Resistencia de materiales

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Resistencia de materiales

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2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

Determine (a) the principal stress and (b) the maximum

in-plane shear stress and average normal stress at the point.

Specify the orientation of the element in each case. Show

the results on each element.

80 MPa

50 MPa

60 MPa

sx = -60 MPa

s1, 2 =

sx + sy

2

sy = -80 MPa

;

sx - sy

2

txy = 50 MPa

b + txy 2

-60 + ( -80)

-60 - ( -80) 2

;

c

d + 502

2

C

2

= -70 ; 22600

s1 = -19.0 MPa

s2 = -121 MPa

txy

tan 2uP =

(sx - sy)>2

uP = 39.34

Ans.

50

= 5

[-60 - ( -80)]>2

and

-50.65

sx =

sx + sy

sx - sy

-60 + ( -80)

-60 - ( -80)

+

cos 78.69 + 50 sin 78.69

2

2

= -19.0 MPa = s1

Thus,

(uP)1 = 39.3

(uP)2 = -50.7

Ans.

The element that represents the state of principal stress is shown in Fig. a.

t max

in-plane

sx - sy

2

tan 2uS =

b + txy 2 =

-(sx - sy)>2

txy

-60 - ( -80) 2

d + 502 = 51.0 MPa

C

2

c

-[-60 - (-80)]>2

= -0.2

50

By Inspection, t max

Ans.

Ans.

in-plane

equilibrium.

savg =

sx + sy

2

-60 + (-80)

= -70 MPa

2

The element that represents the state of maximum in - plane shear stress is shown in

Fig. c.

630

09 Solutions 46060

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exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

915. Continued

631

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subjected to the force of 400 N. Determine the principal

stress and the maximum in-plane shear stress that is

developed at point A. Show the results on a properly

oriented element located at this point.

925.

100 mm

150 mm

400 N

400 N

250 mm

Using the method of sections and consider the FBD of the rods left cut segment,

Fig. a.

+ F = 0;

:

x

N - 400 = 0 N = 400 N

a + MC = 0;

400(0.25) - M = 0 M = 100 N # m

A = p(0.012) = 0.1(10 - 3) p m2

p

(0.014) = 2.5(10 - 9)p m4

4

I =

The normal stress developed is the combination of axial and bending stress. Thus,

My

N

;

A

I

s =

For point A, y = C = 0.01 m.

s =

100(0.01)

400

0.1(10 - 3)p

2.5(10 - 9)p

Since no torque and transverse shear acting on the cross - section,

t = 0

The state of stress at point A can be represented by the element shown in Fig. b

Here, sx = -126.05 MPa, sy = 0 and txy = 0. Since no shear stress acting on the

element

s1 = sy = 0

s2 = sx = -126 MPa

Ans.

Thus, the state of principal stress can also be represented by the element shown in Fig. b.

tmax

in-plane

sx - sy

2

tan 2us = -

b + t2xy =

(sx - sy)>2

= -

txy

us = 45

txy = -

-126.05 - 0 2

b + 02 = 63.0 MPa

2

B

a

(-126.05 - 0)>2

= q

0

and -45

sx - sy

2

= -

= 63.0 =

-126.05 - 0

sin 90 + 0 cos 90

2

tmax

in-plane

644

Ans.

09 Solutions 46060

6/8/10

3:13 PM

Page 645

2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

925. Continued

tmax

This indicates that in-plane

acts toward the positive sense of y axis at the face of

element defined by us = 45

savg =

sx + sy

2

-126.05 + 0

= -63.0 MPa

2

Ans.

The state of maximum In - plane shear stress can be represented by the element

shown in Fig. c

645

09 Solutions 46060

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3:13 PM

Page 667

2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

thickness of 0.25 in., and a weight of 50 lb>ft. If it is

subjected to a torque and axial load as shown, determine

(a) the principal stress and (b) the maximum in-plane shear

stress at a point on its surface at section a.

1500 lb

800 lb?ft

20 ft

a

20 ft

Section Properties:

A =

p 2

A 3 - 2.52 B = 0.6875p in2

4

J =

p

A 1.54 - 1.254 B = 4.1172 in4

2

s =

-2500

N

=

= -1157.5 psi

A

0.6875p

Normal Stress:

t =

800(12)(1.5)

Tc

=

= 3497.5 psi

J

4.1172

a) In - Plane Principal Stresses: sx = 0, sy = -1157.5 psi and txy = 3497.5 psi for

any point on the shafts surface. Applying Eq. 9-5.

s1,2 =

sx + sy

2

sx - sy

2

b + t2xy

0 - (-1157.5) 2

0 + (-1157.5)

;

a

b + (3497.5)2

2

C

2

= -578.75 ; 3545.08

s1 = 2966 psi = 2.97 ksi

Ans.

Ans.

t

max

in-plane

0 - (-1157.5) 2

+ (3497.5)2

C

2

sx - sy

2

b + t2xy

Ans.

667

09 Solutions 46060

6/8/10

3:13 PM

Page 685

2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently

exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

element is oriented 30 clockwise from the element shown.

Show the result on the element.

9 ksi

4 ksi

txy = 4 ksi. Thus,

savg =

sx + sy

2

-6 + 9

= 1.50 ksi

2

A(- 6, 4)

C(1.5, 0)

Referring to the geometry of the circle, Fig. a,

a = tan - 1 a

4

b = 28.07

6 + 1.5

b = 60 - 28.07 = 31.93

Then,

sx = 1.5 - 8.50 cos 31.93 = -5.71 ksi

Ans.

sy = 8.71 ksi

Ans.

685

6 ksi

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