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SAFETY DATA SHEET

ETHYLENE
Date of issue : 13 May 2011

MSDS No. GHS-MON-01-Rev. 00:

SECTION 1 : IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE


Product Name
Recommended Use

:
:

Ethylene
Raw material for chemicals and petrochemical application. Production of polyethylene,
ethylene copolymers, chemical synthesis etc

Producer

PT Chandra Asri Petrochemical, Tbk.


Jl. Raya Anyer KM 123, Ciwandan, Cilegon 42447, Banten Indonesia
Head office : Wisma Barito Pacific Tower A, 5th Floor
Jl. Let. Jend. S. Parman Kav 62-63, Jakarta 11410, Indonesia

Emergency Phone
Number (24h)

62-0254-601501, ext. 1232

SECTION 2: HAZARD(s) IDENTIFICATION


GHS Classification:

Flammable Gas: Category 1.


Refrigerated liquefied gases.
Target organ toxicant (central nervous system, Narcotic effects): Category 3

Labeling:
Symbol:

Signal Word:
Hazard statement:

Precautionary statements:

DANGER
Extremely flammable liquid and vapor
Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated
Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.
May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways.
Harmful if swallowed.
May cause cancer.
May cause genetic defects.
May damage fertility or the unborn child.
Causes serious eye irritation.
Causes skin irritation.
May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
May cause respiratory irritation.
Obtain special instructions before use.
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No Smoking
Keep container tightly closed
Keep cool
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment
Use explosion - proof electrical /ventilating/ lighting/ /equipment.
Use only non-sparking tools.
Take precautionary measure against static discharge
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/ eye protection/face protection.
Use personal protective equipment as required.
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
Wash thoroughly after handling.
Avoid release to the environment.

SECTION 3: COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGRIDIENTS


Chemical identity:
Common name:
Numbers of identity:
Impurities:
Concentration Wt. %

C2 Product
Ethylene (C2H4)
74-85-1
None
> 99.9%

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

ETHYLENE
Date of issue : 13 May 2011

MSDS No. GHS-MON-01-Rev. 00:

SECTION 4: FIRST AID MEASURES


General

Skin

Inhalation

Eyes

Ingestion
Note to
Physician

DANGER! Extremely cold, flammable liquid and gas under pressure. Can perform explosive mixtures with
air. Can cause severe frostbite. May cause dizziness and drowsiness. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame.
Do not puncture or incinerate container. Self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing may
required by rescue workers. Evaporates readily and forms cold fogs heavier than air and explosive mixture
with air. Contact with liquefied gas may cause frostbite. In case of health troubles or doubts, seek medical
advice immediately and show this Safety Data Sheet where possible. Ensure activity of vitally important
functions until the arrival of doctor (artificial respiration, inhalation of oxygen, heart massage). If patient is
unconscious, or in case of danger of black out (aspychia), transport patient in a stabilized position. In case of
first-degree burns (painful redness), and second degree burns (painful blisters), cool the affected area with
cold running water for a long time. In case of third degree burns (redness, cracking pale skin, usually without
pain), do not cool affected skin, dress the area with sterile dry gauze only.
More affected individual to non-contaminated air. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or
waistband to facilitate breathing. Seek immediate medical attention if the individual is not breathing, is
unconscious or if any other symptoms persist. WARNING: Contact through mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
may pose a secondary risk to the rescuer. Avoid mouth-to-mouth contact by using a mouth shield or guard to
perform artificial respiration.
For skin contact, wash immediately with soap and water. DO NOT USE HOT WATER. Seek medical
attention if symptoms develop or persist. Thaw frostbite slowly with lukewarm water. DO NOT RUB
affected area. Do not pull off adherent clothing or objects. Seek medical attention at once.
If can be done safely remove contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with cold water for at least 15 minutes,
while holding eyelids open. DO NOT USE HOT WATER. Seek medical attention if symptoms develop or
persist.
Not applicable (gas)
Treat unconsciousness, frostbite, nausea, hypotension, seizures and cardiac arrhythmia in the conventional
manner. Administer oxygen by mask if there is respiratory distress. Treatment of overexposure should be
direct at controlling the symptoms and clinical condition of a patient. After adequate first aid, no further
treatment is necessary unless symptoms reappear.

SECTION 5: FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES


Flammable
Properties:

Extinguishing Media:
Suitable
Extinguishing Media

Extremely flammable. Gas/air mixtures are explosive. In case of leakage high risk of fire. The gas
is heavier than air and may travel along the ground ignition is possible. Vapors may form an
explosive mixture with air. Keep containers away from source of heat or fire. Highly explosive in
the presence of sparks, fire, heat and oxidizing agents.
Dry chemical, foam, carbon dioxide, and water fog. Do not use water jets. Foam cover may help
suppress evolution of flammable gas. Use massive quantities of water to cool fire-exposed
containers and to protect personnel. Do not attempt to extinguish a leaking gas fire unless leak
source can be isolated and shut off. Let uncontrolled fire burn off.
Do not use water jet.

Unsuitable
Extinguishing Media
Specific hazards in case of fire:
Upon combustion, this products emits carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and/or low molecular
Hazardous
Combustion Products weight hydrocarbons.
Special Protective Equipment and Precaution for Fire Fighter:
Full-face self-contained breathing apparatus, thermal protective clothing.
Special Protective
Equipment/Clothing
Keep unnecessary personnel away. Pipeline and container explosion hazards are extremely high
Precautions for Firewhen this product had exposed to heat or flame. May explode when heated or involved in a fire.
Fighting
Use massive quantities of water to cool fire-exposed pipelines or containers. Immediately
withdraw in case of fire and tank venting or heat discoloration of a tank. Vapors may travel to
some distant source of ignition and flash back. Be aware of possibility re-ignition. When pressure
in a container needs to be controlled, consider setting up emergency isolation and evacuation for at
least 800 meters. If tank is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 1600 meters in all directions.
Let uncontrolled fires burn off. Fire fighter should wear full-face, self-contained breathing
apparatus and thermal protective clothing. Avoid inhaling any smoke and combustion materials.

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

ETHYLENE
Date of issue : 13 May 2011

MSDS No. GHS-MON-01-Rev. 00:

Remove and clean or destroy any contaminated clothing. Cools containers with flooding quantities
of water until well after the fire is out. Control runoff waters to prevent entry into ditches, sewers,
drains, underground or confined spaces and waterways.

SECTION 6: ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES


Personal Precautions
Environmental
Precautions
Methods and materials
for containment and
cleaning up:

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus when entering area unless atmosphere is prove safe.
Avoid entry of product into drains, sewers, or waterways.
Evacuate area. Ensure adequate air ventilation. Do not touch spilled material. No smoking or
open flames permitted in storage, use or handling areas. Eliminate ignition sources. Dissipate
static electricity during transfer or processing by proper earthing (grounding) and bonding of
containers and equipment.

SECTION 7: HANDLING AND STORAGE


Precautions for
safe handling:

Conditions for
safe storage,
including
incompatibilites

Keep locked up or secured. This material can be stored ad a flammable gas or liquid depending on the
temperature and pressure. Handle in fully enclosed, grounded, properly designed and approved transfer
and storage systems. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid inhalation. Keep away from uncontrolled heat
and incompatible materials. Ground all material handling and transfer equipment to dissipate build-up of
static electricity. Wear suitable protective equipment including thermally protective gloves. No smoking
or open flames permitted in storage, use or handling areas. If used in refrigeration, check drains are they
not plugged and valves are working and not plugged by ice formed from the vaporizing liquid.
Storage area should be clearly identify, well illuminated, clear of obstruction and accessible only to
trained and authorized personnel. Store in grounded, properly designed and approved pressure containers
and away from incompatible materials. Store and use away from heat, sparks, open flame, or any other
ignition source. Store according to applicable codes or regulations for liquefied pressurized gases as
applicable to: cylinders, vessels, piping, building, rooms, cabinets, allowable quantities and minimum
storage distance. Have appropriate extinguishing capability in storage area (e.g. sprinkler system,
portable fire extinguishers) and flammable gas detectors. Storage pressure vessels should be above
ground and dike. Keep cylinders secure while in storage or in transportation.
See Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection for appropriate Personal Protective Equipments. See Section
10 for information on Incompatibilities.

SECTION 8: EXPOSURE CONTROLS AND PERSONAL PROTECTION


Information on the system design:
Engineering methods include mechanical ventilation (dilution and local exhaust) process or personal enclosure, remote and
automated operation, control of process conditions, leak detection and repair systems, and other process modifications.
Ensure all exhaust ventilation system are discharge to outdoors, away from air intakes and ignition sources. Supply sufficient
replacement air to make up for air removed by exhaust systems. Administrative (procedure) controls and use of personal
protective equipment may also be required.
Personal protective equipment should not be considered a long-term solution to exposure control. Persons in ill health where
such illness would be aggravated by exposure to product should not be allowed to work with or handle this product.
Exposure Limits:
TWA
STEL
Component Name (CAS-No.)
Reference:
ppm
mg/m3
ppm
mg/m3
Ethylene (74-85-1)
ACGIH
200
230
Ventilation:
Respiratory
protection
Hand protection
Eyes protection
Skin protection

Control airborne concentrations below the exposure guidelines.


If engineering controls and ventilation is not sufficient to prevent build-up of aerosols or vapor and/or
oxygen concentrations are low, appropriate air supplied breathing apparatus should be use.
Use impervious gloves designed to prevent freezing of body tissues if contact with liquefied gas is
possible. Wear chemical-resistant safety footwear with good traction to prevent slipping.
Wear safety glasses. Use of chemical goggles under a full-face shield is recommended if contact with
liquefied vapor is possible.
Work clothing that sufficiently prevents skin contact and prevents freezing of body tissues if contact
with liquefied gas is possible should been worn, such as coveralls and/or long sleeves and pants. Fire
resistant (i.e., Nomex) or natural fibber clothing (i.e., cotton or wool) is recommended. Synthetic
clothing can generate static electricity and would not recommend where flammable vapor releases
may occur.

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

ETHYLENE
Date of issue : 13 May 2011

MSDS No. GHS-MON-01-Rev. 00:

SECTION 9: PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES


Physical state and
Appearance
Color

Gas at ambient conditions,


liquid under pressure
Colorless

Explosive Properties

Explosion class IIB

Oxidizing Properties

Odor
Odor Threshold
pH

Gassy/aromatic
270 600 ppm
Not applicable

Boiling Point/Boiling
Range
Melting Point

-103.77oC

Vapor Pressure
Evaporation Rate
Relative Density at 104oC (water=1)
Solubility (Water)

May react with


oxidizing agents
2124 hPa at -90oC
Not applicable
0.5678

-169.15oC

Partition Coefficient
Octanol/Water (Log
Pow)
Viscosity
Relative Vapor
Density (air=1)
Evaporation

-136oC
Flash Point
450oC
Auto-ignition
Flammable Classification 3F
Lower Flammable
(explosion) Limit
Upper Flammable
(explosion) Limit

2.7 %
36 %

Additional Physical
and Chemical
Properties

strong

Negligible (131 mg/l at 25oC)


1.13

1.06 cSt at -170oC


0.975
Immediate at 20oC
No additional
available.

information

SECTION 10: STABILITY AND REACTIVITY


Chemical Stability

Possibility of hazardous reaction


& hazardous polymerization:
Conditions to Avoid
Substances to Avoid

Hazardous Decomposition
Products
Special Remarks:

This product is moderately reactive, and may polymerize, decompose, or become selfreactive under certain conditions of shock, high temperatures, high pressures, or
contamination.
Hazardous polymerization can occur at elevated temperature and pressure in the
presence of a catalyst.
Keep away from heat, spark, or open flame.
Product can react with water to form hydrates. Avoid strong acids, strong oxidizing
agents, chlorine, halogens, organic peroxides, ozone and nitrogen dioxide. Many
materials become brittle after contact with liquefied gases and hoses periodically to
ensure integrity and compatibility.
Upon decomposition, this product emits carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and/or low
molecular weight hydrocarbons.
Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. May polymerize explosively when
heated or involved in a fire. May react vigorously with oxidizing agents. Liquefied gas
may explode on contact with hot water (45oC 75oC).

SECTION 11: TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION


Acute Toxicity
This product has not considered toxic. Ethylene gas is not irritating to the skin and eyes. The liquefied form will cause
freezing burns (frostbite) to the eyes and skin. At very high exposures, ethylene gas produces an anaesthetic effect. Excessive
exposures may cause headache, muscular weakness, dizziness, nausea, loss of condition and in extreme conditions coma and
possibly death. High concentrations may trigger heartbeat irregularities. Excessive amounts in the air in a enclosed space will
decrease the amount of oxygen and may cause asphyxiation.
4h inhalation-rat LC50
>57,000 ppm
Repeated Dose Toxicity
Ethylene is relatively inactive biologically and essentially non-toxic; therefore, the major hazard is the exclusion of an
adequate supply of oxygen to the lungs. Inhalation of ethylene by Sprague Dawley rats, in concentrations of 0, 300, 1000,
3000 and 10,000 ppm, 6 hours/day, 5 days/week for 14 weeks, were not found to cause any toxic effects.

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

ETHYLENE
Date of issue : 13 May 2011

MSDS No. GHS-MON-01-Rev. 00:

Chronic Toxicity
Carcinogenicity

ACGIH A4 Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen


OSHA - /
IARC - Group 3 Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
NTP - /
Special Remarks on Other Toxic Effect on Humans
Ethylene is a simple asphyxiate. Oxygen levels should maintained at greater than 19.5 percent at normal atmospheric
pressure. High concentrations of ethylene to exclude an adequate supply of oxygen to the lung causes dizziness, deeper
breathing due to air hunger, possible nausea and eventual unconsciousness.

SECTION 12: ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION


Fish: LC50: 126.012 mg/l 96 h
Daphnia magna: LC/EC50 62.482 mg/l 48 h
Green algae: EC50 30.327 mg/l 96 h
Gas at ambient conditions.
Mobility
Persistence and Degradability
Ethylene (gas) is degraded by ozone, nitrate radicals, or photo chemically produced hydroxyl radicals.
Air
The lifetime of ethylene in the atmosphere ranges from 0.4 to 4 days, and is strongly dependent on the
amount of sunlight. BioHCwin v1.01 predicts that the half life of ethylene will be 2.905 days on the
basis of the presence of an alkenyl hydrogen functional group.
Gas may permeate throu
Soil
Ethylene may oxidize to ethylene oxide in soil and water. Volatilization is the major environmental
Water
process in soil and water. Product is highly volatile and will partition rapidly to air on release to land or
water. Product is largely insoluble in water, and evaporated rapidly from surface soils and water.
Bioaccumulation Bio concentration potential is low. Long Pow is 1.13 (ethylene)
potential
Biodegradation
Biodegradation, hydrolysis, bio concentration, and adsorption are not major process for ethylene. Pure
potential
culture studies suggest that ethylene could be susceptible to microbial degradation.
Not toxic. This product is not consider harmful to aquatic life, and has limited absorption into soil and
Environmental
sediment. Ethylene is a natural plant hormone produced by plants at all stages of growth in varying
adverse effects
amounts. Terrestrial plants such as fruit, flowers and nursery stock show diverse effect from ethylene
exposure. For example, grasses and grassy vegetable such as lettuce are resistant to ethylene. However,
several species of flowers (orchids, carnations, etc), and vegetables such as tomatoes, potatoes, peppers,
beans and pears are sensitive to ethylene exposure. Under certain conditions, emissions may contribute
to photochemical formation of ground level ozone and possible smog formation.
Eco toxicity
Acute toxicity

SECTION 13: DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS


Waste disposal
The use, mixing or processing of this product may alter this product. Since emptied containers retain product.material
residue, follow safe handling/label warnings even after container was been emptied. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO DISPOSE OF
BY UNCONTROLLED IGNITION.
See Section7: Handling and Storage and Section 8: Exposure controls/Personal Protection for additional handling information that may be
applicable for safe handling and the protection of employees.

Waste generator is advised to carefully consider hazardous properties and control measures needed for other materials that
may be found in the waste.

SECTION 14: TRANSPORT INFORMATION


UN Number
UN Proper Shipping Name
Transport Hazard Class

1038
ETHYLENE, REFRIGERATED
LIQUID
Road (ADR) / Rail (RID) / Water
(ADNR)
IMDG class (Marine Transport)
ICAO/IATA class (Air Transport)

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2 (2.1 flammable gas)


2 (2.1 flammable gas)
2 (2.1 flammable gas)

SAFETY DATA SHEET

ETHYLENE
Date of issue : 13 May 2011

MSDS No. GHS-MON-01-Rev. 00:

None
No

Packing Group
Marine Pollutant

SECTION 15: REGULATORY INFORMATION


Regulatory Information

Based on:
PERMENLH RI No. 3 Year 2008: Tata Cara Pemberian Simbol dan Label Bahan Berbahaya
dan Beracun.
PERMENPERIN RI No. 87/M-IND/PER/9/2009: Sistem Harmonisasi Global Klasifikasi dan
Label pada Bahan kimia.

SECTION 16: OTHER INFORMATION


Training Advice
Recommended
uses

Personnel handling the product need to be demonstrably with its hazardous properties, with health and
environmental protection principles related to the product and first aid principles.
THE PRODUCT IS RESTRICTED TO PROFESSIONAL USAGE. Ensure all national/local
regulations are observed. Ensure operators understand the flammability hazard. The hazard of
asphyxiation is often overlooked and must be stressed during operator training. This Safety Data Sheet
has been established in accordance with the applicable European. Directives and applies to all countries
that have translated the Directives in their national laws. Details given in this document are believed to
be correct at the time of going to press. Whilst proper care has been taken in the preparation of this
document, no liability for injury or damage resulting from its use can be accepted. Although reasonable
care has been taken in the preparation of this document, we extend no warranties and make no
representations as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained herein, and assume no
responsibility regarding the suitability of this information for the users intended purposes or for the
consequences of its use. Each individual should make a determination as to the suitability of the
information for their particular purpose.

NFPA Hazard Rating for Ethylene


Health-1
Flammability-4

Reactivity-1

Materials which, under emergency conditions, can cause significant


irritation
Materials that will rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric pressure
and normal ambient temperature, or that are readily dispersed in air, and
which burn readily
Materials that are normally stable, but that may become unstable at
elevated temperatures and pressures. This includes materials that will
react with water with some release of energy, but not violently

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SAFETY DATA SHEET

ETHYLENE
Date of issue : 13 May 2011

MSDS No. GHS-MON-01-Rev. 00:

Key/Legend
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist
ACGIH
European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by inland Waterways
ADNR
European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
ADR
Chemical Abstract Service
CAS
Environmental Protection Agency
EPA
European Union
EU
International Air Transport Association
IATA
International Civil Aviation Organization
ICAO
International Maritime Dangerous Goods
IMDG
International Maritime Organization
IMO
Lethal Concentration, concentration of chemical which kills 50% of a sample population
LC50
Lethal Dose, dose of a chemical which kills 50% of a sample population
LD50
National Fire Protection Association
NFPA
National Toxicology Programme
NTP
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
PSHA
International Rule for Transportation of Dangerous Substance by Railway
RID
Threshold Limit Value
TLV
Time Weighted Averages
TWA
This information applies to the PRODUCT AS SUCH and conforming to specifications of PT Chandra Asri
Petrochemical, Tbk Indonesia..
In case of formulation or mixtures, it is necessary to ascertain that a new danger will not appear.
The information contained is based on our knowledge of the product, at the date of publishing and it is given
quite sincerely. However the revision of some data is in progress. Users are advised of possible additional
hazards when the product is used in applications for which it was not intended.
This sheet shall only be used and reproduced for prevention and security purposes.
The references to legislative, regulatory and codes of practice documents cannot be considered as exhaustive.
It is the responsibility of the person receiving the product to refer to the totality of the official documents
concerning the use, the possession and the handling of the product.
It is also the responsibility of the handlers of the product to pass on to any subsequent persons who will come
into contact with the product, (usage, storage, cleaning of containers, other processes) the totality of the
information contained within this safety data sheet and necessary for safety at work, the protection of health and
the protection of environment.

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