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CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY

1. Test of asphalt that determines if asphalt is overheated during


production.
a. flash point test
b. loss of heating
c. viscosity test
d. spot test
2. Which of the following is not the responsibility of a materials
engineer?
a. Getting samples for testing
b. Analyzing test results
c. Setting schedule for delivery of materials
d. Recording the concreting activity in the materials logbook
3. In asphalt construction, what is the desirable shape of
aggregates to be used?
a. Rounded and smooth
b. Angular and smooth
c. Rounded and rough
d. Angular and rough
4. The following are the duties of the materials engineer, except:
a. Advises the Project Engineer on the acceptance or rejection of
construction materials
b. To prepare the design mixes
c. To ensure the samples are properly cured by the standard
procedures
d. Perform linear measurement
5. It is the moisture content corresponding to the maximum dry
density
a. Shrinkage limit
b. Plastic limit
c. Liquid limit
d. Optimum moisture content
6. The DPWH specs provide _____ tolerance for asphalt pavement
thickness.
a. 5mm
b. 5mm
c. 6mm
d. 6mm
7. If the plasticity index of the soil is zero, then _______.
a. LL = PL
b. LL < PL
c. LL > PL
d. Plastic soil
8. ______ test determines the amount of asphalt present in a
bituminous mix.
a. distillation
b. extraction
c. solubility
d. compression

9. In a design mix, the specific gravity of Portland cement must be:


a. 2.75
b. 3.10
c. 3.15
d. 2.60
10. The name Portland cement is derived from:
a. The name of the inventor
b. It originated in Portland, USA
c. It resembles a structure built in the Isle of Port
d. None
11. What is/are the essential laboratory test/s for soil classification?
a. Liquid limit test
b. Grading test
c. Plastic limit test
d. All of the above
12. If sea water is used in concrete mix, what will be the effect on
the hardened concrete pavement?
a. Strength is affected
b. Scaling at surface
c. Steel bars will rust
d. Both A and C
13. The reasonable range of slump for Class A concrete:
a. 2 4 inches
b. 75 100 mm
c. 50 100 cm
d. 4 inches max
14. Defined as fluidity or degree of hardness.
a. durability
b. flow
c. consistency
d. ductility
15. What is the penetration grade of point filler?
a. 10 30
b. 0 50
c. 40 50
d. None of the above
16. The placing temperature for bituminous mixture measured in
the truck prior to dumping.
a. 107C min
b. 107C max
c. 159C min
d. 159C max
17. A number of measurements for asphalt core specimen:
a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. 9

CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
18. How many hour will you soak the soil specimen subjected to
CBR test?
a. 24 hours
b. 48 hours
c. 72 hours
d. 96 hours

26. Which of the following conditions for soil is suitable for Item
104-Embankment?
a. Organic soil
b. Soil with liquid limit
c. Soil with density less than 800 kg/m3
d. None of the above

19. The amount of asphalt in a typical asphalt emulsion is:


a. 40%
b. 5-%
c. 60%
d. 70%

27. What is the meaning of CBR?


a. California Bearing Resistance
b. Canadas Bearing Ratio
c. Compression-Bearing Ratio
d. California Bearing Ratio

20. In a stockpile of soil aggregates, where is the proper location o


sampling?
a. Bottom, Middle & Top
b. Bottom only
c. Bottom & Top only
d. Middle Part
21. In concrete acceptance, core will be considered adequate if the
average strength of the cores is equal to what?
a. 80% of fc & if no single core is less than 75% of the specified fc
b. 90% of fc & if no single core is less than 80% of the specified fc
c. 85% of fc & if no single core is less than 75% of fc
d. 100% of fc & if no single core is less than 85% of the specified
fc
22. Liquid limit is the moisture content corresponding to what no. of
blows
a. 25 blows
b. 36 blows
c. 54 blows
d. 63 blows
23. It evaluates the quality of soil as a highway subgrade material:
a. atterberg
b. plasticity index
c. group index
d. liquid limit
24. The required thickness of layer for substance course is
300mm. What is the required number of layers?
a. one layer
b. two layers
c. three layers
d. four layers
25. The soaked CBR value for Item 200-Aggregate Subbase
Course at maximum dry density is ______.
a. Not less than 80%
b. Not less than 25%
c. Not less than 45%
d. Not less than 50%

28. Immersion-Compression test is used to determine ______ of


asphalt mix.
a. Ductility
b. Solubility
c. Stability
d. Flexibility
29. In delivering samples of concrete cylinders to laboratory for
testing, which of the following is correct?
a. Bring the samples with bare hand
b. Bring the samples inside steel-plate container
c. Put the samples inside the container with saw dust or palay
d. All of the above
30. The soaked CBR value for Item 200-Aggregate Subbase
Course at maximum dry density is:
a. Not less than 80%
b. Not less than 25%
c. Not less than 45%
d. Not less than 50%
31. The rate of application in Bituminous Prime Coat is:
a. 1.0 2.0 L/m2
b. 0.2 0.7 L/m2
c. 0.2 1.5 L/m2
d. 0.5 2.0 L/m2
32. Two tests are done in one lot sample. The tests differs from
each other, third test is taken. That will be this test?
a. Referee test
b. Third test
c. Final test
d. All of the above
33. Asphalt is defined by the American Society for Testing (ASTM)
as _________ cementitious materials, solid or semi-solid in
consistency in which the predominating constituents are
bituminous.
a. chocolate to dark brown
b. light blue to dark blue
c. dark brown to black
d. none of the above

CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
34. Consolidation test is usually performed on ______ sample.
a. disturbed
b. undisturbed
c. consolidated
d. both a & b
35. For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or
less, basis for acceptance of material:
a. no testing
b. PE certificate
c. mill certificate
d. test reports
36. How many hours will you soak the soil specimen subjected to
CBR test?
a. 24 hours
b. 48 hours
c. 72 hours
d. 96 hours
37. Another name for asphalt joint filler is:
a. asphalt cement
b. rock asphalt
c. cutback asphalt
d. blown asphalt
38. How many days do the specimen for CBR is soaked?
a. 1 day
b. 2 days
c. 3 days
d. 4 days
39. In bituminous mixture, aggregates account for 92% to 95% of
the weight of the mixture, while asphalt (the binder of the
aggregates) accounts for:
a. 3 5 %
b. 5 8 %
c. 5 10 %
d. 7 10%
40. Bulk volume of asphalt specimen is 500cc
Weight of dry specimen in air is 1,200g
Calculate the bulk specific gravity of asphalt specimen.
a. 2.4
b. 2.0
c.1.0
d. 0.4
41. Specification range of asphalt content in bituminous mix:
a. 4% - 10%
b. 5% - 8%
c. 3.5% - 7.5%
d. 6% - 7%

42. Preparation of slump test for concrete is performed by:


a. prepared in 3 layers, each layer is rodded 25 times
b. prepared in 3 layers, each layer comprises of 1/3 of the height of
the slump cone
c. All of the above
d. None of the above
43. What is not required in conducting nuclear density test?
a. The operator must be licensed
b. Radiation exposure limits must be specified
c. The operator must wear thin clothes
d. Units must be delivered in approved cases
44. What is the sample used for building projects?
a. beam sample
b. cube sample
c. cylinder sample
d. pipe sample
45. CBR value of 2 means that the soil is:
a. weak
b. fair
c. stable
d. very stable
46. What is a small air space that occurs between the coated
aggregate particles in a compacted mix?
a. air voids
b. bubbles
c. null
d. grains
47. Who will bring the sample for testing to DPWH-accredited
laboratory for materials testing?
a. DPWH Materials Engineer
b. Contractors Materials Engineer
c. DPWH & Contractors Materials Engineer
d. None of the above
48. What is the dividing line between coarse and fine aggregates
for concrete construction?
a. 4.75mm sieve
b. 2.00mm sieve
c. 9.50mm sieve
d. No. 4 sieve
49. As Materials Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling
and testing fine and coarse aggregates?
a. Once the source is identified
b. Prior to billing
c. Once testing equipment is ready
d. At the end of the trial mix

CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
50. When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing
time shall not be less than ____ nor more than ____ unless mixer
performance test proves adequate mixing of the concrete in a
shorter time period.
a. 30 sec nor more than 90 sec
b. 50 sec nor more than 90 sec
c. 600 sec nor more than 120 sec
d. 90 sec nor more than 120 sec
51. In compaction test of embankment, what is the area of lot?
a. 335 m2
b. 355 m2
c. 500 m2
d. None of the above
52. Testing of asphalt core specimen is a must. What test is not
included?
a. Grading
b. Index of retained strength
c. Immersion-compression test
d. None of the above

58. Submission of sample minimum quantity of material for cement


a/ 5 kg
b. 10 kg
c. 20 kg
d. None of the above
59. A bituminous mix subjected to immersion-compression test
yielded a dry stability of 2.0 kg & wet stability of 1.5 kg. The index
of retained strength of the mix is:
a. 0.50
b. 1.33
c. 33
d. 0.75
60. Another name for hot asphalt is:
a. bituminous asphalt
b. asphalt cement
c. emulsified asphalt
d. blown asphalt

53. Given: 6 diameter cylinder with 92,000 lbs


What is the strength of the cylinder?
a. 3,253 psi
b. 3.254 psi
c. 3,500 psi
d. 3,200 psi

61. Given: Specific gravity : 2.305


Wet compressive strength : 1,000 kPa
Dry compressive strength : 1,400 kPa
What is the index of retained strength value?
a. 70.1%
b.71.4%
c.40%
d.140%

54. Where should the Contractors Materials Engineer directly


report?
a. DPWH Project Engineer
b. DPWH Materials Engineer
c. Contractors Project Engineer
d. All of the above

62. For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or


less, what is the basis for acceptance of materials?
a. No testing
b. Mill certificate
c. P.E. certificate
d. None of the above

55. If PI is zero, it means:


a. Plastic
b. Non plastic
c. Liquid limit
d. Gritty

63. Where should the Contractors Materials Engineer directly


report?
a. DPWH Project engineer
b. DPWH Materials Engineer
c. Contractors Project Engineer
d. All of the above

56. It is equally as important as testing, and the sampler shall use


every precaution to obtain samples that will show the nature and
condition of the materials which they represent.
a. Material testing
b. Sampling
c. Inspection report
d. Site verification
57. This material is used as capping foe concrete cylinder with
irregular thickness prior testing.
a. Surfactant
b. Lime
c. Sulfur compound
d. Sheeting film

64. What is the method used to determine the workability of


concrete?
a. Consistency test
b. Slump test
c. Flow test
f. Workability test
65. The best test to evaluate the quality of manufactured RCPF is:
a. Engineers certificate
b. Inspection report
c. Test of concrete cylinder
d. Test of concrete pipe

CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
66. It determines the effect of water on the cohesion of the mix.
a. stability test
b. solubility
c. distillation
d. immersion-compression test
67. The minimum number of blows for compaction of item-105
embankment.
a. 15
b. 25
c. 54
d. 63
68. Which of the following is considered unsuitable materials for
embankment?
a. soil with LL of 50%
b. soil with density of 1,200 kg/m3
c. organic soils
d. soil with PL of 60%
69. Steel bars are considered undersize if _______.
a. its nominal diameter as determined by caliper does not meet the
manufactured size
b. variation in mass
c. grade is not of standard
d. all of the above
70. Another name for asphalt joint filler is:
a. asphalt cement
b. rock asphalt
c. cutback asphalt
d. blown asphalt
71. Which of the following documents is prepared by a Materials
Engineer?
a. materials logbook
b. quality control program
c. program of works
d. minimum testing requirements
72. It is found that the compaction of embankment is 80%. It is
below the required 100% compaction. As a materials engineer,
what should you do?
a. Accept the embankment
b. Adjust the water content
c. Accept the embankment but at adjusted price
d. Use rollers with high compactive efforts
73. Sample should be taken and sent to the regional offices or any
private testing laboratories accredited by DPWH testing, with a
_______.
a. Laboratory result
b. Sample card
c. Laboratory testing card
d. Identification card

74. As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with major honeycombed area that is considered as defective work?
a. Plaster
b. Payment of the concrete will be made at adjusted price
c. Remove and replace at the expense of the contractor
d. Accept the work
75. If the strength of control specimen does not meet the
requirements and not feasible to obtain cores due to structural
consideration, as a Materials Engineer, what will be your decision?
a. Remove and replace
b. Area will not be paid
c. Payment will be made at an adjusted price
d. Request for materials certificate before acceptance
76. If the splitter is not available, the proper way of sampling
aggregate base course in the laboratory is:
a. Scoop for samples in the middle of the sack
b. Spread the samples on the ground and take the samples in the
middle
c. Spread the samples on the ground and divide the samples into
four, take two opposite parts from it
d. Scoop for samples at the side of the sack
77. Requirement of PCCP Construction:
a. Opening to traffic 14 days after the concrete was placed
b. Opening to traffic 28 days after the concrete was placed
c. A compressive strength of 25.08 MPa or more
d. None of the above
78. When the average thickness of the pavement per lot is
deficient by more than 25mm, which of the following is true?
a. Payment for the lot shall be adjusted
b. Accept the lot without price adjustment
c. Remove and replace at the expense of the contractor
d. Get more samples to re-check the thickness of the pavement
79. Consist of work elements carried out which contribute to the
quality control:
a. Materials testing
b. Quality assurance work
c. Monthly material report
d. Quality control work
80. This test determines the relative density of the compacted
embankment, subbase or base materials.
a. Laboratory compaction test
b. California Bearing Ratio
c. Abrasion Test
d. none of the above

CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
81. What is the single factor that determines the strength of
concrete?
a. Slump
b. Water-cement ratio
c. Cement factor
d. Gradation of aggregates
82. In accepting completed concrete pavement poured by lanes,
thickness determination shall come out by obtaining one core from
every:
a. 100 meters
b. 200 meters
c. 500 meters
d. 1,000 meters
83. Which of the following is an engineering property of fine
grained soil?
a. Hard to drain
b. Susceptible to volume change under vibratory load, if not
adequately compacted
c. Stable when subjected to load
d. Settlement is high
84. Disturbed samples may be used for:
a. Sieve test
b. Liquid limit
c. Compaction test
d. Any of the preceding
85. The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than ___
and a width of ___.
a. 40mm & 6mm
b. 40mm & 5mm
c. 50mm & 5mm
d. 50mm & 6mm

88. In bituminous mixture, aggregates account 92% to 95% of the


weight of the mixture, while asphalt (the binder of the aggregates)
accounts for:
a. 3 5%
b. 5 8%
c. 5 10%
d. 7 10%
89. In Item 310, Bituminous Surface Concrete, Hot laid, requires
70% minimum index of retained strength (IPS). In the immersioncompression test, the dry stability is about 900 psi. Based on the
data, the wet stability should at least:
a. 270 psi
b. 630 psi
c. 1,286 psi
d. 1,500psi
90. The characteristics of a bituminous mix that indicates
resistance to disintegration is called:
a. Stability
b. Flexibility
c. Durability
d. Integrity
91. The type of asphaltic material that is usually classified by its
viscosity is:
a. Liquid asphalt
b. Blown asphalt
c. Rock asphalt
d. Lake asphalt
92. Another name for joint filler is:
a. Asphalt cement
b. Cutback asphalt
c. Mineral filler
d. Blown asphalt

86. A layer of an asphalt aggregate mixture of variable thickness


used to eliminate irregularities in the content of an existing surface
prior to placement of an overlay:
a. Asphalt cement
b. Asphalt surface treatment
c. Asphalt levelling course
d. Asphalt seal coating

93. The apparatus used in determining the grade of asphalt


cement:
a. Hydrometer
b. Penetromanometer
c. Petronmeter
d. Penetrometer

87. The upward movement of asphalt in Asphalt pavement


resulting in the formation of a film of asphalt on the surface:
a. Blow-up
b. Asphalt Seal Coat
c. Bleeding or Flushing Asphalt
d. Upheaval

94. Resistance to deformation of bituminous mixture is measure


by:
a. Flow index
b. Index of retained strength
c. Ductility test
d. Extraction test

CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY
95. The localized upward displacement if a pavement due to
swelling of the subgrade or some portion of the pavement
structure.
a. Upheaval
b. Edge Cracking
c. Raveling
d. Depression
96. What is the individual strength requirement for load-bearing
concrete masonry units (Item 704)?
a. 750 psi
b. 500 psi
c. 800 psi
d. 600 psi
97. Its significance is to determine the yield and tensile strength of
the bar as well as it elongation and is used to classify the bars into
grade:
a. Testing of RSB
b. Testing of Aggregates
c. Testing of Soil
d. None of the above

98. One set of concrete cylinder sample shall be taken for every
how may pieces of RCCP?
a. 25 pieces
b. 50 pieces
c. 15 pieces
d. 60 pieces
99. Tolerance of gabion dimension is:
a. +/- 1%
b. +/- 5%
c. +/- 2%
d. +/- 4%
100. What is the variation permitted on the surface of the asphalt
using the straight edge method?
a. 5mm
b. 6mm
c. 10mm
d. 25mm