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PASKETRYi

lil
AND

1WEAVING
KATHERINE

IS^

.FLANAGAN

PUBUSHERS

PASCH

Ce
CHICAGO

Basketryand Weaving
School

the

In

BY

PASCH

KATHARINE

Illinois
Springfield,

CHICAGO

A.

FLANAGAN

COMPANY

^
LIBRARY

Two

of

Copies

APR

CONGRESS

Received

19

CoDyrleht

CLASS

c^

COPY

1904

Entry

XXc.

No.

COPYRIGHT
1904

BY

A.

FLANAGAN

COMPANY

BASKETRY AND WEAVING


THE

IN

In

last

the

without

in

the

The

In

his

play

told

of the

with

to

be

The

has

years,

helpful

school

both

to

brought

are

in

fires

the

in

that

roam

cave

dwellers

is also

tendencies

the

himself

imagines

primitive

of

air and

inary
imag-

hunts
He

has

the

ing,
fish-

forests.

imaginary

from

far away

savage

open

who

training pursued
the

study

of

will be

he

in it which

passed through
him

longing

is the

made

this

along

primitive
made

to

he

will filllater

to

feel that

work

and

man

child

the

line

ginning
interest, be-

leading
into

out

feel that

of

the

place

up

to

trial
indus-

ing
is await-

on.

is honorable

and

labor

is

respected.
needs

language
The

the

pupils who

of

theirs.

world, and

He

and

conditions, will take

present

him

home

it is

and

pastoral stages, yet within

and

life like

Intellectual

the

he

animals

hunting
a

early

builds

He

wild

for

it the

interest

the

being interested,

By

in his

civilization.

been

awakens

intellectual

efficiencyin

their

schools

the

into

tion
ques-

relations.

child,

man.

introduced

be

may

beyond

demonstrated

been

lessening

of

child.

and

into closer

not

least

special need

teacher

art

Its introduction

training.
have

decade, it has

industrial

that

SCHOOL

of

work,

first needs

the

home

number
were

furnish
and

work

many

interestingtopics for

geography.

food, clothing and


3

shelter.

Primitive

bark

grasses,

of his

conveniently to
The

made.

was

different

crude

should
In

of

little left of

have
his

and

huts, spins and


models

clay

who

early man,
He

supply.
harvest

and

know

store

it.

must

go

he

clothing from

to

finds

upon

the

when

to

the

he

is

own

to

ture
minia-

nature

and

seed

and

dye

his

did

as

his food

furnish

how

to

weaving-

the

He

palm.
and

their

will

to

homes

more

more

perfect

occupations.

supply his

needs.

him

he

come

experience.

their

becomes

form

to

of

the heart

to

constructing

mankind

interested,language

delightin tellinghis

in

homes,

garments

child is taken

lands

As

Indeed,

for his colors.

fiber of

struggle of

art

an

constructs

the

images

of the

with

to

sow

is enabled

also learns

this

ing,
simple buildthe complex

the

seasons

natives

geography, and
the people of other

From

clothing,we

observe

to

wishes

he

nature

the

this,

our

for miniature

taught

When

upon

ages

and

He

to-day.

interested in
of

from

early days

searching for materials, the

Africa, where
and

is

He

depended

must

materials, he
In

dishes.

the netted

civilization.

boasted

wool

weaves

that

the

more

netting

luxuries.

and

curtains, linen

life of

and

order

result.

through

products

life of

home

building,weaving

In

found

he

necessities

our

shells and

twisted

life the child contrasts

early school

weaving

of

the

up

woven

carpets, rugs,

rude

were

man

sort

were

grown

with

the

to

gradually improved

He

has

there

by

rude

baskets

eliminate

to

were

form

the

of

to-day supplies us

we

used

easily,and

him.

forms

beginning

that

if

clay broke

still served

cover

and

these,

carry

The

themselves

lent

receptaclesof clay.

made

hunting.

shelter.

first vessels

he

Later

of animals

clothing and

the

Undoubtedly
gourds.

skins

and

construction

by fishingand

first of these

supplied the

man

WEAVING

AND

BASKETRY

When

to

he

and

He

will

feels that he

IN

is

and

him

into

heretofore

his

and

of civilization,"

discovered

The

Hand

The

teacher
for

program

true

spiritit

every
forms

of industrial

grade,

and

The

been

there

Basketry

the

or

training of

awakened
raveled-out

Will

the

by the making
matting.

of

furniture

the

that

to-day demands
work

place

or

it up

takes

on

in the

part of

inexpensive.

and

articles,have

hand, the

of the
make

time

weaving are the best


adaptable to any school

woven

greater

Education

place in

to

faculties,and

the

It becomes

easilyhandled

are

needs, all tend


the

about

set

and

are

to

he

no

she

itself.

child.

real

more

is

when

but

materials, the study of the needs


of these

possibility

the

the result.

training,as they

the

been

primitive

that

numerous

quickened

thing by

themselves,

little value; but

traininghas

suggested

more

think

may

the materials

baskets

have

trial in school

accident

by

often

has

in the school.

lesson

and

construct.

have

to

this work;

is not

of

them.

to situations

grade

once

manual

was

became

is found

awakening

it

as

utensil

one

supplying

work

was

useful

one

helper.

abilityto

his wants

As

task of

her

of

making

of others.
the

his

becomes

himself

wdio

boy

activity,which

His

; he

make

said, ''Accidental

has

one

cause

man

is to

self-respectis put

useful.
directed

now

wush

world,

the

more

his teacher's

becomes

Some
the

becomes

riot, is

SCHOOL

of

work

appreciated. The

his work

often

he

ran

community

an

in the

taking part

THE

and

geography
and

manual

rugs

for

searching

home,

interest

very

in

the

and
the

from

plying
sup-

history
is

home

raffia

or

trainingbe given

of the school.

such

training not

with

the world's

make

work?

the

children

more

operate
fully co-

BASKETRY

AND

WEAVING

MATERIAI^S

To
the

teacher

the

if she

However,

will be

supply

and
muslin

be

The

the

pursue

of

some

at

possibilities.It

five to

forty cents

creek

of

in

stores.

and

palm,

costs

is

twenty-

and

baskets

from

the

good

fields

and

The

use.

of

some

are

grasses
to

for

shopping-bags, hats

mats,

this material.

knives, scissors and

reeds

pound.

put

ting
mat-

and

Madagascar

large hanks

from

be

Raffia

seed

the

interest,the

kind, silkoline and

hand.

large
of

and

one.

Raveled-out

every

at

the

comes

obtain.

to

weaving,

formidal^le

vigor

be made

the

may

with

product

frames, boxes,

may

Even

of

people, hammocks

which

work

yarns

any

is

raffia,which

rather

seem

materials

the

rich in

and

doing basketry and

surprisinglyeasy

purchased

Picture

of

may

ingrain carpets,
are

may

materials

of

question

thinks

who

the

only

tools

articles

the

willows

dolls

from

the

required are

needles.

BRAIDING

In

all the

work

have

not

accept

poorly

the

kindest

manner,

Praise

when

Very
Teach

possible
"

The

over

keep

the braid

under

side of

to

the

flat.
a

desk

criticism

as

Secure
or

in

two

braided

dry,

end

sill,and

kept

or

strands

with

keep

threads

three

or

pressed firmly

the knotted

knotting.

and

taught braiding
be

and

window

Criticize

will kill the enthusiasm.

prefers. The

one

perfection. Do

articles.

braid, using

sides

for

extravagantly, but justly.

not

raffia may

in water,

strive

half-sewed

be

may

three-strand

strand.

brought

or

harsh

children

first the

by plunging

braided
as

it is

small

in each

the children

moist
be

should

each

time,

tack

the

work

to

to

the

fast-

IN

THE

SCHOOL

II

BASKETRY

ened

about

foot

strands

become

strands

of

from

raffia.

the

Afterward,

braid, and
This

bags

which

doll-hats.

stitches

as

much

Fold

the

size and
the

as

may

turning
sombrero.
in

in

Some

Begin

be

inch

at

the

at

so

or

carefully,close

sewed

wnth

the

to

of

loops

the

flat sides

the

tapestry needle

threaded

with

braid, hiding

the

at

DOI.I.-HAT

pictures of simple shapes


cut

Fig. I.

the

out

The

have
take

might

the center

the

on

of the

in the paper

hats.

serves

be fitted. The

may

rounded

of

pattern the desired

hat

opening

the material

and

crown

of the

shape

to

crown

shapes
brim

Mexican
the braid

sew^

circle.

PICTURE

Make
a

attempt

any

an

new

napkin rings,pictureframes,

and

might

Others

up.

the

draw

pattern into which


vary.

Use

MAKE

paper

shape, as

the

possible.

as

children

piece of

into

edge.

to

TO

Have

in without

ends

It may

through

sew

these

When

by simply laying in

be left out

may

made

be

together,or edge

these

off

braiding.

are

you

is left of their entrance.

may

or

raffia,and

Braid

cut

trace

no

braid

mats,

where

thin, replenish them

concealing the ends,


side.

WEAVING

AND

two-inch

ERAME

circle of cardboard

margin.

bring
and

around

and

through

the

up

the

Tie
thread

loop.

stitch,as in Fig. 11.


is covered.

Or

and
and

Pull

the

cut

raffia

the

cardboard

the

and

make

the

on
a

loop

gently

Continue

and

leaving

center,

back

under, coming

down

same

the

out

of

the

over

up

on

you

board,
card-

the

finger
back

the

have

tonhole
but-

board
this stitch until the card-

shaped

cardboard

may

be

THE

IN

simply wrapped
moistened

and

over

to make

SCHOOL

with

over

the

raffia that

has

been

it smoother.

BASKETS

Baskets
braids
to

sew

or

an

will

enable

The

is

rattan

use

Fig. Ill

on

little experience in

beautifullycurved
baskets require material
thread

circle

baskets

of

For

raffia.

rattan, which

makes

beginners to

handle.

the

firm, hard

binding

do

form

to

twine

rope.
rattan

used

are

shows

the

which

for

the

The

baskets.

woven

in sizes

comes

from

numbering

BASKETS

the

threaded

strand

directlythrough
as

threaded

through

strand

the
the

Fig.

for

rope,

center,

being
as

in

on

careful

Fig.

V.

raffia to

of

with

end

until the

the

wind
of

keep
The

an

the

end

put the needle

securelythrough

sew

fourth
to

strands

basket.

sewed

the

itself, and

Then
the

from

the

wrap

coil

IV.

about

inch

an

the

fifteen strands

coil and

the twisted
in

shown

the

turn

beginning
or

about

raffia,and

of

Then

is reached.

of twelve

Begin

rope.

of

manner

Select the large ends

toward

in

sides, place the braid

bottom.

SKWED

rope

Begin

six.

to

form

the

around

sew

as
good filling,

very

pliablereed

baskets.

the sewed
and

with

sew

may

Three-strand

woven.

make

difficult for

cotton

Splints and

the

coiled

we

raffia makes

small

one

The

is too

for

to

one

which

but
filling,

in

row

one
filling,

or

rope

simplest of

shaping

braids.

over

rope

and

of the bottom

In

oblong.

these

and

the

in the center

sewing
with

kinds, sewed

of raffia make

top of the last

the

of two

are

with

rope

inch;

sew

stitches

firmer

the

the
the

again

pointing
coils

are

BASKETRY

10

VIII

AND

WEAVING

IN

and

wound

stitches

the

the closer

SCHOOL

THE

placed, the stronger

are

will

be the basket.

This

coils instead

the

strand

for

one

it to

at

of

time

drop

distance

strands

threads

more

them.

through

short

the

When
few

of

by passing the needle

short, allow

becomes
new

up

be varied

stitch may

the

and

When

the

into the

rope,

hold

to

wind

it; then

tween
be-

threaded
take

and

sew

fore.
be-

as

add

smaller,

grow

rope

and

over

the

conceal

carefullyto

ends.
Don't

makes

beauty

and

design

in the

round

the

and

colored

raffia,wind

until the

divide

into

the

desired

distance.

use

the

natural

color

for color

raffia and

for

spaces

color, and

drop

the

rope

again pick

you

design,continuing in

in the

sew

of the

Then

from

is reached, when

ond
sec-

or

taking the

and,

sew

design is complete.

until the

way

and

space

the colored

up

and

strand

threaded

the

the sides

When

in

work

the
the

make

divisions

the

thread

to

first

in the

begin

basket,

colored

Drop

strand

next

with

it adds

color, as

fascinating. To

more

of the

mark

(Fig. VI.)

colored

work

bottom

circle.

the

in

delay introducing designs

are

this

reached,

simple design.

(Fig. VIII.)
A
VI

simple design for

Fig. IX

I.

and

the

The

same

as

threaded

radiation

into

of

well

rope

"

is carried

Take
for

strands

the

strand
the

the

out

for

should

be

thread

with

of the rope
rope"

the

until
held

rope,

sides in
as

Fig. X.

the

threaded

wind

first coil is made.


as

the

Keep

the

for this stitch,

colored

one

for the bottom,

Fig. Ill, and

in

the

until

makes

serve

Fig.

in

is shown

basket

for the

first basket

colored

twisted

pattern that might

twisted, and

the center

around

idea

same

Coil stitch:
the

shows

of

the bottom

pattern.
strand

coil

over

and

completed. Then
firmly against that already
round

is

BASKETRY

12

sewed

time

each

needle

CJiaiii stitch:
of

appearance
and

at the

crocheted
four

times

sewed

stitches in the second

will be

it will,

as

as

round.

in this basket

stitches

new

with

so

in the

these

grades

coarser

1)asket,

or

be
than

3 and

eight spokes

is the

rattan

splintsmay

the
as

across

stitch

next

(Fig.

needle.
not

to

may

the

these

of

come

the

Color

space.

Fig. Ill,

eight

or

that

far apart

the

hold

the

be used

pretty effects.
BASKETS

WOVEN

For

six

insert

it has

through

Let the raffia

to

the

in

as

stitch

it is in this thread

If the stitches become

firmly,add

taking

be about

should

taken, splittingthe thread

XXII.)
coil

There

coil

the

insert

Fig. XL

in

as

carefullydone

Begin

before

coil and

loose

the stitch

cord.

(Fig. IV.)

broad

in

this stitch is

coil.

as

WEAVING

strand

rightof

When

"

about

wrap

colored

the

wrap

"

AND

about

The

used.

the

spokes

weaver.

for finer
sixteen

cane

and

be

at

least

make

desirable, though

most

Nos.

weaving.
inches

should
and

For

long

and

small
one

dian
Intwo

firm

basket, cut

spoke

nine

length. This

in

inches

as

be done
After

splitfour

inserted.

Now

take

the

spokes
and

one

even,
un-

not
can-

spokes.

far

until

water

enough

the others

allow

to

pliable,

(Fig. XII.)

under

they

under

one,

Then

until about

one,

over

weave

in

inch

an

pliable raffia gives

The

(Fig. XIV.)

firmly around

wrap

(Fig. XIII.)

cross.

over

one,

raffia and

of

strand

long

where

diameter.

spokes

weaving

under

in lukewarm

in the center

of them

be

to

of

spokes

these

soaking

and

over

number

even

an

on

the

that

of

number

the

make

is to

will learn

you

WEAVING

AND

BASKETRY

14

closer,

possibleto obtain with rattan.


be
the spoke, they should
around
In bringing the threads
drawn
down
tightly. This is best done by holding the spoke

firmer

the

line

hour
of

for

rattan

from

Weave

of the

left to

do

their

thinking was

edge

may

to

be made

come

this way,

on

gradually.
turn

up

cut

the inside

sides
If you

are

They

ways.

soon

spokes off, and


spoke

of the next

two

of the basket.

down

and

The

discovered
the

of

result
A

firmer

placing it back pf

spokes, allowing
Treat

each

the

spoke

in

firmly.

desired, the curving upward is done


wish

signs

top edge, the

resembling Fig. XVI.

by taking one

an

pliable.

more

of in several

to solve.

the

if it shows

finish off the

disposed

border

pressingthem

If curved

and

to

in front

next, and

one

end

be

left this for the children


not

the

directlyin
least half

at

it,and

use

until it is

right. To

may

soaked

be

to

it in the water

spokes

it would

that

should

weavers

attempt is made

any

leave
splitting,

writer

is drawn

weaver

or

hand, while

the center.

before

ends

the left

forefingerof

the thread

right hand

across

The

be

and

the thumb

firmlybetween
with

it would

than

weave

very

straightsides, soak the spokes well,


a
sharply. To make
large basket, splithalf the

IN

reeds

for the

as

the

begin

basket.

for

several

and

over

SCHOOL

smaller

of two

hito groups

THE

under

The

mats

weaving

with

spokes

four
form

to

the half

five inches

or

of

SIMPLE

for the bottom

about

three

about

one-fourth

Take

four

After

soaking, put

of

in

will be

of

eight

inches

of

inch

No.

the

three

of

ends

cardboard

Fig.

XX

in

in this basket

nine
the
one

inches

long.

inserted,

others
inch

After

in

diameter.

wind

4 rattan

Then

circle

nine

holes

cardboard.
inches

long.

be

to

to

spoke

alongside

put

and

weaver,

the

vary

about

weave

Fasten
oval

down

piece of

shape.

BASKET.

sixteen

of the
the

the

straightsides.

with

four

this put

for the

WOVEN

No.

with

(Fig. XVIII.)
An
Fig. XIX.

high.

basket

eightspokes of

end

N'o. 3 reed

BOWL-SHAPED

Use

fold back

out

fourteen

Into

the

allow

shown

as

be used

shows

low
Al-

spokes through each pair


side. (Fig. XVII.)
under

the

on

remaining.

Use

spokes

may

flat.

to

of the

edge

about
the

of

loop

inches

four

pierce

the

reed

and

long,

or

spokes

eight

or

BASKET

from

ends

the

neighboring spoke.
about

the

six

weaving

the

heavy pasteboard. Cut

an

hole

one

of

diameter, and

perforations,making

There

keeping

ROUND

inches

pieces

spoke.

using

rattan,

the ends

on

each

Then

(Fig. XVI.)

the border.

Use

the

and

spoke

around

separated

Fig. XV.

in

as

be

may

MATS

made

be

may

spokes

rounds,

RATTAN

Table

15

spokes

have

with

center

take

inches

soaked

long, and
been

splitand

raffia until
weaver

one

of

about

finer

16

BASKETRY

AND

WEAVING

XVJ

XVII

xrviii

XIX

XX

and

number

the

when

This

handle

few

rows,

and

fastened.

twisted

and

over,

to

to

reed

the

opposite side

around

the

other

under

other

with

this

that

last

side,
same

brought

was

weaving

the

the

the

to

4
the

over

side under

one

ness.
firm-

No.

extend

heavy

end

the

on

The

high.

Take

and

the

twist

down

fasten

fast

made

side

outward.

give greater

this basket.

on

in each

around

it

inches

five

reached,

are

and

upward

in at the top to

be put

Return

allowing

weaver,

about

woven

is then

weaver

gently turned

insert

to

17

under, until the sides

woven

may

long enough

top.

be

be

well

be

twisted

reed

should

may

should

and

over

spokes

basket

spokes
A

weave

SCHOOL

THE

IN

at

side

the

of the basket.
Much

has

rather

than

view,
XXIV

and

better

XXV

piece

cut-out

serves

placed to guide
For

the

On

upon

in the

of the

bottom

pattern.

this draw

beginning

"

basket.

basket
the

Avoid

the

Study carefully the

will observe

in them

that

circular

design

color

one

which

on

The

fitted.

be

design

the

is

of color.

clioice of color.

the

nice basket.

very

use

pattern

basket

cut-out

may

in

Figs.

pattern.

with

paper

But

definite aim

any

material

sewed
the

as

in the

folded

work.

this

mechanical

the

to

this the

without

work

resort

show

Into

patterns.

originalityin

about

children

let the

had

we

said

been

in

as

natural

the

of many

use

colored
is

serves

Fig. VII.

It is better

with

there

paper

to

few

raffia

pends
decolors

making

brilliant hues

Indian

in

basket, and

promiscuous

no

Much

use

the

as

one

you

mixture

of

colors.

Let

the

It may

be

we

want

use

of

that

it to be

we

the

basket

wish
such

determine
mama's

it for

shape

as

to

hold

somewhat

the

sewing

table.

articles found

shape.
If

so,

there.

AND

BASKETRY

18

Or

we

want

may
the

pencil basket.

work

no

done

will

that

WEAVING

loom

for
this

of
four

small

also

be

leaving

the

will

use

needle

material

the

gest
sug-

is

for

weaving,

the

and

under

instead

of

of

Place

cardboard,
is

warp

be

may
the

out

simple

very
of

placed.
used

the

to

always

warp,

on

of

each

on

oblong

weaving

paper

over

apart,

which

lishers
pub-

corners.

placed.
or

square

the

constructed

the

inch

an

warp
a

purpose.

from

be

may
at

through

through,

in the

end

end

loom

of

from

good

purchased

fastened

the

made

kindergarten
the

simple

wood,

slits in each

by making

draw

of

serve

be

may

which

around

may

again,

LOOMS

ON

work

book.

not

nails, one-fourth

ends,

loom

this

strips

small-headed
the

Here

shape.

Have

The

WEAVING

edge.

WASH-CLOTH

Take

stripsof

the

till the

loom

with
is

cloth

frame

and

cheesecloth
white

or

candle

carpet

tie the

ends

warp

weave

warp,

it square.

completed, making

after

wicking,and

and

over

Cut

out

ing
stringunder

from

the

securely.

doIvI.-bi.anke:t

For
Make

this
it the

inches.

threads

of

threads.

use

kind

any

full size
very

of

of
the

pretty

different

color

yarn.

loom,

border
and

The

warp

which
may

is about
be

weaving

made
over

be

may

ten

by
and

of

cotton.

by

twelve

alternating
under

two

IN

THE

SCHOOI

19

:?c:?cii

yj"y

KNOT

xxin

FOR

BAG

BASKETRY

20

WEAVING

AND

RAFFIA

Use

cotton

been

and

warp,

RUG

with

weave

raffia

moistened, using colored

strands

of raffia that

for the

design.

have

DOIvI^-SKIRT

Cut

of

out

pasteboard

desired, allowing the

(Fig. XXVII.)
inch

an

down

apart.

the

tlie other
and

over

these

Place

the

side

in like

under

weave

be

to

top

On

side, until

flat pattern

side is covered

one

Begin

manner.

and

notches

of
and

wind

; then

warp

top with

the

at

bottom.
fourth

one-

the

with

length

the

notches

around

over

and

than

narrower

edges place
warp

size

the

the

plain

in this way.

complete

IRON-HOLDE^R

Use

cardboard

for

place perforations on
Use

heavy
at

then

begin

to

then

back

Begin

weaving
the

The
up
or

the
a

weave

across

side

open

coffee

of

roving

string the

w^arp

B, weaving
the

perforationon

and

back

the

perforations

this until

is left open.
and

the

warp

Take

out

have

you

very

is

inch

an

apart.

both

over

to

across

through
to

and

square

is best.

and

line C
other

the
and

sides,
D,

side,

through

on

entirelyfilled.

the cardboard
useful

holder

and
for

sew

irons

pot.
HOUSE

Build

wool

as

line A

on

six-inch

sides, one-fourth

known

Continue

line C

Draw

(Fig. XXIII),

again

front.

three

; that

yarn

loom.

miniature

folding paper

FURNISHINGS,
house

and

furniture, weaving

have
yarn,

ETC.

the

children

raffia and

furnish
cotton

it,

rugs

23

BASKETRY

AND

XXIV

XXX^

WEAVING

IN

and

over

with

over

with

THE

raffia and

the

KNOTTED

Cut
for

pieces of

twelve
small

loops,and

tie in

positionbefore
in

line

The

will make

their
the

very

the

strands

ceases,

brass

rings or

small

which

and
hulls

fasten

each

of two

it into

the knots

keep

string
draw-

This

been.

articles.

knot, using

same

for the

beginning.
another
ring.

in

ends

for this purpose.

be used

may

the

oak

forests

bark
of

shades

certain

the

has

MATERIAL

by burying

contained

would

minerals

and

their
in

grasses

which

and

of

Some

brown.

willows

the

yellow,and

them

gave

for

yielddye

imparted

to

lasting hues.

perfection of

the careful

that

beautiful

of this will show


and

storehouse,

are

ruler

the

ones

OF

The

yarns.

obtained

knowledge

Why

over

draw

to

to

sure

looped

are

iron

discovered

their materials

the

careful

the

with

made

be

may

knotting

they

great

from

long

loop

soft material, and

some

wdiere

loops

the

walnut

and

one

pretty receptaclefor small

which

grasses

clay

middle

strands,

be lined with

hammocks

Indians

colors

fifteen inches

to

tightly. Be

COI.ORING

The

in the

two

pullingdown

should

ring through
Large

raffia ten

or

Take

put through the

When

gether
to-

RAFFIA

ordinary knot, being

an

them

sewing

across.

bag

Doll

Oi^

the cord

(Fig. XXI.)

ruler.

afterward

BAG

cord

Take

bag.

23

stitch.

overhand

an

SCHOOL

much

that

color

w^hich

Persian

rugs

dyeing.

Not

so

we

the child

behold

now

once

We

are

nature

brought

thinking has

costly?

only

how

in

our

told

is their material

is

our

about

weavings.
it is due

to

dyed, but

AND

BASKETRY

24

times.

several

beautiful

quite different

way

mineral

from

effects secured

the

will make

used.

amount

Make

this is obtained

For

few

For

from

of the

steep in

All

Take

about

and

dye

make

and

extract

turn

black.
much

and
sufficient,

are

solution

than

bright hues.
of

of

cream

The

ten

tartar;

of

cream

thoroughly

themselves

as

to

to

material, using
is obtained.

removing
to

school

thought occurred

children

an

tartar

these

with

his hands

to him

that

from

from

perhaps

put the raffia

with

he could

shade

is

dye, always

rubbing

obtained.

stained

fustic,until

desired
the

for

alum

of water

of

encouraged
were

of

you

shade.

amount

extract

material

colors

material

solution

until the

dye-stuffs.

desired

this and

Heat

were

the

of the

prevent the color

the
how

the

of the

the

solution

fifteen minutes,

or

After

school

make

raffia in

the

Make

the

cover

boil for

one

soak

hours.

obtained.

water

by a solution
required to cover

enough coloringto

in

the

dense

ten

steep

liquidwill

the

cochineal.

of

formed

yellow,

twelve

came

of

raffia in

of

good deep yellow

boy

vitriol,when

combination

are

In

logwood

the

to

artistic color

of

colors

according

extract, and

more

decoction

blue

decoction

amount

required to

wash

of the

work, these

the

decoctions

to

To

of the

use

mordant.

the

wish

of

red, soak

as

decoction

strong

artistic than

acts

by the

brown,

the raffia in this until it is

most

For

of

prettiernor
any dye.

drops

Soak

black.

shade

No

black, make

in

then

in this

RECIPES

any
a

fifteen minutes.

more

is obtained

dyes.

Logwood

put

of color

softness

SIMPLE

or

WEAVING

to

off.
think
One

for
little

walnuts, and

dye

some

of

IN

THE

XXVI

J^XVII

SCHOOL

25

BASKETRY

26

the basket
to

obtain

materials
color

used

for

No

suggestionshad

and

he

secured

gladly gave

few

class,which

He

returned

given

good

oral

it

how

to

as

had

allowed

was

days

been
a

WEAVING

his

by

designs.

in

and

home,

AND

to

been

anxious

take

the

beautiful

he

should

terial
ma-

brown.

proceed,

language lesson, tellinghow

he

the color.

CoNCIvUSION
The
to

question has

speak well?"

interests him.

early life?
as

often
child

What,

Study

portrayed

been

They
And

All

Robert

when

the

play

not

with

follow
behind

These

are

the

These

are

my

along
the

roaring lions

the river

others

Around

I, like

wall.

forest track

to

their

an

by

come

the

are

woods,

whose
to

brink

drink.

far away,

if in firelit camp

And

I crawl

starry solitudes.

The

the

the

hills,these

there

see

Stevenson.

is lit.

lamp

they lay.
Indian

party

scout.

prowled

about.

which

during

we

the sofa back.

And

As

and

anything.

at

round

Away

time,

Louis

little gun,

my
dark

in the

And

that

the child's interests

are

by

about

the fire my
parents sit ;
sit at home
and talk and sing,

do

Now,

usually talk

his activities at this

evening

Around

will

then,

in the poem

At

asked, ''May children be taught

his

find him

IN

Picture
it in

him

to

ideal

an

their

he

him

Boyhood,"

with

Indians.

material

his

the

to

to

own

of

homes
No

than

live

l^etter
of

accounts

The

study.

farming.

Later, colonial

life should

sheep

of

time

noted.

country

be

the

of the
times

with

Alice

Morse

that

of

dyed

and

The
ino- the

should

to-day

and

be

looms

made,

be

may

and

study

shown
were

tions
condithe

tory
his-

life of those

in Colonial
for

the

will

home

the

book

helpful

and
real

more

for

weaving

and

studied

Life

"Home

in the

the home

and

contrast

we

sewed

material

themselves

be

much

How

when

Earle, will

Spindles, cards

suggest

be considered,

These

industries.

chief

"Indian

with

furnish

Spinning, dyeing, carding

w^orkshop.

the

the

skins.

and

agricultural stages

and

the

'Xolami,

built,baskets

cliff house

the

of all sorts

Implements

of

story

Bayliss,and

Kern

twigs

of

and

pastoral

the

Eastman.

woven,

tepee made

the

and

be

may

with

Clara

by

Charles

by

Blankets

the

imagination,

reading

for

familiar

become

Little Cliff Dweller,"

as

familiar

American

him

allow

adventures.

Let

of

and

becomes

his

in

found

27

longs for,

North

and

be

he

him,

take

could

subject

SCHOOL

When

cliff dwellers

the

hfe

the

way.

environment,

THE

Days," by

this work.
the

w^ool spun,

w^oven.

value
child

lies not

the

from

receives

The

things

May

crude

It is his

Should

themselves, but in the train-

articles
the

work.

child

and

impulse
2;ladden

can

make

worthless
to

create

thee.

be.

ScKool

'Uhe

Year

FIRST
THE
SCHOOL TEAR

BooKs

books

for

Each

ample

and

sylvania.
School, California,Penn-

not

are

book

of

and

of

course

mere

course

of

collection

nor

but

they

They

more.

differs from

mere

methods,

teaching material,
these,

suitablycorrelated.
of the Southwestern

teachers

State Normal

or

everywhere.

material,well selected,

carefullyplanned

They

of

presents a year's
month
by month,

work,

lesson

Prepared by

teachers

volume

school
with

helpfulseries

and

UNIQUE

study

of

all of

are

difiEer from

as

skeleton.

study

livingbody

They

show

the

teacher at work.

FOR
A separate book

GRADES

THE
is devoted

work

to the

eighth. The books for the first,second and


appeared. The others are in preparation,
FIRST

of

each

third

grade
school

from

the first to the

years

have

already

YEAR

SCHOOL
Teacher.

Thomas,
TrainingMailing
price. 60 cents.
Primary
and
Literature
Nature
Fruits, Flowers,
Leaves,
September
Study,
History, Stones, Palms, Number
Arts,
Writing, Construction
Drawing,
Work, The
the
Each
same
Work, etc.
general plan. Cloth, 176
month, September to June, on
Price, 60 cents.
pages.
Anna

By

Gives

B.

for

"

SECOND

YEAR

SCHOOL

Grade.
M. Lilley, Training
Teacher
of Second
IV^ail(Ready.)
By Henrietta
for September
Gives
Nature
ing price, 60 cents.
Study, The
Butterfly, The
Ant,
for September,
Number
About
Nature
etc.
Trees, Fruit, Poems, Literature,
Work,
The
is treated
in same
month
Each
Language,
etc.
Arts, Writing, Modeling,
way.
Cloth, 224 pages.
Price, 60 cents.
"

THIRD
By
60 cents.

Ellen
On

topics

to

YEAR

SCHOOL
Teacher

of

Grade.
Third
Reiff, Training
(Ready.)
Mailing
same
but
general
includes, in
plan as for first and second
years,
treated
in former
This
is 208 pages.
book
books. Geography.

price,
tion
addi-

Price,

60 cents.

THe

From

Superintendent
"I

have
received
to tell you
much
how
of teachers
the benefit

A.

THree

Books

for

Only

$1.50.

H.

L. Lunt, Riverside, Cal.


Third
School
Year
I want
and
the First, Second
Books, and
have
for
I appreciate what
and
done
those
teachers
expert
you
of study."
^nd
who
are
on
courses
superintendents
working

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