENT key.

Remote test <

PIO

U2
(H8)

U14

DSC
CPU

SIO

U3
(V25)

U12

Nav. Device
(NMEA:
Connection
check only)
DMC-5

IF-8500
(Printer I/F)

>

CONNECTION:CHECK OK

RB-700

To quit, press ENT key.

To return to Test Menu on page 6-1, press

CANCEL

key.

The following two types of test can be performed.


Remote line check inside of RB-700, DMC-5 or IF-8500
(No modification is required.)
FM-8700
MIF command
MIF command

TXD(H)
TXD(C)
RXD(H)

RXD(H)
RXD(C)
TXD(H)

RXD(C)

TXD(C)

RB-700, DMC-5
or
IF-8500

Interconnection check (Add jumper wires as shown below.)


FM-8700
MIF command
MIF command

Jumper wires added

TXD(H)

RXD(H)

TXD(C)
RXD(H)
RXD(C)

RXD(C)
TXD(H)
TXD(C)

6-3

RB-700, DMC-5,
IF-8500 or
Nav. Device

3. Keyboard test
Keyboard test <

>

[ANY KEY]

Press keys and controls one by one. The number (or character) corresponding the key and
controls pressed appears if key is functioning correctly. When pressing and holding down the
CHANNEL control, three LEDs (USAA/WX/PRIV) blink in order. (When pressing the
DISTRESS or ALARM STOP key, the LEDs near the key light.)

To quit, press

CANCEL or

ENT key. The Test Menu on page 6-1 appears.

4. Display (LCD) test


Display test <

>

test:[ENT]
ENT

LCD blinks if it functions correctly.

To quit, press CANCEL or

ENT key. The Test Menu on page 6-1 appears.

6-4

5. Printer test
FM-8700
DSC
CPU

Print out test

U3
(V25)

test:[ENT]

Serial data
(TXD/RXD)

The test data (numerals and


characters) is printed out.

Now doing

To quit, press CANCEL key several times.

Test

How to return to the normal (watch) mode


Test

SELECT

ID

Select "P", then press

Protection <
ON

Parallel data

(SIO incorporated)

ENT

IF-8500

key.

ENT

>
OFF

Select "ON", then press ENT

key.

To return to the normal display, press CANCEL key twice.

6-5

PP-510

6.2

Error messages

1. CPU communication errors


If a communication error occurs between the two CPUs (U2: CPU for VHF, U3: CPU for
DSC) on CONTROL board, one of the following messages will appear.
*Error* CPU communication

One of three messages in the table below appears.

Error
TYPE: 1 (no change to in)

Meanings

Remedy

The port in U2 does not change to an

After pressing CANCEL key, try the

input port.

same operation again (e.g. press


TEST

TYPE: 2 (no ack/time out)

After

CALL

key for DSC has

been pressed, U2 does not send the


command of transmission end to U3
within 5 seconds.

key for DSC) from U3,

U2 does not send back any response to


U3 within 5 seconds.
TYPE: 3 (no initialize)

still unchanged, try again after resetting


power once more. Then, if the error
still continues, clear the contents of
RAM or EEROM.

After U2 has received a test request (


TEST

key). If the symptom is

When power has been turned on, or a


system setting has been changed, U2
cannot read correct data.

6-6

-----> Refer to Page 5-8.

6.3

Confirmation by line monitor

By using line monitor function, this test checks whether each AF line signal is coming in
TX board. The rated level of MOD input to TX board is 35mVrms (600). The system
diagram of the line monitor is shown below.
TX Board
MOD

RX Board
W-MIC
Wing
Handset

MIC
SEC

R153

U9
W-MIC

U30-3/4 LINE MON


on/off selected
on system
setting RT-4.

MIC
Handset
R154

SP
Volume

MIC

MODEM
DSC
R155

MODEM

REMOTE
Remote
(RB-700)

R156

REMOTE

Control Board

To output the line monitor, set "RT4-TX AF monitor " to "ON". (Refer to "Setting RT" in
Section 3 "System setting" on Page 3-6.)
Refer to Section 3.3 for the procedure. Note that the handset of the main unit cannot be
monitored even if the TX AF monitor is made ON.
After all the AF LINE inputs have been confirmed, return the setting to OFF.

Remarks) When confirming the AF line for DSC, change VHF power to "reduced" and
connect a dummy load of 50- to TX ANT.
Compose a message and call by assuming that the message is individual call,
the category is routine, and the address is the ID number of the own ship.

6-7

6.4

Guidelines for troubleshooting

Remarks) Before starting inspection :


1. Confirm that the input voltage is DC 21.6 - 31.2 V.
2. Check the cable connection with external devices and connectors in the
main unit.
3. Practice self-test.

Warning
A high voltage is applied in the apparatus. When checking inside, be sure to
turn off the power supply.
The mark * indicates a NG or error message in self-test.
No.

Symptoms

Power is not turned on.

Transmitting output is
much reflected.

Possible causes

Remedies

1. The power input voltage is too low (less than


18 V), or too high (more than 32 V).

Adjust it to the specified value.

2. The power breaker is off.

Check the breaker on the rear


of the main unit.

3. The power circuit board is defective.


Confirmation)
Check the power switch.
Check the output voltage. (+15V)

Exchange the power board.

4. The output lines from the power board (+15 V)


is short-circuited.
Confirmation)
Disconnect external devices.
Disconnect the power supply connectors
in the main unit one by one.

Repair the short-circuited


portion, or exchange the shortcircuited board.

1. The coaxial cable connector of the transmitting


ANT is defective.

Check bad contact of the


coaxial cable connector and
soldering. Rectify them.

2. The coaxial cable of the transmitting ANT is


defective.

Check any leak of water.


Exchange the cable, if any.

3. The transmitting ANT is defective.


Confirmation)
Replace it with the receiving ANT and
compare.

Exchange the ANT.

4. Location of the transmitting ANT is bad.


Confirmation)
Check whether the location is close to
other structural objects or not.

Change the location of antenna.

6-8

No.

Symptoms

Possible causes

Remedies

Exchange the duplex unit.


The difference in output 1. The duplexer is defective.
Confirmation)
power is big between
Check that the difference in power data
DUP and SIMP
between DUP and SIMP is less than 100.
* DX-8700 : NG
* TRANSMIT
2. The duplexer switching circuit is defective (bad Exchange the CH70 RX
POWER : NG
board.
contact of K1 and K2 of CH70 RX board).

The transmitting range


is short.

1. The transmitting power is low.


Confirmation)
Check that the power is the rated value of
25 W.
* TRANSMIT POWER : NG

Adjust the power. (Refer to


"Setting PO" in Chapter 3
"System setting".)

2. The power loss in DX-8700 is big.


Confirmation)
Compare the transmitting output from the
main unit and that from DX.
* DX-8700 : NG

Check about Symptom 2.

3. The transmitting PA module IC (U1: M57710A) Exchange the PA module or


the TX board.
is defective.
* TRANSMIT POWER : NG

The transmitting power


does not output.

4. The Location of the transmitting ANT is bad.

Check about no. 4 in


Symptom 2.

1. The transmitting synthesizer PLL circuit is


defective.
Confirmation)
Check that the CR11 on the TX board is
off, UN-LOCK. (TX PCB: PLL Lock)

Exchange the TX board.

2. The PA IC module or the transmitting amplifier Exchange the TX board.


circuit is defective.
* TRANSMIT POWER : NG
6

Modulation does not


work.
1. Main unit handset
2. Wing handset
3. Remote
4. DSC

1. The main unit handset is faulty, or the


modulating circuit on TX board is defective.
Confirmation)
Check, with line monitor function,
whether the signal is coming in or not.

Exchange the main unit


handset, or exchange the TX
board.

2. The wing handset is faulty, or the modulating


circuit on TX board is defective.
Confirmation)
Check, with line monitor function,
whether the signal is coming in or not.
Check the MIC SELECT circuit on
CONTROL board with carbon and
dynamic microphone.

Exchange the wing handset,


or exchange the TX board if
the monitoring is possible.

3. The remote station RB-700 is faulty, or the


modulating circuit on TX board is defective.
Confirmation)
Check, with line monitor function,
whether the signal is coming in or not.

Exchange the RB-700, or


exchange the TX board if the
monitoring is possible.

4. The CONTROL board is faulty, or the


modulating circuit on TX board is defective.
Confirmation)
Check, with line monitor function, whether
the signal is coming in or not.

Exchange the CONTROL


board, or exchange the TX
board if the monitoring is
possible.

6-9

No.

Symptoms

Receiving sensitivity is
bad.

10

11

12

Possible causes
1. The receiving ANT system is faulty.
Confirmation)
EReplace the transmitting ANT with the
receiving ANT and compare in the same
manner as no. 1, 2, 3, 4 in Symptom 2 .

Remedy as Symptom 2.

2. The duplexer is defective if DUP and SIMP


channel is different in receiving sensitivity.

Exchange the duplexer.

3. The receiving circuit is faulty.

Exchange the RX board.

Receiver noise does not 1. The receiving AF amplifier circuit is defective.


Confirmation)
come out if SQ is OFF.
Check it with EXT SP.
Remark) SQ is not
Check it with handset SP.
AUTO.
Check it with INT SP.

Receiving on CH70 is
bad.
* DSC cannot be
received.

Keyboard does not


work.

Remote function does


not work.
* VHF is controlled
through DSC.

Printer does not work.

Remedies

Exchange the RX board if no


noise comes out in all cases.

2. The audio volume is defective.

Exchange the audio volume.

3. SQ circuit is faulty. SQ volume is defective.

Exchange the RX board.


Exchange the SQ volume.

4. The receiving synthesizer PLL circuit is


defective.
Confirmation)
Check that the CR2 on the RX board is
off and UN-LOCK.
* RX PCB: NG

Exchange the RX board.

1. The receiving ANT system is faulty.


Confirmation)
Replace the transmitting ANT with the
receiving ANT and compare in the same
manner as no. 1, 2, 3, 4 in Symptom 2 .

Remedy as Symptom 2.

2. CH70 RX board is defective.


Confirmation)
Practice self-test.
* CH70 RX PCB: NG

Exchange the CH70 RX


board.

1. The panel board or CONTROL board is


defective if all keys do not work.

Exchange the panel board or


CONTROL board.

2. The panel board is defective if specific keys do


not work.

Exchange the panel board.

Communication between the CPU for VHF and


the CPU for DSC is faulty.
TYPE 1: No change to in
* TYPE 2: No ack/time out
TYPE 3: No initialization
Refer to Section 6.3 "Error messages"

Clear the RAM and EEROM,


and if the function does not
recover, exchange the
CONTROL board.

Main unit, the printer, or IF-8500 is defective.


Confirmation)
1 Check the printer itself whether it is
regular or not.
2
If installed, check whether the IF-8500
is normal or not, by way of NBDP,
MF/HF DSC, and IF-8500.

Exchange the CONTROL


board.

6-10

Refer to Section 5.5 "NMI


switch" for clearing RAM and
EEROM.

6.5

Board compatibility

Board compatibility exists between FM-8500 and FM-8700 as below.


Type
PC Board

Compatibility
FM-8700

FM-8500

Power Board

05P0617

05P0617

Yes

Panel Board

05P0615

05P0615

Yes

TX Board

05P0618A

05P0618

05P0616A

05P0616

Remarks

FM-87008500:
Yes
FM-85008700:
No

CONTROL Board

Yes

Board level must be


33 and above.

JP-3, 4 (w/jumper)

JP-3, 4 (w/o jumper)

DSC ROM

U4: 05501-92-10X

U4: 05501-82-10X

No

M27C4001

VHF CPU

U2: 05501-93-10X

U2: 05501-83-10X

No

HD642538CP/H8

Location of parts on CONTROL board


U4: DSC ROM

U2: VHF CPU

BATT
U8: EEROM

05P0616A

JP-3

JP-4

FM-8500: No Jumper
FM-8700: Jumper

No Jumper
Jumper

The CONTROL board 05P0616 can be changed to 05P0616A, by putting jumpers on JP3
and JP4, and changing DSC ROM and VHF CPU.

6-11

AP1-1

AP1-2

AP2-1

AP2-2

AP2-3