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EXPERIMENT - 03

BALANCING OF RECIPROCATING
MASSES

PROPULSION LAB

K. A bolt is fastened to piston top where weights can be added to create imbalance.SRAVANTHI . control unit.APPARATUS: The Experiment of Balancing of Reciprocating masses employs variablespeed motor. A facility is made by fitting a M8 bolt at opposite side of crank. As all these are mounted on a MS Plate and this plate is resting on six springs. frame. base plate. Piston.SANGEETHA . SRI KRISHNAN 2 .Institute Of Aeronautical Engineering Balancing Of Reciprocating Masses BALANCING OF RECIPROCATING MASSES i. AIM: To study the effect of unbalanced reciprocating masses by changing weights for the piston. variable speed DC(FHP) motor. II. fitted on a strong angular base. pen holders. Prepared by:G. Four pen holders are fitted at various positions of plate. As such any unbalance in reciprocating masses has to be balanced either by adding weights at the opposite side of crank shaft. reciprocating piston. paper holder. It has a cylinder without head and piston top is visible. III. Proximity switch with RPM Meter. digital RPM meter etc. springs. where different masses can be added and tightened with chuck nut. Cylinder. A paper holder can be placed in front of pen holder.THEORY: It has a cylinder. variac andweights.

e.SRAVANTHI . flange mounted with L bracket support. It rests on six springs. 0-9999rpm. Coupling: Love joy L80 coupling 8.SANGEETHA . where in all components are mounted on it. Fuse: 4Amps. Prepared by:G. Variac: 2A. f. Rectifier Bridge: 20A Capacity. b. 3. Find out weights added or removed. can be grouted. Machined. IV. Measure amplitude and compare. 4. It is complete with connecting rod. Speed Indiacator: Digital.Institute Of Aeronautical Engineering Balancing Of Reciprocating Masses Initially either balanced or imbalanced system is made to operate at known speed of motor say 450rpm. 30v DC. Control Unit: Made from power coated panel. 6A. it houses. fitted with six compression springs. Main switch: DPST with illumination. 2. Top is with an extended bolt on which several weights can be added and fastened. Base Plate: Ms Plate of 6mm thick. Cylinder: CI. Magnetic Pick up: PNP Sensor for RPM. where in hands can be moved inside to add or remove weights. Crank Case: As no Oil is returned it is made from skelton of Ms angle. Piston: Aluminum/ CI. gudgeon pin. 6. Base Frame: Made from Ms angles. 7. It is without head. SRI KRISHNAN 3 . c. Record vibrations of plate at all four locations. max speed 800rpm. 0-230V AC. without rings. K. 5. d.SET UP DESCRIPTION: 1. After primary balancing run system at same speed and once again record vibrations. FHP motors. bearing etc. Motors: PMDC. Board. a.

Paper holders: with heavy base. Pen Holders: Ms with bracket. vertically a single paper can inserted. RESULTS: Prepared by:G. K. SRI KRISHNAN 4 .SANGEETHA .Institute Of Aeronautical Engineering Balancing Of Reciprocating Masses 9. fitted at four different positions. V. 10.SRAVANTHI . PROCEDURE: VI.