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STATIC DESIGN CRITERIA

Lectured by:

Dr Volkan Esat
Based on:
Shigleys
Mechanical Engineering Design
McGraw Hill

Design Factor and Factor of Safety:


Factor of safety is a function of;

Degree of load uncertainty,


Degree of material strength uncertainty,
Uncertainties in the method of analysis (calculations),
Effect of manufacturing process,
Consequences of failure (human safety, cost)
Cost of providing high factor of safety.

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Adapted from Budynas-Nisbett,


Shigleys Mechanical
Engineering Design, 8th Ed.

Static Strength
Due to variations in dimensions, machining, forming and composition even
for mass production the strength of the parts will be somewhat different.
Static load is a constant load or couple vector applied to a member.
Ideally, in designing a machine element the engineer should have results of
strength tests for the particular material and for the type of loading under
consideration. However, it is not always possible to perform strength tests.
Types of failure

Causes of failure

Elastic Yielding (onset of permanent


deformation)
Fracture (Ductile or brittle fracture)
Fatigue
Creep
Impact
Excessive deformation
Buckling
Wear
Corrosion

Design deficiency
Deficiency in selection of material
Imperfections in material
Overload or abuses in service
Inadequate maintenance and repair
Environmental factors

Failure Theories

Maximum-Shear-Stress (MSS) Theory

SAFE

Adapted from Budynas-Nisbett,


Shigleys Mechanical
Engineering Design, 8th Ed.

Distortion Energy (DE) Theory

Adapted from Budynas-Nisbett,


Shigleys Mechanical
Engineering Design, 8th Ed.

Distortion Energy (DE) Theory

SAFE

Adapted from Budynas-Nisbett,


Shigleys Mechanical
Engineering Design, 8th Ed.

Ductile Coulomb-Mohr (DCM) Theory

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Failure of Ductile Materials: Summary

Adapted from Budynas-Nisbett,


Shigleys Mechanical
Engineering Design, 8th Ed.

Maximum-Normal-Stress (MNS) Theory

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Brittle Coulomb-Mohr (BCMS) Theory

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Modified Mohr (MM) Theory

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Example 48

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

Example 49

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.

BCMT
MMT
MNST

Adapted from the Lecture Notes


by Dr Ender Cigeroglu.