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Name _______________

Date _____________

Magnet Acrostic Poem


An acrostic poem is one where you choose a word or name and use each letter in the name as
the beginning of a word or line that tells something about that person or topic.
Example: An acrostic poem using the word "Sun."
Sometimes when we go to the beach, I will get sun burn.
Usually if I put Sun block on my skin, I will not burn.
Noon is when I'm really prone to burning.

Write an Acrostic Poem using the word below.

M
A
G
N
E
T
S

Name _______________

Date _____________

Bank On It! Worksheet


Magnetism

Work Bank
stars)

stroked
power
Chinese
the

stones
Europe.
from
away A

The
physician
around
the

and

____________ ancient Greeks, originally those near


____________ city of Magnesia, and also the early Chinese
knew about strange and rare ____________ (possibly chunks
of iron ore struck by lightning) with the ____________ to
attract iron. ____________ steel needle ____________ with
such a "lodestone" became "magnetic" as well, ____________
around 1000 the ____________ found that such a needle,
when freely suspended, pointed north-south. The magnetic
compass soon spread to ____________ Columbus used it
when he crossed the Atlantic ocean, noting not only that the
needle deviated slightly from exact north (as indicated by
____________ ____________ but also that the deviation
changed during the voyage. Around 1600 William Gilbert,
____________ to Queen Elizabeth I of England, proposed an
explanation: the Earth itself was a giant magnet, with its
magnetic poles some distance ____________ ____________

its geographic ones (i.e. near the points defining the axis
____________ which the Earth turns).
Comparing Magnets And Electricity VENN Diagram
Directions:
List 3 similarities and 3 differences between magnets and electricity. Use the
VENN Diagram below to organize your work.

MAGNETS

ELECTRICITY

Name _______________

Date _____________

Magnetism and Electricity Word Chop


Worksheet
Directions: The table below contains words that have been chopped in half. Find the pieces that
fit together and write them in the answer area below.

cir

att

Cuit

electr

bat

ract

Net

ricity

cur

mag

Tery

re

elec

fo

Com

elect

pass

rent

Stone

omagnet

rce

trons

Lode

pel

Answers:
________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

Name _______________

Date _____________

Do The Research!
Magnetism and Electricity
Directions: Research the topic
indicated to the right and answer
the questions below, based on
that topic.

1. What happens to a
magnet if you heat it too
much?

Topic: Sparks and Attractions

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

2. Has the magnetic field


of the Earth ever flipped
(i.e. North Pole would be
South)?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

3. When is the only time


that light waves travel at

______________________________________

the speed of light


(186,272 miles per
second)?

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

Name _______________

Date _____________

Magnetism and Electricity Group Creative


Writing
Directions: As a group, you have 25 minutes to write a brief story using the words below.

ATTRACT

REPEL

CURRENT

FORCE

BATTERY

ELECTROMAGNET

COMPASS

ELECTRONS

CIRCUIT

LODESTONE

MAGNET

ELECTRICITY

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

Flexing those Magnet Muscles!


Problems: Which lab magnet is the strongest? Which is the weakest? What part of a magnet
is the strongest?
Hypothesis:
___________________________________________________________________.
Materials: Several bar magnets and/or magnets of different sizes and shapes, several
magnetic objects (paper clips, nails, iron filings, etc.), several nonmagnetic objects (plastic,
paper, coins, etc.), pens and/or pencils, data-capture sheet - one per student (pages 13, 15, 23,
72, 82 92), 20 small nails, large nails, 20 metal paper clips, several compasses, a table or flat
surface, wooden rulers and construction paper.
Procedure:
1. Once each group has been placed, the groups will be given the rules for each learning
station. Students will have 20 minutes to formulate a hypothesis, test the hypothesis
and come up with a conclusion for each station. Predictions and outcomes are to be in
written format by the stenographer in each cooperative learning group.
2. You will make a data-capture sheet with your teacher.
3. Each group begins to research.
STATION A ATTRACTION ACTION
1. Using a bar magnet, select one object at time to see if it is magnetic.

2. Record your findings on the data-capture sheet provided.


3. Once you have tested all of the objects provided, be creative and find five more
objects to test for magnet properties.
4. Repeat step
STATION B MAGNETIC MUSCLE
1. With the 20 nails make a pile on a desk or other hard surface.
2. Choose one magnet and place it in the pile of nails.
3. Slowly lift it out of the pile and record the number of nails it picks up on the datacapture sheet provided.
4. Repeat steps 2-3 with the remaining magnets.
5. Replace the nails with the 20 paper clips and repeat steps 2-4. Compare your results
from the first experience.
STATION C MAGNETIC MAP
1. Place the bar magnet in the middle of the piece of paper and trace around it to mark its
position.
2. Put the compass on the paper near the magnet. Draw and arrow between the compass
and the magnet showing the farthest point where the compass needle is affected by the
magnetic field.
3. Repeat step two several times all around the magnet.
4. Once you have completed step three, you will be able to see where the magnetic field
exists, where it is the strongest, and where it is the weakest.
STATION D NEIGHBORLY NAIL
1. With the large nails try to pick up some of the smaller nails or paper clips. Observe
what happens and record on data capture sheet.
2. With one end of the bar magnet, stroke the nail 25 times in the same direction.
3. Try again to pick up the small nails or paper clips with the newly magnetized nail.
Observe what happens and record on data-capture sheet.
4. Carefully throw the magnetized nail against a hard surface.
5. Try one more time to pick up the small nails or paper clips with the nails. Observe
what happens and record on data-capture sheet.

Repeat this experience using iron fillings instead of nails or paper clip. Observe what happens
and record on data-capture sheet.

Name _______________

Date _____________

If I Were A.... ? Worksheet


Electricity

1. Choose any device that


use electricity. Pretend you
are this device for the
remaining questions.

____________________

Device

_________________________________________________
2. How much electricity do
you use in an hour of use?

_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________

_________________________________________________
3. Approximately how many
of you were sold in the
United States last year?

_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________

4. Assuming you were used


one hour per day, everyday
last year, how much total
power did you use in the
United States?

_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________

5. Assuming the average


cost of electricity is 11 cents
per kilowatt hour, what was
the total cost to power you
in the U.S. last year?

Name _______________

Date _____________

Magnetism & Electricity KWL Worksheet

What I Know

What I Want To Learn

What I Have Learned

Name ________________________

Date ____________________

Magnetic Attraction
Directions:
Experiment with various items to determine which are attracted to a magnetic force
and which are not. Your teacher has provided you with a number of materials. In
box below, write which items were attracted by and which were not.

Use this chart to record your findings:


Attracted

Name ________________________

Not Attracted

Date ____________________

Magnetic Attraction And Cars


Directions:
Draw arrows to show if the cars attract or repel each other. On the space to the
right, write the word that describes the action of the cars (attract or repel).

1)
___________

2)
____________

3)
____________

4) Attract means to:_____________________________________

5) Repel means to:______________________________________


Name _______________

Date _____________

Magnetism Maze Worksheet


Directions:
Help the North pole of the magnet meet the South pole.

Name _______________

Date _____________

Reading Comprehension Worksheet


Magnetism & Electricity

Magnetism and electricity are closely related phenomena. Electric charge is a


fundamental property of matter. Matter is made up of electrons, neutrons, and
protons. Electrons have a negative electric charge, while protons have a positive
electric charge; neutrons have no electric charge. These tiny particles are the
building blocks of atoms. An atom has a net positive electric charge when it loses
one of its electrons, and a net negative electric charge when it gains an extra
electron. On the other hand, magnetic charges do not exist - Magnetic fields are
generated solely by moving electric charges.
An example of the relationship between electricity and magnetism is the motor. In a
motor, a voltage is applied across the terminals of a coil of wire. The voltage causes
the electrons in the wire to move, which in turn generates a current. This current
results in a magnetic field, which interacts with permanent magnets attached to the
core of the motor, causing it to move.
Perhaps the most significant relationship between electricity and magnetism is light,
which is known to physicists as an electromagnetic wave. Light waves are oscillating
patterns of electric and magnetic fields, propagating through space at the speed of
light (3x108 meters/second).
Electric and Magnetic phenomena are intricately described by a collection of
physical laws, known as Maxwell's equations. Fully understanding these complex
equations require a thorough knowledge of calculus and differential equations. For
more information, take a course in electromagnetic theory from your local university.

1. What is an atom made up


of?

_________________________________

_________________________________

2. What is a magnetic field?

3. In most cases, does


electricity create magnets or
do magnets create
electricity? Explain.

4. When some on say "The


Speed of Light", what are
they referring to?

_________________________________
_________________________________

_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________

_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________

Name ________________________

Date ____________________

The Magnets In My House


Directions:
Below you will find a list of items in a typical home. Take a look at them and
decide if they have magnets in them. Put a check next to the materials that have
magnets. In the last two boxes name to other items in your house that have
magnets.

Item
VCR
Fan
Speakers
Television
Can Opener
Tape Player
Computer
Radio

Does It Have Magnets?

Telephone

Name _______________

Date _____________

Magnetism & Electricity Vocabulary Quiz


Directions: Match the vocabulary words on the left with the definitions on the right.

1. magnet

Natural magnetized materials that are used as


magnets.

2. current

Producing energy through charged particles.

3. electricity

To move or force back or away.

4. attract

A device used to show direction that contains a


magnetized pointer.

5. battery

Power that's active.

6. electromagnet

An object made out of material such as iron that have


magnetic properties.

7. circuit

An object that has an electric charge and can be used


as energy.

8. lodestone
(loadstone)

The flow of electricity through a wire.

9. repel

A small particle that carries one unit of negative


energy.

10. electron

A metal core that's soft that creates a very strong


magnet after a current passes through wire that is
coiled around it.

11. force

To pull together with physical force.

12. compass

The entire path or part of the path that over which an


electric current flows.

Name
_______________

Date _____________

Magnetism & Electricity Vocabulary List &


Definitions
current

The flow of electricity through a wire.

electricity

Producing energy through charged particles.

electromagnet

A metal core that's soft that creates a very strong


magnet after a current passes through wire that is
coiled around it.

electron

A small particle that carries one unit of negative


energy.

force

Power that's active.

lodestone

Natural magnetized materials that are used as


magnets.

magnet

An object made out of material such as iron that have


magnetic properties.

attract

To pull together with physical force.

battery

An object that has an electric charge and can be used


as energy.

repel

To move or force back or away.

circuit

The entire path or part of the path that over which an


electric current flows.

compass

A device used to show direction that contains a


magnetized pointer.

Name ________________________

Date ____________________

What's Electricity?
Directions:
Answer the questions found below.

1. Electricity is the flow of ______________________________.

2. Electrons have a __________________ charge.

3. Protons have a ___________________ charge.

4. Neutrons have a _________________ charge.

5. The electric force that pushes electrons is measured in ________.

6. Is using a telephone during a lightning storm is dangerous?

Bonus:
How come birds on electric wires don't get electrocuted?
Name _______________

Date _____________

Magnetism and Electricity Word Chop


Worksheet
Directions: The table below contains words that have been chopped in half. Find the pieces that
fit together and write them in the answer area below.

Answers:

cir

att

cuit

electr

bat

ract

net

ricity

cur

mag

tery

re

elec

fo

com

elect

pass

rent

stone

omagnet

rce

trons

lode

pel

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________

________________________