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Vegetable Gardening Tips

Vegetable Gardening1. Keep garden vegetables from getting dirty by spreading a 1

-2 inch layer of mulch (untreated by pesticides or fertilizers) around each plan
t. This will also help keep the weeds down.
2. Compost needs time to integrate and stabilize in the soil. Apply two to three
weeks prior to planting.
3. Like vining vegetables, but don't have the room? Train your melons, squash, a
nd cucumbers onto a vertical trellis or fence. Saves space and looks pretty too.
4. Onions are ready to harvest when the tops have fallen over. Let the soil dry
out, harvest, and store in a warm, dry, dark place until the tops dry. Cut off t
he foliage down to an inch, then store in a cool, dry area.
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5. When planting a flower or vegetable transplant, deposit a handful of compost
into each hole. Compost will provide transplants with an extra boost that lasts
throughout the growing season.
6. Insects can't stand plants such as garlic, onions, chives and chrysanthemums.
Grow these plants around the garden to help repel insects.
7. Plants will do best if they are well suited to your growing area. Take some t
ime to read up and choose plants accordingly.
8. For easy peas, start them indoors. The germination rate is far better, and th
e seedlings will be healthier and better able to fight off pests and disease.
9. If you're short on space, garlic, leeks and shallots make excellent container
plants. They tend to have few insect or disease problems and don't require much
room for roots.
10. Another reason to use natural and organic fertilizers and soil amendments: e
arthworms love them! Earthworms are extremely beneficial in the vegetable garden
; increasing air space in the soil and leaving behind worm castings. Do what you
can to encourage earthworms in your soil.
11. Water your garden in the early morning to conserve moisture loss and to help
avoid powdery mildew and other fungal diseases that are often spread by high hu
midity levels.
12. Some vegetables actually become better after a first frost, including kale,
cabbage, parsnips, carrots, and Brussels sprouts.
13. When transplanting tomatoes, cover the stem with soil all the way up to the
first set of leaves. This greatly encourages root growth, making a stronger, hea
lthier plant.
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14. Healthy soil means a thriving population of microbes, earthworms and other o
rganisms. A soil that has "good tilth" will produce robust garden plants that ar
e better able to resist pests and disease.
15. A simple five percent increase in organic material (compost) quadruples the

soil's ability to store water.

16. If its getting cold and you have tomatoes still ripening on the vine -- save
your tomatoes! Pull the plants up and bring them inside to a warm dry place. Ha
ng them up, and the tomatoes will ripen on the vine.
17. Paint the handles of your gardens tools a bright, color other than green to
help you find them amongst your plants. You can also keep a mailbox in your gard
en for easy tool storage.
18. There is an easy way to mix compost into your soil without a lot of back bre
aking work: Spread the compost over your garden in the late fall, after all the
harvesting is done. Cover with a winter mulch such as hay or chopped leaves and
let nature take its course. By spring, the melting snow and soil organisms will
have worked the compost in for you.
19. Garden vegetables that become over-ripe are an easy target for some pests. R
emove them as soon as possible to avoid detection.
20. Over watering is worse than under watering. It is easier to revive a dry pla
nt than try to dry out drowned roots.