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Independent Statistics & Analysis

U.S. Energy Information
Administration

April 2016

Drilling Productivity Report
For key tight oil and shale gas regions

Bakken

Marcellus

Utica

Niobrara

Permian

Haynesville

Eagle Ford

The seven regions analyzed in this report accounted for 92% of domestic oil production growth
and all domestic natural gas production growth during 2011-14.

Contents
Year-over-year summary
Bakken Region
Eagle Ford Region
Haynesville Region
Marcellus Region
Niobrara Region
Permian Region
Utica Region
Explanatory notes
Sources

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000 1.200 6.000 1. Apr) Indicated monthly change in gas production (May vs.000 400 0 0 Bakken Eagle Ford Haynesville Marcellus Niobrara Permian Utica U.600 9.400 15.000 0 0 Bakken Eagle Ford Haynesville Marcellus Niobrara Permian Legacy oil production change Eagle Ford Haynesville Marcellus Niobrara Permian Utica Niobrara Permian Utica Legacy gas production change thousand barrels/day Bakken Bakken Utica million cubic feet/day Eagle Ford Haynesville Marcellus Niobrara Permian Utica Bakken 0 0 (25) (100) Eagle Ford Haynesville Marcellus (200) (50) (300) (75) (400) (100) (500) (125) (600) May-2015 May-2016 May-2015 May-2016 (700) (150) Indicated monthly change in oil production (May vs.200 6.000 12.000 12.000 2.600 10.000 800 3.000 1. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report Bakken Eagle Ford Haynesville Marcellus Niobrara 2 .800 2.000 400 2.000 May-2016 8.000 1.000 800 4.000 2. S. Apr) thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day May-2015 May-2015 May-2016 May-2016 200 40 150 20 100 50 0 0 -20 -50 -40 -100 -150 -60 -200 -250 -80 Bakken Eagle Ford Haynesville Marcellus Niobrara Permian Bakken Utica Eagle Ford Haynesville Marcellus Oil production Natural gas production thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day May-2015 May-2015 May-2016 Niobrara Permian Utica Permian Utica May-2016 18.Year-over-year summary April 2016 drilling data through March projected production through May Drilling Productivity Report New-well oil production per rig New-well gas production per rig barrels/day thousand cubic feet/day May-2015 May-2016 May-2015 2.

000 4.000 250 new-well gas production per rig rig count 200 4.200 1.000 5.000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 3 .000 7. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report Production from new wells Bakken Region Natural gas production Oil -31 thousand barrels/day month over month thousand barrels/day 1.000 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Bakken Region Legacy oil production change Bakken Region Legacy gas production change thousand barrels/day 0 million cubic feet/day 0 (10) (10) (20) (20) (30) (30) (40) (40) (50) (50) (60) (60) (70) (70) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 (80) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Bakken Region Indicated change in oil production (May vs.000 6.000 1.000 5.Bakken Region April 2016 drilling data through March projected production through May Drilling Productivity Report 767 757 Oil +10 barrels/day month over month Monthly additions from one average rig May April barrels/day Bakken Region New-well oil production per rig barrels/day 1000 800 Rig count rigs 250 new-well oil production per rig 200 rig count 600 150 966 957 May April Gas +9 thousand cubic feet/day month over month thousand cubic feet/day Bakken Region New-well gas production per rig Rig count rigs thousand cubic feet/day 6.000 800 600 400 200 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 U.000 150 3. S.000 400 100 200 50 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 100 2.601 MMcf/d Gas -32 million cubic feet/day month over month 8.078 Mbbl/d Production from new wells Legacy production change Bakken Region Oil production Net change May 1.047 Mbbl/d Apr 1.000 3. Apr) Bakken Region Indicated change in natural gas production (May vs.400 0 2007 +31 2016 Legacy production change Net change May 1.000 50 1. Apr) thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day 50 50 +24 -31 -55 -63 -32 25 25 0 0 -25 -25 -50 -50 Apr 1.000 2.633 MMcf/d million cubic feet/day 1.

800 Production from new wells million cubic feet/day Legacy production change Net change May 6.000 1.829 May April Gas +9 thousand cubic feet/day month over month thousand cubic feet/day Eagle Ford Region New-well gas production per rig Rig count rigs thousand cubic feet/day 6.246 Mbbl/d Production from new wells Legacy production change Eagle Ford Region Oil production Net change May 1.000 100 1.000 4. Apr) Eagle Ford Region Indicated change in natural gas production (May vs.200 6. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report 2016 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 4 . S.000 900 4.405 MMcf/d Eagle Ford Region Natural gas production Oil -62 thousand barrels/day month over month thousand barrels/day 1.000 1.838 2.000 600 2.000 50 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Eagle Ford Region Legacy oil production change Eagle Ford Region Legacy gas production change thousand barrels/day 0 million cubic feet/day 0 (50) (100) (150) (200) (250) (300) (350) (400) (450) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 (20) (40) (60) (80) (100) (120) (140) (160) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Eagle Ford Region Indicated change in oil production (May vs.500 8.000 150 2. Apr) thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day 200 +40 50 -102 -62 +132 -345 -213 100 0 0 -100 -50 -200 -100 -300 Apr 1.000 300 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 U.000 rig count 250 200 3.000 350 new-well gas production per rig 300 5.192 MMcf/d Gas -213 million cubic feet/day month over month 10.184 Mbbl/d Apr 6.Eagle Ford Region April 2016 drilling data through March projected production through May Drilling Productivity Report 852 840 Oil +12 barrels/day month over month Monthly additions from one average rig May April barrels/day Eagle Ford Region New-well oil production per rig Rig count rigs barrels/day 1000 350 new-well oil production per rig 800 300 rig count 250 600 200 400 150 100 200 50 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2.

5 -50 -1.Haynesville Region April 2016 drilling data through March projected production through May Drilling Productivity Report 27 27 Oil 0 barrels/day month over month Monthly additions from one average rig May April barrels/day Haynesville Region New-well oil production per rig Rig count rigs barrels/day 1.200 6. Apr) thousand barrels/day 1.000 100 50 1.0 -100 Apr 48 Mbbl/d Production from new wells Legacy production change Haynesville Region Oil production Net change May 47 Mbbl/d Apr 6.000 Production from new wells million cubic feet/day Legacy production change Net change May 6.000 300 new-well gas production per rig 250 5.000 800 4.000 300 new-well oil production per rig 800 rig count 600 400 200 5. S.5 50 0.476 5. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report 2016 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 5 .000 10.000 1.406 May April Gas +70 thousand cubic feet/day month over month thousand cubic feet/day Haynesville Region New-well gas production per rig Rig count rigs thousand cubic feet/day 6.099 MMcf/d Haynesville Region Natural gas production Oil -1 thousand barrels/day month over month thousand barrels/day 2.000 400 0 2007 2.036 MMcf/d Gas -63 million cubic feet/day month over month 12.000 50 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 250 rig count 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Haynesville Region Legacy oil production change Haynesville Region Legacy gas production change thousand barrels/day 0 million cubic feet/day 0 (100) (200) (1) (300) (400) (2) (500) (3) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 (600) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Haynesville Region Indicated change in oil production (May vs.600 8. Apr) Haynesville Region Indicated change in natural gas production (May vs.000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 U.000 1.000 200 150 3.0 million cubic feet/day 150 +0 -1 -1 +93 -156 -63 100 0.0 0 -0.000 150 100 2.000 200 4.

0 200 0 0.000 2.000 10.000 1.000 6.000 4.851 Gas +136 May thousand cubic feet/day month over month thousand cubic feet/day Marcellus Region New-well gas production per rig Rig count rigs thousand cubic feet/day 12. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report Production from new wells 2016 Legacy production change Net change May 17.000 8.000 150 rig count 1.200 90 10.000 new-well gas production per rig 150 rig count 120 8.000 12.000 800 60 400 30 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 60 4.0 -400 Apr 41 Mbbl/d Production from new wells Legacy production change Marcellus Region Oil production Net change May 41 Mbbl/d Apr 17. Apr) thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day 600 2.000 18.Marcellus Region April 2016 drilling data through March projected production through May Drilling Productivity Report 65 65 Oil 0 barrels/day month over month Monthly additions from one average rig May April barrels/day Marcellus Region New-well oil production per rig Rig count rigs barrels/day new-well oil production per rig 2.0 -200 -1.000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 6 .987 April 10.000 2.000 30 2.000 500 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 U.000 14.600 120 1.277 MMcf/d Gas -60 million cubic feet/day month over month 20.000 16.0 +2 0 -2 +330 -390 -60 400 1.000 90 6. Apr) Marcellus Region Indicated change in natural gas production (May vs.000 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Marcellus Region Legacy oil production change Marcellus Region Legacy gas production change thousand barrels/day 0 million cubic feet/day 0 (100) (1) (200) (2) (300) (3) (400) (4) (500) (5) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 (600) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Marcellus Region Indicated change in oil production (May vs.500 1.000 10. S.337 MMcf/d Marcellus Region Natural gas production Oil 0 thousand barrels/day month over month thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day 3.500 2.

134 MMcf/d Gas -83 million cubic feet/day month over month 6.Niobrara Region April 2016 drilling data through March projected production through May Drilling Productivity Report 885 863 Oil +22 barrels/day month over month Monthly additions from one average rig May April barrels/day Niobrara Region New-well oil production per rig barrels/day 1000 Rig count rigs 140 new-well oil production per rig 800 120 rig count 100 600 80 400 60 40 200 20 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2. Apr) Niobrara Region Indicated change in natural gas production (May vs.000 60 2.217 MMcf/d Niobrara Region Natural gas production Oil -16 thousand barrels/day month over month thousand barrels/day 1.000 Production from new wells million cubic feet/day Legacy production change Net change May 4.000 200 0 2007 1.000 Rig count rigs 140 new-well gas production per rig 5. S.000 80 3. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report 2016 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 7 .000 800 4.000 5.000 400 2.000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 U.000 40 1. Apr) thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day 100 30 20 10 0 -10 -20 -30 +16 -16 -32 +47 -130 -83 50 0 -50 -100 Apr 420 Mbbl/d Production from new wells Legacy production change Niobrara Region Oil production Net change May 404 Mbbl/d Apr 4.000 20 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Niobrara Region Legacy oil production change Niobrara Region Legacy gas production change thousand barrels/day 0 million cubic feet/day 0 (30) (10) (60) (20) (90) (30) (120) (40) (150) (50) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 (180) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Niobrara Region Indicated change in oil production (May vs.544 May April Gas +65 thousand cubic feet/day month over month thousand cubic feet/day Niobrara Region New-well gas production per rig thousand cubic feet/day 6.000 120 rig count 100 4.000 600 3.609 2.

200 1.064 MMcf/d 100 +71 -4 -75 75 50 25 0 -25 Apr 2.000 600 new-well gas production per rig 500 2.Permian Region April 2016 drilling data through March projected production through May Drilling Productivity Report Monthly additions from one average rig 468 458 April Oil +10 May barrels/day month over month barrels/day Permian Region New-well oil production per rig barrels/day 500 400 Rig count rigs 600 new-well oil production per rig rig count 300 200 100 May April 846 838 Gas +8 thousand cubic feet/day month over month thousand cubic feet/day Permian Region New-well gas production per rig Rig count rigs thousand cubic feet/day 3.000 2. S.000 800 600 400 200 0 2007 2008 2009 Net change May 2. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report 2016 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 8 .000 400 300 1.000 200 100 500 100 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 500 rig count 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Permian Region Legacy oil production change Permian Region Legacy gas production change thousand barrels/day 0 (10) (20) (30) (40) (50) (60) (70) (80) (90) (100) 2007 2008 2009 million cubic feet/day 0 (20) (40) (60) (80) (100) (120) (140) (160) (180) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Permian Region Indicated change in oil production (May vs.036 Mbbl/d Production from new wells Legacy production change Permian Region Oil production thousand barrels/day 2.032 Mbbl/d +129 Production from new wells Permian Region Natural gas production Oil -4 thousand barrels/day month over month million cubic feet/day -170 Legacy production change -41 Net change May 7.000 1.800 1.023 MMcf/d Gas -41 million cubic feet/day month over month 12.000 6.000 4. Apr) thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day 200 150 100 50 0 -50 -100 Apr 7. Apr) Permian Region Indicated change in natural gas production (May vs.600 1.200 2.500 300 200 1.000 8.000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 U.400 1.000 10.500 400 2.

000 new-well gas production per rig rig count 4.036 May April Gas +79 thousand cubic feet/day month over month thousand cubic feet/day Utica Region New-well gas production per rig Rig count rigs thousand cubic feet/day 8. Apr) Utica Region Indicated change in natural gas production (May vs.200 1. Apr) thousand barrels/day million cubic feet/day 6.000 400 2.800 3.0 25 -2.400 1.665 MMcf/d million cubic feet/day May 3. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report 2016 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 9 .200 6.0 75 2.0 50 0.600 2.600 500 3.666 MMcf/d Gas +1 million cubic feet/day month over month 3.0 0 Apr 81 Mbbl/d Production from new wells Legacy production change Utica Region Oil production Net change May 81 Mbbl/d Apr 3.Utica Region April 2016 drilling data through March projected production through May Drilling Productivity Report 331 319 Oil +12 barrels/day month over month Monthly additions from one average rig May April barrels/day Utica Region New-well oil production per rig barrels/day 1.400 300 1.115 7.400 7.400 1.200 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Utica Region Legacy oil production change Utica Region Legacy gas production change thousand barrels/day 0 million cubic feet/day 0 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 (10) (1) (20) (30) (2) (40) (3) (50) (60) (4) (70) (5) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 (80) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Utica Region Indicated change in oil production (May vs. S.0 +4 0 -4 -75 +1 Legacy production change Net change 100 4.000 Rig count rigs new-well oil production per rig rig count 800 600 400 200 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 7.200 100 600 2008 Production from new wells Utica Region Natural gas production Oil 0 thousand barrels/day month over month thousand barrels/day 600 0 2007 +76 125 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 U.800 200 1.

The regions are defined by all selected counties. Monthly additions from one average rig Monthly additions from one average rig represent EIA’s estimate of an average rig’s3 contribution to production of oil and natural gas from new wells.and next-month values are listed on the top header. such as infrastructure constraints. S. The regions are defined by all selected counties. 3. resulting in a production increase the next month when production simply returns to normal levels. The monthly average rig count used in this report is calculated from weekly data on total oil and gas rigs reported by Baker Hughes.signs and color-coded arrows to highlight the growth or decline in oil (brown) or natural gas (blue). or shut-ins based on environmental or economic issues. well freeze-offs or hurricanes can cause production to significantly decline in any given month. EIA’s approach does not distinguish between oil-directed rigs and gas-directed rigs because once a well is completed it may produce both oil and gas. 2. This production is based on all wells reported to the state oil and gas agencies. Production is not limited to tight formations. 5. Legacy oil and natural gas production change Charts present EIA’s estimates of total oil and gas production changes from all the wells other than the new wells. A new well is defined as one that began producing for the first time in the previous month. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report 10 . Each well belongs to the new-well category for only one month. New-well oil/gas production per rig Charts present historical estimated monthly additions from one average rig coupled with the number of total drilling rigs as reported by Baker Hughes. Footnotes: 1. The trend is dominated by the well depletion rates. 4. which include areas outside of tight oil formations. Rig count data lag production data because EIA has observed that the best predictor of the number of new wells beginning production in a given month is the count of rigs in operation two months earlier. The estimated change in production does not reflect external circumstances that can affect the actual rates. U. but other circumstances can influence the direction of the change. Oil production represents both crude and condensate production from all formations in the region.5 Current. Gas production represents gross (before processing) gas production from all formations in the region. Reworked and recompleted wells are excluded from the calculation. The month-over-month change is listed alongside. Where state data are not immediately available. lagged by two months. which include areas outside of shale formations. with +/. Production is not limited to shale formations. bad weather. EIA estimates the production based on estimated changes in new-well oil/gas production and the corresponding legacy change.4 The estimation of new-well production per rig uses several months of recent historical data on total production from new wells for each field divided by the region's monthly rig count. Projected change in monthly oil/gas production Charts present the combined effects of new-well production and changes to legacy production. more than half of the wells do that.Explanatory notes April 2016 Drilling Productivity Report The Drilling Productivity Report uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil1 and natural gas2 production for seven key regions. Total new-well production is offset by the anticipated change in legacy production to derive the net change in production. For example. Oil/gas production Charts present all oil and natural gas production from both new and legacy wells since 2007.

us/publicreports/Modules/Welcome/Welcome.us) Source of well production. and completion data in the counties associated with this report in Louisiana Ohio Department of Natural Resources (http://oilandgas.state. Drilling Info (http://www.tx. and completion data in the counties associated with this report in Wyoming Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (http://dnr. and completion data in the counties associated with this report in Ohio U. permit. and completion data in the counties associated with this report in Pennsylvania West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (http://www.rrc. permit.bakerhughes. permit. and completion data in the counties associated with this report in West Virginia Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (http://cogcc. and completion data in the counties associated with this report in North Dakota Railroad Commission of Texas (http://www. permit.gov) Source of well production. and completion data in the counties associated with this report in Texas Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (https://www.gov/oil-andgas/Pages/default. North Dakota Oil and Gas Division (https://www.wy. permit.aspx) Source of well production.com) Source of rig and well counts by county.paoilandgasreporting. calculations.ohiodnr.nd. permit.state.aspx) Source of well production.Sources April 2016 Drilling Productivity Report The data used in the preparation of this report come from the following sources.gov/oilgas) Source of well production. and spud data for counties associated with this report.drillinginfo.com) Source of production. and completion data in the counties associated with this report in Colorado Wyoming Oil and Conservation Commission (http://wogcc.co.dep.state.us) Source of well production. S.dmr. Baker Hughes (http://www. permit. Energy Information Administration | Drilling Productivity Report 11 . and conclusions. EIA is solely responsible for the analysis. Source of real-time rig location to estimate new wells spudded and completed throughout the United States. state.louisiana. and basin.gov) Source of well production. permit.wv.us) Source of well production.pa. permit.state.