MARCH 2005




The Mayors Endorse UN-HABITAT Plan for Pro-poor Urban Water and Sanitation Governance in Madhya Pradesh (India)
UN-HABITAT under the Water for Asian Cities Programme in India organized a two-days workshop on Pro-poor Urban Water and Sanitation Governance from 18-19 March 2005 in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. The workshop brought together both the primary and secondary stakeholders to discuss and decide on the approach and strategy to be adopted by UNHABITAT in the implementation of the Water for Asian Cities Programme in Madhya Pradesh. The workshop was attended by the State Policy-makers, the City Mayors, the Municipal Commissioners, the Engineers, the Urban Planners and representatives of various regional and international organisations which included ADB Manila and New Delhi, DFID, Cities Alliance, USAID, several of the NGOs including Water Aid, SEWA, SAMARTHAN and many others. In a message to the Workshop delegates Dr. Anna Tibaijuka, the Executive Director, UN-HABITAT cited the need for addressing Water and Sanitation Governance as a matter of priority for achieving the MDGs in Madhya Pradesh, the third poorest State of India. Dr. Uma Shashi Sharma, Mayor of Indore, said that UN-HABITAT should help Indore and other cities in addressing the issues pertaining to pro-poor water and sanitation governance as well as capacity building through public awareness, advocacy, education, experience sharing and carrying out demonstration project. The workshop looked at ways of mapping the poor, bridging the sanitation gap and enhancing the city capacities for delivery. The issues pertaining to monitoring and evaluation as well as knowledge sharing were also discussed at length. In his message, the Mayor of Bhopal underscored the need for developing and implementing strategies for the provision of water and sanitation services that will maximize the income and employment earning opportunities for the urban poor.

• UN-HABITAT plans city wise Stakeholders’ Consultations and Development of City Action Plan • Steps being taken for conducting Water Audits/ Diagnostic Studies • Training needs assessment and city based training on Water Demand Management • Mapping the Urban Poor in Slum and non-slum areas

Inside this issue:
Ugandan Minister visits 2 Ananthapur Water Supply Project Roundtable for Developing Strategies in M.P. Forthcoming Events Roundtable on VBWSE


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The four city Mayors asked UN-HABITAT to play an active role in the introduction of responsive demand management strategies to improve efficiency and equity of water supply, water use and to give more influence to those currently deprived of water and sanitation. The Mayors also sought the UN-HABITAT support for capacity building for Municipal Staff, plans for sustainable water and sanitation management and demonstration projects in water demand management and other related areas. During the workshop several priority actions were identified in the field of Pro-poor Urban Water and Sanitation Governance. These included Government – Non-government dialogues and partnerships for mapping the poor; creating mechanisms for dialogue, information sharing between different groups and initiating community level planning in all the project cities for understanding key governance gaps and mechanisms for addressing them. Several priority actions in the field of environmental sanitation, capacity building, monitoring and evaluation and knowledge sharing were also identified. Based on these recommendations UN-HABITAT worked out follow up actions for implementation of Water for Asian Cities Programme in Madhya Pradesh (India). The meeting agreed that consultations should be held with each city and its partners on water development plans, training needs and assessments, surveys of requirements and strategic planning so that implementation can begin as soon as possible.

Smt. Susheela Singh, Mayor of Jabalpur addressing the delegates of the UN-HABITAT Workshop

Ugandan Minister for Water visits Ananthapur Water Supply Project in India
Hon’ble Maria Mutagamba, Minister of State for Water, Uganda traveled from Kampala to Ananthapur District in Andhra Pradesh to know first hand and learn from the Ananthapur Water Supply Project. Hon’ble Mutagamba, who is also the Chairperson of the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW), was on a study visit to India from 12-15 February 2005, sponsored by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT). Ananthapur is semi-arid district in State of Andhra Pradesh (India). The whole district with a population of nearly 1.5 million has been facing extreme shortage of drinking water in all its 1000 villages and several towns. Sri Sathya Sai Drinking Water Supply Project in Ananthapur District, implemented in 1998, is an innovative project presenting a new approach to financing pro-poor investment for drinking water supply both in rural and urban areas. The Minister from Uganda was very keen to find out how such a major project was implemented through civil society financing. The Ugandan Minister was informed that this massive project was implemented at a cost of US$ 69 million in 18 months without any time and cost over-run. During her interaction with the project management team, she learnt about the innovative mechanisms of public-private-community partnerships for the implementation maintenance and regular management of the project. She was excited to know that the project greatly contributed to providing access to more than 1 million poor in 731 villages unserved earlier by safe drinking water supply. The project had been evaluated earlier jointly by UN-HABITAT and ADB in the year 2002 and commended as a unique project of its kind both in terms of its financing mechanisms and implementation plans for serving the poor. This independent evaluation revealed a very vibrant partnership which was still active even six years after the completion of the project. The project had a very positive impact on the school going girl children who were earlier forced to drop out of the school to help their mothers with household activities including fetching of water from a distance of several kilometres. The project brought drinking water close to the house of each family which helped the earning members of the family to spend more time on income generating activities. The Minister took keen interest in the strong management information system which had been developed for continuous monitoring and summative evaluation of this massive project. She was happy to note that the completion of this project in such a short time had set a new standard for project implementation in terms of timeliness, professional execution and commitment to quality. During her visit to Ananthapur the Ugandan Minister also expressed the gratitude of the people of Uganda for the contribution of 80 borewells by Sri Sathya Sai Organisation. These borewells will provide safe drinking water supply to thousands of poor Ugandans mainly in the water scarce eastern region of the country. Work on this project has already begun. The project is estimated to cost more than US$ 500,000 through generous contributions from Sri Sathya Sai Organisation. The Minister was deeply impressed by the achievements of the Ananthapur project and has invited the people including professionals, who have made it possible, to visit Uganda. She said, "I am now convinced that we can achieve the same in Uganda". Commenting on her experience, Hon’ble Mutagamba hailed the excellent work done by the Sai Foundation and expressed sincere appreciation for the support to construct borewells in Uganda and other achievements of the trust in areas of health care, education, Tsunami Disaster Management etc.

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MARCH 2005



Roundtable for Developing Strategies in Madhya Pradesh
Following the workshop on Pro-poor Urban Water and Sanitation Governance in Bhopal, UN-HABITAT organized a Roundtable meeting on Monday, 21st March 2005 in New Delhi which was participated by several partners including ADB, DFID, Cities Alliance and USAID. The core group discussed strategies for developing a Common Activities Programme to ensure greater synergy and compatibility in the implementation of Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project (UWSEIP) of ADB and Water for Asian Cities Programme in Madhya Pradesh, India. Based on the Workshop outcome fully endorsed by the Mayors and State Govt. of Madhya Pradesh, UN-HABITAT outlined a time-table and action plan for the next six months in four main areas which include (i) Pro-poor urban water and sanitation governance (ii) Environmental situation and hygiene assessment (iii) Water demand management and (iv) Capacity building and Monitoring & Evaluation. UN-HABITAT shall be undertaking a rapid overview of urban revenue base, livelihood opportunities, state of water sector reform, access to services and utilization especially by the poor, assessing the status of the infrastructure with reference to environmental sanitation and hygiene assessment, mapping the water losses and drawing up strategies to correct them. DFID in Madhya Pradesh proposes to follow their earlier approach in Andhra Pradesh Urban Services for the Poor (APUSP) Project which basically had three components viz. (i) capacity building of municipalities for revenue improvements (ii) challenge fund for hardware and software projects based on municipal action planning at the local level and (iii) poverty assessments and fund for slum level improvements. ADB expressed keenness on UN-HABITAT starting work immediately and identifying small, tangible projects where results can be seen on the ground so as to create momentum and interest for the larger investment to come. USAID suggested that pilot projects relating to sanitation or solid waste should be linked to an overall sanitation strategy for the city and USAID was ready to consider lending support for such initiatives relating to (a) capacity building activities (b) solid waste and drainage and (c) water and sanitation. Cities Alliance informed that both Jabalpur and Bhopal have shown interest for city development strategies. Both Cities Alliance and UNHABITAT agreed to keep each other informed to ensure synergy in implementation of their projects in Madhya Pradesh. The Roundtable also considered setting up of a joint project steering committee for joint reporting and monitoring responsibilities.

Unheard Voices of Women: April 18, 2005
UN-HABITAT is organizing a special event on the theme of “Unheard Voices of Women: Water, Sanitation and Human Settlements” during the 13th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development in New York on 18 April 2005. At CSD-12, UN-HABITAT had organised an event on “Achieving the Millennium Development Goals for Water and Sanitation: Unheard Voices of Women”. The event at CSD12 brought forward the Unheard Voices of Women on sanitation from South Asia, East Africa and the Caribbean to national policy-makers and the international community attending CSD. As a follow-up to this, the forthcoming event at CSD13 will build on the dialogue started between a group of women from underprivileged communities and a panel of eminent women on how programmes on water, sanitation and human settlements are impacting on the lives of people. The objective of the dialogue is to raise the awareness of delegations participating in CSD13 on the perceptions, aspirations and priorities of poor communities, particularly women and girls, with regard to programmes and initiatives of governments and donors which are aimed at achieving the MDGs in water, sanitation and slum improvement. Eminent Panelists will share the platform with women from underprivileged communities. Among others, Hon. Maria Mutagamba, Chair of the African Ministerial Council on Water, Hon. Hilde Johnson, Minister for Development Cooperation from Sweden and Kumari Selja, Hon’ble Minister for Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation, Govt. of India are expected to join the Panel. Access to Water and Sanitation in Schools in Madhya Pradesh

Forthcoming Events
Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-13): April 11-22, 2005
The 13th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development is taking place in New York from 11-22 April 2005. The Commission’s main role is to contribute to advancing the implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg Plan of Implementation) at all levels. The Economic and Social Council in its resolution 2003/61 had decided that the work of the CSD should be organized in a series of two-year action oriented implementation cycles including a review and a policy session. The thematic implementation cycle 2004-2005 has a focus on Water, Sanitation and Human Settlements. CSD-13 will, therefore, tackle the thematic issues relating to Water and Sanitation in conjunction with the cross cutting issues which inter alia include poverty eradication; institutional framework for Sustainable Development; gender equity and education. CSD-13 is expected to take policy decisions on practical measures and options to expedite implementation. The representation of national and state governments, local authorities, non-governmental organisations and other experts on Water, Sanitation and Human Settlements from around the world are expected to participate in CSD-13. Drinking water (Percentage) Urban Rural
8 62 67 89

Sanitation (Percentage)
Rural 9 Urban 53 68

Source Census 1991 Census 2001

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Roundtable on Values-based Water and Sanitation Education (VBWSE)
UN-HABITAT is implementing the Water for African and Asian Cities Programmes. The first is being implemented in eight countries of Africa since 1999. In the second phase of this programme which was launched at the Pan African Water Conference in Addis Ababa in December 2003, it now includes 12 countries. Water for Asian Cities Programme is a collaborative initiative of ADB and UN-HABITAT which was launched at the 3rd World Water Forum in Japan March 2003. The programme aims to promote Propoor Governance and investments in African and Asian Cities and towns. Within the framework of these programmes UNHABITAT has since 2000 been implementing a very innovative initiative on Values-based Water and Sanitation Education (VBWSE) both in Africa and Asia which aims at creating a new water use and sanitation friendly ethic amongst service provider and consumers alike. The programme builds on innovative concepts of education and awareness raising by focusing not only on imparting knowledge on water and sanitation, but also skills development in this area and elicitation of human values based on indigenous cultures and ethics. Elements of the VBWSE Initiative consist of incorporating valuesbased water and sanitation education in curricula and teacher training colleges, establishing valuesbased water and sanitation classrooms, community based education in water, sanitation and hygiene awareness and programmes for improving water and sanitation in schools. As part of this initiative UN-HABITAT has developed detailed teachers guides on values-based water education in the curriculum. Based on joint work with Swedish Water Development and Stockholm Water Company in the area of Values-based Water Classrooms, ENPHO in Nepal and VBEDI in South Africa are in the process of carrying forward the work and developing a Teachers Guide on Values-based Water and Sanitation Classroom. A Roundtable on this topic was organized by UNHABITAT in New Delhi on 22nd March 2005 which was attended by several international and national organisations. These included representatives of UNICEF India, Royal Netherlands Embassy, UNESCO-IHE the Netherlands, ENPHO Nepal, VBEDI South Africa, University of Wollongong Australia, CSE New Delhi, CEE Ahmedabad, CSEC University of Delhi, NCERT and Sulabh International. The main purpose was to share experiences on water, sanitation and hygiene education and also explore opportunities for collaboration. The group also discussed the role of Water and sanitation classrooms which are child friendly and at the same time educative for children and bring values in their minds leading to the sustainable behavouiral change. The meeting discussed several social issues such as growing inequity, health issues, social conflict due to water scarcity, quality of water, problems in slums and issues of women’s dignity in water, hygiene and sanitation sector. The group further discussed the key issues, opportunities, constraints that could crop up during the implementation of Values-Based Water Education in the communities. Participants raised the importance of social change and awareness in water and sanitation which will help in increased enrollment of girls, decrease in prevalence of diseases, enhancement of environmental cleanliness etc. In order to meet Millennium Development Goals on access to water and sanitation to be met, equitable and Pro-poor approach needs to be incorporated so that the poorest population in world’s cities will get the priority attention which will help them to come out of the absolute poverty situation. The integration of human values in a sustained and continuous manner will lead to a heightened consciousness and understanding towards the need to proper management; improve efficiency and sustainable use of water resources and improved hygienic and sanitation practices taking into account economic, social and environmental considerations.

Editorial Team

Editorial Board Gopal Reddy, Secretary, UADD, Government Board Savitur Prasad, Director, Govt. of India S.N. Mishra, Project Director, UWSEIP, Bhopal Debashish Bhattacharjee, ADB, India Resident Mission Anniruddhe Mukherjee, TA, WAC Programme Kulwant Singh, CTA, WAC Programme, UN-HABITAT

Water for Asian Cities Programme Office
EP-16/17, Chandragupta Marg, Chanakyapuri New Delhi - 110021 (India) Tel: +91-11-24104970 - 73 Fax: +91-11-24104961 Email: Website: &


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