You are on page 1of 48

GM LOCOMOTIVE

AN OVERVIEW

MODERN TRENDS IN DIESEL
TECHNOLOGY
• Environment Friendly – Emission Control
• Low Fuel and Lube Oil Consumption

• Low Maintenance Input
• High Availability and Reliability

• High Tractive Effort
• Operational Flexibility
• AC/AC Traction

WORLD SCENERIO OF DIESEL
LOCO TECHNOLOGY
Pre 1960

1960-1985

1985-1995

1995 onwards

RHP/T

10

15

20

30

Aux drive
T/Gen

Mech
drive
DC

Mech
drive
AC

Motor
drive
AC

Motor
drive
AC

T/Motor

DC

DC

DC

AC

Wheel slip Detect

Detect &
Correct

Micro
processor
control

Controlled
creep

Adhesion

27%

33%

42%

22%

FREIGHT LOCO: WDG4

4 t GM LOCO >90% 90 days 53 t .COMPARISON WITH OTHER LOCOS  Availability  Trip schedule  Starting Tract Effort WDM2 81% 10-15 days 30.

5 0.COMPARISON WITH OTHER LOCOS WDM2 GM LOCO  Balancing Speed(kmph) (4700 t-level) 59 85  Lube Oil Consumption (% of Fuel) 1.5  SFC (gm/Bhp Hr) 156 153 .

BENEFITS OF TECHNOLOGY • • • • • • High adhesion Improved safety Ease of maintenance Operational flexibility Economy Cleaner environment .

BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY HIGH ADHESION Starting Load on 1:150 Gradient WDM 2 WDG 2 WAG 5 WAG 9 BOXN 33 47 38 52 WDG4 58 Tonnes 2700 3850 3110 4258 4750 .

So far unsurpassed. Pioneers in this technology.BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY HIGH ADHESION Radar based creep control system perfected by GM through years of research. Enables very high exploitation of adhesion resulting in tractive efforts much beyond that obtained on higher horse power electric or diesel locomotives .

due to slip between rail and wheels full power of a loco is not converted into traction • WDG4 technology keeps friction very close to limiting (peak) friction and prevents uncontrolled slip. It keeps comparing the wheel speed with land speed with the help of a radar • This permits full exploitation of adhesion to be applied in traction .BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY High Adhesion – Mechanism • 4000 hp WDG4 hauls more than 6000 hp locos • Normally.

WDG4 Adhesion Control The Concept Max exploitation of creep F Normal locos operate in this region and never reach the peak friction in a controlled way By achieving a controlled slip WDG4 maximizes traction. which keeps the slip in the blue zone. V Close watch on control of slip made possible due to a land speed sensing radar. .

nearly 50 % higher braking power as compared to conventional locomotives effective right down to standstill • Inbuilt vigilance control device ensures that driver is alert . not available on any other electric or diesel locomotive in India • Higher safety due to better dynamic brakes.BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY IMPROVED SAFETY • Blending of dynamic and air brakes.

BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY BLENDED BRAKES Optimises mix of dynamic and air brakes to minimise wear on wheel and brake blocks At higher speeds dynamic braking does not provide enough braking power. Balance made up by air brake intelligently This braking effort is available From Dynamic Braking Speed .

5 3 2. 5 1 WDG4 0.BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY IMPROVED SAFETY 80 60 40 20 0 WDM2 Braking distance (km) 3. 5 2 1. 5 0 Spd(km /h) Dynamic Braking 58 BOXNs from 65 km/h speed .

BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY EASE OF MAINTENANCE • Modular design of sub-systems • State of the art on board diagnostics for monitoring of loco health and performance • AC motors for traction as well as auxiliaries • Self load test feature • Major Maintenance Schedules – Top overhaul after 3 years – Bogie overhaul after 6 years – Complete overhaul (POH) after 18 years .

• Fewer Shed visits: once in 92 days • Loco can travel long distances from shed • Starting at gradients no problem .BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONAL FLEXIBILITY • Compatibility with heavy haul loads hauled by highest power electric loco.

Operational Flexibility-II • One loco can do the job of two conventional • Locotrol compatibile • Fit for high speed 100kmph freight trains • Remote diagnostics allows constant monitoring .

8 27% 31 T AC/DC 3300 117 31% 36 T AC/DC AC/AC AC/DC AC/DC AC/AC 3300 4000 4000 6000 6000 123 126 119 123 123 33% 42% 27% 33% 38% 41 T 53 T 33 T 41 T 47 T TE .TRACTIVE EFFORT Loco WDM3 A WDM3 D WDG3 WDG4 WAG5 WAG7 WAG9 Type HP Weight Adhesio n AC/DC 3100 112.

GOODS LOCOS Type Gros Start s HP Tractive Effort (KN) 298 Specific Fuel Consumpt ion 163 Balancing speed 59 BOXN Wagons 58 Kmph WDM2 2600 WDG3A 3100 398 156 65 Kmph WDG4 4000 540 154 75 Kmph WDG4 4500 540 154 82 Kmph .

hence higher throughput. quicker turnaround Fuel consumption reduced by 20% .BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY ECONOMY      10% higher Availability means fewer locomotives Lesser maintenance means one third staff Lesser Maintenance means smaller shed infrastructure Higher HP and tractive effort means longer and faster trains.

FUEL SAVING 220 200 SFC 180 GM ALCO 160 140 120 100 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 NOTCH .

Means minimal pollution.BENEFITS OF GM TECHNOLOGY CLEANER ENVIRONMENT  Has better exhaust emissions  WDG4 meets American Standards in emission control. Upgradable to Tier II  More fuel efficient design hence lower consumption of fossil fuels .

EXHAUST EMISSIONS 15 10 GM 5 Alco 0 Nox HC GM CO .

PASSENGER LOCO: WDP4 .

WDP4 to WDP4D • 19.5 T axle load and 160 kmph • Ao1Ao1 configuration-4 motor • Changed to six motor 120kmph WDP4B • Changed to dual cab 135kmph WDP4D .

NEW CONCEPTS AND TECHNOLOGIES • • • • HIGH TRACTION BOGIE RADIAL BOGIE THREE PHASE AC:AC TRACTION NEW MANUFACTURING PROCESSES .

High Tractive Effort High speed Bogie .

• ASYNCHRONOUS MOTORS CAN ALWAYS BE OPERATED AT THE OPTIMAL POINT OF THEIR CHARACTERISTIC CURVE • A/SYN MOTORS HAVE HIGHER POWER TO WEIGHT RATIO • ALL MOTORS ARE CONNECTED IN PARALLEL • ELECTRONIC CONTROL SYSTEM PROVIDES CONTROLLED CREEP .ASYNCHRONOUS MOTORS HAVE STEEP SPEED TORQUE CHARACTERISTIC.BENEFITS OF MICRO PROCESSOR AC:AC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM • BETTER SLIP CONTROL & HIGHER ADHESION.

TURBO CLEAN ROOM .

DECK MILLING .

LASER HARDENING • Laser hardened liners instead of chrome plated • DLW has set up laser hardening facility .

LAYOUT ENGINE TURBO EQUIPMENT RACK ALTERNATOR .

.

.

NOMEMCLATURE 710 G 3 B CUBIC INCH VOL PER CYL NEW GEN FUEL ECONOMY ENG EVOLUTION 567: A-D 645: E-F 710: G RAILROAD ENG TURBOCHARGED .

AG and Excited separately mounted on Alternator) DB hatch Horizontal Type or EMD type Radiator Cooling Fan (AC 3 phase machine) Fan Driven by ECC Auxiliary Generator (AC 3 Phase Generator with pilot exciter) Auxiliary Generator (DC Shunt type.ELECTRIC MACHINES EMD locomotives Alco locomotives Squirrel cage Traction Motor WDG4: 1TB 2622 OTA 02 WDP4: 1TB 2622 OTB 02 DC Series Traction Motor WDG3A : 4907 AZ WDM3D: 5002 Traction Alternator (TA17 CA9) Consists: TA+ CA+ Rectifier Traction Alternator 10102EV (Rectifier. Series winding provided for starting) Starter Motor Auxiliary Generator + Exciter .

.

Location of Electrical Machines DB Fans Traction Motor Alternator Aux Gen Dust bin blower Radiator Cooling Fans TL soak back pump motor Starting Motor .

DB Vs Speed Characteristic (ALCO) .

DB Vs Speed Characteristic (EMD) .

DC-DC TRACTION DRIVE FLEXIBLE COUPLING DIESEL ENGINE TRACTION MOTOR Generator .

AC-DC TRACTION DRIVE FLEXIBLE COUPLING DIESEL ENGINE TRACTION MOTOR Alternator Rectifier 3 PHASE CONTROLLED OUTPUT .

AC-AC TRACTION DRIVE FLEXIBLE COUPLING DIESEL ENGINE DC LINK CAPACITOR Alternator + Rectifier TRACTION MOTOR TCC 3 PHASE CONTROLLED OUTPUT .

PCB concept for piping – Control through pneumatic valves .I • 28LAV-1/ IRAB-1 – Discrete valves scattered all over loco – Control through pneumatic valves • Rack Mounted Brake system – Brake valves fitted on rack – Control through pneumatic valves • Panel Mounted Brake system – Brake valves fitted on rack.Evolution of loco brakes .

II • Electronic (D&M E-70) – Electrical signal from driver’s desk to panel – Pneumatic logic control – Used on WAG9 locomotives • CCB – – – – Microprocessor-based control Panel mounted modular design with minimum valves Introduced by Knorr Bremse in 1989 Used on WDG4 and WDP4 locomotives .Evolution of loco brakes .

Equipment Rack .

CENTRALIZED AIR SYSTEM • A source of clean air is required for the locomotive to operate effectively • The heart of the clean air system is a section of the Carbody. • The rear of the electrical cabinet makes up the front wall of the air compartment. • The back wall is made up of the main generator and a partition fitted around the main generator • One opening is provided for air to the engine and another opening is provided for auxiliary generator and main generator blower drive .

THANK YOU .