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Pythagoras:He belonged to Samos.

A
mathematician from Greece he is recognized as
one of the pioneers in his field. Alive in the 570
t95 BC, he is also credited to have been the
founder of Pythagorean Cult that have been
recorded as one of the initial groups who were
involved in the studying and advancing
Mathematics. He is supposed to have come up
with the Pythagorean Theorem in trigonometry.
There is a little bit of confusion about this with
some opposing views, but we cannot deny his
huge contributions to elemental mathematics.
This theorem is very actively used in modern
calculations towards the building of modern
equipment. It also had a effect on geometry and
this opened the possibility of further study of mathematics. He can be credited with
the founding of mathematics in the modern era.

An
drew Wiles: The only mathematician on the list given here who is still alive. He is
credited with the proving of Fermats Last Theorem which says that no positive
integers a,b and c can satisfy the equation a^n+b^n=c^n For n greater then 2. (If n=2

it is the Pythagoras Formula). We cannot truly say that is role in mathematics is as


large as the others on this list but he can be credited with inventing huge chunks of
new mathematics for proving this theorem. His devotion warrants some credit as he
literally locked himself away for 7 years to come up with a solution. When a mistake
was discovered, he spent another year by himself to correct it and get the solution
accepted. Of course we can say that very few mathematicians in world today could
comprehend and authenticate his proof.

Isa
ac Newton and Wilhelm Leibniz: These two have been paired off because the two
of together have been credited with being the founder of modern infinitesimal
calculus. Their contribution is considered monumental in the area. Leibniz has been
credited with having brought in modern standard notation especially the integral sign.
His input to the field of topology are invaluable. Isaac Newton was a genius who due
to the grand scientific epic principia gathered notable credit as the man who actually
invented calculus. Both men have given significant inputs to their field in their own
way.
Leonardo Pisano Bigollo: Also called Leonardo Fibonacci was a great
mathematician to come out of the middle ages. Alive from 1170 to 1250, he most
famous for having brought in the notorious Fibonacci series the world on the western
side. This series was known to Indian mathematicians since the 200 BC, but still one
cannot discount the importance of this sequence that often appeared in biological

systems. He also contributed to Arabic


numbering, which is not acknowledged.

Alan Turing: He is a Cryptanalyst and


computer scientists who is acknowledged
as one the best brains of the 20th Century.
He worked during the Second World War
in Government Code and Cypher School
in Britain. He has made many important findings and revolutionary modes of
breaking codes. These later on helped in analyzing the German Enigma
Encryptions. With war coming to an end he started work on computing. Considered
a pioneer in the computer field he has made some great contributions to Artificial
Intelligence by coming up with Turing Test which is utilized to judge the intelligence
of a computer.
Ren Descartes: This physicist, mathematician and philosopher of French descent
is most famous for his Cogito Ergo Sum philosophy. Apart from this Frenchman
made many vital and inventive contributions of Mathematics. He aided in
establishing the ground for modern calculus along with Leibniz and Newton. Apart
from this his development of Cartesian Geometry may be better known to readers.
More familiar as the standard graph, this changed the way distances were measured
and expressed. Apart from this his other contribution was the introduction of

superscripts inside algebra to put across


powers.